• Fairy Tales And The Heroic Cycle In The Modern World: Modern Authors Empowering The Female Heroine

      Lamberton, Susan E.; The College at Brockport (2009-12-14)
      Modern retellings of fairy tales, and new stories in the heroic tradition, serve a dual purpose in late twentieth century and twenty-first century American culture: they entertain readers with fantastic tales of heroic feats and mystical occurrences, and they promote cultural or political messages, such as gender coding, to an audience in an attractive and compelling way. These retellings highlight and comment upon social, political, gender and other issues in modern culture. Francesca Lia Block and Anne Sexton both have retold fairy tales in new forms and settings to question the roles of women in modern society. In its updated version, Block's Cinderella story offers women the option to repair the relationships with their sisters, valuing familial love alongside the security and love the prince offers. These authors are challenging the accepted gendered norms of behavior and asking readers to consider their own positions within the gender hierarchy in place within society. An example of this is J .K. Row ling, who puts a new spin on Joseph Campbell's heroic cycle in her Harry Potter series of books. Rowling is revising this familiar pattern by moving to a more corporate model of heroism focusing on a team rather than a single hero narrative. The team is of mixed-gender, where the combination of stereotypically male and female traits is what makes the team effective. Row ling highlights previously undervalued traits typically coded as feminine by showing the strengths of the female characters in her novels as different from the strengths of the males, but equal. The coming of age of the three main characters Harry, Ron, and Hermione becomes a main theme in the novels.
    • Field Research: Poems

      O'Brien, Thomas; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      This thesis project discusses creative writing in poetry. The opening essay, through close readings of several poets, examines the idea of modernist conventions in poetry and the art as a “translation” of life. The discussion includes: T. S. Eliot with regard to the accessibility of poetry, William Stafford’s use of language, Sylvia Plath’s imagery, and Billy Collins authentic speaker or narrator. The remainder of the project is original poetry that covers diverse themes from nature to love and longing, from family to observational insight on the world.
    • Fisticuffs

      Burns, Don; The College at Brockport (2002-04-22)
      This thesis project examines the essay in both fiction and non-fiction. The introductory chapter considers the literary structure as a vehicle to reveal actual events, creating a dialogue, a trust between the essayist and the reader. The nonfiction essayist, then, is charged to write about the actual events not those that have been invented even as the fictional essayist is released to conjure and create a new world, an imagined space. Both fiction and nonfiction writers use dialogue and action to describe characters and events. The nonfiction writer must search for the tone that was present at the time of the actual event while the fiction writer has the ability to create the words and shape the mood. The remaining chapters are original essays, both fiction and nonfiction, that are centered on the theme of conflict and the juxtaposition of the physical and spiritual encountered within.
    • Found & Otherwise

      Wiggins, Thomas J.; The College at Brockport (2014-05-06)
      The fifteen poems in the first section of this collection are found poems inspired by various visual media, paintings, and sculptures. They were created from paint color names taken from swatch cards that were matched against each piece of inspiration. These poems are almost purely descriptive and in many instances the words within the poem give no hint as to their found source or the visual media, painting, or sculpture that inspired it. The critical introduction details the author's methodology for the construction of these found poems. It compares the author's understanding of the definition of Found Poetry against the established definition of the term presented in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. The introduction also examines the lyrical nature of the paint swatch poetry and its lack of narrative. The poems range from a single stanza to two pages in length. Sections two and three respectively include a short work of prose and three additional poems that are more traditional in their presentation.
    • From Mufflers to the Mu?tter: Essays on Everyday Spectacle

      Smith, Pauline S.; The College at Brockport (2012-01-25)
      This collection of essays interweaves the author's personal experience and family history to explore the spectacle of poverty, classism and difference. In "Mufflering," the processing of scrap metals for money becomes a lens for examining the relationship between the narrator, her stepfather and the "lower class" labors that bind them together and keep them separated. "Grandpa's Porch" analyzes the concurrent feelings of alienation and familial bond that the narrator feels with her grandfather. "Beauty Queen Killer" studies the spectacle of intense feeling and unhealthy obsession that develops when the narrator, relegated to the lower classes of her middle school social hierarchy, attempts to locate a serial killer that briefly passes through her hometown. The spectacle of physical difference and the socioeconomic implications of freakery as observed in the medical "oddities" preserved in a medical museum are the themes of the fourth essay in this collection. This essay, "Mutter," catalogues the exhibits at this museum in detail and explores the implications for the narrator of her fascination with these spectacle-based displays of difference. The final essay, "Everything to Fear'' focuses on the narrator's observations regarding her sister's food phobias.
    • “Gaps” in Intelligence Communications

