• Strategic Audit of Research in Motion

      Waite, Melissa; Sampson, Nick; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
    • The Experience of Studying Abroad and Creation of a “How to Study Abroad Guide”

      Chesebro, Joseph; Baldwin, Allison; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      This paper is a general guide for students who wish to study abroad. The author is a study abroad alumnus, having completed an internship program in Florence, Italy. The paper is divided up into several sections. These include a review of literature, interviews from advisors in the Office of International Education, advice from former students, and interpersonal communication advice on how to accustom to different cultures when traveling. The advice is broken up by themes that have emerged over the course of this study, including pre-departure concerns, stereotypes, culture shock, adjustment, and study abroad benefits. The participants were interviewed in discussion form, which included several focus groups. The results of this study show that study abroad greatly impacts students’ lives in a beneficial way and overseas travel while in school is one of the greatest ways for students to develop into independent adults.
    • The Influence of Subtle and Blatant Prejudice on Group Identity

      Ratcliff, Jennifer J.; Krolikowski, Alex; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Recent research on social distancing and intergroup relations focuses on the black sheep effect—the notion that individuals will distance themselves from deviant group members—and out-group discrimination (Johns et al., 2005), but does not examine the relationship between the black sheep effect and negative attitudes. Additionally, research suggests that the degree to which prejudice is detected varies with the type of prejudice expressed—blatant or subtle (Meertens & Pettigrew, 1997). The current research tested whether the type of sexual prejudice expressed by members of one’s in-group, influences the amount that individuals identify with their in-group and the individual expressing prejudice. Participants were exposed to either blatant or subtle prejudice and completed several questionnaires assessing identification with their in-group and the individual expressing prejudice. Results revealed that exposure to blatant prejudice was related to greater social distancing from the individual expressing prejudice and one’s in-group than exposure to subtle prejudice.
    • A Comparative Study of the Systematic Mapping of Object-Oriented Models to Code Development Frameworks

      Mitra, Sandeep; Georgiev, Martin Hristov; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
    • A Financial Analysis of Publicly Traded Professional Sports Teams

      Singh, Sandeep; Hubman, Joshua; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Throughout history there have been a number of professional sports teams that have been publicly traded. Many fans and followers of sports may jump at these opportunities to own a part of their favorite teams. This paper analyzes stock performance of past and current publicly traded teams to determine whether these stocks constitute a sound financial investment or only derive their value from the sentimental value stockholders place on the ownership. Monthly and yearly stock returns of both American and European companies were compiled, analyzed, and compared to popular stock market indexes. Much of the analysis was done using Microsoft excel regression, correlation, and descriptive statistics functions. Our findings indicate stocks of publicly traded professional sports teams show that they can provide some investment value for investors, although not all of them can be recommended as a sound financial investment. Value is contributed by the way of high returns in some periods and significant portfolio diversification benefits. Since stocks of publicly traded professional sports teams have shown the ability to provide investors with value, future opportunities may merit serious consideration when they become available.
    • Glory, Resistance and Reality: The Ever-Changing Perspective on War and Film

      Daly, John P.; Montgomery, Bryan; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      In this paper, the three eras of film will be addressed by viewing copious amounts of war films and digesting the concurrent themes within the films. The three eras are set by “bookend films”, a movie that is a game-changer, shifting the eras or being a clearly defined end of an era. Other films will be used to compliment the standard theories of the era. Sands of Iwo Jima is a war classic, as is Platoon, and both will be used in this paper as bookends of their respective eras. For the eras, several films serve as “bookends” for their respective era. The meaning behind these “bookends” is to note the beginning and end of the certain frame of thinking throughout that specific era. However, it must be noted that films are always unpredictable, and although the eras may be defined within a specific amount of time, there are always films that overlay the specifics of that era, either taking ideals from past eras or attempting to distinguish the subsequent era. By complimenting the films themselves with articles reviewing or analyzing film, a solidified, concrete idea of the three theories can be clearly formed. The result of the study originated with the hypothetical interpretation of how war is perceived through film. From the beginning of the 20th century, film quickly became the most important way to communicate news and information between one individual to another. From news reels during World War I to the propaganda films made by Frank Capra in the 1940s, war has been visual to Americans for almost 125 years. As can be expected, once Hollywood became involved with film, war films were the first type of the films on the docket to be produced. While watching movies from the 1940s compared with films such as Saving Private Ryan, a huge disconnect was discovered by how the films handled death, violence and honor. The initial objective was to track how improving technology creates a new style of film. However, once the films were being watched and broader generalizations of film were able to be defined, a group of theories emerged, linking the overlying themes of the films to the themes of the time that the films are made in.
    • Lower Back and Lower Limb Injury in Ballet Dancers: Incidence and Implications

