Recent Submissions

  • The politics of touch

    Kurtz, Teresa (2020-08)
    Through this thesis, I aim to deconstruct and reconstruct what it means to reach out and touch another by analyzing the role of physical touch in literature with a New Historicist approach. In other words, I am reading into the signification of touch within different literary texts while taking into account the text's geographical, historical, and sociological conditions. In a different time, place, and sociocultural climate, the same signifier--such as touch--will necessarily have different significations. Therefore, touch in all of its forms must be read within its individual literary context.
  • Disgust of the other side : how disgust relates to political attitudes

    Weintraub, Jeremy S. (2020-08)
    The purpose of this study was to expand upon prior-researched aspects of the Behavioral Immune System (BIS), a psychological mechanism that increases survival by detecting pathogens in the environment (Schaller, 2015). Prior studies have associated the BIS with disgust sensitivity, political orientation, political policy, and susceptibility to disease (Curtis, DeBarra, & Aunger, 2011; Oaten, Stevenson, & Case, 2009; Brenner & Inbar, 2015; Lee & Ottati, 2002; Terrizzi Jr, Shook, & McDaniel, 2013). The current research has the capacity to shed light on the degree to which the BIS is connected with the important modern-day political issue of immigration in the United States. Keywords: Disgust, Behavioral Immune System, Perceived Vulnerability to Disease, Political Attitudes toward Immigrants
  • Music therapy service delivery trends in special education settings in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States

    Myers, Amy L. (2020-05)
    This survey research sought to identify music therapy service delivery trends in special education settings in the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States. A total of 25 individuals who oversee the provision of special education programming and services in public school districts in Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia were included in this study. The majority of participants indicated that music therapy services are not being provided in their respective school districts. Inadequate funding, limited access to music therapists and their services, and a lack of awareness of music therapy were identified as factors that impact the provision of music therapy services in special education settings within the Mid- Atlantic Region. The findings of this study point to an overall need for increased advocacy for music therapy services in special education settings at the client/family level, the community level, the school district administrative level, the state level, and the federal level. Further research in each state would provide a clearer picture of these trends and would be beneficial in guiding music therapists, district administrators, and clients/families who are seeking music therapy services.
  • "I have been told that human beings seldom dream about cherubim" : unconventional representations of the divine in Madeleine L'Engle's Time Quartet

    Seitz, Jeffrey D. (2020-05)
    Madeleine L'Engle's writing is a kaleidoscope of science and theology, with an abundance of literary and spiritual insights. For decades, readers have been inspired by the familiar characters in her Time Quartet novels. Yet these readers are confounded by the supernatural beings she populated in the texts. One of the ways this mythopoeic writer indicated her spiritual inclinations was by her unconventional representations of the divine through her masterful use of the suspension of disbelief that serves as a possible spiritual vision. Decades after the publication of A Wrinkle in Time, her writing continues to inspire and puzzle readers. Madeleine L Engle Time Quartet novels continue to evoke curiosity among literary scholars because of her boldness for integrating spirituality with science.
  • Personal therapy for a graduate student in the analytical music therapy model : a heuristic inquiry

    Wenger, Daniel (2020-05)
    This heuristic inquiry explores my experience as a graduate student undergoing personal music therapy in the Analytical Music Therapy model. After reviewing 27 recordings of my sessions, I used self-dialogue to select five session recordings based on personal significance and examples of growth. The verbal processing of these sessions was transcribed and the musical improvisations were given detailed descriptions. I then re-listened to the sessions and noted significant experiences and patterns directly onto the transcripts and descriptions. After immersing myself in the transcripts and descriptions, I took notes regarding the relationships between session experiences and shifts in my daily awareness. These notes helped me discover areas that were developed through my process. They were defined as the following themes: connection, body awareness, musical awareness, intrapersonal awareness, and professional development. These themes provided a deeper understanding of the expansive experience of AMT, the influence of a student-client perspective on therapy, and the potential for professional development through AMT experiences. An arts-informed reflection provides a holistic understanding of my unique transformation through analytical music therapy.
  • Music therapy in the medical setting : a music therapy program proposal for the Mercy Medical Hospital

