• The Effect of Using Unisensory Event Certainty on the Psychological Refractory Period

      Wolfgang, James; The College at Brockport (1973-05-01)
      In many situations where a person is required to react to two stimuli that occur in rapid succession there will be a lag in the response time of the second reaction. This lag in response is what is known as a “psychological refractory period” (PRP). The PRP is thought to be a limit of some mechanism in the brain to process successively occurring stimuli occurring between 50 – 250 milliseconds apart. Five different theories attempt to explain the mechanism underlying the PRP. This study tests one of them: the expectancy theory. Expectancy theory states that PRP depends on the subject’s ability to expect the second of the two events. The study included 80 right-handed male college students aged 18 to 27. For the study an apparatus was constructed that contained three lights and two buttons. The center light was a warning light to alert the subject that the other lights were going to light up. The other lights were on the opposite sides of the apparatus, and the two buttons corresponded to these two lights. The subjects were told to keep their fingers on the buttons, and release a button the moment the corresponding light lit up. Releasing the button would turn the light off. A clock was connected to each of the side lights, and would keep track of time only when the light was on. In some cases only one of the side lights would light up, and in others both lights would light up with a 50 millisecond delay for the second light. The 80 subjects were divided into four groups, Group I was told which stimulus would light up first, Group II was told whether one or two of the lights would light up, Group III was told neither, and Group IV was told both pieces of information. The results showed that with exception of Group IV, all groups had a faster reaction time with a single stimulus than with the first stimulus of two. While some subjects had a slower reaction to the first stimulus than the second, the overall group data shows a much slower reaction time to the second stimulus than the first in all groups. Group IV performed the quickest, followed by Group I, Group II, and finally Group III.
    • The Effects of Massed and Distributed Practice on the Performance of a Gross Motor Skill

      Christina, William B.; The College at Brockport (1974-01-01)
      The effects of massed and distributed practice on the basketball dribbling performance of fourth grade boys was investigated. Fifteen massed practice (MP) and 15 distributed practice (DP) subjects were randomly selected from an intact class of 37. The criterion task (dribbling a basketball) and four unrelated tasks (alternate activity tasks) were employed in the investigation. Subjects practicing under MP conditions received one 6 minute practice trial on all tasks during a single practice session. Subjects practicing under DP conditions received two 3 minute practice trials on all tasks during a single practice session. The total time spent on the criterion task and alternate activities was the same for each group. The total time was 30 minutes for the entire study and six minutes during a single practice session. The results of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) on pre-test performance scores showed no significant differences occurring between the practice groups. The results of the ANOVA, and those of the analysis of covariance, on post-test performance scores showed significant differences to be occurring. This study found evidence to support the hypothesis that DP was more effective in the performance of a gross motor task within an applied setting than was MP.
    • The Effects of Extrinsic Reinforcement Upon the Motor Performance of Learning Disabled Children on a Selected Motor Task

      Zachofsky, Daniel Lee; The College at Brockport (1974-08-01)
      The present investigation was conducted to study the effects of extrinsic reinforcement upon the motor performance of learning disabled children on a selected motor task. Subjects selected were sixty-eight learning disabled children. The sample was randomly divided into a Reinforcement, Non-Reinforcement, and Control group and administered a pretest and posttest on a specific motor task. A five week physical education program was provided to the Reinforcement and Non-Reinforcement groups, with no treatment provided to the Control group. Only the Reinforcement group received the experimental treatment of tangible items such as candy bars, balls, and frisbees. It was the contention of the experimenter that the inclusion of extrinsic reinforcement would improve the motor performance by learning disabled children on a selected motor task. The subjects were administered a softball throw test to measure the variables Distance, Accuracy, and Total Score. The Total Score was measured by taking the highest value of the three trials when the Accuracy score was subtracted from the Distance score. The scores were subjected to a two-way Analysis of Variance with repeated measurements. The Reinforcement group made improvements on all variables over testings. On the same variables, the Non-Reinforcement and Control groups decreased over testings. The improvements made over testings by the Reinforcement group was attributed to the inclusion of extrinsic reinforcement and/or the physical education program. No significant relationship was found between the amount of check marks a subject received and the improvements made over testings on all three variables. The check mark system approach was based on the quality of each individual's task accomplishment and appropriate functioning. The amount of check marks a subject received was not the essential factor of this approach. While the findings may indicate that extrinsic reinforcement and/or the physical education program improved the motor performance of learning disabled children, it can only be generalized to a male population and a specific motor task. Caution should be used in generalizing the findings.
    • The Effect of Auditory Cues on the Bowling Performance of the Visually Handicapped

