Browsing SUNY New Paltz Masters Theses Collection by Subject "United States"
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Disgust of the other side : how disgust relates to political attitudesThe purpose of this study was to expand upon prior-researched aspects of the Behavioral Immune System (BIS), a psychological mechanism that increases survival by detecting pathogens in the environment (Schaller, 2015). Prior studies have associated the BIS with disgust sensitivity, political orientation, political policy, and susceptibility to disease (Curtis, DeBarra, & Aunger, 2011; Oaten, Stevenson, & Case, 2009; Brenner & Inbar, 2015; Lee & Ottati, 2002; Terrizzi Jr, Shook, & McDaniel, 2013). The current research has the capacity to shed light on the degree to which the BIS is connected with the important modern-day political issue of immigration in the United States. Keywords: Disgust, Behavioral Immune System, Perceived Vulnerability to Disease, Political Attitudes toward Immigrants
Effects of Geographical Upbringing and Intergroup Contact on Racial AttitudesThe repercussions of racism can range from ignorance and neglect to injury and even death. Ways to decrease attitudes of racism have been debated for centuries, resulting in various theories. The contact hypothesis, a half-century old idea, states that increased intergroup contact can decrease negative attitudes. Research has also found the quality of contact between racial groups plays an important role in increasing positive racial attitudes. The current study tests this theory and further theorizes that individuals from rural environments will report greater racism than individuals from urban environments. African American (n=57) and Caucasian (n=176) participants were asked about where they grew up (to assess urban/rural status), quantity and quality of contact with the racial out-group growing up, and their current racial attitudes. Overall, results suggest that the roles of quantity and quality of contacts are significant factors in predicting interracial prejudice, while area of upbringing was not.