    Wong, Andrew (2020-05)
    This music therapy program proposal has been designed for implementation at the Mercy Medical Hospital in Rockville Centre, NY. Music therapy is a unique healthcare profession that utilizes music to assist individuals from all age groups improve their physical, emotional, social, communication, and cognitive functioning. This proposal will define music therapy, and delineate the research of the effectiveness of music therapy on the physical and emotional needs of medical patients. A proposed weekly schedule and details of music therapy sessions with descriptions of music therapy methods and their variations including materials, goals, and benefits are included. The financial implications of the program are detailed, including salary, equipment and other program expenses. The connections of music therapy and the mission of the facility are presented, as well as context for implementation of this music therapy program.
  • The experience of music therapists working with clients with schizophrenia

    Earl, Brittany (2020-05)
    The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experience of music therapists who work with clients diagnosed with schizophrenia. The main focus of this study was the music therapists’ perceptions of how music therapy impacted these clients. The data was collected through individual, semi-structured interviews that occurred in person and via telephone conversations. The participants were four board-certified music therapists who worked with this population within the last five years. The interviews were coded and analyzed, revealing two overarching categories and four themes. The first category was The Perceived Impact of Music Therapy on Clients. This category contained the themes: Growth Reported by Music Therapists a nd Growth Reported by Clients . The second category was Experiences in Music Therapy . This category contained the themes: Personal Experiences of Music Therapists and Perceptions of Client Experiences . All four participants reported that their clients have experienced growth as a result of music therapy. These reports were from the perspectives of the participants, as well as the perspectives of their clients. The participants described that their overall experience in working with this population was enjoyable, and that their clients seemed to have positive experiences in music therapy.
  • A quantitative and qualitative approach to understanding and defining hate sex

    Di Santo, Jacqueline M. (2020-05)
    Although a popular topic in the media, there is no research to date on hate sex. The purpose of this study was to attain a better understanding of hate sex and operationally define the construct utilizing both quantitative and qualitative methods to understand and define hate sex. An anonymous survey was completed by 771 individuals (69.8% females, 28.8% males, 1.4% other; mean age = 23.21, SD = 6.59). It was found that individuals who reported having had hate sex in their lifetime were more sexually experienced than individuals who reported never having had hate sex. Individuals who report having had hate sex also appear to hold a different perception of hate sex than the portrayal of hate sex in the media. Using these findings, A definition of hate sex is introduced. Implications and future directions of this line of research are discussed.
  • Proposal for neonatal intensive care unit music therapy program at Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center

    Chilton, Madeline C. (2020-05)
    The following is a proposal for the implementation of a music therapy program in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Brookdale University Hospital. This proposal provides the rationale for instituting a NICU music therapy program and details the content of the program including services provided, treatment methodology, documentation, required resources, projected outcomes, and evaluation. Recommendations are provided for the qualifications, responsibilities, and integration of a full-time music therapist into the NICU team. The aim of this proposal is to demonstrate the multitude of benefits that a music therapy program will offer the NICU at Brookdale, and provide a feasible plan for its initiation. The inclusion of music therapy services in the treatment modalities offered by the Brookdale NICU will demonstrate a commitment to innovative, family-centered care, and to the mission and core values of the One Brooklyn Health hospital system.
  • Benedictine, Bridge Back, and beyond : a proposal for an integrated music therapy program involving graduated levels of substance misuse treatment

    Hitchcock, Sarah (2020-05)
    The following document is an in-depth proposal for expanding a part-time music therapy program in a medical setting focused on the needs and concerns of people who are struggling to recover from an addiction to drugs and/or alcohol. The enlarged program would include a full-time music therapist with expanded responsibilities.This proposal has been designed for the HealthAlliance programs in Kingston, New York: First Step Detoxification Program and the First Step Rehabilitation Program at Benedictine Hospital, the Outpatient Program at Bridge Back South. The needs of patients recovering from alcohol and drug misuse are specific to their stage in the recovery process, detoxification, early rehabilitation, or longer-term rehabilitation. This proposed music therapy program addresses the specific needs of the patient at each stage of the recovery process. This proposal focuses on the needs of the patients, describes details of the actual program, and shows how the music therapy program integrates into the larger context of the medical program. Finally, it lays out the financial needs of the proposed music therapy program and its expected outcomes. This proposal will demonstrate how a strong, integrated music therapy program can assist in the care and healing of people suffering from substance misuse and how to address its underlying causes.
  • An inquiry into sound healing and music therapy