      French, Ronald W.; Reid, Carol Linda; The College at Brockport (1975-08-01)
      The present investigation was conducted to study the effect of an auditory cue on the bowling performance of visually handicapped students. The sample consisted of thirty visually handicapped subjects (fifteen congenital and fifteen acquired). Subjects were randomly assigned to a sequence of bowling tasks. The task involved bowling with and without an audible goal locater. It was hypothesized that the utilization of the audible goal locater would significantly improve the bowling performance of visually handicapped students. This study further investigated the relationship between onset of visual impairment and bowling performance. Based on statistical analysis the hypothesis was supported. It was found that bowling performance was significantly superior with the utilization of the audible goal locater than without for both acquired and congenitally visually handicapped students. Further, bowling performance of the acquired visually handicapped was significantly superior to the bowling performance of the congenitally visually handicapped with and without the audible goal locater. It was concluded that the utilization of the audible goal locater can increase bowling performance of the visually handicapped.
    • Strength, Muscular Endurance, and Cardiorespiratory Endurance Changes in College Males and Females as a Function of Training

      Kenney, Gregory A.; Scotland, Bruce Michael; The College at Brockport (1976-01-01)
      The strength, muscular endurance, and cardiorespiratory trainability of men and women were investigated. The subjects, twelve male and ten females, engaged in a six week training program in which they were required to perform progressive resistance exercises using DeLorme's technique in order to increase their strength and muscular endurance. In addition, the subjects took part in a six week interval running program for the purpose of developing cardiorespiratory endurance. Prior to training each subject was tested for elbow flexion strength with Clarke's cable tensiometer. Muscular endurance was measured using Shaver's arm-lever ergometer method, and cardiorespiratory endurance according to the Astrand-Rhyming bicycle ergometer technique. Following the training program the subjects were re-tested in a manner patterned after the initial test. While both men and women increased significantly in strength, muscular endurance, and cardiorespiratory endurance following the six weeks of training there were no significant differences between the sexes in terms of their strength, muscular endurance, and cardiorespiratory trainability. However, absolute strength gains were found to be significantly greater in men than women. This difference was attributed to the predominantly male hormone testosterone which enables men to develop greater amounts of muscle mass and achieve greater strength levels than women.
    • The Effects of Three Auditory Frequencies on the Performance of a Sound Localization Motor Task

      Kelly, Luke Edward; The College at Brockport (1977-04-01)
      Due to the lack of research regarding the quality of auditory cues used in devices for the visually impaired, the present investigation studied the effects of three different frequencies (1,000 Hz, 2,000 Hz and 3,000 Hz) on the performance of a sound localization motor task in the absence of visual cues. The sample consisted of fifty-eight normal male and female sixth grade students, who had achieved criterion performance on a pretest for throwing accuracy. The experimental task was performed blindfolded and involved throwing five test balls in an underhand action at a target with each of the three different auditory cues. The sequence of the three auditory cues was randomly determined for each subject. The results indicated that the 2,000 Hz and 3,000 Hz frequencies were better than the 1,000 Hz frequency for localization and that none of the frequencies used enhanced performance consistency over the others. The accuracy results showed that the 1,000 Hz frequency was perceived as being closer and as frequency increased (2,000 Hz - 3,000 Hz) the sound was perceived as being farther away. It is recommended based on the present results that auditory devices that are used to aid the visually impaired in physical education activities involving sound location and accuracy performance should use frequencies of 2,000 Hz and 3,000 Hz in preference to the 1,000 Hz frequency.
    • Effect of Stroke Rate on the Velocity/Time Curve of a Rowing Shell

