• Becoming a music therapist: professional and personal growth of a master’s student

      Maher, Alyssa (2019-05)
      To honor and integrate what I have learned in graduate school, this paper presents an exploration of my clinical foundations, professional development, and paths for future growth as a music therapist. As I have traditionally connected with academic pursuits, writing a paper outlining my graduate school journey in music therapy feels satisfying. However, part of my journey has been reconnecting with my own musical identity and developing my identity as a music therapist. For me, it is difficult to encompass all areas of growth with only words, and thus I have composed a piece of music that mirrors my development. This musical composition became the lens in which I examined myself, and illuminated important aspects of my personal and professional development. The journey to becoming a board-certified music therapist has impacted my life and identity on multiple levels; completing this paper and piece of music serve as ways to integrate what I have learned and honor my new identity.
    • Benedictine, Bridge Back, and beyond : a proposal for an integrated music therapy program involving graduated levels of substance misuse treatment

      Hitchcock, Sarah (2020-05)
      The following document is an in-depth proposal for expanding a part-time music therapy program in a medical setting focused on the needs and concerns of people who are struggling to recover from an addiction to drugs and/or alcohol. The enlarged program would include a full-time music therapist with expanded responsibilities.This proposal has been designed for the HealthAlliance programs in Kingston, New York: First Step Detoxification Program and the First Step Rehabilitation Program at Benedictine Hospital, the Outpatient Program at Bridge Back South. The needs of patients recovering from alcohol and drug misuse are specific to their stage in the recovery process, detoxification, early rehabilitation, or longer-term rehabilitation. This proposed music therapy program addresses the specific needs of the patient at each stage of the recovery process. This proposal focuses on the needs of the patients, describes details of the actual program, and shows how the music therapy program integrates into the larger context of the medical program. Finally, it lays out the financial needs of the proposed music therapy program and its expected outcomes. This proposal will demonstrate how a strong, integrated music therapy program can assist in the care and healing of people suffering from substance misuse and how to address its underlying causes.
    • The benefits of pet companionship in emerging adults

      DeMarco, Leighann (2012-06-28)
      The present study examines the benefits associated with pet companionship in emerging adults. Past research suggests that pet companionship can have many positive impacts on individuals’ lives; however, little research has explored pet companionship during the transitional developmental period known as emerging adulthood. Three hundred and seventeen participants completed an online survey which measured five dependent variables, including loneliness, stress, life satisfaction, pet attachment, and anthropomorphism. An ANOVA indicated that participants who own and live with their pets are more likely to report lower levels of loneliness compared with those who do not own a pet. Also, t-tests revealed a significant difference in self-reported loneliness between dog and cat owners, with dog owners reporting significantly less loneliness than cat owners. Overall, the findings suggest that there are benefits to owning a pet during emerging adulthood.
    • Beyond the trenches: the impact of women's great war narratives on contemporary women in combat

      Kirchenheiter, Haleigh Taylor (2021-06)
      Four narratives from Great War V.A.D.s (Voluntary Aid Detachment): Mary Borden's The Forbidden Zone (1929), Ellen LaMotte's The Backwash of War (1916), Lesley Smith's Four Years Out of Life (1931), and Vera Brittain's Chronicle of Youth (1981) skillfully weave disenchanted and enchanted language to place readers inside the chaotic "second battlefield," unintendedly showing the resilience of the human spirit...These women overcame societal pressure to conform to traditional gender norms and serve their country in a war whose violence still haunts the world. Their bravery in facing death and sharing their experiences enrich the overall knowledge of war and demonstrate ways women improve combat effectiveness and provide a look at what it means to be wholly human in the face of such violence and destruction. Working on broken bodies daily forces one to face their own humanity.
    • Brain MRI landmark identification and detection

