• A Study of Investigating Child Abuse

      Bunch, Ann W.; Cairnduff, Bryan; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Child abuse can take many forms. Such forms can include physical abuse, verbal abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, neglect, and maltreatment. The child will almost always be questioned about the abuse. The way in which the police officers and the criminal justice system go about their investigation can affect the child. There are certain ways in which to question a child about violence in the home. A cold hard fact of child abuse is that in 1999, child protective services agencies received reports on about 1.97 million allegedly maltreated children. (Gosselin, 2005) For this reason alone, one would want to research more on how to stop, prevent, and catch child abuse before it becomes even worse. This study involves interviews with Child Protection Agency members and their thoughts on how to improve the investigations of child abuse.
    • Criminal Profiling as a Psychologically Influenced Aid to Criminal Investigations

      Hadley, Melissa; The College at Brockport (2005-08-12)
      Criminal profiling is increasingly becoming a more highlighted part of the investigation process. By evaluating the crime scene, combining information about the victim and other evidence, a profiler deduces characteristics of the offender. The profiles that are created are based on research, fact, and previous experience. Although they generally will not solve crimes, they can help by narrowing down long lists of suspects and providing direction for an investigation. Psychology is an essential piece of the profiling puzzle, and much of the analysis is based in data from the field. Specific disorders revealed through many aspects of the crime can help to identify possible suspects and a multitude of information about their mental processes. The criminal justice system is becoming aware of what criminal profiling can offer and the positive effects that psychological study contributes to the process. Studies into the criminal mind by psychological experts can also be a helpful contribution to this base of knowledge. As many of the roots of criminal profiling are in psychology, the study of such should be emphasized in the education of future profilers. Nothing can replace the intuitive technique and experience of a criminal investigator. However, in attempting to prevent future crimes on society all disciplines should be given a chance to offer their assistance. Whether it is offender characteristics or possible locations for the next crime, a criminal profile provides leads and directions for investigations into crimes that might otherwise go unsolved.
    • How Social Media Effects College Students’ Perceptions of Police Brutality

      Kim, Moon Sun; Conkling, Christina; The College at Brockport (2019-05-09)
      In the past few years, police brutality and excessive use of force has been one of the most prevalent social issues facing our society. Specific cases such as the ones involving Michael Brown, Eric Garner, and Freddie Gray has garnered national attention, and sparked widespread controversy. The newfound interest in this issue is heavily linked to the advent of cell phones and social media which allow for the public to hold the police accountable for their actions and gives them a direct way for their opinions to be heard. Social media easily allows for raw, unedited videos of transgressions between police and citizens to be widely distributed and connects to generations that are not as invested in traditional news sources. Despite the affect that social media has had in this shift in the media, there is little research on how social media discussions and posts have impacted how the public perceives police brutality. This study seeks to find if there is a correlation between social media consumption and how college students view the issue of police brutality. The relationship will be determined by gauging students’ consumption of both traditional and social media and their opinions on specific use of force situations.
    • Rape Culture or a Culture of Rape? American Rape Culture Compared to South African Rape Accommodating Culture

      Kim, Moon Sun; Brown, Sarah; The College at Brockport (2018-05-15)
      Rape is a serious and heinous crime seen all over the world. Through various studies and research, new information about sexual assault has made the crime a hotspot for debate. Social, psychological, and legal views all examine the issue, but many do not internationally compare rape and sexual assault. There are many reasons for this, validity of information, differing legal definitions, government interventions, and legal power, all can play a part in the ability for statistical and document-based comparison. This does not mean, however, that it cannot and should not be done. By looking internationally, one nation can see how others have reacted to the increasing awareness or rape and possible intervention methods. But is that possible when it comes to two different nations that have treated rape so differently? The social and historical influences on cultural values or norms alter how certain actions are seen. In more recent years, an overwhelming number of social scientists have pointed to, what they call, rape culture as the basis of analysis for how people see rape in the United States. Is it seen the same in South Africa, though? The simple answer is no. South African culture has been altered by years of colonization and subjugation that differs dramatically from that seen in the US. The occurrences of rape in South Africa differ in many ways, from those who are involved, the occurrences of certain types of rape, and the social responses to each. As is explained through this analysis, South Africa faces an epidemic of rape that is so endowed in their own culture it cannot be separated into a culture of its own.
    • Sex Trafficking of Minors in New York State

      Kienzle, Megan; Taylor, Porsche; The College at Brockport (2017-01-13)
      Sex trafficking is a topic that has been vaguely discussed by many researchers over the years. Although sex trafficking is becoming more common (Kortla, 2010), many people are unaware of how easy it is for children to become victims. This research will look at how children get caught and lured into the sex industry. It will also touch on the factors that play a role in increasing the likelihood of these children becoming sex trafficking victims. Although there are some programs available to help child victims recover from this lifestyle, there are many other programs being worked on that could provide a support system for the victims. These programs assist victims in helping them get back on their own feet. It provides the victims with counseling to help them through the trauma they have had to face while being in the sex trafficking business. Some of the programs assist in providing shelter for the victims. Once the victims have been rescued they automatically are given a place to stay. The research will dive into what the communities must do, as well as law enforcement, social workers, and people in the communities to make a difference and begin to put an end to the epidemic that is taking the lives of our children beyond the currently operating programs.
    • The Verdict on the CSI Effect: A Study of the Effect in Monroe County Courtrooms

      Bunch, Ann W.; Monachino, Paige; The College at Brockport (2016-05-03)
      This senior honors thesis looks at a phenomenon known as the “CSI Effect”. The CSI Effect is a greatly debated topic with many different opinions as to its existence. The immediate objective of this study is to determine whether the CSI Effect is present in Monroe County, New York courtrooms. A survey distributed to judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and private defense attorneys, practicing in Monroe Country, New York, gives information regarding their experience with the CSI Effect, helping to come to a conclusion about the Effect’s existence. The results of this study show that the CSI Effect does exist, in some form. While the Effect exists, there are other possible “Effects” that may present similar symptoms as the CSI Effect, as earlier research has shown. Major differences among participant groups provide an explanation for the existence of the CSI Effect.