    Erson, Rebecca D. (2020-05)
    Sound and music are powerful forces within the context of the subjective experience, the depths of which are underrepresented within traditional objectively focused research. This study delved into the internal experience of the practitioner when utilizing these forces in the therapeutic setting. As a music therapist who utilizes sound healing within my daily practice, I was interested in looking at my own experience of facilitating sound healing sessions and music therapy sessions. In comparing these two experiences I sought to draw some parallels as well as further define what is different about the two modalities.
  • Factors influencing music therapists to join, or not join, the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA)

    Peterson, Sarah (2020-05)
    The American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) is the membership organization for music therapists that strives to develop and support the music therapy profession. Professional membership in the AMTA has been declining in recent years, though the number of credentialed music therapists is increasing. The objective of this research study was to determine what factors influence music therapists to join, or not join, the AMTA. The survey consisted of close and open- ended questions to gather the demographics of participants; the factors that influenced their decision to purchase, or not purchase membership; how participants view the benefits that membership in AMTA provides; and what participants want to see AMTA accomplish to increase membership. Out of the 7,958 music therapists that were eligible to participate, 1,262 completed the survey. Current members, and individuals planning on renewing in 2020 accounted for 49.88% of the sample; former members accounted for 43.38% of the sample; and respondents who have never been members of AMTA accounted for 6.74% of the sample. Receiving member benefits was the most common factor that influenced membership for current members, individuals renewing, and former members. Former members and respondents who have never been members cited the cost of membership, the lack of cost-benefit, and the perceived lack of benefits as factors for not renewing, or not purchasing membership.
  • Factors influencing career longevity of music therapists

    Doxsee, Lauren E. (2020-05)
    This survey study examined the factors that experienced music therapists identified as important in maintaining their careers in music therapy. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into how these music therapists combat burnout and stress to remain practicing in the field for 10 years or longer. Previous studies on burnout and career longevity have focused on whether music therapists have burnout, causes or factors leading to burnout and possible shortened careers, and the length of average careers in music therapy. The survey was sent out to 3,421 board-certified music therapists who were selected for longevity in the profession, 10 years or longer. There were a total of 439 responses with 11 responses meeting the requirements for participation. The survey results indicated that time off of work, exercise, and music are the main methods of self-care utilized by experienced professionals. Respondents also indicated that low salary, self-assessed burnout, and a perception of limited job opportunities were the main factors that could have led practitioners to consider leaving the field.
  • Attention to low & high prevalence events in action video game players & non-action video game players using sustained multiple object tracking & change detection tasks

    Racioppo, Keith R. (2020-05)
    Surveillance is an important real-world skill involving several cognitive abilities over a prolonged period. Multiple object tracking (MOT) and change detection research have begun to conceptualize the cognitive processes associated with surveillance in a laboratory setting. The current study incorporated change detection into a more sustained MOT task than what had been studied previously. This experimental design may better represent real-world situations in which identification of changes in items occurs in the real world due to the often-infrequent rate in which it is necessary to recognize changes. Additionally, long-term action video game experience and short-term experiences, such as exposure to rates of prevalence, are examined to help identify potential trainings to improve performance. After four 10-minute MOT trials, a short change detection task was conducted to assess a possible relationship of gaming and recent prevalence experience on later tasks. A main effect of items tracked was the only significant effect found throughout the research, indicating individuals can effectively track 2 items for changes and not 4. A main effect of prevalence was found in the MOT task, giving merit to the inclusion of prevalence in change detection MOT tasks put forth by this study. However, neither gaming experience in the MOT task nor prevalence experience in the follow-up task led to improved performance in the task. This study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in a small sample size and low power. Further research is necessary to examine potential mechanisms for surveillance training, but the current design can serve as guidance for future studies.
  • Music therapy in the NICU and PICU : a program proposal for WakeMed Children’s Hospital

    Early, Kirstin A. (2020-05)
    This proposal is for a music therapy program for the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at WakeMed Children’s Hospital, located at the WakeMed Raleigh Campus in Raleigh, North Carolina. The children’s hospital treats a variety of medical issues including critical illnesses, injuries, automobile accident injuries, life-threatening childhood diseases, and respiratory and heart conditions. Music therapy is an evidence-based therapy that can not only effectively address treatment goals, but can offer comfort, joy, and a means of self-expression for patients and their families. A full-time music therapist can work with patients in individual and/or group settings using various methods and techniques to meet each patient’s individual goals and needs. Establishing a music therapy program at WakeMed Children’s Hospital would be beneficial for the care of infants, children, families, and their caretakers.
  • “Nobody Sees Me Lying There With Depression” : an arts-based research project on a music therapy intern’s experience of major depressive disorder

