• Partner insurance : women may have backup romantic partners as a mating strategy

      Wedberg, Nicole A. (2016-05)
      The science behind reproductive success is arguably the most prominent area of study within evolutionary psychology. Humans utilize a variety of mating strategies as a result of strategic pluralism (Gangestad & Simpson, 2000) which explains that both men and women have evolved with a plethora of conditional mating strategies that may be more or less beneficial depending on the context and circumstance. Recent research points to the existence of "back-burner relationships" (Dibble & Drouin, 2014) as a means to compare and consider potential alternatives in the way of romantic relationships. The current study refers to this phenomenon as partner insurance, and focuses on heterosexual women in committed relationships. A new scale called the Plan B Proclivity scale (PBP) was designed for the current study to measure the degree to which women consider their closest platonic male friend a romantic "backup plan." Results suggest that 20% of women report having some level of partner insurance, and various variables predict this including being young in age, having low relationship satisfaction with a current partner, having an unrestricted sociosexual orientation, and having a personality composed of relatively high narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy (i.e. the Dark Triad). Implications for these findings are discussed.
    • Patriarchy poisons religion: an in-depth analysis of religion and systems of power in Who Fears Death and the Parables duology

      Dawkins, Claire (2021-05)
      In their groundbreaking feminist dystopian novels, Nnedi Okorafor and Octavia Butler redefine what it means to be religious. Okorafor’s novel, Who Fears Death and Butler’s novels, Parable of the Sower and Parable of the Talents use the dystopian genre to expose how patriarchy and Christianity have benefited one another for a millennium. Patriarchy is built into the framework of Christianity, but it becomes only more powerful as language gets muddled and confused. When this happens, men are able to abuse and subjugate women under the pretense that it is religious, when it is not. But Butler and Okorafor do not leave us with this dire image. Instead, their protagonists, Lauren and Onyesonwu take harrowing journeys to overthrow the corrupt Christian religions in their respective texts with a new non-patriarchal religion. Unlike many feminist science fiction authors of recent, Butler and Okorafor are presenting the corruption that lives in Christianity, and as an alternative they offer a new religion.
    • Patterns of past and present body esteem: do they matter?

      Fish, Jennaleigh (2013-06-25)
      The present study examined the relationship between patterns of perceptions of body image/esteem (past and present) and sexual behavior in young women during emerging adulthood. One hundred and forty-eight participants completed an online survey which measured body image perception and aspects of sexual behavior. Using past body perceptions (retrospective) and current body perceptions, participants were placed into four groups—those who were consistently positive in their body esteem, those who were consistently negative in their body esteem, and those who perceived a change in body esteem. These groups were then used as independent variables to compare women across sexual desire, sexual confidence, and body image perceptions. Change in perceptions of body esteem had significant effects on all of the study variables except sexual desire. Several patterns emerged from the results of this study. Among the most prevalent included: Women who were consistently positive in their body esteem had higher levels of body area satisfaction, appearance satisfaction, sexual desire, and sexual confidence; having had a positive body image perception at some point in the past seems to benefit women’s body esteem in emerging adulthood; and women who had a consistently negative body image perception report lower body area satisfaction, sexual desire, and sexual confidence. The results indicate that perceived body esteem, both past and current, is related to higher levels of body satisfaction, more positive appearance evaluations, and lower self weight classification, all of which have not been explored in previous research. Therefore, those who have more positive body esteem and have always had positive body esteem are more also more likely to have a positive body image in emerging adulthood.
    • People-pleasing animals: mediating factors in attachment style difference between dog people and cat people

