• Girls In Real Life Situations (GIRLS) and Self-Understanding: A Program Evaluation

      Hernandez, Thomas J.; Bosarge, Keturah; The College at Brockport (2015-04-29)
      The purpose of this research project is to evaluate the school-based, psychoeducational Girls In Real Life Situations (GIRLS) group program (Taylor & Trice-Black, 2007). This research project examined the effectiveness of the program at a rural middle school in Livingston County, New York. It also looked to see if the GIRLS program enhances participants’ self-understanding. This research project includes a literature review that explored self-understanding and its dimensions (self-concept and self-esteem) as well as how it relates to development. Also discussed was why addressing self-understanding matters and how it can be connected to the GIRLS group. A total of nine early adolescent females with a mean age of 12.78 years (Treatment Group = 5 and Control Group = 4) completed a Pre-test before the start of the eight-session GIRLS program and a Post-test at the end of the program. The average Pre-test statement response for the Treatment Group was 2.80, while the average Post-test statement response was 2.97. The average statement response score for the Control Group remained the same for both the Pre-test and Post-test at 2.85. Eighteen of the twenty-five statement responses increased for the Treatment Group from the Pre-test to the Post-test. The Control Group had 13 of 25 increased from the Pre-test to the Post-test. The Pre-test and Post-test statement response mean data shows that the GIRLS group program did have an effect on the participants’ increased self-understanding and coping skills. The GIRLS program helped the participants understand more about themselves in relation to the topics discussed in the group.
    • Group Counseling for At-Risk Adolescent Girls to Improve Decision Making Skills

      Daka, Jennifer L.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      Adolescence is a time of increased risk taking and poor decision making. A counseling group was directed to introduce 9th grade adolescent girls identified as at-risk, to promote positive decision making skills through a combination of teaching from the group leader and learning through peer interactions. The girls self-reported only minor improvement in decision making skills. The group resulted in a greater understanding and acceptance of others, positive interactions and positive interpersonal change.
    • Group Counseling for Middle School Students And Effectiveness at Increasing Social Resiliency

      Lawrence, Dewey; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      Whether group counseling for middle school students (grade 6) increases resiliency is investigated. Two groups were studied with a total of four students in each group. One experimental and one control group facilitated by investigator. Resiliency Attitudes and Skills Profile (RASP) given as both the pretest and post-test. Experimental group was provided set session topics chosen by investigator while control group was allowed to choose group topics. Differences between experimental and control group studied and whether student's resiliency increased investigated throughout all two groups. Study found that experimental group’s average measure of resiliency increased from pre to post-test +.78. Control group’s average measure of resiliency decreased -.37. Strengths, limitations, and effect on school counseling research discussed.
    • Group Versus Individual Therapy in Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment: Finding Interventions that Work

      Wayman, Cailley; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      This study explored the effectiveness of individual therapy versus group therapy in the treatment of adolescents in an outpatient substance abuse treatment clinic. Chart review was used to collect information from adolescent male and female clients. Independent samples t-tests, chi-square analyses, and ANOVA tests were used to determine the relationship between interventions and success in treatment. Clients receiving individual therapy only in both The Seven Challenges program and the eclectic counseling category had greater decreases in substance use and had more successful discharges in fewer overall treatment sessions. There is need for further research with a larger sample size to confirm the findings.
    • Hidden Aggression: A Study of Group Counseling and Female Relational Aggression.

      Blencowe, Sarah R.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      This paper explores female relational aggression among adolescents. The paper also discusses the implementation of process-oriented group counseling and its effects on relational aggression among Varsity cheerleading team members at Byron-Bergen High School. The methods and description are followed by a discussion and implications for further research.
    • High School Seniors’ Perceived Stress of the College and Career Decision-Making Process