      Oliver, Suzanne; Battisti, Jennifer; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      While ballet looks graceful and soft, there is a real threat of injury to the ballet dancer. This senior honors thesis looks at common injuries suffered by the dancers, their cause, and ways to avoid them. The first danger explained is over-exerting children. Children have growing bodies, with underdeveloped bones and muscles. Because of this, they should not be expected to perform certain movements that adult ballet dancers are capable of. Often child dancers will attempt unmodified techniques that are unsafe for people at their developmental level. The thesis continues to explore injuries commonly shared among ballet dancers of all ages. These include injuries to the spine such as scoliosis, and spondylolysis. Injuries of the hip such as trochanteric bursitis, coxa saltans, and osteoarthritis. Injuries to the knee including patellar tendonitis, and meniscal tears. Injuries to the ankle and foot such as acute fractures, hallux valgus, and flexor-hallicus longus tendinitis. The author concludes that most of these injuries are preventable, therefore ballet instructors should have a proper training and certification in order to teach safely, and avoid injuries to students.
    • Molecular Solvation in Phosphonium Ionic Liquids

      Heitz, Mark P.; Barra, Kathleen M.; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      The goal of this research is to understand the solvation dynamics of coumarin 153 (C153) in an environmentally-friendly room temperature phosphonium ionic liquid (RTPIL) solvent. With virtually no vapor pressure, ILs are attracting attention as potential “green” replacements for conventional volatile organic solvents. ILs are also known for chemical stability, non-flammability and recycling potential. C153 is a prototypical fluorescent molecule known for its spectral sensitivity when in solution making it ideal for these studies. Neat trihexyltetradecyl phosphonium chloride (PIL-Cl) and methanol (MeOH) solvents were used to form an array of PIL-Cl mixtures spanning the complete range of mol fraction, in which C153 was dissolved. Solvation of C153 was determined using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The C153 steady-state data shows a systematic blue shift as PIL-Cl is added to solution. The system is at net higher energy at high mol fraction PIL-Cl implying that C153/PIL-Cl interactions are less favorable compared to C153/MeOH. The solute emission intensity is quenched most effectively at a mol fraction of ~0.03 PIL-Cl suggesting that the solvent-solute interactions are most unique in this range of mol fraction. Similarly, the lifetime data show a minimum value at ~0.03 mol fraction PIL-Cl, also implying quenching of the probe at this relative solution composition. C153 is better solvated, more relaxed, at MeOH-rich mol fractions. Solvation dynamics are characterized by time-resolved Stokes shift measurements. The time-resolved center of gravity and associated solvation correlation function, C(t), show that solvation of C153 occurs at a faster rate in solutions of lower mol fraction PIL-Cl. The solvation times correlate to solvent viscosity. PILs showed slower solvation due to much larger viscosities than MeOH.
    • "The Subjectivity of Objective News: An Analysis of Bias in The New York Times’ Education

      Ducey, Marsha; Wells, Christopher; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
    • Lega Nord: Progression of the Populist Movement

