• Criminal Profiling as a Psychologically Influenced Aid to Criminal Investigations

      Hadley, Melissa; The College at Brockport (2005-08-12)
      Criminal profiling is increasingly becoming a more highlighted part of the investigation process. By evaluating the crime scene, combining information about the victim and other evidence, a profiler deduces characteristics of the offender. The profiles that are created are based on research, fact, and previous experience. Although they generally will not solve crimes, they can help by narrowing down long lists of suspects and providing direction for an investigation. Psychology is an essential piece of the profiling puzzle, and much of the analysis is based in data from the field. Specific disorders revealed through many aspects of the crime can help to identify possible suspects and a multitude of information about their mental processes. The criminal justice system is becoming aware of what criminal profiling can offer and the positive effects that psychological study contributes to the process. Studies into the criminal mind by psychological experts can also be a helpful contribution to this base of knowledge. As many of the roots of criminal profiling are in psychology, the study of such should be emphasized in the education of future profilers. Nothing can replace the intuitive technique and experience of a criminal investigator. However, in attempting to prevent future crimes on society all disciplines should be given a chance to offer their assistance. Whether it is offender characteristics or possible locations for the next crime, a criminal profile provides leads and directions for investigations into crimes that might otherwise go unsolved.
    • An Inquiry Into Friendship

      Davis, Rynetta; Kerner, Jonathan A.; The College at Brockport (2007-04-01)
      This 2007 Senior Honor Thesis examines what friendship really is and what it means to our lives. It does so by examining friendship through the eyes of philosophers and scholars throughout many centuries. In addition, it also includes short stories written by the author to illustrate characteristics of different kinds of friendship.
    • A Comparison of Health Risk Behavior of College Students in Upstate NY and National Norms

      Banerjee, Priya; Skomra, Katie D.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducts an annual survey of adolescent health risk behavior with the intention of establishing national norms for variables such as the extent of alcohol and other substance abuse behaviors habits, sexual health risk behaviors, nutrition habits, extent and nature of physical activity and violence. The purpose of this project and thesis is to compare the self reported health behaviors of college student at SUNY Brockport with national averages for the same topics. The goal of this project is to examine the differences and similarities between local data and national norms to make recommendations for improving health standards of local college students. The method used was to take the Youth Risk Behavior Survey of 2007 created by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and modify the questions to fit the objectives of the project. Then the survey will be administered to intact groups of college students at SUNY Brockport and data derived from the analysis of the survey will then be correlated and compared with national data.
    • The Evolution of Organizational Ethics Initiatives and the Case for Corporate Codes of Conduct

      Keiser, John; McQueen, Felicia; The College at Brockport (2010-04-01)
      When the goal of commerce is profitability, there exists an inherent risk for business people to maximize their personal wealth, thus acting unethically. This moral hazard has been a permanent factor in business despite society’s efforts to control or legislate the questionable behaviors of business organizations and individuals. Still, ethical lapses remain. As is the case with most things, only a small percentage of companies in the business world have been guilty of unethical behavior. The minority of unethical, dishonest and corrupt people have tarnished the reputation of the entire business sector, prompting the government to increase regulation and companies to develop comprehensive ethical programs and monitoring systems. Topics such as corporate governance, environmental sustainability and ethics officers are of ever growing importance both within companies and the broader corporate environment. This paper will first lay out some significant events in the progression of the field of business ethics. There will be discussion on some of the more important business scandals and events throughout U.S. history that laid the foundation for ethical initiatives today. Next, it will discuss the reasons why individual organizations create codes of ethics and some growing trends in the field. Finally, it will discuss how codes of ethics can create both value and negative consequences in an attempt to seek out why firms create codes of ethics.
    • CHA-CHING: Cashing in on Motivated Employees to Drive Business Success