      Puthoff, Martilu; Bernfield, John S.; The College at Brockport (1977-08-01)
      The 1976 U. S. Olympic eight oared crew was filmed (16 mm, 70 FPS) rowing six trials each at stroke rates of 37, 39, and 41 st/min. Shell instantaneous velocity was calculated and plotted for positions throughout the stroke cycle and a cubic spline curve fit to these data points. Time and percentage of total time for leg drive, upper body drive, transition, hands and upper body away, seat movement, and blades to water phases of the stroke cycle were determined. In addition, actual stroke rate, boat average velocity, and curve amplitude were calculated for each trial. Data was ranked by stroke rate and average velocity and a correlation matrix constructed to examine the relationships between variables. Minimum shell velocity occurred approximately 27% into the leg drive phase and maximum velocity was reached during the middle of the seat movement phase. Average shell velocity was found to be positively related to stroke rate (r = .66). Data analysis indicated that boat average velocity was increased by spending more total time exerting force with the legs, and was related to a rapid acceleration of power during the drive phase and a decreased time for recovery.
    • The Relationship between Teacher Enthusiasm and Student Involvement During Motor Skill Activities

      Hurwitz, Richard; McElroy, Eileen; The College at Brockport (1977-08-01)
      Due to the presumed effects a teacher's enthusiasm (T.E.) has upon a student, and the importance of student involvement (S.I.) in an activity, this investigation studied these behaviors as they occurred in the physical education setting. Two specifically designed descriptive-analytic coding systems were developed appropriate to the target behaviors. The subjects were five physical education teachers and a randomly selected student from one of each of their classes. The subjects were video taped, with a separate camera for each teacher and student. Three coders per system were trained until at least 80% inter-coder reliability was attained. The coders then coded the video tapes and mean scores for each teacher and student were computed. Three relationships between teacher enthusiasm and student involvement were investigated (T.E. ten seconds prior to S.I.; T.E. thirty seconds prior to S.I. ; and T. E. every ten seconds during S.I.). Significant differences were not found in four of the five teacher-student pairs. A significant, negative correlation was found between T.E. and S.I. in one teacher-student pair, as they were studied in each of the three associations. It is recommended that further research be conducted to establish additional tools to study teacher and student behaviors as they occur during the teaching-learning process.
    • The Effects of Proprioception and Extended Practice Sessions on Anticipatory Timing

      Turner, Bruce H.; The College at Brockport (1977-11-01)
      Utilizing arm velocity to generate varying levels of PFB, various aspects of the body's timing mechanism were researched. Performance on a coincident timing task was studied with and without KR over a four day period. The experimental design consisted of three groups, 25 subjects each, receiving either high, low or zero amounts of PFB. The response was a right hand timing task preceded by a PFB generating left hand movement. The results indicated that PFB provided for more accurate and consistent responses. Increased levels of PFB resulted in significantly more consistent responses, and in more accurate responses. Accuracy responses were significant between the movements groups and control group, but not between movement groups alone. The groups receiving KR were significantly more accurate than the NKR group but no differences were revealed for KR and NKR groups for variable error. The potential formation of a perceptual trace during KR trials may have allowed for greater consistency once KR was withdrawn. Performance over days indicated that extended practice is necessary for the most effective use of PFB. The day factor also provided possible evidence for a two stage theory of timing in which both input timing and motor programming are utilized.
    • An Analysis of the Qualifications and Perceived Effectiveness of Athletic Directors in the Maryland Public Secondary School Athletic Association

      Beck, Bonnie; Bell, Janice A.; The College at Brockport (1979-08-01)
      The study identified through questionnaire format, the personal characteristics and professional qualifications of athletic directors in the member schools of the Maryland Public Secondary School Athletic Association. Also determined was the essentiality of the listed qualifications for the position of athletic director. The following was found about the responding athletic directors: 72.5 percent were between 30 and 49 years of age, 7.4 percent were female, and less than 6 percent were Negro. Additional findings were: 26 of the 47 qualifications were rated as essential, the rank-order of qualifications differed according to the size of the school, athletic directors and principals agreed on the essential qualifications, "related" education courses was the most important category, and intercollegiate and interscholastic athletic directors agreed on the order of essential qualifications for the position of athletic director. The athletic directors in the Maryland Public Secondary School Athletic Association were found to be well qualified in terms of general education, coaching experience, sports participation, and professional involvement, but not as well qualified in terms of administrative experience and "related" education courses.
    • A Chronometric Analysis of the Effect of Sex and Sensory Modality on the Running Performance of Visually Handicapped Individuals

