• A Normative Plan for Administering an Audio-Visual Program in the Campus School of the State University of New York at Brockport

      Swartout, Sherwin G.; Herman F. Lybarger; Del Rosso, Joseph J.; The College at Brockport (1957-01-01)
      The ability to communicate clearly is essential for teachers to successfully teach students. Audio-visual (AV) materials and services can not only increase learning but also make it more permanent in the mind of the learner. The author seeks to examine Brockport’s Campus School to understand the school’s curriculum, objectives, teaching materials, and audio-visual equipment. Interviews and surveys of administrators, classroom teachers, and audio-visual coordinators were conducted and a catalog was made of the Audio-Visual Program’s organization and present equipment. The author explores the functions of the AV Program, the capabilities of the personnel, its budget, practices, and addresses a number of areas in need of improvement. Practical solutions are recommended with an emphasis on increasing knowledge of the AV department among the school’s teachers and increasing the department’s resources. A mixture of better planning and increased availability will allow AV materials to make a greater contribution to the students of Brockport.
    • A Statistical Analysis of Certain Data of Performance Achieved by Brockport State Teachers College Freshmen, 1949-57

      Smith, Sigmund A.; The College at Brockport (1958-02-01)
      This thesis project examines statistical data for incoming Brockport State Teachers College students from 1949-1957, including college entrance exam scores as well as other required testing. The researcher completed this project in an effort to organize and understand trends regarding incoming students and their academic performance during the first year of study. The study assists and advises admissions and curricula committees regarding the student population. It also examines the results of both the American Council on Education Psychological Examination and the Cooperative English Examination (Part 1, Reading Comprehension). The study group’s statistical information included any Brockport freshmen, 1949-1957, who possessed a high school average, ACE, SCAT, and other such college testing measurements. The project defines each measurement and includes an extensive appendices and table section to illustrate the study’s findings.
    • A Consideration of Problems Involved in Instituting a Foreign Language Program in an Elementary School System

      Mans, Joan; The College at Brockport (1958-04-10)
      The purpose of this paper is to consider some of the most common problems which arise in establishing and carrying through a language program in the elementary school, and to enumerate the solutions to them as found by the various language experts and school systems. The following questions are considered: At what age in a child’s development is it most desirable to begin foreign language instruction? Does the acquisition of a second language interfere with the child’s progress in English? How can a foreign language program get started in a system? Who should receive foreign language training? Which language should be offered? What should be the length and frequency of the foreign language teaching period in each grade? Who will teach the language? How can foreign language teaching at this level be financed? What kind of outside and enrichment resources are available to use with the program? These questions will be considered and various solutions and opinions will be given. This paper is not meant to be a recommendation for the adoption of the program nor for the rejection of it. It is merely a consideration of the problems which may arise.
    • Teacher Recruitment

      Collins, Carol M.; The College at Brockport (1958-04-15)
      This study investigates the historical and contemporary factors contributing to a teacher shortage. The researcher surveyed 150 administrators from city, village, and supervisory district schools in New York State. Despite many inconsistent/incomplete responses, the researcher was able to determine that high teacher turnover was related, in part, to gender and location factors. Female teachers left the profession in higher numbers than male teachers for family reasons, while teachers of both genders left to find better paying employment in industry. The researcher reports administrators’ proposed solutions for dealing with the teacher shortage, including: higher salaries, recruiting young people to the profession, improved community attitudes towards teachers and teaching, and promoting teaching as a prestigious profession by raising certification standards. The researcher also proposes improving teacher efficacy by employing the use of technology and teacher aides.
    • The Administration of Supervision Practices and Teacher Reaction to Them