      McGuire, Donald V.; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      Information is particularly crucial within the military, where the results of miscommunication can be devastating. This master thesis explores the flow of information within the United States Air Force. The author is an intelligence operations officer and he relates his experiences, detailing many of the difficulties that exist in relaying information, and how these difficulties are dealt with. Difficulties explored within this thesis include the heavy use of acronyms and jargon within the military that can be confusing, especially to new recruits and people with no prior military training, as well as working with different commanders, or detailing information outside of the author’s own area of expertise. As a result, preparation for a briefing is widely dependent upon the composition of the audience. The thesis includes four sample modules to illustrate the differences between a situation briefing before and after revisions are made to make accommodations according to the target audience.
    • Gaze Types in D. H. Lawrence's The Rainbow and Women in Love

      Yarington, Earl F.; The College at Brockport (2000-05-01)
      This thesis project, centered on D. H. Lawrence’s The Rainbow and Women in Love, examines how the major characters in these narratives represent the “gaze” among themselves, and how Lawrence influences the reader's sight by his construction of the “narrative gaze.” The concept of the “narrative gaze” is defined and discussed and the project examines the idea of the “gaze,” as a trigger for sexuality, which plays a major role among Lawrence's characters because it can either hinder or assist in each character's and reader's stability as a spiritual and physical being. It further argues that, in order for the reader to understand how characters “gaze” upon one another, they must be assisted by the narrator in obtaining a visual picture of the characters and their actions.
    • Gender Power and Social Class: The Role of Women in James Fenimore Cooper's The Pathfinder, Homeward Bound, Home as Found, and The Ways of the Hour

      Zeitvogel, Chuck; The College at Brockport (2004-11-22)
      This thesis deals with the role Cooper's female characters play in his novels of manners and social class. Though Cooper is best known for his Leatherstocking Tales and other novels of romantic adventure, he was also a critic of American society. Through his novels Cooper clearly illustrated what he believed were the proper gender roles for men and women. He also used his novels to show his frustration about changes in societal order. His writing was his way of coping with America's shift of power from the landed genteel class to the urban factory owner class. This thesis incorporates four of Cooper's lesser studied novels: The Pathfinder. Homeward Bound, Home as Found, and The Ways of the Hours. In each of these novels Cooper uses gender roles and social class to express his views of the ideal American society. The gender roles Cooper establishes are clear. Female characters are only allowed to wield power in small, enclosed spaces, or in life or death situations. Occasionally Cooper may grant female characters more power, but only if they are away from society, in the wilderness for example, or when there is no chance of them usurping power from men. Male characters, on the other hand, control all social spaces and political power. Although many scholars either attack Cooper's novels of social criticism, calling them the rants of a bitter man, or ignore them altogether, this is a gross injustice. Cooper was not a bitter man. He was a man living through a time of social change. Unfortunately he was not ready or able to cope with those changes. His novels are his attempt to cope with social change as best he could.
    • Greed and Disposability in The Octopus and The Pit

      Sisson, Richard P.; The College at Brockport (2008-05-17)
      This thesis deals with greed and the disposability of the individual in Frank Norris's literary portrayal of capitalism in The Octopus and The Pit. Even though McTeague is Norris's most notable naturalistic work, the first two volumes of his intended wheat trilogy are also significant contributions to American naturalism because of Norris's portrayal of the omnipotence of capitalism on the individual. This thesis focuses on The Octopus and The Pit. In both novels, Norris portrays capitalism as a powerful force on the individual. He shows that capitalism draws out and nourishes people's greed. He also shows that people are expendable under capitalism because there is an endless supply of human replacements.
    • Hawthorne's 1850's Romances: Political and Personal Apologia and Accommodation