      Link, Jennifer (2021-05)
      Pets are more ubiquitous now than ever; with more and more couples opting to adopt dogs instead of having children, there’s never been a better time to attempt to discern the ways that people view these animals and what makes some people more likely to adopt one animal over another. Though past research has aimed to examine the ways that dog and cat people differ in terms of personality, little research has attempted to assess the role of attachment in the preference that individuals have towards one animal or another. The present research aimed to assess the ways that attribution of theory of mind and attachment style impact the preference that individuals have for cats or dogs. Findings suggest that, on average, participants attributed more theory of mind to dogs than to cats overall. Study 2 also indicates that pet preference, as well as attachment style, appear to partly influence the amount of theory of mind an individual attributes to dogs in particular. The results of this research may begin to unravel the ways that individuals attribute different traits to their pets based on species, and hopefully will contribute to the broader literature on the way that personality and individual differences factor into the preferences that individuals have for different animals as pets.
    • Perceptions of People Who Use Non-Heterosexist Language by People of Different Sexual Orientations

      Reisner, Michael (2008-04-02)
      One hundred fifty participants who self-identified as heterosexual and 152 participants who self-identified as queer were asked to read a vignette containing a character who used either heterosexist or non-heterosexist language. With regards to the latter vignette, the researcher hypothesized that queer participants would assume that the character using non-heterosexist language 1) was more supportive of queer rights; 2) had increased exposure to queer people; 3) was more likely to be queer; 4) was more open to new ideas in general; and 5) was more likely to be someone with whom they could be friends. Heterosexual participants were not expected to make the same assumptions about the character in the vignette. Results showed that both heterosexual and queer participants made similar assumptions about the character in the vignette who used non-heterosexist language; however, in most cases queer participants made significantly stronger assumptions than heterosexual participants.
    • A personal construct psychology perspective on sexual identity

      Morano, Laurie Ann (2008-05-13)
      This paper examines four of the most widely known homosexual identity development models, as well as some of the literature that explores sexual identity as a fluid process. The suggestion is made that sexual identity can be created and recreated based on current individual feelings and experiences rather than by forcing identity to fit into already existing socially constructed categories. Personal Construct Psychology (PCP) is introduced as a theory that can be used to transform sexual identities over a lifetime. A Sexual Identity Cycle is presented using several PCP transitional construing concepts.
    • Personal therapy for a graduate student in the analytical music therapy model : a heuristic inquiry

      Wenger, Daniel (2020-05)
      This heuristic inquiry explores my experience as a graduate student undergoing personal music therapy in the Analytical Music Therapy model. After reviewing 27 recordings of my sessions, I used self-dialogue to select five session recordings based on personal significance and examples of growth. The verbal processing of these sessions was transcribed and the musical improvisations were given detailed descriptions. I then re-listened to the sessions and noted significant experiences and patterns directly onto the transcripts and descriptions. After immersing myself in the transcripts and descriptions, I took notes regarding the relationships between session experiences and shifts in my daily awareness. These notes helped me discover areas that were developed through my process. They were defined as the following themes: connection, body awareness, musical awareness, intrapersonal awareness, and professional development. These themes provided a deeper understanding of the expansive experience of AMT, the influence of a student-client perspective on therapy, and the potential for professional development through AMT experiences. An arts-informed reflection provides a holistic understanding of my unique transformation through analytical music therapy.
    • Pervasive developmental disorders: a golden section study

      Davison, Mitzie (2010-03-18)
      Objectives. Pervasive developmental disability theories are combined with golden section research in an effort to understand how people organize and process interpersonal/social information. In order to comprehend theories that explain the social impairments in those diagnosed with a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), this study employed the golden section hypothesis, which predicts that people organize their interpersonal judgments in a ratio approximately 62% positive and 38% negative. Method. The research was done individually, orally and with visual aids by the researcher with 10 participants with a pervasive developmental disability and 10 undergraduate college participants who did not have any disability. Participants were asked to rate 9 cartoon characters (Garfield, Bugs Bunny, Mickey Mouse, Spongebob Squarepants, Snoopy, Elmo, Tasmanian Devil, Scooby Doo, Fred Flintstone) and one self-category using 12 different bi-polar dimensions (generous-stingy, pleasantunpleasant, true-false, fair-unfair, active-passive, energetic-lethargic, sharp-dull, excitable-calm, strong-weak, bold-timid, hard-soft, rugged-delicate). These dimensions had well-established positive and negative poles. Results. Both pervasive developmentally disabled and normal participants had average positive ratings of the cartoon characters that were not statistically significant from the golden ratio 0.618. Both of these populations rated themselves in a manner consistent with Lefebvre et al (1986), who predicted that people .71 mean positive self-ratings. Conclusion. The results indicate that both PDD and non- PDD participants utilize the golden section ratio. The study supports the robustness of this ratio in a clinical population that has not been previously studied. Due to a small sample size, it is necessary to interpret these results with caution. It would be beneficial for further research to replicate this study with more participants.
    • The politics of touch

