• Deaf Theatre: Audience Appeal

      Linza, Pamela R.; The College at Brockport (1999-01-01)
      A majority of Deaf Americans agree that viewing a typical theatrical performance is a formidable task. In the second half of this century, attitudinal changes made by Americans have resulted in new and increased opportunities for their Deaf counterparts to participate in American theatre. American theatregoers who are Deaf can choose plays in general theatre as well as those in Deaf theatre. However, they experience problems in appreciating plays in Deaf theatre. More specifically, audience appeal is the main problem. Audience appeal ·refers to a concept in which major aspects of performances are designed to engage the thoughts and reactions of a group of spectators. Its definition is slightly expanded for playgoers who are Deaf; the aspects of performances are generally designed so that they play on human visual capacities. Essential characteristics of audience appeal for Deaf audiences consist of adding sign language principles and conventions from Deaf culture. Scholarly research in the recent years has shown that the Deaf audience members have preferences as to how they enjoy a theatrical experience. Some experts argue that the visual aspect of the performance is the most important consideration, while others contend that choice of language and culture contributes most significantly to appeal for Deaf audiences. Some argue that accessibility, not audience appeal, is the main problem. This may be misleading. Accessibility can simply refer to the way of getting in the theatre and provision of services. But it does not optimize Deaf audiences' theatrical experiences. In the light of textual, historical, and cultural research, the problem of audience appeal for Deaf people is investigated. To address the persistent problem of audience appeal, some experts recommend careful attention to cross-cultural issues. Other experts endorse innovative strategies that meet the needs of both Deaf and hearing audiences. Some contend that the above proposals will not help resolve the problem. They claim that development of productions unique to Deaf people is the only feasible solution. However, according to other experts, this solution is impractical in terms of costs and attendance. This thesis informs that audience appeal for the Deaf in theatre is problematic, evaluates the existing strategies that have been implemented, and offers a set of suggestions for an improved Deaf theatre for its audiences. This thesis includes information and recommendations for playwrights, directors, casts, audiences, and critics who are advocates of audience appeal for theatregoers who are Deaf.
    • Dictators, Fry Cooks, Film Students, Basketball Players, and Gang Bangers: How Shakespeare Looks on Film in the Late Twentieth Century and Beyond

      Bielinski, Charles R.; The College at Brockport (2007-04-11)
      Within the genre of the alternative Shakespearean universe, there exist two sub-genres. The two sub-genres are the Shakespeare language, contemporary era film and the contemporary language, contemporary era. Though films in these genres have existed since the dawn of filmmaking, they recently been marketed to more mainstream audiences. This thesis incorporates five ofthe more recent examples of these particular genres of Shakespearean film: William Shakespeare's Romeo + Juliet, Hamlet, Richard III, 0, and Scotland, Pa. Each film is a unique take on the original Shakespearean work that it represents. The filmmakers include many of their own original ideas along with a re-imagining of the ideas taken directly from Shakespeare. In many cases the filmmakers have decided to tailor events and character motivations to fit the film that they have chosen to create. The choices, and their degree of success, must be analyzed in order to provide a complete analysis of the films. Many scholars and critics have viewed these films harshly upon their release and·again when subjected to critical study. This is not entirely fair, as the films cannot be judged based on their faithfulness to the original work alone. The audience has changed since the time in which Shakespeare lived and, as a result, some of the stories need to be changed as well.
    • Downwinders and Edge/Bound poems