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Infantolino, Michelle; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      The focus of the school counselor is on every student’s academic development, career development, and social/emotional development in order to promote a culture of academic excellence and college/career readiness (ASCA Mindsets & Behaviors, 2014). Being able to identify what students are stressed about the most can help school counselors narrow down what they need to be focusing on in preparing students for life after graduation. The purpose of this study was to determine what high school seniors perceive to be the most stressful about the post-graduation decision-making process, and what schools are and aren't doing to aid in that process. A survey was administered to seniors at a small public high school in Western New York, and among the most stressful aspects of making decisions about life after graduation, were finding the right college, financial aid, and choice of major. Students indicated that they found the help from their school counselor helpful, but wished there were more counselors so they could access support more readily.
    • Holistic Factors that Influence Counselor Wellbeing in a High Stress Environment

      Hernandez, Thomas J.; Goodspeed, Patricia; Lewin, Deborah; The College at Brockport (2015-05-15)
      This is a phenomenological study of mental health professionals working in the high stress environment of a community mental health agency. Individual interviews were conducted to explore what attitudes and behaviors allow or inhibit wellness both at work and outside work. The existence of burnout was considered a given. Themes including initial attraction to the work, holistic balance, productivity requirements, and colleagueship emerged. While the establishment of boundaries was paramount to wellness, results indicated that there was a flow between home and work personas. Data showed that the personal characteristics of onsite leaders and staff were the primary factor that created a supportive environment. Participants agreed that colleagueship was the essential element that allowed a modicum of acceptance of the productivity demands to coexist with the inherently intense frustration. The generalizability of the success of this site was found to be uncertain due to data that indicated that personal characteristics of individuals are the key to achieving a well workplace within the clinic’s chosen theoretical model of team leadership.
    • Impact of Co-occurring Treatment Program on Participant Perceived Quality of Life

      Barrell, Randi Greenberg; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      The purpose of this treatment program evaluation study was to determine the impact of client perception of quality of life before and after participating in a co-occurring disorders (COD) program at a chemical dependency clinic in the northeastern United States. Quality of life was measured using the Quality of Life Survey (QOLS), a 16-question assessment, in a pre-test and post-test format. Participants in the COD program participated in both individual and group therapy utilizing Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Seeking Safety modalities. While the size of the convenience was small, improvement in perceived quality of life was shown in all QOLS domains and the overall scoring revealed a marked increase in client perception of their quality of life. The findings of this study confirm that treating co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders in a single setting is beneficial to clients, not only helping them in their attempts to remain substance free, but improving their quality of life.
    • Impact of Group Counseling on Transfer Student’s Grade Point Average and Attendance

      Overstrom, Jodie M.; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine if group counseling would have an impact on transfer students’ grade point average and attendance rates. A literature review is presented, which discusses the reasons for student mobility and the challenges mobile students face. Various types of transition programs, along with their strengths and weaknesses, and the role of the school counselor are defined. For this study, 4 students volunteered to participate in a 4 week group counseling program, all of whom transferred into the high school during the 2012-2013 school year. Each participant’s GPA and number of absences were collected before the start of the group and again at the conclusion of the third quarter to measure any changes. Results are discussed, as well as the implications this study may have on future school counselors and future studies related to transition programs
    • Implications of Working with Trauma: Therapists’ Perspectives

      Outland, Rafael; DeRico, Stephanie; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      Vicarious trauma is a serious problem because it can be severe enough that a therapist may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (Bride, 2007). If therapists do not get help to prevent or treat compassion fatigue and burnout, there is a high likelihood that they will leave the field, which is a tremendous loss of resources (Harrison & Westwood, 2009). If they continue their work while impaired it is unethical and harmful to clients (Stalker & Harvey, 2002). If researchers gain insight on how therapists maintain compassion satisfaction while working with trauma, this could potentially reverse the effects of burnout and compassion fatigue. The purpose of the present study was to gain awareness of the lived experiences of therapists who work with clients who have faced trauma to discover negative or positive consequences that influence therapists work and personal lives. I had the following objectives: 1) To learn what factors contribute to an increase or decrease of both positive and negative consequences that counselors experience from working with trauma; 2) To determine what consequences affect counselor’s well-being both at work and in their personal lives. 3) To determine what counselors do to cope with any adverse effects reported. Eleven therapists working in a large outpatient mental health clinic completed qualitative interviews and open-ended questionnaires. Findings supported evidence of burnout and compassion satisfaction while results of secondary trauma were varied. Future research should focus on the implications for therapists by analyzing methods used to train and support therapists.
    • Improving Academic Intrinsic Motivation through Counseling

