• Investigating Burnout at a County Mental Health Agency

      Luce, David B.; The College at Brockport (2012-04-01)
      Burnout is an increasingly prominent phenomenon that exists within helping professions due to the nature of the work required by them. Initially a deep look into burnout and the factors that contribute to it are explored. Consequences of burnout are compartmentalized into organizational and personal components to build necessary support for the current study. Risk factors that predispose an individual or establish an environment that facilitates higher levels of burnout are then examined. A general look at helping professionals and the impact burnout has on each is then followed by a specific look at the population of agency-based mental health counselors versus private practice mental health counselors. Research focusing on self-care and it’s interaction with burnout is reviewed concluding that self-care is a possible treatment strategy used to prevent and reduce burnout. The current study seeks to test for this relationship between burnout and self-care. A sample population of mental health counselors working in an agency setting has been assessed for level of burnout, using the Counselor Burnout Inventory, and level of self-care, using the Self-Care Assessment Worksheet. A significant relationship was not found between burnout and self-care, but consideration of individual data reveals trends that strongly support further research. Factors to consider include alternative assessments to measure burnout and/or self-care and increased sample size.
    • Investigating the Effect of Group Process on Depression for LGBTQIA Adolescents

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Pernot, Michael J.; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      This quantitative study implements secondary data to analyze the impact of a psychoeducational group on reported depression scores from teenagers identifying on the LGBTQIA spectrum. Teenagers participating in this group completed Beck’s Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI II) before entering the group then completed another BDI II after completing the 12 week group. A paired samples t-test was used to investigate the relationship between reported depression scores and participation in the group. Results corroborated previous findings that group participation impacts reported depression scores, but further research is needed to determine specific causation of the changes in scores.
    • Investigating the Perceived Needs and Barriers upon Release from a County Correctional Facility Between Two Age Groups

      Knipfing, Amanda; The College at Brockport (2014-04-01)
      This quantitative study was developed to identify the needs of male inmates upon release from a county correctional facility. Additionally, these individuals identified obstacles that they may face when reentering their communities. The researcher examined the relationship between age and the various needs and barriers that may affect an individual’s success when released from jail. Results showed that none of these relationships were statistically significant. However, frequency statistics displayed an overwhelming need for family support, regardless of age. The need for education, and safe and stable housing in order to avoid recidivism were also observed, regardless of age. Participants tended to perceive unemployment and unsupportive family relationships to be the most challenging barriers to successful reintegration into society. It is recommended that reentry plans adequately address both needs and barriers to better prepare inmates for release, especially regarding family work.
    • Learning: The Power of Group Work in Facilitating Student Achievement

      Scott, Chad E.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      This paper focused on the American School Counseling Association National Standards requiring school counselors to serve all students. Focusing their activities, around three major areas, to help schools achieve their educational mission of student success. These three areas are academic achievement, personal/ social, and career development. In addition, it recommended implementing school counselors to student ratios at the ASCA recommended level or less. It presented a graduate student thesis study on the efficacy of non-directive group counseling with middle and high school students. It illustrated the changes in academic grades, the pre and post results from the Youth Outcome Questionnaire Self-Report assessment, which measured therapeutic change. Also including, a qualitative reporting of a personal experience questionnaire of the sixty students, grades sixth through tenth. It attributed the outcomes to the social and interpersonal skills gained through group therapy, which brought improvements in student academics, behavior, and social skills and relationships (Romasz, Kantor, and Elias, 2004). It proposed that these benefits positively affect all students’ growth and development, and these effects are not limited to students who exhibit “at risk” behavior. This review attempted to provide justification for the implementation of a developmentally comprehensive group-counseling program, consisting of three group models, psycho-educational, counseling, and psychotherapy, as the most efficient and effective way to reach the goal of student success (Delucia-Waack, 2000; Shechtman, 2002; Shechtman, Freidman, Kashti, & Sharabany, 2002).
    • LGBTQIA Students’ Perceptions of Level of Care in Relation to Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Noll, Frank W.; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, and Asexual (LGBTQIA) individuals are elevated risk for mental health issues and seek counseling art higher rates than Non-LGBTQIA individuals. In this study, 48 LGBTQIA students completed a survey to ascertain their perceptions on whether or not the college counseling center was a safe place to discuss issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity. Results showed that LGBTQIA did believe the counseling center was a safe place to discuss issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity but also identified that additional resources and counselor education on LGBTQIA issues could be help improve the LGBTQIA students’ perception of level of care at the counseling center.
    • Listening to Movement: The Use of Dance Movement Therapy in Groups to Reduce Anxiety in Males Struggling with Addiction