      Doran, Brenna; The College at Brockport (2008-04-28)
      I am attempting several different things in this collection of poems. First, for some of the poems, I have used photos as visual prompts. These poems employ emphasis; using poetry to comment on photographs I took with my Motorola Razor cell phone to capture sights of Kodak Park. Additionally, I have included "edge/bound" poems, which refers to a poetic form I invented in August 2006. The form of these poems is dictated by a strict constraint: the last letter of the first word, and each subsequent word, must be the same as the first letter of the next word. The collection of poems explores the idea of the downwinder, a word often used to describe an individual affected by radioactive or nuclear fallout. However, I have extended the definition to include other types of environmental hazards and have considered, in the poems, how downwinders often deal with issues of class. In creating a body of poetry, I have also had to consider my own bodily boundaries; living in a little room with low ceilings, being home-bound at night with a child as a single mother. In order to deal with such physical constraints, I have had to "move" through poetry. The poetry becomes a form of disclosure: it works within the constraints with which the body is faced and explodes restraint, even as the body is restrained.
    • “Either I’m Nobody, or I’m a Nation”: Anand, Rushdie, Adiga and the National Quest for Independence

      Billotti, Michael; The College at Brockport (2011-12-19)
      Mulk Raj Anand’s Untouchable (1935), Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children (1981), and Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger (2008) are each framed within national terms. Each novelist portrays the nation within narrative, using allegorical devices. Anand, writing during the buildup to Indian independence, Rushdie, reacting to the aftermath of a suspension of democracy in the country, and Adiga, in the economically divisive modern state, each create imagined landscapes that compete with the dominating force of the nation. These novels, from distinct periods in India’s history, each demonstrate an awareness of and a desire to engage with the problem of nation. Each author grapples with the nation’s impact on the individual through the employment of national allegory. This thesis will address how each character is placed outside the experience of his nation because of the terms by which the nation is defined. As a result, each character is unable to live in the way that he desires and creates a new world in his narrative. This narrative world rivals the nation, allowing each character a measure of freedom and agency that has been otherwise denied.
    • Emily Dickinson: The Concept of Catharsis

      Wolfley, Jennifer; The College at Brockport (1995-01-01)
      Emily Dickinson remains recognized as one of greatest poets of the American literature canon. The majority of her work, while often considered dark and abstract, was unread by anyone else in her lifetime. Why then would she choose to create such a large volume of troubled writing in secret? This thesis project explores this question using a psychological lens, and examines the work for any possible therapeutic effects it may have had on Dickinson. The project further suggests that Dickinson suffered from clinical depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and extreme personality disorders. (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) II is used throughout to support these claims.) This thesis explores four common themes found within Dickinson’s poetry including death, child imagery, powerlessness, and anger. These themes are related to events in the poet’s life that may have sparked such feelings. Several poems are given as examples for each theme, and through a close reading, are thoroughly analyzed to gain a clearer insight into any possible intention. The project concludes that Dickinson wrote as a form of therapy in an attempt to heal emotionally as well as maintain her sanity.
    • Enacting Freedom: How Abraham Lincoln and Ralph Waldo Emerson completed the American Revolution

      Stimson, Ryan K.; The College at Brockport (2011-05-26)
      Slavery thrust America into a moral and legal dilemma. The Constitution and Declaration of Independence offered contradicting readings with regards to natural law and actual law. Slavery became representative of the gulf of interpretation between these two documents. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Lysander Spooner were moral refomers that attacked slavery by supporting the message of equality found within the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Dew and Rufus Choate were proslavery theorists who regularly used history as a means to legitimize slavery. William Henry Seward called for the support of a "Higher Law" than the Constitution that owes more to the verbiage within the Declaration of Independence than anything else. Daniel Webster offered a compromise over morality in an effort to stop the impending civil war, believing more in a whole union, though fractured and divisive, rather than an actual secession. Abraham Lincoln represents a conflicted politician who idolized the founding fathers and their political and moral ambition, yet felt obligated to uphold the law of the land. These figures and their respective beliefs came to a head in the period between 1830-1860. Though the war was inevitable, what was not clear was how to address the slavery issue. The tension between the Constitution and Declaration of Independence sparked a furious debate over slavery, morality, law, and America itself. Lincoln recognized this and, with the assistance of reformers Emerson and Spooner, and senator Seward, understood he had to fuse the moral sentiment in the Declaration of Independence with the lawful enforcement of the Constitution, thus making morality law.
    • Exploring Utopia: The Utopias of Blithedale Romance and Feed