      Waite, Melissa; Dadey, Kailene; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      This study discusses the common view that physical capital should be valued as the focal point of an organization?s success. While this might hold partial truth, the idea that physical capital is the determining factor of a company?s success neglects the very element of an organization that makes the utilization of such assets possible: employees. This study based on the three p?s of business success: people, performance and profits, will challenge that employees are the most crucial element of a business?s long-term success rather than physical capital. The American economy has tested the strategies of companies of all sizes, which in turn has painted a dismal employment culture for many companies. The researcher will discuss the ways that the economy has effected employment and similarly, the ways the Great Recession has constrained business. Then the study will discuss the importance of employee engagement, as the fourth critical element of human resources that is often neglected by businesses and human resources plans alike. This will be followed by a human resource best practices guide developed by the researcher to motivate employees during economic hardships so that companies can cash in on their employees and achieve long-term success. The guide, developed from various pieces of information from an ethnographic study, literature and company analyses, will focus on the necessities of smaller businesses that often do not have actual human resource departments, but face the same employment challenges as corporate America. To narrow the focus of this thesis on smaller businesses, the human resources guide will be tailored for Sunshine's Coffee Shop a small coffee shop deli in Syracuse, New York that currently operates without human resources department.
    • Ecology of Botfly Parasitism in White-Footed Mice (Peromyscus leucopus)

      Norment, Christopher; Pilakouta, Natalie; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      White-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) are an abundant species in eastern deciduous forests. The objective of this study was to examine the ecology of botfly parasitism in a white footed mouse population in the Brockport Woods, Brockport, NY. I analyzed data collected by live trapping in May and September from 1993 to 2009. Males and females exhibited similar levels of botfly infestation. When a greater percentage of mice was infected with botflies, there was a significant increase in average body mass. I also found that as fall trap success increased, the proportion of mice with botflies decreased, but the number of infected mice remained relatively constant over time. This may be due to the fluctuation of P. leucopus populations, which is characterized by rapid increases and sudden collapses, so there may not be enough botflies to take advantage of all the available hosts at high densities. Botfly infection did not have an impact on overwinter survival. Lastly, spring abundance was most affected by trap success in the previous fall and two weather variables; spring abundance increased when fall trap success and mean January temperature increased and when total January snowfall decreased. These three variables, however, did not explain all of the observed variability in abundance. Population fluctuations in P. leucopus are complex, so future studies should look at other factors that could be responsible for driving abundance of this species.
    • Adolescent Group Prenatal Care: A Pilot Study Evaluating Patient Satisfaction

      Stevens, Joanne; Ellison, Tara; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      Prenatal care continues to be a critical component of pregnancy today. Quality prenatal care affects maternal and neonatal outcomes; such components will be discussed in further detail in the literature review. Recently, a new twist on prenatal care has emerged, consisting of prenatal care within a group setting. This new concept described as CenteringPregnancy® (CP) has proven to be satisfying with quality outcomes for many pregnant and post partum women (Rising, 1998). This essay describes a pilot study consisting of satisfaction rates and perceptions on group prenatal care by adolescent women who attended a CP program in an upstate New York program from 2006-2009. It provides further information describing methods of delivering prenatal care. Traditional and CP care from an adolescent perspective and a review of the current literature on maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with CP, cost benefits, and client satisfaction is provided. The purpose of this study is to analyze the perceptions and satisfaction rates for a population of adolescent pregnant women and postpartum patients in Upstate New York who attended CP sessions over the course of 30 months.
    • Becoming an Adolescence Inclusive Teacher at The College at Brockport

      Murray, Christine; Eick, James; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      Congratulations on choosing the career of an adolescence inclusive teacher. There are many rewarding and humbling experiences you will gain here at The College at Brockport, and in the schools where you will observe and student teach. The purpose of this guide is to provide you an outline of what to expect in the next two years of your Brockport experience.
    • Homeland Security: The Modern Day Red Scare Perceptions of Modern Islam in American Society