      Carbone, Vicki; The College at Brockport (2008-12-05)
      Nathaniel Hawthorne was one in a long line of American scholars, politicians, statesmen, and writers who created a national mythos. By creating, or recreating, a national past wherein every American would share, at least in myth, a common New England beginning, it was hoped that Americans would share a common view of America as the city set on a hill which the Puritans believed they had established. This was to accomplish many objectives: glorify America's Puritan beginnings, make heroic the Puritan forefathers, and remind every American of the brotherhood of all Americans. In addition to this, Hawthorne undertook to examine and explain American history, and to work through a very complicated national and personal accommodation. On a national level, Hawthorne needed to show his readers the Puritan character as both the manly hero who served as a noble warrior for liberty and as a harsh bigot who persecuted those with whom he disagreed. In doing so, he was able to aid in the creation of the national mythos while providing his contemporaries with the idea that they were yet more noble than their Puritan forebearers. Additionally, Hawthorne sought a personal accommodation. The Puritans whom he calls his forebearers were not mythic ones; they were his ancestors. He was both repelled by and attracted to Puritanism and felt that he had inherited from his ancestors "strong traits of their nature" (Hawthorne "The Custom House" 13). As a result, he sought to come to terms with these ancestors by exploring not only the history of the Puritans themselves, but also the succeeding two hundred years, to examine how the Puritan attitudes and ideals emerged in consecutive ages.
    • How to Threaten His Hegemony: The Nameless Women of John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men and Meridel Le Sueur' s The Girl

      Geary, Celine; The College at Brockport (2012-06-20)
      Curley's wife in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men and the girl in Meridel LeSueur's The Girl remain nameless throughout their stories, a problem here considered indicative of behavior against societal expectation and thus oppositional to the 1930s capitalist hegemony. The characters' alternative approaches to the conventionally public aspect that is work and the conventionally private facet that is sexuality are considered, two subjects that are customarily noted as important to these authors as integral to both identity and to the formation of community. The comparison shows that a more personal and private valuation of work and a more public appreciation of sexuality best challenges and attests as arbitrary the adverse conditions.
    • Hunger

      McSpadden, Lore (2015-04-01)
      All of the poems in this collection are ones written during the author’s time as a graduate student at Brockport. The thesis itself is comprised of three sections- "Shadow Stories," "Sex and Other Destructions," and "Back Roads" --each of which is located in between single poems that serve as transitional pieces from one section to the other. The first section is a collection of poems that are intentionally disorienting and often dark; these poems also, more often than not, rely more on sound and images to experience relating to human sexuality that transcends that with which many people are familiar. A subject of discussion that has frequently come up in these conversations is the challenge of conceiving of oneself as a sexual being in a way that is unflinchingly authentic, despite and because of one's experiences outside of the norm. These poems attempt to give a voice to this challenge, while neither simplifying the complexity of this process nor pretending to speak for all people who go through it. The "I" and "she" that appear in these poems encompass a broad-but by no means all-inclusive-spectrum of women who have, in a variety of ways, experienced prolonged exposure to the overlap between sex and pain. The opening poem within the second section, "Locked and Listening," contains many of the elements that were present in the first section of the collection: I wrote this with a strong emphasis on sound and image, and readers will need to rely upon their intuition to develop any concrete relationship to and interpretation of these images. As the section continues, however, the poems become increasingly more concrete, bordering on a narrative-like quality that aims to make the tension between sex and destruction-and between connection and separation-more accessible to readers. The third and final section is in many ways the most intimate. Although it does contain poems that explore subjects such as addiction, loss, and murder, it does so in a way that exhibits greater tenderness than most of the poems in the previous two sections. There is a collection of character sketches offered in poems such as "Tension," "Subtle Shift," and "Johnny Gone South"; a collection of poems that explore themes of drugs and addiction such as "Cracked," "Twelve Lies: Reader Response," "Enchanted Hills, Indiana: August 25, 2014," and (once again) "Johnny Gone South"; and many others that simply explore moments and experiences of tenderness in the midst of life's struggles. The cumulative result is a collection of poems that carries readers from an origin of disorientation, fear, and confusion; through a period of depravity, pain, and perversion; before finally landing at a place of radical acceptance of things as they are-in other words, a quality of peace that is devoid of denial. I am-and therefore my poems are- completely uninterested in blind optimism, serenity that lacks depth, or cheeriness that avoids at all costs the discomfort caused by looking into shadows: what fascinates me is the quality of equanimity that has borne witness to cruelty without losing the ability for compassion. I am interested in the gifts that suffering brings us: the beauty within violence, the resilience that grows from despair, the love that has survived unspeakable events.
    • Incarnations of Heaven: A Study of Fantastic Imagination and the Complications Inherent to Identity Creation in the Works of William Blake