      Ciliotta-Rubery, Andrea; Wolfling, Ryan; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Since World War II the Italian political system has been volatile with numerous government turnovers. It was in 1946 the government switched to a democratic republic, and since then, the number of turnovers has exceeded 60. (Background 4) A consequence of this instability is differing coalitions continually vying for power. In order for a coalition to succeed, member parties must garner support and remain loyal to their alliances. The smallest, yet most important part of a coalition alliance is the periphery parties which share some common ideologies and compromise in order to compete with other parties for reform. A relatively new party which has come into existence in the Italian political system is Lega Nord, or more simply put, the Northern League. This party is currently the smallest and periphery party of a coalition, yet it has used its position to its advantage in order to pass numerous reforms through a series of compromises regarding issues which revolve around life and liberty of the Italian citizen. The Northern League has overcome many obstacles since its formation in the early 1990's, and thus adapted itself into a party which will continue to enjoy success in the foreseeable future. There were many times after its creation that the Northern League was left susceptible to problems which possibly could have led to, what some believed, inevitable failure. However, its strength grew from failures and these failures provided useful learning experiences which helped direct the League into a steadier foundation for its future endeavors. It is only with studying the progressive history of this party, from the creation of Lega Nord and its modest rise, to the present state. This timeline will highlight certain views the party held at different times, behaviors, and strategies so one can understand its present place, failures, and ultimate triumph as a sustainable party in the Italian political system.
    • In Defense of the Four-Case Manipulation Argument for Hard Incompatibilism

      Barnes, Gordon; Filcheva, Krasimira; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Derk Pereboom's four-case manipulation argument has proved to be a major point of contention between compatibilism and hard incompatibilism in the debate over causal determinism's alleged threat to free will and moral responsibility. Notably, the four-case argument has met Michael Mckenna's so called hard-line reply, a six-case argument modeled after Pereboom’s four-case one and intended to establish a dialectical stalemate between the compatibilist and incompatibilist positions on largely intuitive grounds. Mckenna contends that his six-case argument elicits compatibilistically friendly intuitions about Pereboom’s case 1 in which the agent is said to be morally responsible. I argue that Mckenna's hard-line reply does not succeed in demonstrating this alleged stalemate between the two debating sides. The current state of the dispute can be so characterized only if the opposing sides' reported intuitions enjoy evidential equivalence. But, I argue, the evidential credentials of these intuitions are not equivalent. The newly elicited intuition from Mckenna’s six-case argument cannot be assumed to do any evidential work without a good explanation of why it cannot be a commanding intuition. I argue that Mckenna's proposed explanation is not adequate as it stands. Finally, I offer a diagnosis of the origins of the apparent dialectical impasse, and, on this basis, seek to advance the debate on novel grounds. I defend the four-case argument by locating the disagreement between the two sides in the particular application of the generalization method.
    • The Imporatanza von Éducation Bilingüe: Perspectives on bilingual education at the elementary level

      Rondon-Pari, Graziela; DiPasquale, Kristen; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      The necessity for reform in the bilingual education system within the United States has been illuminated by the metamorphosis of today’s interconnected culture. Bilingual education needs to be strengthened to achieve optimal success for the next generation of citizens. Changes in the length of time a language is studied, as well as the structure of the bilingual program would create enormous benefits in the comprehension of foreign language skills. Furthermore, if this education began at the elementary level, a foreign language could be learned with greater success and considerable ease. The purpose of this investigation is to demonstrate the advantages that bilingual education creates when started among children at the earliest age possible. Foreign language acquisition among elementary level students leads to greater achievement in fluency as well as increased improvements in other areas of cognitive development (Stewart).
    • The Effects of the Storage Conditions of the Juice and the Effects of Nutrient Supplementation on Wine Fermentation

      Godleski, Stephen; Geer, Stephanie; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Storage conditions of Concord grape juice prior to fermentation and types of supplementation during fermentation were studied. Two batches of juice were stored, one at ambient temperature and one at 4.4°C, and were then fermented using four different nitrogen supplementation methods: a control with no supplementation, addition of 100 mg/L nitrogen using diammonium phosphate (DAP), a total target level of 250 mg/L nitrogen using DAP, and complex supplementation using Go-Ferm, Fermaid-K, and DAP. Prise de Mousse yeast was used for fermentation, which is a yeast strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Upon completion of fermentation, the wine was analyzed for residual sugar, nitrogen, bound and total SO2, pH, titratable acidity, volatile acidity, organic acids, and phenols. Sensory evaluation was also performed. There were some significant differences between the different wines, but none of the wines were considered significantly better than the others during sensory analysis.
    • A Study of Investigating Child Abuse

