• A comparison of mainstream and evolutionarily informed physical fitness

      Fell, Jessica (2014-05)
      This study aimed to explore the health and fitness activities, perceptions, expectations, motivations, and outcomes of Gold’s Gym members (representative of a mainstream gym experience) and CrossFit members (representative of an evolutionarily informed training program). These variables are included in broad predictions of CrossFit members having higher attendance rates, reporting a greater feeling of community and camaraderie, and increased fitness outcomes as compared to Gold’s Gym members. Results indicated that members of modern and evolutionarily informed fitness facilities might not vary greatly in attendance rates both within group, and as compared to one another. Personality characteristics did not appear to deviate either, although source of motivation (extrinsic versus intrinsic) may. However, motivations for choosing a facility, equipment used, and time spent on activities differed, and coincided with the respective gym type. Furthermore, broad perceptions of physical health and fitness appear to correspond with the underlying philosophy of the fitness facility chosen.
    • Why do you run? Comparing identified and intrinsic motivation in runners

      Cousineau, Kassandra A (2017-05)
      Considering only half of the United States population engages in the recommended amount of exercise (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014), and the dangerous implications of a sedentary lifestyle (Ekelund et al., 2015), it becomes imperative to investigate the motivations behind sport, exercise, and physical activity. Due to the mixed findings regarding different types of motivation in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) (Ryan & Deci, 1985), the present study attempted to show that identified regulations would predict and account for more variance in behavior adherence, intensity of exercise, and life satisfaction than would intrinsic regulations. An online survey was used to collect data from individuals who had participated in a 5K race, 10K race, half-marathon, or marathon. Correlation and regression analyses supported the above hypothesis. These results indicate SDT, as it is currently conceptualized, may not be as applicable to the domain of sport and exercise behavior as previously thought.