      Palmeroni, Dominic M.; The College at Brockport (2011-01-20)
      Since the earliest recorded settlements, there has been the desire to build a functioning world where everyone is happy and there is eternal peace and harmony. By the nineteenth century, many people had tried to create the perfect society and all failed in their attempts. As with many modes of life utopia and its' darker sibling dystopia were woven into the fabric of literature. Here the duality could thrive with examples of successful utopias but at the same time there are stories that about utopias that fail, one being The Blithedale Romance written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The latter becomes a focal point of the paper in its view of utopia and the inability for one to exist, either because of the people who construct it, or perhaps even the idea itself. The failure of the fictitious Blithedale and its real-world counterparts lead into a possible future given life by M.T. Anderson in his futuristic dystopia of Feed. Feed describes a world where people are physically connected to the internet through an implanted computer. Even though the people living in this world see it as a perfect utopia, the elements of dystopia are only thinly veiled. The conclusion comes to this in regards to utopia and its viability, the fact that all utopian experiments have failed cannot be solely blamed on the idea of utopia. The reason for of the failures are the people themselves. The failure of utopia is that the people who live in the ''utopia" are not first utopians themselves, rather they expect the constructed utopian space to make them utopians afterwards. In this way The Blithedale Romance and Feed work in concert to show the faulty logic in how utopia has been viewed in the past and to give hope for the resurrection of the belief that utopia can exist.
    • Fairy Tales And The Heroic Cycle In The Modern World: Modern Authors Empowering The Female Heroine

      Lamberton, Susan E.; The College at Brockport (2009-12-14)
      Modern retellings of fairy tales, and new stories in the heroic tradition, serve a dual purpose in late twentieth century and twenty-first century American culture: they entertain readers with fantastic tales of heroic feats and mystical occurrences, and they promote cultural or political messages, such as gender coding, to an audience in an attractive and compelling way. These retellings highlight and comment upon social, political, gender and other issues in modern culture. Francesca Lia Block and Anne Sexton both have retold fairy tales in new forms and settings to question the roles of women in modern society. In its updated version, Block's Cinderella story offers women the option to repair the relationships with their sisters, valuing familial love alongside the security and love the prince offers. These authors are challenging the accepted gendered norms of behavior and asking readers to consider their own positions within the gender hierarchy in place within society. An example of this is J .K. Row ling, who puts a new spin on Joseph Campbell's heroic cycle in her Harry Potter series of books. Rowling is revising this familiar pattern by moving to a more corporate model of heroism focusing on a team rather than a single hero narrative. The team is of mixed-gender, where the combination of stereotypically male and female traits is what makes the team effective. Row ling highlights previously undervalued traits typically coded as feminine by showing the strengths of the female characters in her novels as different from the strengths of the males, but equal. The coming of age of the three main characters Harry, Ron, and Hermione becomes a main theme in the novels.
    • Field Research: Poems

      O'Brien, Thomas; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      This thesis project discusses creative writing in poetry. The opening essay, through close readings of several poets, examines the idea of modernist conventions in poetry and the art as a “translation” of life. The discussion includes: T. S. Eliot with regard to the accessibility of poetry, William Stafford’s use of language, Sylvia Plath’s imagery, and Billy Collins authentic speaker or narrator. The remainder of the project is original poetry that covers diverse themes from nature to love and longing, from family to observational insight on the world.
    • Fisticuffs