      Bunch, Ann W.; Cairnduff, Bryan; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Child abuse can take many forms. Such forms can include physical abuse, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, neglect, and maltreatment. The child will almost always be questioned about the abuse. The way in which the police officers and the criminal justice system go about their investigation can affect the child. There are certain ways in which to question a child about violence in the home. A cold hard fact of child abuse is that in 1999, child protective services agencies received reports on about 1.97 million allegedly maltreated children. (Gosselin, 2005) For this reason alone, one would want to research more on how to stop, prevent, and catch child abuse before it becomes even worse. This study involves interviews with Child Protection Agency members and their thoughts on how to improve the investigations of child abuse.
    • The Brockport Navigator

      Anand, Vishal; Adams, Michael; The College at Brockport (2011-08-01)
      This paper discusses the creation processes used to design and develop the Brockport Navigator, an Android application developed to help acclimatize incoming students to the College at Brockport campus. The paper describes the basic concepts of the Android operating system and what is involved in developing Android applications, the process used to map out the campus via Google Earth, the SQLite database used to store all of the GPS (Global Positioning System) information, the CustomView class developed to display the application, and the Map Display and Navigator features of the application. Next, the paper discusses the routing algorithm that was written to handle route calculation, and the Dijkstra?s Algorithm, which later replaced the initial routing algorithm. Lastly, the paper explores the future enhancements and features that may be added.
    • Oscillating Boundaries Between Binaries: Narrative Tools for Understanding Judges 4 & 19

      Busch, Austin M.; Thomas, Mary E.; The College at Brockport (2011-08-01)
      This paper will show that dichotomies in Judges are used as narrative tools to express anxiety about the ever-changing world of Ancient Israel. In the Deborah narrative of Judges 4, the binaries of masculine/feminine and male/female criss-cross, and in the concubine's narrative, the binaries of out/in and public/domestic become confused as the narrative—along with the events themselves—crumble out of control and lead to civil war, rape, and pandemonium on a grand scale. The narrators of Judges oscillate between these binaries in order to convey the sense of moral upheaval and social confusion wrought from the changing political landscape of Ancient Israel. A deeper understanding of the text is gained from this reading, such that the commonly-made presumption that these tales are simply reflections of a misogynist society is replaced with a proto-feminist reading; rather, these stories display the danger of a world where too much unchecked power is left in the wrong hands. The finite message of these stories is this: a civilized society needs a centralized government, or the types of heinous acts described in the book of Judges will never end.
    • Hands-On or Hands-Off: Effective Elements of Elementary Social Studies Hands-on Lessons

      Wright, Allison; Jackson, Justin; The College at Brockport (2011-12-01)
      In today’s American school system a hole has begun to form in elementary schools as social studies education has been on the decline, or in some cases, cut out entirely in order to allow more time for mathematics and literacy instruction. Modern educators have begun to acknowledge this gap and want to develop new ways of instructing social studies as a way to keep the subject current, interesting, and effective. Hands-on learning may be one solution for this issue. The purpose of this study was to describe what happened in regard to students’ understanding of and engagement in social studies content when presented in a hands-on teaching style. One fifth grade inclusive classroom, one fourth grade inclusive classroom, and one self-contained fourth grade classroom were taught using hands-on social studies lessons in a rural school district in Western New York. After utilizing a variety of hands-on lessons and activities, and researching the existing literature there is on hands-on learning as it relates to social studies instruction, five themes of effective hands-on lessons emerged that may aid elementary teachers in their creation of these types of lessons: Collaboration, Open-Ended, Meaning, Experience, and Timing (C.O.M.E.T.).
    • The Lasting Relationship between Antonio Gaudí and Barcelona, Spain