      Ferris, Christine D.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      A study with the use of dance movement therapy as a counseling approach in a chemical dependency setting was presented. The objective of the study was to find out if the use of dance movement therapy in male chemical dependency groups reduces overall anxiety. The literature review describes dance movement therapy, aspects of chemical dependency and addiction, dance movement therapy used with specific populations, chemical addiction with creative art therapies, the process of recovery (stages of change), fundamentals of group work, anxiety, and movement therapy techniques used in chemical dependency groups. Methods of the study were presented with the use of four movement therapy interventions. The instrument and participants were also described. The results were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively through pre and post test results and observations. The discussion presents areas for additional research and implications for future research.
    • Maladaptive Behavior in College Students and Breaking Student Codes of Conduct

      Dauenhauer, Kristin C.; The College at Brockport (2014-04-01)
      This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of conduct interventions to deter recidivism among college students. Colleges and universities have adopted student codes of conduct in an attempt to manage the college environment. A 12-item conduct effectiveness survey was emailed to students who had been found responsible of breaking the student code of conduct. Findings showed a 19% recidivism rate and that students who engaged in community service, attended a civility workshop, or lost residence hall privileges were less likely to violate the code a second time. Twenty-two percent of students reported an attitude change regarding alcohol and drug use post intervention and students who were mandated to individual counseling were more likely to report an attitude change. A one size fits all approach to alcohol polices, prevention programs, and intervention strategies may not be an effective way to address problematic drinking on college campuses.
    • Male County Correctional Facility Inmates' Attitudes Towards Male Sexual Assault and Sexual Assault Services

      Aycock, April C.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Male rape is a topic that has been neglected both in society and in research. When male rape is researched it focuses on male to male prison rape while neglecting treatment options for the male rape victims. An anonymous survey was distributed to 85 male inmates in a northeast correctional facility. Quantitative data was collected and analyzed from 51 male inmates. This research examined male inmates' attitudes towards male rape and the rape crisis services provided. The findings of this research helped to identify barriers that prohibit male victims from seeking rape crisis services.
    • Managing Stress in 8th Grade: CBT and Relaxation Techniques in Small Group Therapy

      Outland, Rafael; Levermore, Amy; The College at Brockport (2016-04-01)
      Stress and anxiety are rampant in school-aged youth and a majority of stress is being experienced beginning as early as middle school. Although anxiety is prevalent in a school setting, there is little to no intervention in place that decreases stress and anxiety as well as minimizes how much class time students are losing. This is especially important in high academic performing school where is it difficult to implement efficient anxiety-reducing interventions without taking students away from academic time. This paper aims to look at the combination of two different forms of therapy: CBT and Relaxation techniques in a small group of 8th grade students over the course of 5 weeks and the effectiveness in which the intervention decreases stress and anxiety in these students over a short amount of time.
    • Mental Health Awareness Among Parents in an Urban High School

      Taylor, Nicole; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      Mental health literacy has been positively correlated with levels of service utilization and negatively correlated with levels of stigmatizing attitudes. The research is sparse in measuring parents’ levels of mental health knowledge and even less research exists measuring parents’ ability to locate resources in their community. The current study focused on parents in an urban high school in Western, New York. In this study, six participants completed a survey assessing their ability to identify the symptoms of mental illness and locate resources in the community. The results showed that participants were able to correctly identify four common mental illnesses. The results also suggested that parents would encourage their children to seek professional help and that most knew of resources in the community that can provide that help. Participants felt less confident in their ability to access community agencies for information and support.
    • Mentoring Middle School Students: A Program Evaluation