      Burns, Don; The College at Brockport (2002-04-22)
      This thesis project examines the essay in both fiction and non-fiction. The introductory chapter considers the literary structure as a vehicle to reveal actual events, creating a dialogue, a trust between the essayist and the reader. The nonfiction essayist, then, is charged to write about the actual events not those that have been invented even as the fictional essayist is released to conjure and create a new world, an imagined space. Both fiction and nonfiction writers use dialogue and action to describe characters and events. The nonfiction writer must search for the tone that was present at the time of the actual event while the fiction writer has the ability to create the words and shape the mood. The remaining chapters are original essays, both fiction and nonfiction, that are centered on the theme of conflict and the juxtaposition of the physical and spiritual encountered within.
    • Found & Otherwise

      Wiggins, Thomas J.; The College at Brockport (2014-05-06)
      The fifteen poems in the first section of this collection are found poems inspired by various visual media, paintings, and sculptures. They were created from paint color names taken from swatch cards that were matched against each piece of inspiration. These poems are almost purely descriptive and in many instances the words within the poem give no hint as to their found source or the visual media, painting, or sculpture that inspired it. The critical introduction details the author's methodology for the construction of these found poems. It compares the author's understanding of the definition of Found Poetry against the established definition of the term presented in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. The introduction also examines the lyrical nature of the paint swatch poetry and its lack of narrative. The poems range from a single stanza to two pages in length. Sections two and three respectively include a short work of prose and three additional poems that are more traditional in their presentation.
    • From Mufflers to the Mu?tter: Essays on Everyday Spectacle

      Smith, Pauline S.; The College at Brockport (2012-01-25)
      This collection of essays interweaves the author's personal experience and family history to explore the spectacle of poverty, classism and difference. In "Mufflering," the processing of scrap metals for money becomes a lens for examining the relationship between the narrator, her stepfather and the "lower class" labors that bind them together and keep them separated. "Grandpa's Porch" analyzes the concurrent feelings of alienation and familial bond that the narrator feels with her grandfather. "Beauty Queen Killer" studies the spectacle of intense feeling and unhealthy obsession that develops when the narrator, relegated to the lower classes of her middle school social hierarchy, attempts to locate a serial killer that briefly passes through her hometown. The spectacle of physical difference and the socioeconomic implications of freakery as observed in the medical "oddities" preserved in a medical museum are the themes of the fourth essay in this collection. This essay, "Mutter," catalogues the exhibits at this museum in detail and explores the implications for the narrator of her fascination with these spectacle-based displays of difference. The final essay, "Everything to Fear'' focuses on the narrator's observations regarding her sister's food phobias.
    • “Gaps” in Intelligence Communications

      McGuire, Donald V.; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      Information is particularly crucial within the military, where the results of miscommunication can be devastating. This master thesis explores the flow of information within the United States Air Force. The author is an intelligence operations officer and he relates his experiences, detailing many of the difficulties that exist in relaying information, and how these difficulties are dealt with. Difficulties explored within this thesis include the heavy use of acronyms and jargon within the military that can be confusing, especially to new recruits and people with no prior military training, as well as working with different commanders, or detailing information outside of the author’s own area of expertise. As a result, preparation for a briefing is widely dependent upon the composition of the audience. The thesis includes four sample modules to illustrate the differences between a situation briefing before and after revisions are made to make accommodations according to the target audience.
    • Gaze Types in D. H. Lawrence's The Rainbow and Women in Love

      Yarington, Earl F.; The College at Brockport (2000-05-01)
      This thesis project, centered on D. H. Lawrence’s The Rainbow and Women in Love, examines how the major characters in these narratives represent the “gaze” among themselves, and how Lawrence influences the reader's sight by his construction of the “narrative gaze.” The concept of the “narrative gaze” is defined and discussed and the project examines the idea of the “gaze,” as a trigger for sexuality, which plays a major role among Lawrence's characters because it can either hinder or assist in each character's and reader's stability as a spiritual and physical being. It further argues that, in order for the reader to understand how characters “gaze” upon one another, they must be assisted by the narrator in obtaining a visual picture of the characters and their actions.
    • Gender Power and Social Class: The Role of Women in James Fenimore Cooper's The Pathfinder, Homeward Bound, Home as Found, and The Ways of the Hour