      Silva, John M., III; Chalmers, Bonnie Lynn; The College at Brockport (1979-08-01)
      The purpose of this study was to experimentally compare the effect of two sensory aids on the running performance of 40 female and 40 male visually handicapped subjects participating in a 40 yard dash. The subjects ranged in age from 6-21 and attended various schools and institutions in Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York. The subjects were blocked according to sex and randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions. Those assigned to treatment one utilized an audible goal locator. Those assigned to treatment two utilized a tactual guide wire. The subjects were tested individually. A timed performance score was recorded for each subject. A 2 x 2 factorial design for the variables of sex and sensory aid was used. The analysis of variance indicated that there was no significant difference in the scores of subjects utilizing an audible goal locator as compared to a tactual guide wire. A significant (p ? .001) main effect for sex was found. Visually handicapped males performed significantly faster than females. This finding supported research concerning visually impaired males and females on various physical performance tests. No significant interactive effect was noted for the variables of sex and sensory aid. Mean examination indicated that females performed slightly faster utilizing the audible goal locator while males performed slightly faster using the tactual guide wire. Suggestions were offered in an attempt to further research concerning performances of visually handicapped individuals, in various physical settings and for evaluating the effectiveness of sensory aids.
    • A Training Program to Develop Specific Manual Dexterity Skills of Down’s Syndrome Children

      Patterson, Susan; The College at Brockport (1981-01-01)
      This study was designed to determine if the fine motor skills of three young Down’s Syndrome children functioning below average in manual dexterity skills could be improved through a systematic training program. The selected subjects were met individually for thirty minutes a day, four days per week (Monday through Thursday), for a period of seven weeks. Each child was trained by repeated practice on ten specific tasks involving arm, hand, and finger manipulation. Subjective data recorded during each session by the investigator indicated that, generally, all three subjects appeared to improve on the manual dexterity tasks. These results were supported by gains generally found in the Purdue Pegboard, the Crawford Small Parts Dexterity Test, and the Stromberg Dexterity Test which were administered prior to and at the completion of training. However, limitations of the study prohibit the conclusion that improvement was due to the systematic training program employed in the study.
    • Spectator Perceptions of Fan Misbehavior: an Attitudinal Inquiry

      Cavanaugh, Brian M.; The College at Brockport (1981-04-01)
      Spectators (N = 1,747) attending a Brockport State College, Rochester Americans or Buffalo Sabres hockey game responded to a 28 item, 14 factor questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed to identify factors perceived as facilitative to fan misbehavior at sporting events. The responses to the top ranked factors were (1) age, (2) referees, (3) rivalry, (4) alcohol, and (5) nature of game. Kendall's coefficient of concordance (W) was computed and converted into a Spearman rank correlation coefficient in order to assess the similarity of factor rankings. The findings indicated that regardless of the location where the spectator completed the survey statistically significant ranking of the factors were identified as facilitating fan misbehavior. This statistically significant rank ordering of the factors also existed for spectator perceptions when the college sample was compared to the combined professional samples. The Kendall coefficient of concordance and Spearman rank correlation coefficient demonstrated that regardless of an individual's sex or age, the spectators identified the factors above as facilitative to fan misbehavior at sporting events. These factor rankings were statistically significant for all comparisons of concordance. The discussion centered on the importance of the identified factors facilitating spectator misbehavior and how these factors tend to be related to the characteristics of the spectator, the game and the environment where the game is played.
    • Inservice Education Needs of Physical Educators to Integrate Students with Handicapping Conditions into Regular Programs

      Winnick, Joseph; Peck, Dianne Carol; The College at Brockport (1981-06-01)
      Inservice education needs of physical educators to integrate students with handicapping conditions into regular programs were investigated. The Inservice Education Needs-Assessment Inventory (IENAI) and information sheet were mailed to two hundred physical educators who were members of the New York State Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (NYSAHPER). A total of eighty-four responses (42%) were received including nine responses which were incomplete. Results showed that physical educators have need of developing, in rank order, knowledge of: assessment tests; pupil placement and equipment alternatives; supportive services; limitations and needs of pupils; legislative implications; individualizing instruction; integration techniques and task analysis; first aid; and psychological functioning and their ability to determine present level of performance. Physical educators expressed little need for developing a knowledge of standards of assessment, or in developing a positive attitude toward students with handicapping conditions. A positive, but not statistically significant, correlation was found in the rank ordering of the category needs of physical educators as a function of having taught integrated classes or "special" classes, having graduate education in Special Physical Education or Special Education, having undergraduate education in Special Physical Education, or having attended inservice workshops. The mean scores for eight of the eleven categories of those physical educators who have attended inservice workshops were lower, however, (indicating less need) than the mean scores of those physical educators who have not attended inservice workshops.
    • The Effects of Tension Recognition and Control on Beginning Taekwon-Do Instruction