      Linville, Rachel; Cline, Erica; The College at Brockport (2011-12-01)
      Barcelona's architecture changed with the influence of Gaudí and his willingness to stray from the expected and normal characteristics of this time period. Since Gaudí began the construction of his various works, there have been many controversial thoughts on the time period that his works represented. Other architectures and artists were reluctant to stray from the traditional characteristics from the art movements at this time. However, Gaudí was eager to use aspects from various art movements to create designs that he thought would be beneficial to the city and to himself. His buildings are frequently referred to as being “abstract” but in reality, they combine characteristics from various time periods in order to appear different than the other buildings at that time. Gaudí used materials from the Renaissance movement, Art Nouveau movement, and the Gothic movement in order to create his buildings throughout the city. The desire to use multiple artistic movements in his creations guided the belief that his works had an impact on the city of Barcelona as a whole. Many people did not believe that Gaudí's various structures belonged on the streets of Barcelona because they did not demonstrate the culture or the artistic movements of that era. Currently, Gaudí is an architect that is closely related to one city, Barcelona. This city would not be the same now if it did not have Gaudí's works throughout the city because they have impacted the city and the architecture as a whole. Throughout the entire city, there is unusual and abstract architecture that is associated with not only Gaudí but other architects after this time. He made an impact on the city and passed on the beliefs that straying from using characteristics of one artistic movement can be beneficial because the creation of unusual but desired designs can occur. In the past, Gaudí was 3 ridiculed for not following the current artistic movement but now it is the norm to use parts of each movement and combine them to create a piece that will have many variables. Although he was scorned for using this technique when creating his designs, he in now looked at as being the architect of Barcelona because of the importance it plays in the city as a whole. Gaudí's creations are continuing to be built, using his theories, because many believe that it is important to finish his works since he does play an important role in the city but architects that are now completing works are also using this style. Barcelona used this technique when they were building for the 1992 Olympics because they wanted to have the new buildings be related to the works of Gaudí and all of the past architects since all of these buildings had a modern look to them but the elements were also extremely stylistic. Gaudí's design of the Sagrada Familia, Casa Milá, Parque Güell, and his other buildings have had a lasting impact on Barcelona in a variety of ways. Besides the idea that his artwork is the city of Barcelona, he also helped other architects stray from the idea that they had to follow the guidelines of the present artistic movement and they started to use a variety of movements to create their designs that also resembled those of Gaudí. His works have also had an impact on the culture, economy, and tourism in this city because of the popularity of his works. The abstract look has become the culture of Barcelona and it is not associated with old and new buildings and other aspects of the city. The different creations of Gaudí located around the city bring in tourists from all over the world so they can see his works and this also brings in money to the economy as a whole. Gaudí will always have a close relationship with this city because of the lasting impact he made on the city as a whole, the people in the city and the world, and the ideas that he passed on to the other architects of this area.
    • Women in Popular Music Media: Empowered or Exploited?

      LeSavoy, Barbara; Glantz, Jaime; The College at Brockport (2011-12-01)
      Are women's lives and freedoms advanced by popular media productions of female sexuality, or do these portrayals restrict women's lives and freedoms by offering false pretenses of empowerment? This presentation examines these questions by investigating the validity of two leading radical feminist theoretical perspectives about the acceptability of popular media's hypersexualized representation of women. Through a combined method of survey response and content analysis, this research aims to bridge the gap between feminist theoretical dialogue and the experiences of women's lives. Research findings emphasize popular media's role as a catalyst for social construction and social change and also indicate the need for further intersections between feminist theory and women's everyday realities.
    • IFRS at Rochester?Area Institutions: Are Professors Prepared to Teach?

      Ziolkowski, Michael F.; Dorman, Amy; The College at Brockport (2012-01-01)
      I studied the preparedness of accounting professors in the Rochester, New York area related to teaching International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in accounting courses at their institution through a survey of educators conducted during December 2011. I found Rochester?area college professors responded that overall college professors are not prepared to teach International Financial Reporting Standards nationwide with a total of 69.23%. Professors are more prepared by a slim margin in the Rochester?area institutions with a total of 57.69% professors responding that their own institution was prepared to teach International Financial Reporting Standards. Based on experience, professors with less experience, whether as a professional or professor, believe more so than more experienced professors that both nationwide and institutionally college professors are not prepared to teach IFRS. Male and female professors both agreed that nationwide professors are not prepared to teach IFRS. However, institutionally, 6 out of 7 males (85.71%) were more confident in their own institutions in the Rochester?area, deeming their institution prepared to teach IFRS, while 5 out of 7 females (71.43%) believed their institution was not prepared to teach IFRS. I found no differences among preparedness based on institution type (public vs. private). Overall, my study provides evidence regarding the state of local accounting professors’ readiness to prepare students for a global economy using IFRS as a standard for reporting.