      Zeitvogel, Chuck; The College at Brockport (2004-11-22)
      This thesis deals with the role Cooper's female characters play in his novels of manners and social class. Though Cooper is best known for his Leatherstocking Tales and other novels of romantic adventure, he was also a critic of American society. Through his novels Cooper clearly illustrated what he believed were the proper gender roles for men and women. He also used his novels to show his frustration about changes in societal order. His writing was his way of coping with America's shift of power from the landed genteel class to the urban factory owner class. This thesis incorporates four of Cooper's lesser studied novels: The Pathfinder. Homeward Bound, Home as Found, and The Ways of the Hours. In each of these novels Cooper uses gender roles and social class to express his views of the ideal American society. The gender roles Cooper establishes are clear. Female characters are only allowed to wield power in small, enclosed spaces, or in life or death situations. Occasionally Cooper may grant female characters more power, but only if they are away from society, in the wilderness for example, or when there is no chance of them usurping power from men. Male characters, on the other hand, control all social spaces and political power. Although many scholars either attack Cooper's novels of social criticism, calling them the rants of a bitter man, or ignore them altogether, this is a gross injustice. Cooper was not a bitter man. He was a man living through a time of social change. Unfortunately he was not ready or able to cope with those changes. His novels are his attempt to cope with social change as best he could.
    • Greed and Disposability in The Octopus and The Pit

      Sisson, Richard P.; The College at Brockport (2008-05-17)
      This thesis deals with greed and the disposability of the individual in Frank Norris's literary portrayal of capitalism in The Octopus and The Pit. Even though McTeague is Norris's most notable naturalistic work, the first two volumes of his intended wheat trilogy are also significant contributions to American naturalism because of Norris's portrayal of the omnipotence of capitalism on the individual. This thesis focuses on The Octopus and The Pit. In both novels, Norris portrays capitalism as a powerful force on the individual. He shows that capitalism draws out and nourishes people's greed. He also shows that people are expendable under capitalism because there is an endless supply of human replacements.
    • Hawthorne's 1850's Romances: Political and Personal Apologia and Accommodation

      Carbone, Vicki; The College at Brockport (2008-12-05)
      Nathaniel Hawthorne was one in a long line of American scholars, politicians, statesmen, and writers who created a national mythos. By creating, or recreating, a national past wherein every American would share, at least in myth, a common New England beginning, it was hoped that Americans would share a common view of America as the city set on a hill which the Puritans believed they had established. This was to accomplish many objectives: glorify America's Puritan beginnings, make heroic the Puritan forefathers, and remind every American of the brotherhood of all Americans. In addition to this, Hawthorne undertook to examine and explain American history, and to work through a very complicated national and personal accommodation. On a national level, Hawthorne needed to show his readers the Puritan character as both the manly hero who served as a noble warrior for liberty and as a harsh bigot who persecuted those with whom he disagreed. In doing so, he was able to aid in the creation of the national mythos while providing his contemporaries with the idea that they were yet more noble than their Puritan forebearers. Additionally, Hawthorne sought a personal accommodation. The Puritans whom he calls his forebearers were not mythic ones; they were his ancestors. He was both repelled by and attracted to Puritanism and felt that he had inherited from his ancestors "strong traits of their nature" (Hawthorne "The Custom House" 13). As a result, he sought to come to terms with these ancestors by exploring not only the history of the Puritans themselves, but also the succeeding two hundred years, to examine how the Puritan attitudes and ideals emerged in consecutive ages.
    • How to Threaten His Hegemony: The Nameless Women of John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men and Meridel Le Sueur' s The Girl