      Frederick, Bruce; Park, Young Don; The College at Brockport (1981-06-01)
      This study was designed to investigate the effects of Jacobson's differential relaxation techniques on beginning instruction in Taekwon-Do, a Korean form of self defense. The subjects for this study consisted of twenty-two male and two female students enrolled in an introductory performance course in Taekwon-Do within the physical education program at the State University College at Brockport, Brockport, New York, Videotaped evaluation of the students' techniques by master instructors was employed to measure improvement and skill level of the subjects. The test measured body position, leg or arm position, breathing, focus, relaxation, power, and stance of the subject while he/she performed two basic routines normally required for the promotion to yellow stripe, (Saju Jirugi and Saju Chagi). The class, consisting of twenty-four students, was randomly divided into two groups. Both groups received identical instruction in Taekwon-Do for approximately fifty minutes per day, three days per week for seven weeks. During the last ten minutes of class, one group received instruction in Jacobsonian methods of tension recognition and control (differential relaxation) while the other group practiced independently under the supervision of a black belt instructor. Prior to their separation into two groups, all of the students were pre tested on their ability to perform the two test routines, Six weeks later, the students were post tested on their ability to perform the same two routines. Both the pre test and post test were recorded on videotape and scored by five master instructors (one 8th, two 7th, and two 5th degree black belts in Taekwon-Do). An analysis of simple main effects demonstrated a significant (p ‹ 0.5) improvement of the experimental group over the improvement of the control group. Within the scope and the limitations of this study, it is concluded that a ten minute instructional program in Jacobsonian methods of tension recognition and control, when given simultaneously with instruction in Taekwon-Do, three days per week, for six weeks, resulted in significant improvement in beginners, performance of the beginner patterns Four Directional Punch (Saju Jirugi) and Four Directional Kick (Saju Chagi).
    • The Lived Experience of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Physical Activity

      Kretchman, R. Scott; Mueller, Lois Marie; The College at Brockport (1982-04-01)
      This study attempted to discover the actual lived nature or lived experience of motivation in physical activity, focusing on intrinsic and extrinsic factors. This was done by phenomenologically analyzing intrinsic, extrinsic and general motivation, doing a self-study of motivation as experienced in physical activity, and studying other's motivation through an interview process. Focus centered on six areas: the motivation responsible for initiating and continuing activity, the pattern of motivation within an activity, the effect of past experiences on future motivation, whether a hierarchy of motives exists, whether intrinsic and extrinsic motives are additive, detractive or both, and the role of play, great moments, flow experiences, and peak experiences in the process of motivation. The phenomenology was used to analyze the interview material and self-study in regard to these six areas. Based on this analysis, conclusions were drawn. The primary motivation for initiating or continuing activity may be either intrinsic or extrinsic. No definite pattern of motivation was found. The past experiences of subjects seemed to have some effect on their present and future doing. A hierarchy of motives seemed to exist in most cases. However, this ranking was seldom clear and often changing. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors may be additive or detractive or simply co-exist. Finally, play, flow and peak experiences were seen to be primarily intrinsic, while great moments fell into either an intrinsic or extrinsic category depending how they were perceived. This study supports the belief that reference to involvement in a physical activity as being intrinsically or extrinsically motivated is too simplistic, misleading and often incorrect.
    • The Relationship between Motor Skill Activity Choice and the Acquisition of Skill and Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Seventh Grade Boys

      Hurwitz, Richard; Miskell, Stephen P.; The College at Brockport (1982-08-01)
      This study compared the acquisition of skill and attitudes toward physical education manifested by seventh grade boys who were provided with choice during a basketball unit to those of seventh grade boys who were not provided with choice. The subjects were pre and posttested using portion of the AAHPER Basketball Skills Test Manual for Boys and the Kneer Attitude Inventory. The data were analyzed using a multivariate analysis of variance. Following a significant multivariate F value, a post hoc analysis was conducted on each dependent variable. Results of the univariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the groups on the dribble test. Neither group improved in the underbasket shot, perhaps due to the complexity of the skill. Subjects in the control (no choice) group demonstrated a higher degree of skill on the foul shot test after instruction, while the members of the experimental (choice) group performed significantly better on the speed pass test. Members of the experimental group reported more positive attitudes toward physical education, although these results reflected a significant disordinal interaction between the groups. The investigator determined that some of the results of this study may be explained by applying Gentile's (1972) notion of a continuum of open and closed skills. The findings of the present study suggest that physical educators might do well to apply a shared decision making (choice) method of instruction when teaching open motor skills, and to use a teacher directed (no choice) method of instruction to facilitate the learning of closed motor skills. Skills that fall in between open and closed might be taught equally as well by either method of instruction.
    • Reliability of Selected Health and Performance Related Test Items from the Project Unique Physical Fitness Test Inventory