      Kurtz, Teresa (2020-08)
      Through this thesis, I aim to deconstruct and reconstruct what it means to reach out and touch another by analyzing the role of physical touch in literature with a New Historicist approach. In other words, I am reading into the signification of touch within different literary texts while taking into account the text's geographical, historical, and sociological conditions. In a different time, place, and sociocultural climate, the same signifier--such as touch--will necessarily have different significations. Therefore, touch in all of its forms must be read within its individual literary context.
    • Posthumanism and compassion in Jeff VanderMeer’s Southern Reach trilogy: a vegetarian, ecofeminist approach

      Peterson, Audrey (2016-05)
      "Both the genre of VanderMeer’s trilogy and the theme of the posthuman operate in a chiasmic relationship to convey a clear teaching that evokes a powerful message about humanity, posthumanity, and the future of the planet. I argue that the Southern Reach trilogy illustrates the duality of the term posthumanism: Characters exceed what it means to be human in a biological sense, and in an ethical sense, certain characters become posthuman in that they accept a mode of thinking that does not invariably place the human at the center. My argument outlines two very different ways of using the term posthuman, yet also illustrates the commonalities between each of my applications, thus creating a means of applying the posthuman lens as a tool for approaching literary texts."
    • A preliminary study of the effects of a novice hacker's learning process on a computer hardware and base operating system component performance

      Mikijanic, Christine (2020-05)
      One of the major problems in computer security today is the mitigation of damage caused by malware. Common approaches for gathering information about this threat have been to investigate and utilize the structure of a malware attack for prevention and reduction of damage, or analysis of the effect of malware originally found in the wild on target computer systems. This thesis provides a means of determining whether or not sufficient information exists to examine the possibility of finding or identifying an inexperienced hacker inside of a computer system. Analysis of pseudo-ransomware inside a virtual machine was performed, with investigation into the performance of the system’s hardware and base operating system components. It was discovered that CPU load was the core of indicators that displayed the presence of possible ransomware, as it consistently displayed longer process completion times and signs of strain under intensified usage. Furthermore, this factor could be paired with statistics for other areas of the system in order to provide more detail about the attack itself.
    • Preschoolers' attachment to grandparent caregivers

      Filangeri-Parashar, Jessica (2008-03-28)
      Currently, there are over 2.4 million children in the United States living in the custodial care of their grandparents. Grandparents as caregivers and the problems their grandchildren face have received little attention in developmental research. The purpose of this paper is to address the possibility that secure attachment relationships with grandparents can serve as a protective factor against the risks of disrupted attachments with parents. In order to address this question, a framework is proposed that combines central elements of two differing perspectives on young children’s relationships, traditional attachment theory, and a social network model. An example of how this model can be used to investigate important developmental questions is outlined.
    • Professional identity development in music therapy: a phenomenological inquiry

      McIntyre, Page (2018-05)
      The following research study is a phenomenological inquiry exploring how music therapists develop their professional identities. Three board-certified music therapists were interviewed and asked to describe what has influenced and shaped their professional identity development. Data was analyzed according to the procedures of interpretive phenomenological analysis. The data revealed four emergent themes that music therapists’ described as playing a role in developing their professional identity. The themes are significant experiences, identities in music, intrapersonal skills, and journey of growth. Related literature is reviewed and implications for future research is discussed. The researcher hopes that this study will benefit music therapists by giving them insight into how they can develop and strengthen their own professional identity.
    • Program proposal: outdoor music therapy