      Malik, Salahuddin; Wallis, Cierra; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      Over two hundred years ago before the United States was officially formed, a unique American culture different from that of mother-land England had began to emerge. Starting with John Winthrop?s idea of creating a society that would be “a city upon a hill” through a government created based on the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers, and through the civil rights era, America has prided itself on being a forward-thinking, civil rights champion and a role model for other societies. The Statue of Liberty warmly welcomes refugees from other countries, and we have often times referred to ourselves as the melting pot of the world. This unique American culture that has so proudly announced its acceptance of diversity, has actually used diversity in a negative way to unite American people against a common enemy. In times of chaos and fear, American people have often looked to point the finger at a certain group, religion, or idea that far extends pass just women and African-Americans. American society continuously looks to blame others- a phenomenon the government actually uses to gain power and unite Americans. We will first look to history to see how the public and influential leaders during the Salem Witch trials, Japanese Internment, and McCarthyism all have placed blame on a minority under the leadership of the government as a way to answer social problems and as a way for the government to gain power. We will then look at the modern issue of how in the grand scheme of things, this continues today with the making of Muslim-Americans and terrorists to be synonymous and the role the government has played in uniting the American people against a common enemy. In a country that was supposed to be the land of freedom for those being persecuted, our society and government continues to persecute others.
    • What You Need to Know to Apply to Veterinary School and Career Options Available After Obtaining Your Doctorate in Veterinary Medicine

      Sia, Rey; Walker, Jacqueline; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      I am a senior undergraduate student at the College at Brockport. I will be attending Cornell University of Veterinary Medicine this coming academic year. I am writing this manuscript for my thesis project which is a requirement to graduate from the Honor’s Program at the College at Brockport. For my project, I wanted to do something that would increase my knowledge on a subject that was important to me: becoming a veterinarian. Also, as an undergraduate it is hard to decide what you want to do with the rest of your life, and my hope is that this manuscript can give students interested in becoming a veterinarian a better idea of exactly what it is they want to do or if they even want to become a veterinarian at all. No one sits you down and tells you what you are getting into when you choose a course of study that interests you; it is expected that you figure out exactly what you need to do to either obtain the job you want or complete the requirements needed to go on to graduate or professional school. It is difficult figuring everything out, and sometimes mistakes are made along the way. Once someone figures everything out that is needed to complete a course of study, I believe it is in their best interest to share that information with others so they can avoid making similar mistakes. Applying for vet school and figuring out the timing of everything that I needed to have done to apply was on my shoulders: it was my future and I had to take charge. Now that I have almost completed my undergraduate degree and have been accepted to vet school, I want to share my knowledge and experience in the hopes that other undergraduate students may learn something from the path that I took to get there. The way I did things is not the only way, but I hope that my experience and mistakes can be applied to the lives of other undergraduates so that they will have a more successful future.
    • The Impact of Power and Communal Relationship Orientation on the Perception of Outgroups

      Ratcliff, Jennifer J.; Gravelin, Claire R.; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      Research on prejudice and discrimination suggests that many variables can impact behavior toward minorities. One such variable is the amount of power that a perceiver holds. For example, recent research has found that relative to those without power, individuals who have power tend to individuate others less (Fiske, 1993; Goodwin et al., 2000). Nevertheless, not all individuals in a position of power react in a manner that deindividuates marginalized individuals. For instance, Chen and her colleagues (Chen, Lee-Chai, & Bargh, 2001 ) found that when primed to feel powerful, communally oriented individuals responded in socially responsible ways, whereas exchange-oriented individuals acted in terms of their self-interests. Although this research shows that relationship orientation moderates the relationship between power and behavior toward less fortunate others, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are less well understood. This research sought to extend previous findings, uncovering the role an individual's relationship orientation, in conjunction with one of three levels of power, has on the tendency to categorize or individuate a marginalized individual . Preliminary findings suggest that individuals primed to feel powerless have a greater tendency to align themselves with the outgroup observed through their indication of a greater liking for African American speakers. Further, the greater an individual's communal relationship orientation, the less prejudiced they were toward African Americans. Future directions in the analyses and the importance of examining such variables are discussed.
    • Everyone’s a Critic: Film Criticism Through History and Into the Digital Age