      Asaei, Ali (2015-12)
      Knowledge of the location of anatomical landmarks on the brain is important in neuroimaging. Applications include landmark-based image registration, segmentation of brain structures, electrode placement in deep brain stimulation, and prospective subject positioning in longitudinal imaging. Landmarks are specific structures with distinguishable morphological characteristics. In this study, we only consider point landmarks on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans. The most basic method for locating anatomical landmarks on MRI is manual placement by a trained operator. However, manual landmark detection is a strenuous and tedious task, especially if large databases are involved and/or multiple landmarks need to be located. Therefore, automatic landmark detection on MRI has become an active area of research. Model-based methods are popular for detecting brain landmarks. Generally, model-based landmark detection includes a training set of MRI scans on which the location of certain landmarks are known, usually by manual placement. The location of landmarks on the training set is then used to derive and store models for individual landmarks. Then, when the same landmarks are to be located on a test MRI volume, the models are recalled and their information is used to automatically detect the landmarks. In this thesis, we propose a new unsupervised landmark identification method for the training phase of this process to replace manual landmark identification on the training set of MRI volumes. This method employs an iterative algorithm for detecting a set of landmarks on the training set that are leave-one-out consistent. In addition, we suggest a detection method to locate the corresponding points on a given test volume. In this study, the method was implemented and applied to a dataset of sixty 3D MRI volumes. The training was performed on 30 volumes. The remaining 30 volumes were used as a test set on which the detection algorithm located the corresponding landmarks. In the landmark identification approach, a set of candidate seeds are necessary as the initial guesses of landmark positions. The position and number of the seeds are optional. In this study, we used 154 candidate seeds spread uniformly across the entire brain volume. All the identified and detected landmarks were inspected manually us- ing a graphical user interface. To further evaluate the performance of the introduced method, we registered a set of 152 brain images to a reference space employing this method. Brain overlap of the registered volumes improved as a result of landmark based registration. As a further application, we used landmark detection for rigid-body registration of longitudinal MRI volumes. These are MRI volumes scanned from the same individual over time. We show that landmark detection is a fast method that can be used to obtain a good initial rigid-body registration which can then be followed by fine-tuning of the registration parameters.
    • Bypassing fingerprint scanners using artificial fingerprints

      Ford, Kerry C. (2021-05)
      Although fingerprint scanning technology is a convenient and user-friendly method of securing many modern devices, it is not without its flaws. In this paper, a methodology for creating artificial fingerprints is presented, as well as the experimental results, in order to display several low-cost techniques that can be used to bypass modern fingerprint sensors. Three methods are employed: direct collection, indirect collection (mold), and indirect collection (copy). First, using direct collection, a mold and cast of a physical fingerprint is created using very low-cost materials. Second, a fingerprint is indirectly collected from a surface and is used to create a 3D printed mold. Finally, a fingerprint is gathered using the indirect collection method, but is then inverted to achieve a higher resolution 3D printed copy of the original finger. Experimental results are presented, showing the effectiveness of the three fingerprint fabrication techniques on optical and capacitive sensors. Experimental results reveal that it is possible to bypass most sensors 80-100% of the time. The artificial fingerprints produced this way are reusable for many months. This was accomplished using widely available tools, and at a lower cost than that which has been previously reported in other research.
    • The caregiver experience : the impact of environmental music therapy in the surgical intensive care unit

      Millstein, Allison (2016-12)
      This study examines the effects of an Environmental Music Therapy (EMT) protocol on the caregiver experience in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU). For the purpose of this study, EMT may be understood as a music therapy intervention designed to implement live music that attunes to the sonic environment of a medical unit while gradually shifting to address psychological, physical, and contextual needs of caregivers. In this study, caregivers are defined as family members and loved ones, ages 18 an older, involved in active care of related patients within the SICU at Mount Sinai Beth Israel. An experimental design was implemented via examining one group’s pre and post-intervention surveys. Results did not indicate statistically significant impact of an EMT protocol on caregiver experience in regards to interactions with staff, perceived pain of patients, or ability of music to mask/blend with noxious environmental sounds. However, without regard to statistical significance, results do indicate preliminary levels of impact of EMT on caregiver experience in the SICU. Small sample size may be accountable for lack of statistical significance given preliminary results. This research study, while unable to yield significant results, may point to a need for future research regarding the use of music therapy interventions within intensive care unit environments.
    • The cognitive effort of lying

      Altebrando, Geena (2015-07)
      Being able to directly measure if an individual is lying or not can have many advantages. The current study set out to determine if there were differences in cognitive effort when lying and telling the truth. Participants (N=20) were asked to create or recall 8 events from the Life Events Inventory list. In half of the trials participants told a story, in the other half they told a story and performed an irrelevant simple reaction time task. Disfluency in the participant’s narratives and reaction time in the reaction time task were measured to assess how well participants performed each task. For the reaction time task, there were significant differences between the task type conditions, but not between the story type conditions. For the disfluency measures, there were significant main effects of story type (truth versus lie) for all measures, but no main effects of task type (dual versus single). There was an interaction for filled pauses which indicated more filled pauses for the single, lie condition than any other condition. Overall, reaction times suggested no difference in cognitive effort when lying or telling the truth, whereas disfluency suggested there were some cognitive differences.
    • A collaborative autoethnographic exploration of experiences of three international music therapy interns during their clinical training