      Placilla, Corinne; The College at Brockport (2011-05-14)
      This thesis project discusses William Blake’s work and observes the destructive nature of capitalist ideologies through the fantastic and its connection to divine imagination. In the opening section, various aspects of Blake's poetry are explored through the lens of Emancipative Fantastic theory, giving attention to how Marxist theory and fantasy come together in order to demonstrate Blake' s need for the imaginative eye when viewing the world. Through the theories of Marx and Althusser, Althusser's reading and definition of Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses specifically, this project employs the two principles of Marx and Althusser in conjunction with Rosemary Jackson's definition of the fantastic mode, to study Blake's work more fully. Aspects of individual identity formation, immortality, and alienation are discussed in the second section. In the concluding section, the project discusses the idea that Blake’s work hints at the loss of imagination as an indication and prelude to the apocalypse.
    • Interpreting Death in Paradise Lost

      McElroy, Jennifer C.; SUNY College at Brockport (2010-06-11)
      An understanding of John Milton's methods of representing death in Paradise Lost is crucial to the reader's understanding of the poem, and to Milton's defense of God. In the poem, Milton depicts death in two ways: as the subject of representation and as a method of representation. As a subject of representation, Milton presents the idea of death to the reader as part of a potential allegory in Book Two. The choice to represent Death in allegory is historically controversial, and is complicated by the presence of Death's mother Sin, whose body is the canvas for the horror and mutilation of Death's hunger. The depiction of Sin's mutilated maternal body refers to other literary characters such as Edmund Spenser's Errour and Duessa, Ovid's Scylla, and Ariosto's Alcina. Sin's womb and antecedents as well as Death's disembodied nature alternately invite and repulse allegorical reading. Sin's body becomes the grounds for an investigation of the utility of allegory and signification. In turn, the way that Death is depicted on her body as part of a potential allegory creates the idea of death as something which requires interpretation. This sets the stage for the reader's later encounters with the idea of death as a method of representation. In Books Nine through Twelve, the idea of death is used by the human characters of the poem in order to depict their state of ignorance and feelings of love and despair. However, the ultimate interpretation of death in the poem depends greatly on the earlier preparation of the reader by Milton's potential allegory. God and other heavenly representatives argue for an interpretation of the body which treats the physical as a metaphor for the spiritual, as well as for the interpretation of death -- both the literary death depicted in the poem as well as the reader's own experiences -as a gift of God's goodness and a remedy for the unhappiness of fallen humanity.
    • junction

      Buides, Grisell; The College at Brockport (2014-05-17)
      This thesis is a hybrid work, and includes fourteen pieces: nine poems, two vignettes, and three short stories. Some of the pieces have been inspired by news stories, and others by the writer's photography and travel experiences, specifically, her semester abroad in China. Although the content varies, the subjects of perception, human relationships, death, and a focus on the seasons and urban landscape serve to create a connection between the pieces. The poems are all free verse, but many of them maintain a consistent form. The writer experiments with visual line breaks, inspired by the poetry of E.E. Cummings, as well as prose poetry. While the short stories have a traditional structure, the vignettes are less narrative and more impressionistic. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first has a greater focus on relationships between people, while the second emphasizes the city and touches on the subject of consumerism, particularly in the final three pieces. The writings of Matsuo Basho, William Carlos Williams, Sandra Cisneros, and W.G. Sebald have also influenced the content of this thesis.
    • King Lear: A Textual and Bibliographic Study

      Adams, Linda B.; The College at Brockport (1994-01-01)
      This thesis project examines the printing history of William Shakespeare’s King Lear. The discussion includes the various arguments concerning the authoritative nature of the Quarto 1 and First Folio texts versus those that followed. The study explores the idea that since Q1 and First Folio are considered original or authoritative texts that all others are editions taken from them. While Q1 and First Folio appear to possess marked differences in their text, they must be considered as representing a draft and revision even as neither should be understood as inferior to the other, for each holds authoritative value for Shakespearean scholars. The project also offers a close reading, though not exhaustive, of many areas of the play text, stage directions, and the story’s through line. Through comparison and discussion the project includes a focus on detailed differences found between the various editions of the play to support the thesis of Q1 and First Folio as authoritative in nature.
    • Land, Law and Faith: Discourses of Liberty in James Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers, The Last of the Mohicans, and The Crater