      Madden, Kate; Battaglia, James; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      For as long as visual art and the written word have existed side-by-side, art criticism has existed in one form or another. With the invention of film and motion picture techniques in the late 19th Century, a new medium emerged, ripe for subjection to criticism. Writers, however, were slow to realize the immense potential of this stunning new format, and many treated it as a novelty or worse. By the time movies were seen as worthy of serious critical thought, the public had already fallen in love with the new technology. Now, with the declining state of print journalism and increasing popularity of social media, it looks like that dominant formula may be on its way out. Readers are turning away from printed or online reviews in favor of aggregator Web sites that compile all professional critical opinion into a single number score. Meanwhile, bloggers are saturating the Web with their own amateur reviews, desensitizing modern readers to critical writing. Hollywood, seeing that it can gain free advertising by winning over these amateur bloggers, –generally a much easier task than winning over the critics- no longer has any need at all for reviewers. As a result, professional critics are forced to pander; either to the studios, who will only use the most sensationally positive quotes in their trailers; or to the Internet readers, who will call for the heads of any critics in the minority of aggregator opinion. To make matters worse, the problems of the print media industry are directly affecting the future of criticism, as well. Many papers, short on funds, are firing their arts critics, instead turning to syndicated columns. With Hollywood, papers, and even readers turning their backs on the movie review, what kind of future is there for professional film criticism?
    • Disconnect: The Persistence of Isolation in Contemporary Existence

      Carson, Christian; Henderson, Charity; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      This paper discusses a series of paintings exploring the effects of isolation in the human experience. The focus concerns both a specifically twenty-first century manner and a more universal framework. Drawing inspiration from her past experiences, the author also references a number of artists such as Andrew Wyeth, Edward Hopper, and Gerhard Richter. Completed in both egg tempera and oil paint, the discussed paintings feature a variety of styles to raise nuanced questions about the nature of isolation.
    • The Effects of Violent Video Games on Aggression

      McNall, Laurel; Ryan, Sarah; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      With the increase in both violence in video games and aggression in children and young adults, psychologists are investigating whether these are related. The purpose of this review will be to look at the existing empirical research in order to discover whether there is a causal relationship between playing violent video games and aggression. The conclusions will help parents and educators make decisions about what games they allow their children and students to play.
    • The Integration of Culture into Foreign Language Classrooms

      Rossi, Frank; Marcal, Michael; The College at Brockport (2010-12-01)
      The integration of culture into foreign language education is a necessity in order to teach students in the best manner possible and allow them to learn a second language correctly and successfully. Culture is the driving force behind learning other languages. Culture can be defined as “anything and everything humankind has invented” and varies from country to country and household to household (Pfister 4) Students need to learn about foreign cultures for a number of reasons such as understanding others’ viewpoints, personal encounters with foreign cultures, and to put the language into context. Not only is the teaching and learning of culture very important in schools but it is required by national and New York State standards. The national standards for foreign language are: communication, comparisons, connections, communities, and culture. The New York State standards for foreign language are: communication and culture. By having culture as one of the five national standards and one of the two New York State standards for foreign language, teaching culture is required and clearly important that it is taught to all students. To demonstrate how culture can be integrated into the foreign language classroom, below are ten lesson plans that have both culture and other aspects of the Spanish language in them. The first five lessons are related to the culture of Mexico and the last five lessons focus on Spain’s culture.
    • Effect of Plyometric Training on the Time-Course of Adaptations to the Elastic Properties of Tendons

      Williams, Christopher; Robertson, Thomas P.; The College at Brockport (2011-04-01)
    • The Ideological Operation of the United States Supreme Court

