• A Fool's Journey: Poetry Through the Art of the Tarot

      Howell, Rachel; The College at Brockport (1/21/2010)
      As a medium, poetry often delves into the unknown, into the subconscious levels of our private and public selves. It is in that spirit it is almost identical to the art of the Tarot. Tarot has been used to represent the unknown, the foreseeable future, or, conversely, elements within the reader or client (if the cards are used in a divinatory purpose) of which they may or may not be aware. The purpose of this poetry collection was to delve into that unknown within myself, to use the art and lessons of the Tarot to create a collection that was kinematic . . . constantly moving in different directions without a particular reason. That is the essence of the Tarot, and the journey of life that the Tarot reflects; there is no set pattern to life, it is constantly changing. The turning points for the Fool within his journey through life are representative of the journeys we all must make, the shuffling of the cards, representative of the randomness of the world and the journey we take. It is with this random, uninhibited mindset that this collection is presented.
    • A Study of Three Related Versions of the Medieval Exemplum "The Incestuous Daughter"

      Goldthrite, Sarah L.; The College at Brockport (11/29/2010)
      Widely overlooked since the late 19th century, three versions of the medieval religious exemplum "The Incestuous Daughter" offer a glimpse into medieval England' s ideas about sexuality and religion. The evaluation of the variation in language among the three versions, as well as a comparison of the usage of now extinct word forms found in each manuscript, point to a late 15th to early 16th century origin. A study of the content of the texts, the physical movement of the texts, and the relationship of these elements to the religious teachings and political disturbances of the time in which the manuscripts were copied reveal a tendency of different society figures to use these types of texts for various agendas and interests. Guided by the teachings and influence of St. Augustine of Hippo, religious figures used texts like "The Incestuous Daughter" to influence moral values. The tale addresses the specific concern of sexuality and reproduction, an area in which medieval English people relied heavily on the ideas of St. Augustine for guidance. There is some evidence that this exemplum was used specifically for a Holy Week program. Political instability contributed significantly to the distribution of the tale: as the House of Tudor took control, the monasteries and schools where the exempla were written, used, stored, or all three were shut down or reorganized, and the property of the monasteries landed in the hands of private owners. Finally, a comparison of the introductions and conclusions of the Rawlinson and Cambridge versions shows a slight variation in theme from one text to another, the importance of penance versus the grace of god, and makes obvious the style in which the missing Ashmole lines were most likely written.
    • According to Luke: Redefining Authorial Intent in Literary Theory

      Wilkins, Scott R.; The College at Brockport (5/1/2005)
      This project defines intentionality more comprehensively than the traditional understanding by including the unconscious and unintended social elements of a text. To that end, I discuss relevant aspects of Cultural Studies including ideology; microculture, and macro-culture while exploring how these elements relate to literature. Through examining of the Gospel of Luke, I demonstrate that intention is not coextensive with meaning. When Luke, or any author, makes a statement, his secondary or latent presuppositions should be almost as important as his primary intent in determining ultimate meaning. I show that culture and authorship are intimately linked and that a proper reading is one that accounts for unintended elements of meaning. This project’s primary aim is not an examination of Luke, per se, but is rather the examination of the language, ideology, and social factors as they work in and through an author. As a result of his unique cultural position, Luke offers an excellent text to consider. My aim is not to elevate the theory at the expense of textual analysis but, rather, to develop a fuller understanding of the literary doxastic practice and thereby come to a fuller understanding of authorship itself. Through all of this, I unabashedly promote our interdisciplinary approach as the superlative theory.
    • Addressing the Reader in Charlotte Bronte's Novels: Jane Eyre, Vilette, and The Professor