      Altman, Tracy W.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      Academic intrinsic motivation is a key factor in academic performance and achievement. Many students, for various reasons, have minimal motivation for school evidenced by little persistence and little effort expended at school. This investigation examined the effect of counseling on academic motivation and achievement. Participants were seven 7th and 8th grade middle school students who were identified as students who lacked motivation. The Children’s Academic Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (CAIMI) (Gottfried, 1986) was used to confirm that motivation was an issue for student participants. Each student completed a minimum of 11 counseling sessions over a 13-week research period. Results for each student are reported. Support was found for the hypothesis that motivation and self-efficacy would increase through the counseling process and as a result, grades, and in some instances attendance, would improve. Limitations of the study are discussed and suggestions for the direction of school counseling programs are presented.
    • Increasing Urban Students’ Knowledge of the College Admissions Process

      Wesh, Suzanna W.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      There is a subsequent need for college admissions advising for urban, minority, or low income students. Urban high school students typically are ill-prepared and uninformed of some of the key components in the college admissions process such as choosing a college, considering academic programs of study, researching colleges’ GPA and SAT requirements, searching for scholarships, and applying for financial aid. All of which can be determent to students who have aspirations to attend college. Respectively, the lack of information, discussion, and planning are also impediments to student success in the college admissions process. Because of poor planning and preparation in this area, urban high school students often rush applications to schools without giving much thought to what the college may offer, miss deadlines, or fall short of the requirements needed for admission to some colleges. This thesis discusses a strategy that can be used to educate urban students on the college admissions process as well as offer an eight-session model for school counselors to use in college admissions advising.
    • Individually Perceived Supports and Barriers to Successful Community Reentry After Serving a Prison Sentence

      Waleed, Craig A.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Many ex-offenders face a myriad of challenges to community re-entry after serving a prison sentence that may contribute to recidivism. This qualitative research study explored individually experienced supports and perceived barriers that contributed to a successful reentry experience, and how individuals learned to effectively manage and meet the various challenges of living in the community after being released from prison.
    • Intensive Psychiatric Rehabilitation Treatment Attendance

      Simpson, Kathleen M.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      An exploration of data gathered from the intake process at an Intensive Psychiatric Rehabilitation Treatment (IPRT) Program in New York State looked for possible relationships between consumer characteristics and attendance drop off during the second month of a two-month class cycle. A review of literature was followed by reporting the analysis of data collected. Several findings point to further exploration such as the impact of substance use disorders on attendance. Another area for future exploration is validation of the Rehabilitation Readiness Determination Scale used in the intake process. This scale was originally developed for people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder and the population now being served at the Focus Program has a diagnosis of mood disorders.
    • Investigating Burnout at a County Mental Health Agency

      Luce, David B.; The College at Brockport (2012-04-01)
      Burnout is an increasingly prominent phenomenon that exists within helping professions due to the nature of the work required by them. Initially a deep look into burnout and the factors that contribute to it are explored. Consequences of burnout are compartmentalized into organizational and personal components to build necessary support for the current study. Risk factors that predispose an individual or establish an environment that facilitates higher levels of burnout are then examined. A general look at helping professionals and the impact burnout has on each is then followed by a specific look at the population of agency-based mental health counselors versus private practice mental health counselors. Research focusing on self-care and it’s interaction with burnout is reviewed concluding that self-care is a possible treatment strategy used to prevent and reduce burnout. The current study seeks to test for this relationship between burnout and self-care. A sample population of mental health counselors working in an agency setting has been assessed for level of burnout, using the Counselor Burnout Inventory, and level of self-care, using the Self-Care Assessment Worksheet. A significant relationship was not found between burnout and self-care, but consideration of individual data reveals trends that strongly support further research. Factors to consider include alternative assessments to measure burnout and/or self-care and increased sample size.
    • Investigating the Effect of Group Process on Depression for LGBTQIA Adolescents

