• An historical perspective of the unification of the american music therapy association: an oral history

      Hardy, Rachel A. (2018-12)
      This paper is an historical look at the unification of the National Association of Music Therapy (NAMT) and the American Association for Music Therapists (AAMT) to form the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA). Historical documents and existing literature were examined to set the context for the event, including the histories of both previous associations. Three individuals who played significant roles in the process of unification were interviewed about the process of unification as well as its comparison to present day decisions. Their perspectives and experiences are presented in this paper.
    • How do moments of insight in personal therapy impact the professional lives of music therapists?

      Starace, Jeffrey (2018-12)
      This study presents the findings of an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis on the professional impact of insight moments that occur in the personal therapy sessions of music therapists. Four board-certified music therapists participated in semi-structured interviews and described experiences in personal therapy that impacted their professional lives. In addition, participants described experiences from their own music therapy sessions that related to their personal therapy insights. Participants also shared how other methods of professional development compare with personal therapy. Other methods such as self-care and supervision were included in the literature review to support this comparison. It was observed that there is little literature in regards to the professional impact of personal therapy for music therapists. Therefore, literature from relevant therapeutic fields such as psychology and social work were included to help supplement the literature review. Four emergent themes were derived from the data: empathy for clients, therapeutic presence, clear boundaries, and learning new skills. The results of this research may inform music therapists about the potential professional benefits of personal therapy.
    • Significant music events in the lives of music therapy graduate students and new professionals

      Courter, Alyssa R.; Ryan, Kristin (2018-12)
      This is a phenomenological study of the significant music events (SMEs) in the lives of music therapy graduate students and new professionals. Four participants were chosen using purposive sampling, and interviewed about their experiences in music that have been significant to them in their lives. Data were analyzed using qualitative hand coding and thematic analysis as outlined by Rubin (1995) and Saldaña (2013). The researchers conducted a self-inquiry prior to data collection, in addition to conducting ongoing self-inquiry through journaling and analytic memos. Codes were grouped into categories within each interview, and then categories were compared across interviews to develop major overarching themes. The four final major themes found were connection, elements of the music, identity, and engagement with multiple levels of being. Issues related to small sample size, researcher-participant relationship, and the role of two researchers are discussed.
    • Understanding therapeutic relationship with a young adult with autistic spectrum disorder in improvisational music therapy

      Lee, Miyoung (2018-12)
      This qualitative single case study research described the growth and development of Robert (name changed for confidentiality), a young adult with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), through his participation in improvisational music therapy. This study focuses on his music therapy engagement from February 2014 to July 2014 during the author’s internship training. The purpose of this case study is to illustrate how the therapeutic relationship, specifically client/therapist interactions, can be enhanced through improvisational music therapy. As a music therapy intern (MTI), I provided 36 individual music therapy sessions during the course of six months. The treatment goal was to increase interpersonal interactions, primarily through instrumental improvisation. The improvised music is analyzed by graphic notation, originated by Bergstrøm-Nielsen (1993), and through traditional music notation. Both forms of analysis illustrated a growing musical interrelatedness between Robert and me, thus supporting the use of improvisational music therapy as an effective means of improving interpersonal interactions in persons with ASD.