      Tiffin, Lisa M.; The College at Brockport (2002-05-18)
      This thesis deals with James Fenimore Cooper's beliefs regarding the strengths and weaknesses of American democracy as expressed through his fiction. While many critics feel Cooper's belief in the American system soured in his later years, this thesis seeks to prove he not only remained consistent in his views, but that those views, while at times critical of American politics, were largely optimistic. This thesis will focus on two early novels, The Pioneers (1823), and The Last of the Mohicans (1826), as well as one of Cooper’s last novels, The Crater (1847). In both the early novels as well as in The Crater, Cooper seeks to display the weaknesses in the American systems of democracy and capitalism through discussions centering on the land and the law. In both The Pioneers, and Mohicans, Cooper focuses on the ownership of the land and its resources as well as on the right to make laws and govern one's own destiny. In The Crater, Cooper endorses his belief in America's governmental and economic systems, as well as clarifies his fears if those systems go unchecked. As well, Cooper offers in The Crater a unique solution of faith as a way to check potential abuses while protecting the integrity of liberty. Cooper's optimism is shown through his belief that his criticism of capitalism and demagoguery, while not always understood or well-received, were necessary in order to preserve a nation he felt had great strength and potential.
    • Learning the Land : Survival of the Self in a Hostile World

      Powderly, Colleen; The College at Brockport (1996-01-01)
      “Self” as a literary focus, developed with the work of Wordsworth and Coleridge, was carried on by Emerson, who was himself influenced by these European writers and his own American citizenship. The advent of industrialization and the acquisition of wealth and material goods on both societies had a corollary effect on the transcendental movement in America, of which Emerson was deeply engrained, and on our societal concept of “self”. Further understanding of transcendentalism suggests "that each individual was potentially capable of fashioning himself and building a total conception of the world" (Anderson 699). This thesis project discusses Emerson’s work, specifically found in Nature and “Self-Reliance,” as it positions the concept of “self” and “nature” as interchangeable imagery within texts that consider both female authorship and woman’s role as protagonist within the four narratives examined. The study also considers each female heroine as they master “self” and the world each has created within the constricting cultural expectations of wife and mother.
    • License and Application: Examining Truth in Gray Area Fiction

      Parker, Nathaniel R.; The College at Brockport (2014-05-13)
      The following collection of short stories, while built upon a foundation of real personal experiences, purport to examine the world through a lens that fuses the genres of fiction and nonfiction. Less about the me and more about the we, the stories collected here examine the world through a narrative voice not easily categorized into the traditional genres of literature. The narrative perspective is always oscillating and instable, wavering at times between tightly focused introspective characters, and seemingly mundane objects otherwise buried in the background, the result of which is often unsettling and humorous. The introduction to the collection examines the author's influences concerning this vacillating perspective, as well as it critically analyzes the ways other writers have influenced his mode of developing characters, employment of dialog, and interpretation and conveyance of what he refers to as the gray truth. The collection ranges in its depictions of truth - beginning with more traditionally pure fiction in "The Butcher Shop" to the largely autobiographical "Fred and Adam."
    • Light in August: Platonic Parody and Paradox

      Guilfoyle, Richard E.; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      This thesis examines William Faulkner' s aesthetic rendering of Plato's ideas in The Republic within Light in August. It asks, given Faulkner's persistent rejection of ideas and ideologies, where and why are they in the novel? It is suggested that the text is imbued with a Greek and Hellenic aura consistently invoking Platonic Absolute Idealism. Faulkner ' s insistence upon the future relevance of his works is used to challenge conventional interpretation as merely repressive patriarchal, religious, and racial codes of the tum of the century American South. The argument proposes another view that accommodates a future ideological matrix of Faulkner' s sought after audience, "The Jones of 4057." Faulkner' s invocation of The Republic and Plato's seminal allegory of the Cave offer more than a formula and deductive theory of Light in August, and suggests a conceptual unity under which divergent plurisignation of other systems of thought might be timelessly subsumed. The argument is advanced that Light in August does not use Plato ' s allegory and epistemological theory to depict victimizing oppressive ideological forces , but rather oppressive ideological forces are the inevitable end of absolute idealism found in Platonism. Faulkner does not reverently use Platonism in Light in August; instead, he doggedly uses Light in August to indict Platonism. There is a specific symbol matrix shared between Plato's Cave and Light in August that is identified, explicated, and proposes Light in August as an anti-Platonic text. The novel's irreverent and ubiquitous infusion of Platonic symbol and theory suggests a unity in its persistent rejection of Absolute Idealism. Bakhtinian hybridization within Light in August is explored revealing a Faulknerian non-authoritarian and Platonic authoritarian heteroglossia which character, plot, and structure are in service. A critical examination of the novel' s symbols argues how the abstract language of the Truth can never quite b e truth; it must be inextricably bound to the visceral language of the everyday. The thesis contends that Faulkner is a strange sort of modernist. invoking something of the ideal, God, virtue, and eternity by wrestling it away from the stranglehold of abstract systems of isolated Idealism. Faulkner's Light in August is not modernism as usual in its eliciting a sense of vital continuum and vital abstraction that includes ideals.