      Monin, Christan M.; The College at Brockport (5/15/2010)
      Charlotte Bronte' s use of direct address in three of her novels, Jane Eyre, Villette, and The Professor is fundamental for each character' s growth in his or her respective novel. Addressing and communicating with the reader is the characters' only means for gaining an understanding and caring person in a life where they are social outcasts. Jane Eyre, Lucy Snowe, and William Crimsworth tackle vastly different struggles throughout their young lives: Jane longs for an empathetic listener, Lucy is wrought with jealousy and obsession, and William is privileged and arrogant. While each character deals with different struggles, they each have one commonality: solitude which results in perpetual loneliness. The sole outlet in a life of seclusion for the characters is to address their reader. Jane, Lucy, and W illiam construct their reader in a way that ideally benefits them they address their reader in the way that they would like to be addressed, or how they perceive others (the reader included) think of them. Jane longs for compassion and therefore addresses her reader as gentle. Because Lucy is oftentimes criticized by those around her, she addresses her reader in the same way: showing great anxieties about the way she perceives herself. While William has more advantages because he is male, he is still patronized by his family and others, a trait that William, perhaps inadvertently, bestows upon his reader. Regardless of the ways in which each character addresses his or her reader the end result is the same: Jane, Lucy, and William are validated by their understanding and compassionate reader.
    • Aged Whine: Grousing From My Side of the Hill

      DuPre, Carol; The College at Brockport (5/15/2010)
      This thesis project is a work in self-analysis, both as writer and woman. The introduction discusses the analogy of walking as a process to the scholarly work of understanding creative writing. The concept of “ars poetica” is referenced as the author highlights learning and practicing writer restraint as well as trust in the reader. The concluding section of the project encompasses a collection of original, creative, short form prose that explores divorce, death, coming of age-menopause, and old age.
    • An Analysis of Three College Writing Centers

      Parker-Hancock, Mary Anne; The College at Brockport (1/1/2001)
      The purpose of this thesis is to assist writing center administrators in managing the central issues present in many collegiate facilities through an in-depth study of three contrasting Rochester area schools, in order to design and execute a successful plan for a writing center on their campus. The intention is to provide the administrator with three models of writing centers that might be found at institutions of similar size and scope as the ones presented here. Those represented as part of the study include: a medium sized, four year, comprehensive college that serves a population of around 5,600 students; a major research-focused university of 7,400 students, which not only serves undergraduate and graduate students attending the university, but also a medical school, music school, and graduate level business school; and a two-year, liberal arts and technical community college of approximately 14,000 students, which serves a diverse population with particular attendees from an urban center. The project offers a brief history of post-secondary writing centers, their diverse goals and the student/faculty populations they serve. Data was gathered through on-site observation, and staff consultation and interview. Separate chapters are devoted to each institution with a final chapter for considerations and recommendations. In addition to the material presented in the body of this work, appendices provide a comprehensive chart comparing various aspects of the three centers studied.
    • An Evolution of Evil: the Cycle of the Vampire

      Wenskus, Edward R.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1994)
      The vampire story has been around for ages, and still remains as popular today as ever. As times change, so do the vampire stories. In this master thesis, the author gives a timeline of the vampire story and how it reflects the culture of the time it was written in, showing how the vampire moves in a cyclic nature from protagonist to antagonist and back again. The author starts with Lord Byron’s Augustus Darvell, a charismatic, yet sympathetic character who suffers from his vampirism. While Darvell commits murder, he holds a lot of self-hate and despair. By the 1840’s the vampire transformed into a true monster, preying on young women, and being totally remorseless. This vampire is often described with animalistic attributes, and is a thing of evil, undeserving of sympathy. In the 1870’s this type of vampire often took the form of a woman, more subtle and clever than her male counterparts but no less evil. Bram Stoker’s Dracula altered vampire fiction for decades to come. Dracula was a thing of pure evil, much like his predecessors, however he is stripped away of all humanity becoming not just a monster, but a demon in flesh. It wouldn’t be until the 1930’s pulp magazines before the vampire would have another major change. At this time, H.P. Lovecraft wrote about cosmic horror, replacing the supernatural with the scientifically unknown. Lovecraft’s vampire was immune to holy symbols, and wasn’t an undead but rather an unknown ancient entity living in the earth. It would be destroyed by technology rather than religion or magic. This is where the cycle begins to repeats itself. According to the author, contemporary vampires now look more like Byron’s. They have a sympathetic look and are the protagonists just as often as they are the antagonists.
    • An Examination of Evil in C.S. Lewis’s The Narnia Chronicles and Space Trilogy, and in Tolkien’s The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings

      Wilkins, Chistopher J.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1994)
      Two of the most influential writers of contemporary fantasy are C.S Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. The two men had much in common and were close friends with one another. In this master thesis, the author compares the face of evil within works of these two prolific writers. C.S. Lewis opposed amoral relativism, and in his novels illustrated how it could lead one to evil. Lewis also illustrated the potential of evil through scientism without a moral compass to guide you. Characters decapitate others and preserve the heads for scientific research. Tolkien similarly wrote on the dangers of science as a force of evil. Diabolic machinery destroys the once peaceful natural world leaving behind rubble and ruined forest. Tolkien also wrote on the evil caused by ethnocentrism and xenophobia. The thesis concludes by illustrating techniques both authors would use to describe the evil within characters by their appearances and actions. The evil characters are lustful and patiently scheming. The difference between the two, concludes the author, is that C.S. Lewis’s protagonists have small victories before the final showdown as a sign of hope, while Tolkien has his evil appear as an unstoppable force until the very end.
    • An Exploration of Alternate Realities: Women's Contemporary Speculative Fiction

      Zanghi, Deborah L.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1997)
      Speculative fiction was one of the last genres of fiction to receive a strong female presence. Until very recently, women authors had a select few genres available to them including romance, mystery, and children’s fiction. This is surprising when we consider that one of the earliest and important works of speculative fiction is Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. One appeal early speculative fiction had on female readers and writers was its element of escapism. Women have often taken a submissive role, behind men. The escapism offered in speculative fiction showed what could be, if things were different, often to the betterment of women. The works of three authors including Octavia Butler, Marion Zimmer Bradley, and Anne Rice are used. The thesis provides a thorough analysis of trilogies written by all three authors. It is argued that these writers use speculative fiction as a window into worlds of alternative roles of power and independence to women whom are denied these roles. These three authors examine changes in social structure based on race, gender, sexual preference, and androgyny.
    • “Anaconda Love” in the Novels of Toni Morrison

      Hogle, Heidi D.; The College at Brockport (6/1/2000)
      This master thesis is an exploration of a common theme within Toni Morrison’s novels: a form of love that is so intense it becomes harmful. This harmful form of love is referred to as “anaconda love”. The anaconda attempts to capture, control, constrict and ultimately consume the recipient of its love. This theme is explored within three novels including Song of Solomon, Beloved, and The Bluest Eye. In Song of Solomon the theme of anaconda love is shown through parental overbearingness, and how this can result in raising children who will develop similar feelings towards those that they love. In Beloved the theme is explored through a mutual constriction between a mother and the ghost of her daughter. Both women attempt to gain absolute control over the other out of bizarre feelings of love, need, and repentance. The Bluest Eye has two different kind of anacondas: one born out of hate, and out of hope. The father in this story has turned all of his love into hate. He has grown to distrust and despise love. He finds a satisfaction in the pain he causes. The story also features a girl’s fascination with blue eyes. She becomes obsessed with blue eyes, and wants to have them herself, and so becomes the victim of her own anaconda love.
    • Any Bodies' Protest Novel: Challenging the Politics of Canon Formation in the works of Nella Larsen, Zora Neale Hurston, and James Baldwin

      Casciano, Anthony M.; The College at Brockport (12/14/2012)
      James Baldwin, Nella Larsen, and Zora Neale Hurston are three authors who are very often read alongside one another in classrooms, book groups, and history. This grouping is often based on a system of seemingly arbitrary but identity-based categorical structures . Facets of the author' s assigned social categories (African imerican, woman, queer) are read within a greater historical context to create stability, meaning, continuity, and mass-identification where it may or may not actually exist. However, a thorough examination of the aesthetic commonalities and connections between each of these authors ' most wel l known works reveal s not an engagement with the women ' s and civil rights ' movements or a self-aware "Harlem Renaissance." No, the aesthetic techniques employed by all three authors fashion disparate yet searing critiques of the multitude of social, cultural, and economic forces driving the interpretations (past, present, and f'uture) of their work. More than being male or female, black or white, gay or straight, rich or poor, these three authors seek to dismantle the boundaries of these seemingly well-established social categories. In compromising these boundaries, inclusion becomes based on one ' s own choice to identify instead of being identified through a process of reductive multiculturalism. Furthermore, because these critiques manifest themselves in stylistic choices instead of relying on standard tropes of social protest, future generations of radicals, artists, and those in between, have the ability to use similar techniques in their own works to further challenge notions of equality, diversity, and social movements as mechanisms for change.
    • Autobiography of Alfred Matthew Runion

