• A Breath of Fresh History: A Reformation of History Education and What Students Should Learn in the Modern American Classroom

      Daly, John P.; Cottman, Spencer T.; The College at Brockport (2017-04-25)
      This Senior Honors Thesis examines some of the issues and problems surrounding the way History and Social Studies are taught within the American education system and suggests alternatives.
    • Assassination of Michael Collins: A Revival in Gaelic Nationalism

      Daly, John P.; Sandle, Tara; The College at Brockport (2015-05-01)
      This paper examines the link between the assassination of Michael Collins, the leader of the Irish Republican Army and then the National Army, and the rise in Gaelic Nationalism across Ireland after his death. Ireland struggled to gain independence from England throughout history because England controlled all aspects of Irish life. It was not until 1916, during the Easter Rising, that Collins started to play a key role in Ireland’s mission to gain independence. As a result, Collins became a symbol of hope for Ireland’s nationalism. On August 22, 1922, Michael Collins was assassinated and became a martyr for Ireland. For many years to come, Irish nationalists celebrated Collins with the highest honors for the important role he played in achieving Ireland’s nationalism and independence. He was celebrated in art, politics, music, poetry, film, and national monuments.
    • Changes in Tudor Religion and Politics and Their Impact on the Modernization of Ireland

      Daly, John P.; Benson, Margaret A.; The College at Brockport (2017-01-31)
      The Tudor dynasty in 16th Century England brought forth many changes. Under King Henry VIII, reforms in religion and politics set forth a series of events that both changed and modernized the English Empire. Henry VIII’s reformation—which had purely political motives—was the first religious reform led by a monarch and he implemented laws that left his people with no choice but to follow suit in his break from Rome. Under the reign of his son, Edward VI, exiled heretics were welcomed into England and encouraged to share their ideas which would contribute to the solidification of a Protestant faith that had developed through Henry VIII’s establishment of the Church of England. Because Henry VIII had implemented anti-Catholic laws and the heretics under Edward VI rejected indulgence payments as well as corrupt church practices, a vast majority of the English people had converted to Protestantism. As a result, when Mary I came to power as queen, she was unable to revert her people back to Catholicism despite her best efforts and during the reign of the final Tudor monarch, Elizabeth I, Protestant ideas began to spread to the predominantly Catholic nation of Ireland. Irish land was seized and controlled by the British Empire and legislation was passed against Catholics who were unwilling to convert. Since the early 17th century, there have been several controversies between the English and the Irish; predominantly over religious conflict and land struggles. This thesis explains how the presence and influence of British Protestants forced Ireland to modernize as it did from the arrival of the British in the 16th century through late 1937 when the Constitution of Ireland officially went into effect.
    • Cultural Perceptions of Suicide in Western Cultures from Antiquity to the Present

      Proehl, Kristen; Ramsey, Kiri; The College at Brockport (2019-05-15)
      The subject of suicide has been one often removed from or ignored in the historical record. In the rare moment when scholars and popular culture have focused on suicide, it is more due to its promise of death and bloodshed rather than any actual concern to the act and its purposes. As a result, the topic and its cultural connotations have remained largely absent from cultural historiography. However, what little attention that has been paid to the subject of suicide highlights more the perceptions of suicide than the actual act. As with any subject, the manner in which something is perceived by the general population is dependent upon its depictions in cultural documents and vice versa. Specifically, the manner in which cultural documents of a society, such as examples of media, literature, and so on, are reflective of the prevailing attitudes of the period and place. Because of this, the most explicit purpose of this project is to provide a more comprehensive history of perceptions of suicide. Prevailing attitudes regarding suicide have undergone a marked shift between antiquity and now, reflecting fundamental changes in societal perceptions of the act and the relative ethics behind it. Fundamentally, perceptions of suicide have historically fluctuated between complete opposition, wherein the act is regarded as a moral blight, and relative acceptance, where the ethics of the act are pushed aside in favor of sympathy or understanding toward the causes of the act.
    • The History of Gun Control in the United States

      Leslie, W. Bruce; Greco, Daniel; The College at Brockport (2013-12-01)
      Gun control is one of today’s most controversial topics, bringing about two different, yet passionate arguments. Those who are “pro-gun” argue that firearms are a basic fundamental right given to American citizens by the Second Amendment of the Constitution. Advocates for gun control argue that firearms lead to more deaths, and should be restricted to avoid shooting tragedies. Regardless of one’s personal stance on this issue, it is undeniable that gun control is one of the United States’ most debated topics. This paper will take a historical approach to gun control in the United States, and will be broken down into four sections. The first is solely on gun control and the Second Amendment. This section will show the historical background of the Second Amendment, and the legality of gun control legislation. The second section takes a look into America’s most influential gun control movements since 1980, showing the effects they have had on the American public. Have shooting tragedies increased the number of Americans in favor of gun control? The third and fourth sections takes a very different approach to gun control. These sections will seek to assess the potential effects of gun control legislation. The third is a state-by-state approach, looking at different states across the U.S., to see if there is a correlation between the number of guns, and homicides committed by firearms. The fourth section takes the same analysis on guns, as the third, but at the international level. The third and fourth parts to this paper will reveal whether or not there is a strong correlation between the number of guns, and homicides committed by firearms. After reading all four sections of this paper, my opinions on this controversial topic will be clear, and be backed up by cold hard facts.