      De Masi, Robert; The College at Brockport (1958-05-01)
      In this study, the author explores the supervisory approaches of a school’s administrators to determine whether hybridized approaches may increase managerial effectiveness. The author begins by separating administrator’s approaches into three general categories: the democratic approach, the dictatorial approach, and the laissez faire approach. He then uses survey methods to explore teachers’ perceptions of their supervisors’ use of these approaches. The author presents his subjects with thirteen scenarios describing various supervisory methods and asks them to generally respond or choose to leave their answer blank. The author found that his subjects strongly preferred democratic supervisory methods to the other two, however a significant number of teachers perceived administrators’ dictatorial methods as more positive than laissez faire methods. The author suggests that hybridizing democratic and dictatorial methods may prove effective. Directions for further research include investigating teacher perceptions from a multi-school subject pool.
    • Survey of Existing and Proposed Methods of Teacher Recruitment and Selection and their Effect on the Current Teacher Shortage

      Day, David E.; The College at Brockport (1958-06-01)
      This paper discusses the importance of education in modern society and explores the post-WWII factors negatively affecting teacher recruitment. The author analyzes teacher recruitment and retention methods through interviews and surveys. Results indicate that pay, coupled society’s negative attitudes toward teaching, prevent qualified young people from seeing teaching as a legitimate, desirable profession. The author draws particular attention to schools’ inconsistent attitudes towards recruitment strategies and the teacher selection process. The author presents several possible methods for teacher selection, including soliciting group/staff input and establishing a hiring committee.
    • A Study of Faculty Resources for the Purpose of Improving Curriculum Planning

      Peterson, Jack L.; The College at Brockport (1959-04-01)
      Teachers often have interests, skills, and specialties that can enrich their students’ experience by extending their learning beyond the traditional confines of grade-level education. This paper proposes surveying faculty about their personal hobbies and interests, and creating a reference resource that will help school administrators and teachers access one another’s personal interests in order to enrich their curricula. The researcher created two surveys. The first was a simple questionnaire focusing on teachers’ resource/curriculum needs. Out of 225 teachers, 75 completed and returned the first questionnaire. This data was used to create a more detailed second questionnaire, which attempted to gather data about teachers’ special interests in order to fulfill teachers’ expressed needs. Out of 225 teachers, 100 responded. The results from the second questionnaire were then used to create a “Faculty Resource Manual” which was distributed to all teachers within the school district.
    • An Inquiry into Fundamental Qualifications for School Administration and a Survey of the Male Graduates Class of 1949 Brockport State Teachers College

      Freitas, Archie E.; The College at Brockport (1959-06-01)
      The author discusses the importance of qualified administration in the public school system given the impact of the public school system on American life and culture. First, the author explores the role of elementary school administrators, as well as the core competencies administrators need to effectively perform critical tasks. Then, the author discusses personal qualifications that allow administrators to maximize their managerial impact, as well as the positive impact of job-specific training/education/professional preparation on administrative performance. The paper concludes with the results from a survey of male teaching graduates investigating their career paths since graduation, including graduate education and administrative training.
    • A Syllabus: New York State History

      Queen, Gladys W.; The College at Brockport (1959-06-01)
      Seventh grade is a transitional year in social studies instruction, where children move from studying idealized depictions of local communities to more detailed and realistic histories. This paper outlines a proposed syllabus for teaching New York State history to seventh graders. It includes possible activities/projects to deepen learning, as well as a basic skills list to aid teachers in student evaluation.
    • The Development, Analysis and Appraisal of Procedures Employed at the Various Stages of Budget Formation in the Area of Instructional Materials in the Penn Yan Central School System

      Paul, Lawrence D.; The College at Brockport (1959-06-01)
      A solid education is the foundation of a successful society. Because of this, it is vital that the various components of the educational system undergo continuous analysis, in order to ensure their effectiveness and constant improvement. In this paper, the author examines and analyzes the process used to form the Penn Yan Central School system budget. First he examines the major areas of expense incurred by the school, including textbook materials, supplies, and other expenses of instruction. Then he describes the responsibilities/functions of the chief administrator in this process, and compares Penn Yan’s procedures to that of other school systems. Finally, the author makes seventeen recommendations to improve the budget formation process, including improving communication between administration and staff, and streamlining the supply ordering process. Appendices include forms used by school staff as part of the budgeting process.
    • A Determination of the Custodial Services Required to Maintain and Operate the Watkins Glen Central Schools