      Zhang, Xiyu; Shi, Rongrong; Hsu, WanLing (2016-04)
      There has been little written about the experiences and concerns of music therapy students during their clinical training. Even more scarce are studies examining the experiences and concerns of international music therapy students. The most difficult studies to find were those conducted by international students themselves who possess "first-hand" data. The purpose of this research is to develop narratives that will reveal the lived experience of three international music therapy students in the United States. These narratives will then be discussed to reveal common themes about the students' experience of acculturation, as well as strategies they developed to help them be successful in becoming music therapists. The process of conducting this research study not only changed our perception of our clinical training, but also helped articulate how our education abroad has affected our world view. This study holds potential benefits for music therapy students who will encounter many of the same challenges, and offers strategies about how to manage these challenges. For educators and supervisors, this study offers a vehicle for a better understanding of the East Asian students or supervisees with whom they work.
    • Comedy and tragedy : a history of theatre as a reflection of social identity

      O'Grady, Ryan (2020-05)
      In The Poetics, Aristotle outlines the origins and history of Greek theatrical performance to set up his analysis of Tragedy as the successor to the Epic poem...As such, Aristotle, although most likely unintentional, frames Comedy and Tragedy as two genres that share little to no similarities other than being forms of theatrical performance. I acknowledge the two genres possess many differences in terms of plot structure, staging and the audience's emotional response, but these differences do not make them inherently oppositional. In fact, my paper will hopefully show by analyzing how Tragedy and Comedy functioned during eras when the theatre was a central artform in society--Greece, Rome, Renaissance England, and the post-WWII Theatre of the Absurd--that not only do these two genres share many similarities as art forms, but they also share the same communal function by reinforcing the ideologies of the time period.
    • A comparison of mainstream and evolutionarily informed physical fitness

      Fell, Jessica (2014-05)
      This study aimed to explore the health and fitness activities, perceptions, expectations, motivations, and outcomes of Gold’s Gym members (representative of a mainstream gym experience) and CrossFit members (representative of an evolutionarily informed training program). These variables are included in broad predictions of CrossFit members having higher attendance rates, reporting a greater feeling of community and camaraderie, and increased fitness outcomes as compared to Gold’s Gym members. Results indicated that members of modern and evolutionarily informed fitness facilities might not vary greatly in attendance rates both within group, and as compared to one another. Personality characteristics did not appear to deviate either, although source of motivation (extrinsic versus intrinsic) may. However, motivations for choosing a facility, equipment used, and time spent on activities differed, and coincided with the respective gym type. Furthermore, broad perceptions of physical health and fitness appear to correspond with the underlying philosophy of the fitness facility chosen.
    • Conceptualizing and defining romantic love

      Krass, Justin K. (2008-04-09)
      Two studies investigated how individuals conceptualize romantic love using the Love Word Conceptualization Survey to examine how strongly 119 emotions, behaviors, and attitudes were associated with romantic love. Study 1 had 54 participants and study 2 had 320 participants. The results of both studies suggest that individuals mainly associate positive attributes with romantic love and are less likely to associate negative attributes with it. Furthermore, quality communication and nurturing physical behaviors appear to be key components of how individuals conceptualize romantic love. Principal components analyses suggest that there may be a positive emotions factor of romantic love, as well as a negative emotions factor. The results are congruent with the theory that the concept of romantic love is prototypically organized.
    • Creating a mesh sensor network using Raspberry Pi and XBee radio modules

      Forcella, Michael (2017-05)
      A mesh network is a type of network topology in which one or more nodes are capable of relaying data within the network. The data is relayed by the router nodes, which send the messages via one or more 'hops' until it reaches its intended destination. Mesh networks can be applied in situations where the structure or shape of the network does not permit every node to be within range of its final destination. One such application is that of environmental sensing. When creating a large network of sensors, however, we are often limited by the cost of such sensors. This thesis presents a low-cost mesh network framework, to which any number of different sensors can be attached. The hardware configuration is detailed in such a way that anyone with a modest understanding of technology will be able to reproduce it. The software setup required by the user has also been minimized and clearly documented. Details specific to the user's setup can be entered into a configuration file and the majority of software scripts are scheduled to run automatically via Linux Cron jobs. I conclude by outlining several potential modifications to the framework, including further automation of the software setup, inclusion of additional hardware, and alternate methods for downloading data from the network.
    • Creating community, home, and resources with music therapy: a program proposal for Family of Woodstock

      Pomerselig, Noah (2021-05)
      The following is a proposal for the implementation of a music therapy program for adolescents experiencing homelessness within Family of Woodstock’s continuum of care. This proposal outlines the rationale and theoretical justification of this program as well as outlining the content and structure of the proposed music therapy services. This proposal includes descriptions of music therapy in general and how it has been implemented with this population in other programs. This program is designed to be implemented by one full-time music therapist and integrates with the existing services provided by the organization. The integration of a music therapy program is congruent with Family of Woodstock’s mission statement and organization goals.
    • Cross-language neighborhood density effects in early and late bilingual word recognition