      Runion, Eric N.; The College at Brockport (11/10/2003)
      The introduction of this thesis project discusses the autobiography as a genre that combines the writing conventions of both literature and history while not purely representing either. It examines the role and perspective of the narrator and writer as they compose and, to some extent, assume the role of re-arranger of personal details and historical timeline that presumes a theocratic view of the life presented in the autobiographical form. At the same time, a public, simultaneous history emerges as it is affected by the narrator’s lens. This revisionist aspect, caused by the autobiographic writing of unlettered individuals, is examined as it has ability to alter perceived understanding of historical events. Manuscript and writing drafts are also explored in the discussion of autobiography and narrative composition. Writing conventions are examined as strengths or weaknesses of the autobiography contained in the later section of the project. The remaining section of the project is the autobiography of Alfred M. Runion.
    • Autonomy, Education, Virtue

      Clarkin, Seamus (12/18/2018)
      The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT might imply we ought to facilitate their flourishing for their own sake, rather than for the sake of some measurement-based outcome. Rather than view autonomy supportive pedagogy as an instrumental means to an end, educators may benefit from considering autonomy supportive pedagogy as a form of pedagogical virtue which can be cultivated through practice.
    • Backwards Skate Only: a Collection of Short Fiction

      Lotze, Sarah M.; The College at Brockport (4/20/2006)
      I've heard, over and over, during both graduate and undergraduate degrees, Flannery Connor's proclamation, paraphrased differently each time, that if you lived a full childhood, you had enough material to write for the rest of your life. I admit I was, at first, skeptical. When I heard that statement, though, I was also inspired. Part of the beauty of being human is having language to put experience in words. From this, grows my interest and practice in autobiographical fiction. My thesis, titled "Backwards Skate Only," includes five short stories that take- at least in part-from my life. Writing this way allows me to take advantage of true emotion as it is felt, whether it be the witness I bore to one brief moment in a stranger's life, as in my story "Bamboo Kitchen," or a statement that a family member made which would alter my view of them, and life, forever, as happens in my story, "Where To." It is in this vein that I am most comfortable and free as a writer. While each one of these stories borrows from my life, they do vary in the means that they borrow. Sometimes I toy with characters I know, often it is the small-town setting I have lived in most of my life. Other times true life sneaks into my fiction in the most pivotal moments I have experience. What I have learned from this project is that writing autobiographical fiction helps to evoke emotion in my writing.
    • "Base Betrayers": The Priests of James Joyce's Dubliners

      Withey, Carl; The College at Brockport (1/1/1980)
      This paper examines the priests in James Joyce's Dubliners and dis cusses the ramifications of their presence or absence in the stories, and their importance to the book as a whole. The basic goal will be to demonstrate that in Dubliners Joyce portrayed the Irish Catholic priest as a simoniacal Judas who sold out his spirituality and betrayed the Irish people. In "'Two Gallants" Joyce has Lenehan call Corley a "base betrayer" because Corley prostitutes himself for money. Although Corley is not one of the priests in the book, he clearly is a conterpart to them in his actions. This is why I have chosen as the title to my thesis "Base Betrayers: The Priests of James Joyce's Dubliners. " The first section of the thesis consists of an introduction to the history of Dubliners, a summary of Joyce's religious background, an examination of the religious views Joyce held as a mature writer, and finally, a presentation of his attitude toward his fellow countrymen. The second section discusses in brief the major the.themes and methods of Dubliners, their relevance to the priests of the book, and then examines the appearances of those priests in the individual stories. The third section scrutinizes the clerics of Dubliners as a group, and attempts to come to some final conclusions about their presentation.
    • Begetting the Apple: Poems from Women of the Bible