      Ruggles, David E.; The College at Brockport (1959-08-01)
      Maintenance and custodial staff contribute to education by optimizing the comfort of the learning environment. This paper analyzes the custodial services required to run a central New York public school in order to determine the true scope of its necessary resources. The author considers a number of estimating models, including Steen’s Method and Fildes’ Method, and uses Pyoski’s Method to determine the school’s custodial requirements. The author determines that the Watkins Glen school system does not have adequate staff to care for its grounds. He suggests expanding the staff, and he offers suggestions about how to best distribute the work among staff. Appendices include floor plans, work requisition forms, time management/resource calculation forms, and questionnaires distributed to maintenance and custodial personnel.
    • A Study of Teacher Opinion Regarding Some of the Means by Which Elementary School Science Instruction Can Be Made More Effective

      Czekanski, David E.; The College at Brockport (1959-09-01)
      In this master thesis the author surveys and analyzes teacher opinion on how to best improve science instruction in the elementary school. Fifty-three elementary school teachers in East Irondequoit Central School District and 35 teachers from outer districts were polled on their opinion on how to improve science in the elementary school. Polled teachers were asked to rank specific areas of improvement according to their importance. Results indicated that the most important method of science improvement was designing a science program aimed at providing children from kindergarten through the sixth grade with a basic understanding that will enable them to pursue science instruction in the seventh grade. Other improvements deemed to be very significant include providing more for science teachers, such as lists of all science books and films available in the school, and college credit offered to teachers to keep them up to date with the latest advancements in science. Teachers generally opposed ideas of allowing other people to come in and teach specific subject materials. All suggestions of inviting others to teach segments of the class were deemed to be unimportant in improving science education.
    • Evaluation of a Reading Program Tri Valley Central School Grahamsville, New York

      Cerato, Rita; The College at Brockport (1959-10-01)
      The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new modified-Joplin-style reading program for intermediate grade students. Under this program, teachers sorted the children into groups by reading level, rather than by age/grade level. The smallest group consisted of seven members and the largest consisted of thirty. Teachers then engaged students in one hour of reading instruction every school day, with an additional half hour allotted to cultivate free reading habits. The program emphasized reading as a fun, leisure activity and focused on entertaining texts. Results for the program were mixed. The research evaluated the program on 41 criteria in five categories, and found that the new reading program either out-performed or was equal to the previous program in each category. However, the researcher also found that the new program had mixed results in improving students’ reading comprehension scores on standardized tests, as well as their tracked progress. Nonetheless, both students and parents expressed positive opinions of the program and its promotion of reading as an enjoyable activity. The researcher concludes that the program is a relative success and makes a number of suggestions to further improve its efficacy at the school.
    • A Study of the Principles and Methods of Educational Finance as They Pertain to Greece Central School District #1

      Vito, George A.; The College at Brockport (1960-05-01)
      The question on how to properly finance public schools is an important one. In this study, the author explains the methods used in the State of New York. The Town of Greece is used to illustrate how these methods are used in a real life example. The revenue used for education comes from multiple sources including state aid, cafeterias, property taxes, and miscellaneous. Originally, state aid would compensate for all financial needs not met. This meant that a rich community could pay less and receive more state aid than a poor community. The original program didn’t give communities an incentive to raise money for education. This was changed to make all communities pay $6.80 for every $1,000 of property value through taxation, before they were eligible for state aid. This new program gave communities a great amount of incentive to raise specific amounts of money. It also requires a richer community to raise more money than a poorer one. The amount of state aid offered is dependent upon two factors, the number of students in average daily attendance and the wealth of the community. Students are weighed differently in determining the average daily attendance, with kindergarten students counting as a half of a student, and students from grade seven to twelve counting as one and a quarter student. There are three criticisms for this method that are brought up. The cost per student remains the same while the cost of living goes up, the average daily attendance method ignores the number of teachers employed, and that the average daily attendance gives administrators incentive to close school for any minor occurrence that may lower attendance. A state aid worksheet with values is given in the appendix to help understand calculations.
    • A Study of the Analysis and Identification of the Component Parts Involved in the Establishing of an Adult Education Program in the Town of Greece