      Shultz, Barry; Daquila, Gene A.; The College at Brockport (1982-09-01)
      This study was conducted to determine several psychometric qualities on selected items from the Project UNIQUE Physical Fitness Test Inventory. Coefficients of reliability (consistency within day and between day) were determined by intraclass techniques. The standard error of measurement was also determined for the selected items. In addition, the appropriate criterion score was determined by an analysis of variance and collaborated by an analysis of the superdiagonal of the inter-trial correlation matrix. For the multi-trial test items, 50 nonimpaired youth, 50 visually impaired youth, 50 auditory impaired youth, and 50 orthopedically impaired youth between the ages of 10 and 17, were randomly selected from the various schools participating in the Project UNIQUE study. Subjects for the single-trial items included 50 nonimpaired youth, 47 visually impaired youth, and 50 auditory impaired youth, between the ages of 10 and 17 randomly selected from at least two different schools in the Rochester, N.Y. and Buffalo, N.Y. areas. The results of this study showed that most of the test items were reliable. In addition, the reliability of the test items for the impaired groups was, in general, equal to or better than the reliability coefficients for the nonimpaired group. The results also indicated that in most cases the Project UNIQUE scoring procedures were appropriate, although some changes were recommended.
    • The Effects of Participating in a Cross-Country Ski/Exercise Program Upon the Development of Physical and Motor Fitness in Mentally Retarded Adults

      Stier, William; Decker, James T.; The College at Brockport (1983-06-01)
      This study compared the development of elements of physical and motor fitness in MR adults who participated in an eight week cross-country ski/exercise program with MR adults who did not participate in such a program. The subjects were 36 MR men and women ranging in age from 18 to 36 years and in IQ from 31 to 82. The subjects were pre- and post- tested using a modified version of the AAHPER/Kennedy Foundation Special Fitness Test for Mildly Mentally Retarded Persons. The data were analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA for each variable and graphic post hoc analyses were calculated when interactions were significant in any of the ANOVAs. Results of the univariate analyses showed participation in the cross-country ski/exercise program did not significantly improve physical and motor fitness. On five of the seven test items (9-minute run, arm-hanging, shuttle run, long jump, and sit and reach) significant trial by group interaction effects provided evidence that the cross-country ski/exercise program was superior to the control group program (no adapted physical education) in maintaining physical and motor fitness levels. Results of this study are in accord with previous research which has indicated that MR individuals who are given programs of physical education benefit from such programs, and demonstrate a better rate of improvement than MR individuals who do not participate in physical education programs.
    • The Effects of a Sudden or Gradual Withdrawal from a Chronic Exercise Pattern on Anxiety Levels of Well Conditioned Athletes

      Frederick, Bruce; Fitzsimmons, Edward P.; The College at Brockport (1983-08-20)
      Due to increasing numbers of people developing high levels of cardiovascular (CV) fitness there are correspondingly more leaving these elevated states for varied reasons. The present investigation explored the possible need for a taper from a chronic exercise program. Anxiety was used as a possible indication of behavioral adaptations to a decreasing level of cardiovascular and muscle endurance levels. Eighty-two conditioned subjects and thirty unconditioned subjects were pre-tested for cardiovascular levels and A-State levels of anxiety to three groups each detraining at different rates and styles. All 112 subjects were post-tested for CV and A-State levels after a two week interval. The unconditioned group showed low pre and post levels of CV fitness and low pre-levels of A-State anxiety. This low level of A-State took a large upward directional shift on A-State post-tests (37.6 to 40.8). The conditioned groups, who were detrained, dropped in levels of CV condition as per their level of modification of detraining. Their levels of A-State anxiety dropped slightly over the two week detraining interval. Significance was found at the .05 level between and among subjects for the changes in CV levels. No significance was found for the changes in A-State anxiety levels. Some directional trends could be seen as well as a possible buffering effect on A-State levels from elevated levels of CV fitness.