      Hernandez, Thomas J.; Maerz, Dianne; The College at Brockport (2015-05-01)
      This work examined the effectiveness of a first year middle-school-based mentoring program on improving the overall achievement of at-risk students. The literature on school-based mentoring was reviewed to determine variables used to examine the effectiveness of school-based mentoring programs. Following a quasi-experimental design, three sets of pre- and post-test quantitative data was collected and analyzed regarding students’ academic performance, attendance, and behavior referrals and compared against those of a control group. Mentoring was found to have differential effects on students’ GPA, total and unexcused absences, and behavior referrals. Implications for future research are discussed.
    • Middle School Students' Perceptions on Academic Motivation and Student Engagement

      Mauro, Cassie; The College at Brockport (2014-10-01)
      This qualitative study investigates the perceptions of suburban middle school students’ on academic motivation and student engagement. Ten students, grades 6-8, were randomly selected by the researcher from school counselors’ caseloads and the primary data collection techniques included two types of interviews; individual interviews and focus group interviews. Findings indicate students’ motivation and engagement in middle school is strongly influenced by the social relationships in their lives. The interpersonal factors identified by students were peer influence, teacher support and teacher characteristics, and parental behaviors. Each of these factors consisted of academic and social-emotional support which hindered and/or encouraged motivation and engagement. Students identified socializing with their friends as a means to want to be in school and to engage in learning. Also, students are more engaged and motivated if they believe their teachers care about their academic success and value their job. Lastly, parental involvement in academics appeared to be more crucial for younger students than older students in order to encourage motivation and engagement in school.
    • Mindfulness Meditation: A Practical Intervention in Addressing Stress and Anxiety in Inmates

      Outland, Rafael; Williams-McGahee, Patricia; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      This research study explores the history of meditation, and the evolution and use of mindfulness and mindfulness-based interventions to address certain physical, emotional and mental health conditions. It also reviews scholarly literatures regarding the use of mindfulness meditation as a rehabilitation intervention in various correctional settings. More specifically, this research studies the overall impact and practical implications of using mindfulness meditation as an intervention to address stress and anxiety among inmates in the New York Monroe County Sheriff’s, Monroe Correctional Facility (MCF). The results from this study revealed that inmates who practiced mindfulness meditation at MCF showed a substantial reduction in their levels of stress and anxiety.
    • Mother/Daughter Dyads: The Significance of Communication in School Performance

      Gilbert, Annmarie K.J.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      This research examined whether there is a difference when mother and daughter work on having a healthier relationship by enhancing their communication with each other, if there is change in mother's involvement in her daughter's school. The workshop was conducted with ten eighth-grade girls, a pre-test and post-test was used to measure changes. Communication between mother and daughter was examined using five categories. The results showed that daughters wanted their mothers to be more involved and there is a need for improvement with communication between the mother and daughter. Daughters needed to increase confident levels to be able to express themselves. Recommendations such as having both the mother and daughter at the workshop for future study were discussed.
    • Narratives from Grief Counseling: Client Perspectives on Effective Interventions and Strategies for Recovery

      Weaver, Janalee; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      This qualitative study examines the unique and personal experiences of individuals that have experienced grief and loss through bereavement. The terms associated with grief and bereavement are defined by the literature. An historical perspective of the research on theories of grief and interventions for recovery are presented. The narrative stories of bereaved individuals are shared and common themes identified. The major themes of experiences, coping strategies and successful interventions as identified by the participants are compared to the literature. Recommendations for counseling bereaved individuals are made based on the experiences of the bereaved participants. Implications and recommendations for counselors working with bereaved individuals are made. The need for continued research in the area of bereavement theory and counseling is stated.
    • New Student Adjustment: A Group Experience for High School Students