      Ofsowitz, Leonard; The College at Brockport (1960-06-01)
      The majority of the American population is made up of adults, yet little attention is paid to providing adults with educational opportunities. In this paper, the author describes the importance of providing continuing education to improve adults’ lives, job prospects, and experiences. He suggests that the public school is the idea facility for providing this education, as it already has both the staff and the physical resources to do so. To that end, the author compiles and analyzes the component parts for establishing an adult education program in the town of Greece, NY. First, he examines and analyzes needed and available financial resources. Then he examines the planning process, including staffing, operations, public promotion, and program evaluation. Finally, he includes the documentation used by the Greece Public School to start their adult education program, including brochures and course list.
    • A Survey of Transportation and a Bus Scheduling Proposal for the Hilton Central School District 1959-1960

      Catalino, Salvatore; The College at Brockport (1960-06-01)
      The problem of this research project is to examine the present transportation program in the Hilton Central School District. The objectives of this research will be: (1) To determine the transportation needs of the District; (2) To obtain the existing transportation data; ( 3 ) To prepare a. practical end effective schedule; (4) To organize the present three trip system into a two trip system.
    • The Planning and Adoption of a Merit Program for the Rush-Henrietta Central School

      Shilling, Donovan A.; The College at Brockport (1960-06-01)
      This paper outlines the planning and implementation of a merit-based evaluation program for the teachers at Rush-Henrietta Central School. Details include a history of teacher evaluation at Rush-Henrietta, committee formation, program chronology, and arguments opposed to the merit program. The author discusses the difficulties of defining merit-based evaluation and suggests a number of situations in which teachers may demonstrate merit, including in-service training, curriculum planning, and further education. He also presents alternatives to simplistic checklist evaluation. Appendices include news articles regarding teacher salaries, teacher salary schedules and promotion requirements, and assorted teacher evaluation forms.
    • The Formation of a Developmental Literature Program for the Intermediate Grade Level at Wheeler Avenue School, Valley Stream, New York

      Dorfman, Harvey A.; The College at Brockport (1961-01-01)
      Strong literacy skills lead to lifelong advantages. This study reviews the ideas and attitudes within the field of children’s literature, and proposes a new developmental literature program for intermediate grades at Wheeler Avenue School. The proposed program differs from the existing programs in its focus on developing students’ literary backgrounds, vs. simply improving students’ reading skills. The author emphasizes cultivating students’ interest in reading through read-alouds and providing them with enjoyable texts, and pays special attention to the importance of literature-based activities, such as puppet shows, choral speaking, and dramatic play.
    • A Study of Reporting Methods in the Penfield Central School District Number One

      Walsh, Robert J.; The College at Brockport (1961-06-01)
      Reporting students’ progress to their parents/guardians can be more complicated than it would first appear. In this paper, the researcher evaluates reporting methods in an upstate New York school district during the 1959-1960 academic year. It focuses on teachers’ need to communicate more information to parents than merely their child’s grades. The researcher presents a list of markers for effective teacher-parent communication, and includes a guide for reporting to parents. The paper includes a history of the town of Penfield and its school district. The researcher concludes that the school district is conforming to contemporary best-practices for parent-teacher communication. Appendices include student evaluation forms and descriptions of study programs.
    • Creativity in Children’s Writing

      Sisson, Harry R.; The College at Brockport (1961-06-01)
      In this master thesis the author tests three different story writing approaches to determine which best prompts students’ creativity. The three approaches include: tall tales, actual experiences, and suggested topics. Twenty 6th grade students wrote creative stories in one of the three approaches. The researcher made it clear that students’ stories not be graded, and would not impact their grade report in any way. Three different teachers independently scored each story for its creativity. The researcher found that writing about actual experiences seemed to stimulate the most creativity from students. Tall tales yielded the same level of creativity as suggested topics, however both yielded less than actual experiences. The study also suggests that lower-performing students tended to write the most creative stories, while high-performing students tended to write the least creative stories.