      Taylor, Amy; The College at Brockport (2011-04-01)
      The United States Supreme Court is one of the most influential government institutions in America. As gatekeepers of our nation’s integrity, they are expected to bypass their own beliefs on certain issues and make decisions based purely on precedence and the laws of the Constitution of the United States. But how much of a Supreme Court justice’s decision is influenced by his or her personal ideology? This paper seeks to determine if a significant correlation exists between a given justice’s ideology and their voting patterns by analyzing death penalty decisions specifically. Analysis was conducted by finding an external rating for each justice’s ideology, called Martin-Quinn scores, and comparing them with a “conservativeness scale” that was derived from 25 death penalty decisions. The results show that a strong correlation exists between a Supreme Court justice’s ideology and the way they vote in death penalty cases. The findings of this project bring to light other serious questions: Based on the pattern of voting, can we say that the Supreme Court – theoretically the most objective American institution – can ever be truly unbiased? Is this expectation of objectivity realistic? Are the biases that are manifested in the Supreme Court’s decisions a violation of American democracy?
    • The Imporatanza von Éducation Bilingüe: Perspectives on bilingual education at the elementary level

      Rondon-Pari, Graziela; DiPasquale, Kristen; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      The necessity for reform in the bilingual education system within the United States has been illuminated by the metamorphosis of today’s interconnected culture. Bilingual education needs to be strengthened to achieve optimal success for the next generation of citizens. Changes in the length of time a language is studied, as well as the structure of the bilingual program would create enormous benefits in the comprehension of foreign language skills. Furthermore, if this education began at the elementary level, a foreign language could be learned with greater success and considerable ease. The purpose of this investigation is to demonstrate the advantages that bilingual education creates when started among children at the earliest age possible. Foreign language acquisition among elementary level students leads to greater achievement in fluency as well as increased improvements in other areas of cognitive development (Stewart).
    • Glory, Resistance and Reality: The Ever-Changing Perspective on War and Film

      Daly, John P.; Montgomery, Bryan; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      In this paper, the three eras of film will be addressed by viewing copious amounts of war films and digesting the concurrent themes within the films. The three eras are set by “bookend films”, a movie that is a game-changer, shifting the eras or being a clearly defined end of an era. Other films will be used to compliment the standard theories of the era. Sands of Iwo Jima is a war classic, as is Platoon, and both will be used in this paper as bookends of their respective eras. For the eras, several films serve as “bookends” for their respective era. The meaning behind these “bookends” is to note the beginning and end of the certain frame of thinking throughout that specific era. However, it must be noted that films are always unpredictable, and although the eras may be defined within a specific amount of time, there are always films that overlay the specifics of that era, either taking ideals from past eras or attempting to distinguish the subsequent era. By complimenting the films themselves with articles reviewing or analyzing film, a solidified, concrete idea of the three theories can be clearly formed. The result of the study originated with the hypothetical interpretation of how war is perceived through film. From the beginning of the 20th century, film quickly became the most important way to communicate news and information between one individual to another. From news reels during World War I to the propaganda films made by Frank Capra in the 1940s, war has been visual to Americans for almost 125 years. As can be expected, once Hollywood became involved with film, war films were the first type of the films on the docket to be produced. While watching movies from the 1940s compared with films such as Saving Private Ryan, a huge disconnect was discovered by how the films handled death, violence and honor. The initial objective was to track how improving technology creates a new style of film. However, once the films were being watched and broader generalizations of film were able to be defined, a group of theories emerged, linking the overlying themes of the films to the themes of the time that the films are made in.
    • The Effects of the Storage Conditions of the Juice and the Effects of Nutrient Supplementation on Wine Fermentation

      Godleski, Stephen; Geer, Stephanie; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      Storage conditions of Concord grape juice prior to fermentation and types of supplementation during fermentation were studied. Two batches of juice were stored, one at ambient temperature and one at 4.4°C, and were then fermented using four different nitrogen supplementation methods: a control with no supplementation, addition of 100 mg/L nitrogen using diammonium phosphate (DAP), a total target level of 250 mg/L nitrogen using DAP, and complex supplementation using Go-Ferm, Fermaid-K, and DAP. Prise de Mousse yeast was used for fermentation, which is a yeast strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Upon completion of fermentation, the wine was analyzed for residual sugar, nitrogen, bound and total SO2, pH, titratable acidity, volatile acidity, organic acids, and phenols. Sensory evaluation was also performed. There were some significant differences between the different wines, but none of the wines were considered significantly better than the others during sensory analysis.