      Crandall, Lindsay McCann; The College at Brockport (12/1/2006)
      This thesis project is twofold in nature, both analytical and creative. The introduction takes a penetrating look at the concept of confessional poetry, and as such, the effect that personal experience and feelings have on crafting poetry. The project defines this type of lyric poetry as the “revealing of personal and emotional experience within the space of language.” The concluding sections incorporate original poetry centered on the female characters of both the Old and New Testament. The use of first and third person voice, as well as the juxtaposition of biblical characters with contemporary feminists and issues, is employed as a tool in creating the original work.
    • Beneath the Body's Disguise: Poems

      Palermo, Stephen Andrew; The College at Brockport (1/7/2005)
      This thesis project discusses the nature of poetic craft as a dialogue between poet and audience, as poets assume the dual role of “witnesses and storytellers” (Palermo 2). The ideas of persona poems, spatial economy, and confessional poetry are all considered in the opening section which introduces the themes – death, physical violence, pornography, and hope. David Mura, Ai, and Adrienne Rich, among others, are poets credited with both inspiration and particular craft elements and styles of writing included in the project. The final sections of original poems are informed by not only the poet’s but other shared stories of the human experience – and what lies hidden beneath.
    • Bernard Malamud: Metamorphosis of an Author

      Abbotson, Susan S.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1984)
      Bernard Malamud’s work is the subject of this thesis project. Malamud, a major twentieth-century Jewish American author, was the recipient of several National Book Awards as well as a Pulitzer Prize for his novel, The Fixer. This study examines The Magic Barrel (1958) and Rembrandt's Hat (1973), two of his short story collections, and highlights the extreme ideological contrasts between them. It discusses the idea of Malamud’s short stories as “the breeding ground” for his perspectives on life and art. The discussion includes Malamud's views on the artist’s role and leads to a consideration of his sociological background. It posits the idea that Malamud’s world view experienced a reversal, a switch from optimism and idealism to hopeless pessimism. This change or metamorphosis, it is argued, was revealed within the author’s life and work and reflected the world in which he was writing.
    • Boiling the Ocean: A Novel

      Mihalyov, David J.; The College at Brockport (4/16/2003)
      Boiling the Ocean is a novel about obsessions, and how those obsessions drive people to act in ways that ultimately hurt them. The novel revolves around three main characters, one of whom is The Avenger, a pseudo super-hero who tries to right perceived wrongs. It is a story about the relationship between brothers and the woman they are both attracted to. Two of the characters work at a newspaper and the novel shows scenes of how a newsroom operates, from both an editorial and reporting view. Boiling the Ocean also touches on corporate greed and malfeasance, and how that negatively impacts employees.
    • Canadian Wild: Poems

      Ostafew, Glenn Stryker; The College at Brockport (10/5/2008)
      It has been my hope that this thesis would serve as a bridge between three things: my past wilderness experiences, my present explorations of great nature poets, and my future as a writer. I desired to write authentic wilderness poems that gave readers new experiences, yet I was afraid that they might not be broad enough in scope and have too much sentimentality to be effective. To find a path through this dilemma I looked to great nature poets, both American and Canadian, as I sought to see how they were such successful writers. In looking at their work I asked many questions. Where did they get their inspiration? Did they use experiences or did they just write creatively? How did they talk about their past effectively? Did "place" play a large role in what they wrote about? The act of writing poetry often feels like a solitary task, as if no one has ever written like you have before, but as I searched the lives of poets I found a companionship and association that was inspiring. Looking at Margaret Atwood, for instance, gave me courage to keep alive the memories of when I was a small child in British Columbia, for she herself wrote about her own childhood experiences. John Haines was another poet who contributed to my writing process. He was not someone who simply experienced nature in his childhood. He was a man who sought it out as an adult and excluded civilization from his life. The end result of my thesis was more than I hoped for. Just by learning from great writers I was able to write boldly about my past, and I found that intertwined in my memories were people that shared those experiences with me, and they too added to the depth of my poems I call "Canadian Wild."