    Peters, Thomas J. (2020-05)
    Through arts-based research, I studied my experience as a music therapy intern with major depressive disorder. I explored how a depressive episode impacted my work as an intern and how the episode affected my transition from intern to therapist. During the internship, I recorded improvisations to process the depressive episode. Two years after I completed the internship, I revisited these improvisations with prose poem responses. After finding themes and significant phrases, I composed a song entitled “Nobody Sees Me”. This arts-based project focuses on my unique experience, but the project has professional and academic implications. The project demonstrates a need for mental health services for graduate students, and my personal journey may provide support for music therapy interns and students with disorders of mental health.
  • Music therapy as a tool for recovery : a program proposal for Mountainside Addiction Treatment Center

    Sastow, Tamara (2020-05)
    I am proposing a music therapy program for Mountainside Addiction Treatment Center (Mountainside), at their main campus by the foothills of the Berkshire mountain range in Canaan, Connecticut. The purpose of this paper is to educate and impart knowledge of music therapy, including potential benefits, how it can be applied to addiction treatment, and why a music therapy program should be integrated into the continuous supportive care of clients at Mountainside. Addiction is a life-changing disease that can have a significant impact on all aspects of a person’s health, including their physical, social, and emotional well-being. Music therapy is an effective form of supportive care for affected individuals throughout the treatment process, and can improve overall wellness and quality of life. This paper reviews some of the common wants and needs of this population, and how music therapy serves as a means for support and a medium for change.
  • Financial perspectives of emerging adults : similarities and differences between gen-zeds and millennials

    Berg, Hunter J. (2020-05)
    Emerging adults (individuals ages 18-24) today are struggling with finance. In fact, financial factors make up four of the top five stressors of college students today (Sinha et al., 2018) while, at the same time, much research has shown these populations lack the financial skills necessary to make even the most basic financial decisions (Serido & Deenanath, 2016; Shim, Serido, Bosch, & Tang, 2013; Terriquez & Gurantz, 2014). The problem does not seem to be related to a lack of resources, as there are currently more tools to help one improve financial literacy than ever before (Sinha, Tan, & Zhan, 2018). Perhaps roots of the problem stem from development. In 2011, Gudmonson and Danes founded a theory of financial socialization, claiming that financial development stems primarily from implicit and explicit lessons provided by one’s parents or guardians. This study dives into the financial perspectives of Millennials and Generation Z, attempting to cypher out commonalities and differences in financial development, knowledge, value, and anxiety between and within the generations. Major findings include differences between financial perspectives based on gender, social class, and political orientation. Adding to Gudmonson and Danes’ (2011) financial socialization theory, major differences were found in financial literacy and anxiety based on sibling birth order. These results suggest that siblings may directly or indirectly affect one’s financial socialization by influencing or supplementing parents’ explicit and implicit financial lessons. The study concludes with ideas for future research.
  • A preliminary study of the effects of a novice hacker's learning process on a computer hardware and base operating system component performance

    Mikijanic, Christine (2020-05)
    One of the major problems in computer security today is the mitigation of damage caused by malware. Common approaches for gathering information about this threat have been to investigate and utilize the structure of a malware attack for prevention and reduction of damage, or analysis of the effect of malware originally found in the wild on target computer systems. This thesis provides a means of determining whether or not sufficient information exists to examine the possibility of finding or identifying an inexperienced hacker inside of a computer system. Analysis of pseudo-ransomware inside a virtual machine was performed, with investigation into the performance of the system’s hardware and base operating system components. It was discovered that CPU load was the core of indicators that displayed the presence of possible ransomware, as it consistently displayed longer process completion times and signs of strain under intensified usage. Furthermore, this factor could be paired with statistics for other areas of the system in order to provide more detail about the attack itself.
  • A grounded theory exploration of how a song's musical characteristics affect lyric interpretation

    Colleran, Michael (2020-05)
    This study explored the effect of musical characteristics on processing and subsequent analysis and discussion of song lyrics. Clinical applications for this knowledge were explored and expanded upon, in order to gain insights into how song discussion can be better utilized in a clinical setting. This qualitative study utilized modified grounded theory research in order to better understand the experience of song discussion and the role musical characteristics play in interpretation.

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