• Commotio Cordis: Prevention and Survival

      Henry, Timothy; Graff, Megan; The College at Brockport (2018-05-07)
      Commotio cordis is a rare yet potentially fatal event. Young athletes are more susceptible to CC due to their pliable, underdeveloped chest wall. It is the second most common cause of death in young athletes. After a projectile strikes an athlete over the precordial area and ventricular fibrillation occurs, the individual has minutes before their chance of mortality is greater than their chance of survival. Survival of CC relies on immediate recognition, and early CPR and defibrillation with an AED. Increased awareness and education of CC, as well as CPR and AED training is imperative. As these survival factors continue to improve, so too will survival rates of CC. Victims of CC who survive do not have any long-term effects from the incident, unless brain or organ damage occurred from delayed resuscitation and defibrillation. Survivors can return to play upon passing a thorough cardiac evaluation to rule out any structural heart disease. All return to play decisions should be considered case by case. Rates of CC reoccurrence are extremely low due to the nature of the event, but it has been reported. Prevention may be enhanced through the use of safety baseballs and effective chest protectors. While the technology used in chest protectors has advanced greatly in the last three years, until a chest protector can be developed that completely eliminates the risk of CC, it can still occur. Proper use of safety equipment is imperative to lowering the incidence rate of CC.
    • Understanding Youth Athletes’ Readiness for Competition: A Review of Literature and Best Practices for Coaches and Parents

      Gonzalez, Stephen P.; Klinger, Brianna; The College at Brockport (2018-05-15)
      In today’s society, youth sport is a popular social practice, with about 75% of families with elementary aged children participating. However, while many of these children enjoy playing and being active, not all children are ready to participate in a competitive sport environment. Indeed, current youth trends are to start competitive athletics earlier and to specialize in one sport year round, which can cause injury and burnout. Currently, 70 percent of youth athletes stop playing sports at the age of 13, which is a discerning number. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive background on the development of children to determine their readiness for competition and youth sport. Specifically, this study will review the physical, cognitive, and biological factors in child development, and factors influencing psychological and sociological behaviors during competition. Best practices for developing youth athletes will be provided to help to determine youth sport readiness.