      Goldberg, Daniel (2021-05)
      The program I am proposing involves taking music psychotherapy outdoors along a hiking trail. Musical experiences are widely believed to be vehicles for emotions and experiences. Hiking adventures can serve a similar purpose, as they are literal journeys with ups and downs, challenges, and rewards. These can be related to internal journeys with the same facets. These journeys afford the client and therapist time to talk, solve problems together, and experience silence together. The still and secluded environment that one can find deep in the woods can greatly enhance the musical experience and provide freedom and safety in self-expression. Alternatively, taking time to make music in the woods gives the client a chance to focus on the details of their environment, process the emotions and interactions that occur throughout the journey, and be present in the moment.
    • Proposal for neonatal intensive care unit music therapy program at Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center

      Chilton, Madeline C. (2020-05)
      The following is a proposal for the implementation of a music therapy program in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Brookdale University Hospital. This proposal provides the rationale for instituting a NICU music therapy program and details the content of the program including services provided, treatment methodology, documentation, required resources, projected outcomes, and evaluation. Recommendations are provided for the qualifications, responsibilities, and integration of a full-time music therapist into the NICU team. The aim of this proposal is to demonstrate the multitude of benefits that a music therapy program will offer the NICU at Brookdale, and provide a feasible plan for its initiation. The inclusion of music therapy services in the treatment modalities offered by the Brookdale NICU will demonstrate a commitment to innovative, family-centered care, and to the mission and core values of the One Brooklyn Health hospital system.
    • Proto-Absurdist strides and leanings: Alfred Jarry’s Shakespearean spirit in Ubu Roi

      Mittenberg, Corey (2007-04-04)
      Although it is generally accepted that Alfred Jarry’s influential 1896 play, Ubu Roi, was revolutionary for its language, innovative staging, and use of black comedy, little has been written to analyze the work’s many Shakespearean connections. Plot devices, characters, dialogue, as well as production choices, display evidence of Jarry’s knowledge of Shakespeare; his appreciation and understanding of the dramatic pieces from which he borrows informs Jarry’s entire play. By incorporating specifically chosen Shakespearean elements, Ubu Roi--primogenitor of the Absurdist theater--continues in the Shakespearean dramatic tradition more thoroughly than most critics acknowledge, due in large part to the manner in which Jarry appropriates them. My paper addresses the issues of legitimate versus illegitimate adaptation as they relate to questions of authorship, style, and audience, as well as the historical background of both Jarry and Shakespeare in the context of French theater. As Shakespeare is an outside voice in France, the role of the other as a subject of spectacle (and the connotations of foreigners and foreign lands in relation to the choice of setting) is also discussed. Additionally, my paper examines the freedom of Shakespeare’s translators in France into the nineteenth century, Jarry’s critical battles over Ubu Roi, and a close study of Jarry’s reworking of Shakespearean characters, plot lines, themes, and staging choices.
    • A qualitative study of interdisciplinary music services

      Bonelli, Thomas; Christman, Chad; Tree, Sarah (2016-05)
      At present, there is little written about music therapy interdisciplinary models from the perspective of co-treating therapists. This manuscript serves to compare prewritten texts on the subject of music therapy collaborative methods with first-hand accounts of co-treating therapists. Five therapists from different fields were interviewed and the transcripts were analyzed for relevant and reoccurring themes. Themes include: (a) broader treatment options; (b) comfort; (c) communication; (d) attention redirection; and, (e) challenges. The findings of this study support the use of music therapy within interdisciplinary therapy treatment teams. Effective co-treatment methods utilize the collective knowledge and expertise of the treatment group in both the planning and execution stages of treatment
    • A quantitative and qualitative approach to understanding and defining hate sex