      Hoy, Colleen; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      A study was completed in a high school using all of the new students in grades 9- 12 to evaluate whether a group for new students would have an effect on connectedness and GPA. A pre-group survey was administered to all new students, and they were asked to rate on a scale from 1-5 how strongly they agreed or disagreed with four statements. They were also asked if they would like to participate in a group for new students. Students were separated into two groups, those who chose to participate in the group and those who chose not to participate in the group. Eight group sessions were held, and a post-group survey was administered to all of the new students after the group sessions had ended. Pre and post survey results, along with pre and post GPA were compared for each group separately to evaluate for change and then the groups’ results were compared with each other. Pre and post survey results revealed an increase in scores for three out of the four statements for the group that participated in the new student group. The results for students who did not participate in the group revealed a decrease in scores for all four statements. Both groups had an increase from pre to post GPA.
    • New Student Transition Program into Elementary School

      Budniewski, Kelly L.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      Transition into a new elementary school is difficult and frightening for children in Kindergarten. This article focuses on the impact peers, parents, teachers and counselors have when helping support the transition into a new school setting. Environmental, social, physical and emotional issues all play a key role in the transition process. Interventions are implemented to a new Kindergarten Student at a Brockport Elementary School to determine if they affect the school adjustment and forming of friendships for that five year old child. Recommendations for counselor practice are included.
    • Nutrition and Mental Health

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Burke, Michelle; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      This research study was focused on the barriers mental health clients experience to consuming a plant-based diet. The research participants included seven clients at an outpatient mental health clinic consisting of different diagnoses, races, and ages. A multi-method approach was utilized with the use of a nutritional survey followed by a semi-structured interview. Six of the seven participants consume a poor diet per the nutritional assessment. When asked the barrier(s) to consuming a healthy diet, five participants expressed lack of interest and another participant reported lack of resources. Further research is recommended in this area.
    • Obstacles to Attending Treatment in an Urban Mental Health Clinic: A Client’s Perspective Approach to Identifying Factors Influencing Treatment Attendance

      Delaney, Nicholas M.; The College at Brockport (2012-04-01)
      The majority of clients seeking, and participating in, mental health treatment face a variety of barriers to their regular attendance; much of the focus, however, has continued to be centered around the experience of the provider and not on the client. The following research investigates the perceptions held by clients in an urban, low income, mental health setting, about what barriers they face. Clients completed a survey asking them to identify, on a likert scale, the degree to which they experienced barriers in several areas as they pertained to their mental health treatment. Clients also identified ways in which they believed they could be aided by the clinic in circumventing their barriers. The research findings, though descriptive in nature, point towards an institutional blind spot that allows for lower income clients to fall through the cracks of the mental health care industry.
    • Opportunity Program Counselors’ Perspectives on Factors Affecting Student Retention and Attrition

      Hasler, Anne; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      Current higher education trends show that while college enrollment is increasing, attrition rates are also on the rise. Literature on the topics of current college enrollment and completion data, college readiness, education policy, and the factors affecting retention was reviewed with a focus on differences in education rates based on race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. A phenomenological study was completed to gain an understanding of the factors affecting the college retention of students in educational opportunity programs. These findings would serve to increase the postsecondary knowledge and college readiness of high school students at the researcher’s internship site. The qualitative method of conducting focus groups was utilized to gather perspectives from Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) and Higher Educational Opportunity Program (HEOP) counselors and directors on the topic of student retention. The results indicated five main categories of factors affecting retention rates: academic, financial, personal, familial, and health. Similarities were observed among five postsecondary institutions on perspectives regarding college readiness, program components, and the strengths of students in opportunity programs. Conclusions on postsecondary experience and college readiness are included. It is recommended that increased intervention and support services be provided for college-bound high school students, those transitioning to college, and those already enrolled.