      Geary, Celine; The College at Brockport (2012-06-20)
      Curley's wife in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men and the girl in Meridel LeSueur's The Girl remain nameless throughout their stories, a problem here considered indicative of behavior against societal expectation and thus oppositional to the 1930s capitalist hegemony. The characters' alternative approaches to the conventionally public aspect that is work and the conventionally private facet that is sexuality are considered, two subjects that are customarily noted as important to these authors as integral to both identity and to the formation of community. The comparison shows that a more personal and private valuation of work and a more public appreciation of sexuality best challenges and attests as arbitrary the adverse conditions.
    • Hunger

      McSpadden, Lore (2015-04-01)
      All of the poems in this collection are ones written during the author’s time as a graduate student at Brockport. The thesis itself is comprised of three sections- "Shadow Stories," "Sex and Other Destructions," and "Back Roads" --each of which is located in between single poems that serve as transitional pieces from one section to the other. The first section is a collection of poems that are intentionally disorienting and often dark; these poems also, more often than not, rely more on sound and images to experience relating to human sexuality that transcends that with which many people are familiar. A subject of discussion that has frequently come up in these conversations is the challenge of conceiving of oneself as a sexual being in a way that is unflinchingly authentic, despite and because of one's experiences outside of the norm. These poems attempt to give a voice to this challenge, while neither simplifying the complexity of this process nor pretending to speak for all people who go through it. The "I" and "she" that appear in these poems encompass a broad-but by no means all-inclusive-spectrum of women who have, in a variety of ways, experienced prolonged exposure to the overlap between sex and pain. The opening poem within the second section, "Locked and Listening," contains many of the elements that were present in the first section of the collection: I wrote this with a strong emphasis on sound and image, and readers will need to rely upon their intuition to develop any concrete relationship to and interpretation of these images. As the section continues, however, the poems become increasingly more concrete, bordering on a narrative-like quality that aims to make the tension between sex and destruction-and between connection and separation-more accessible to readers. The third and final section is in many ways the most intimate. Although it does contain poems that explore subjects such as addiction, loss, and murder, it does so in a way that exhibits greater tenderness than most of the poems in the previous two sections. There is a collection of character sketches offered in poems such as "Tension," "Subtle Shift," and "Johnny Gone South"; a collection of poems that explore themes of drugs and addiction such as "Cracked," "Twelve Lies: Reader Response," "Enchanted Hills, Indiana: August 25, 2014," and (once again) "Johnny Gone South"; and many others that simply explore moments and experiences of tenderness in the midst of life's struggles. The cumulative result is a collection of poems that carries readers from an origin of disorientation, fear, and confusion; through a period of depravity, pain, and perversion; before finally landing at a place of radical acceptance of things as they are-in other words, a quality of peace that is devoid of denial. I am-and therefore my poems are- completely uninterested in blind optimism, serenity that lacks depth, or cheeriness that avoids at all costs the discomfort caused by looking into shadows: what fascinates me is the quality of equanimity that has borne witness to cruelty without losing the ability for compassion. I am interested in the gifts that suffering brings us: the beauty within violence, the resilience that grows from despair, the love that has survived unspeakable events.
    • Incarnations of Heaven: A Study of Fantastic Imagination and the Complications Inherent to Identity Creation in the Works of William Blake

      Placilla, Corinne; The College at Brockport (2011-05-14)
      This thesis project discusses William Blake’s work and observes the destructive nature of capitalist ideologies through the fantastic and its connection to divine imagination. In the opening section, various aspects of Blake's poetry are explored through the lens of Emancipative Fantastic theory, giving attention to how Marxist theory and fantasy come together in order to demonstrate Blake' s need for the imaginative eye when viewing the world. Through the theories of Marx and Althusser, Althusser's reading and definition of Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses specifically, this project employs the two principles of Marx and Althusser in conjunction with Rosemary Jackson's definition of the fantastic mode, to study Blake's work more fully. Aspects of individual identity formation, immortality, and alienation are discussed in the second section. In the concluding section, the project discusses the idea that Blake’s work hints at the loss of imagination as an indication and prelude to the apocalypse.