      Di Santo, Jacqueline M. (2020-05)
      Although a popular topic in the media, there is no research to date on hate sex. The purpose of this study was to attain a better understanding of hate sex and operationally define the construct utilizing both quantitative and qualitative methods to understand and define hate sex. An anonymous survey was completed by 771 individuals (69.8% females, 28.8% males, 1.4% other; mean age = 23.21, SD = 6.59). It was found that individuals who reported having had hate sex in their lifetime were more sexually experienced than individuals who reported never having had hate sex. Individuals who report having had hate sex also appear to hold a different perception of hate sex than the portrayal of hate sex in the media. Using these findings, A definition of hate sex is introduced. Implications and future directions of this line of research are discussed.
    • A Quantitative Study of Nonstructural Carbodyrates in Eastern Hemlock, Tsuga canadensis, and the effects of hemlock woolly adelgid, adelgis tsugae, and elongate hemlock scale, florinia externa ferris, infestation

      Schwartzberg, Lora (2010-07-28)
      Nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC), starch and sugars, in eastern hemlock infested and not infested with hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) and elongate hemlock scale (EHS) were analyzed. The use of microwave dried and Wiley milled tissue samples is a superior method for determining NSC content than processing fresh samples of eastern hemlock (roughly 76% higher results than fresh samples). However, the microwave dried and Wiley milled samples should not be stored at room temperature for later enzymatic processing. Spatial patterns studied showed no statistically significant differences in NSC of twigs based on cardinal direction and location in the tree canopy, but there were statistically significantly differences among individual trees within the sample group. Twigs from Tsuga chinensis, a HWA resistant species, had a different NSC content from T. canadensis, with statistically significantly lower sugar and starch contents, when compared after budbreak. The starch in the needles contributes the highest percentage towards the total NSC, and the starch in the twigs contributes the least. The starch had more variation (year of growth or infestation) than sugar, signifying starch may break down for translocation more frequently than previously thought, serving a multitude of functions besides nutrient storage. Quantitatively, HWA infestation alters the NSC content of eastern hemlock, in certain tissues of particular ages and at specific times in a season. The greatest statistically significant differences (all higher) in sugars and starch content caused by HWA feeding are found in the previous year’s growth, for sugars in both twigs and IV needles, and starch in twigs only. However, NSC was affected more by the time (season) of collection and between the years of growth (new growth versus the previous year’s growth) than by HWA infestation. A preliminary test for detecting the presence of a bacteria or virus was undertaken by inserting ground HWA into insect-free seedlings of T. canadensis. After one year, the sample group of inoculated with ground HWA showed no difference in health than another inoculated with deionized water. The NSC of the previous year’s growth needles from EHS infested branches with new growth are not significantly different than without new growth. On the previous year’s growth, EHS infested needles differ from HWA infested needles, with EHS infested needles having statistically significant higher free sugars and lower starch. The EHS infested needles (presumable fed upon by a sugar feeder) had statistically significantly higher sugars, just as the HWA infested twigs (presumable fed upon by a starch feeder) had statistically significantly higher starch. My data suggests that overall, the changes in NSC content caused by HWA feeding alone does not seem sufficient to be responsible for the decline and mortality of eastern hemlock.
    • Raise your voice : experiences of silent students in the classroom

      Moss, Alessandra F. (2020-05)
      Class participation may be an important part of students’ learning process, but many students remain silent in college classrooms. This study was a qualitative inductive inquiry exploring the classroom experiences of students who rarely participate in class. Fourteen semi-structured interviews were analyzed using coding methods adapted from grounded theory to gain insight into students’ opinions about class participation, their class participation habits, and beliefs about knowledge in general. Primary themes that emerged were wanting to avoid being wrong and experiencing anxiety, nervousness, or related physical symptoms as reasons not to participate. Students also articulated mostly engaging in low stakes participation, when the risk of being wrong was minimal, primarily when they felt prepared to answer correctly. A variety of beliefs about knowledge were articulated, including, knowledge comes from external authority, and knowledge comes from scientific research, evidence, replication, and consistency. No strong connections were found between beliefs about knowledge and class participation habits. Practical implications for educators and future directions are discussed.