      Lane, Amanda B. (2015)
      A central debate in research involving bilinguals is related to how the languages possessed by bilinguals interact while orthographic processing of one language occurs. Past research suggests that there is influence from a bilingual’s non-relevant language when she or he is processing words in the other language. One way of measuring such influence is achieved by varying the number of orthographic neighbors between languages and measuring the difference in reaction times to words with many and fewer cross-language neighbors. In this study, early and late English-Spanish bilinguals, who differed in experiences with their languages, responded to English and Spanish words in a progressive demasking task that differed by the number of orthographic neighbors (many or none) present in the other language. As expected, English words with many cross-language Spanish neighbors were responded to more slowly than English words with no cross-language Spanish neighbors. However, there was no significant difference in reaction times to Spanish words with many or no cross-language neighbors in English, which was unexpected. This pattern was similar in the two groups of bilinguals. Similar results were obtained in a control experiment with monolingual, English-speaking individuals, which suggests that the results obtained from the bilingual study might be due to some uncontrolled lexical variable (e.g., low imageability of specific English words with many Spanish neighbors).
    • Current trends in music therapy and pain management

      Vicinanza, Jillian (2017-12)
      The purpose of this study is to examine music therapy (MT) as it is currently used in the treatment of individuals who are coping with pain. A 36-question survey, offering both multiple choice and short answer questions, was offered to professional music therapists (MT-BC) with clinical experience living and working within the United States (U.S.). Potential survey participants were identified through their membership with the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA). A total of 246 music therapists participated in this survey. The majority of respondents (36%) reported utilizing a combination of methods from a variety of MT theoretical perspectives. Fifty-eight percent of respondents indicated that they use music in sessions for the purpose of pain management at least "sometimes," and 93% perceive that the client-therapist relationship, otherwise referred to as the therapeutic relationship, is an extremely important factor in whether MT treatment will be successful in pain management. Ninety-four percent of all respondents admit to collaborating with at least one other type of helping professional, and 91% of respondents believe that interdisciplinary teamwork is very important when working with clients and pain management. Results of this survey indicate that Board-Certified Music Therapists in the U.S. are conducting therapeutic sessions utilizing various MT techniques for pain management, and believe in the necessity of an optimal client-therapist relationship. Implications of the results for clinical practice and future direction of music therapy research are discussed.
    • Deception-detection and trust as major elements of mating-relevant behavior

      Tauber, Briana R. (2014-05)
      From an evolutionary perspective, there is nothing more important than mating and reproductive success. According to modern evolutionary psychology, humans have evolved various adaptive mating-related traits, which include ideas based on parental investment theory (Trivers, 1972), life history strategy (Figueredo et al., 2006), strategic pluralism (Gangestad & Simpson, 2000), and sexual strategies (Buss & Schmitt, 1993) for reproductive success. Mating intelligence (MI) can be defined as the cognitive processes (conscious or unconscious) that underlie successful mating-relevant interactions and outcomes (Geher & Kaufman, 2011). It has been proposed that performance in MI can predict one’s likelihood of attracting a viable mate, thus predicting reproductive success (Geher, Miller, & Murphy, 2008). However, currently only a self-report scale of MI exists (Geher & Kaufman, 2007). Although this study was originally aimed to develop an ability-based measurement of MI (which would allow us to tap an individual’s actual abilities that may lead to reproductive success), exploratory analysis of the data proved to be most fruitful in the realm of mating-relevant deception-detection and correlates related to one’s tendency toward trusting others.
    • Depression, control, and counterfactual potency: a proposed moderated mediation model of counterfactual thinking and performance

      Colby, Kelly (2018-05)
      The functional theory of counterfactual thinking was created to explain the purpose and corresponding outcomes of counterfactual thoughts, thoughts in which individuals imagine how differences in past life events may have led to differences in their current circumstances. Though this theory predicts that the generation of upward counterfactual thoughts, in particular, where the imagined outcome is better than the actual outcome, leads to performance improvements between tasks due to its catalytic effect on behavior, evidence supporting this idea has been inconsistent. In light of this, two models were constructed and tested using an SPSS macro known as PROCESS. In these models it was hypothesized that upward counterfactual thinking would lead to performance improvements between two anagram tasks through increases in perceived control. Further, the magnitude of this enhancement effect was predicted to vary with the degree of plausibility perceived by the thinker, and would not occur for individuals experiencing depression. As both of these models were unsupported, the chosen methodology for this study was evaluated and the relationship between counterfactual thinking and performance was considered further.