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Pernot, Michael J.; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      This quantitative study implements secondary data to analyze the impact of a psychoeducational group on reported depression scores from teenagers identifying on the LGBTQIA spectrum. Teenagers participating in this group completed Beck’s Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI II) before entering the group then completed another BDI II after completing the 12 week group. A paired samples t-test was used to investigate the relationship between reported depression scores and participation in the group. Results corroborated previous findings that group participation impacts reported depression scores, but further research is needed to determine specific causation of the changes in scores.
    • Investigating the Perceived Needs and Barriers upon Release from a County Correctional Facility Between Two Age Groups

      Knipfing, Amanda; The College at Brockport (2014-04-01)
      This quantitative study was developed to identify the needs of male inmates upon release from a county correctional facility. Additionally, these individuals identified obstacles that they may face when reentering their communities. The researcher examined the relationship between age and the various needs and barriers that may affect an individual’s success when released from jail. Results showed that none of these relationships were statistically significant. However, frequency statistics displayed an overwhelming need for family support, regardless of age. The need for education, and safe and stable housing in order to avoid recidivism were also observed, regardless of age. Participants tended to perceive unemployment and unsupportive family relationships to be the most challenging barriers to successful reintegration into society. It is recommended that reentry plans adequately address both needs and barriers to better prepare inmates for release, especially regarding family work.
    • Learning: The Power of Group Work in Facilitating Student Achievement

      Scott, Chad E.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      This paper focused on the American School Counseling Association National Standards requiring school counselors to serve all students. Focusing their activities, around three major areas, to help schools achieve their educational mission of student success. These three areas are academic achievement, personal/ social, and career development. In addition, it recommended implementing school counselors to student ratios at the ASCA recommended level or less. It presented a graduate student thesis study on the efficacy of non-directive group counseling with middle and high school students. It illustrated the changes in academic grades, the pre and post results from the Youth Outcome Questionnaire Self-Report assessment, which measured therapeutic change. Also including, a qualitative reporting of a personal experience questionnaire of the sixty students, grades sixth through tenth. It attributed the outcomes to the social and interpersonal skills gained through group therapy, which brought improvements in student academics, behavior, and social skills and relationships (Romasz, Kantor, and Elias, 2004). It proposed that these benefits positively affect all students’ growth and development, and these effects are not limited to students who exhibit “at risk” behavior. This review attempted to provide justification for the implementation of a developmentally comprehensive group-counseling program, consisting of three group models, psycho-educational, counseling, and psychotherapy, as the most efficient and effective way to reach the goal of student success (Delucia-Waack, 2000; Shechtman, 2002; Shechtman, Freidman, Kashti, & Sharabany, 2002).
    • LGBTQIA Students’ Perceptions of Level of Care in Relation to Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Noll, Frank W.; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, and Asexual (LGBTQIA) individuals are elevated risk for mental health issues and seek counseling art higher rates than Non-LGBTQIA individuals. In this study, 48 LGBTQIA students completed a survey to ascertain their perceptions on whether or not the college counseling center was a safe place to discuss issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity. Results showed that LGBTQIA did believe the counseling center was a safe place to discuss issues related to sexual orientation and gender identity but also identified that additional resources and counselor education on LGBTQIA issues could be help improve the LGBTQIA students’ perception of level of care at the counseling center.
    • Listening to Movement: The Use of Dance Movement Therapy in Groups to Reduce Anxiety in Males Struggling with Addiction

      Ferris, Christine D.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      A study with the use of dance movement therapy as a counseling approach in a chemical dependency setting was presented. The objective of the study was to find out if the use of dance movement therapy in male chemical dependency groups reduces overall anxiety. The literature review describes dance movement therapy, aspects of chemical dependency and addiction, dance movement therapy used with specific populations, chemical addiction with creative art therapies, the process of recovery (stages of change), fundamentals of group work, anxiety, and movement therapy techniques used in chemical dependency groups. Methods of the study were presented with the use of four movement therapy interventions. The instrument and participants were also described. The results were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively through pre and post test results and observations. The discussion presents areas for additional research and implications for future research.