• Clinician Perceptions of Barriers to Treatment and Engagement Strategies in a Community Child and Adolescent Mental Health Clinic

      Goodspeed, Patricia; Cenci, Elizabeth; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      A reported one in five children in the United States lives with a diagnosable mental illness, but only about 20% receive adequate treatment and approximately 40-60% of those drop out before achieving treatment goals and/or without the agreement of the therapist. This study examines the perceptions of clinicians working in a child and adolescent community mental health clinic regarding the barriers clients face as well the strategies they utilize to enhance engagement and treatment adherence. Results support existing literature and indicate that parents play the most significant role in treatment adherence and that logistical barriers such as transportation and finding childcare are most common. Participants also reported using several engagement strategies known to promote the therapeutic alliance and treatment adherence such as involving family in treatment planning and providing crisis intervention. Limitations to the study and implications for counseling practice are also discussed.
    • College Admission Counselor Perceptions: The Influences of Extracurricular Activity Involvement on the College Admission Decision

      Lentner, Meghan I.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      The perceptions of college admissions counselors and what importance extracurricular activity involvement has on the college admission decision were examined in this study. A regional study anonymously surveyed admissions counselors of 18 private and public institutions to determine the perceived value of extracurricular activity involvement and its influence on the college admission decision. Compared to other important factors that impact admissions decision, extracurricular activity involvement was perceived to play a moderately important role. Additionally, admissions counselors identify that extracurricular activity involvement implies a student’s ability to be successful at a post-secondary institution. Together, these findings reveal that extracurricular activity involvement does play a significant part in how an applicant is viewed by an institution. Keywords: extracurricular activity, admissions decision, educational attainment
    • Conceptual Clarification of Spirituality with an Adolescent Intensive Outpatient Substance Dependency Group

      Gaines, Bobbie Jo; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      Spirituality is an essential aspect to an individual’s recovery process, including adolescence. The research project for a graduate course in Counselor Education investigated the affect that a conceptual clarification regarding the concept of spirituality with an adolescent intensive outpatient substance dependency group had on their own sense of spirituality. Participants were four adolescents diagnosed with a chemical dependency enrolled in an intensive outpatient group at a treatment facility. It was discovered that by providing a conceptual clarification of spirituality to an adolescent’s intensive outpatient group there was a foundation for the concept of spirituality built. There were several limitations within the study that are discussed
    • Conquering Counseling: Postsecondary Students and Successful Strategies for Preparedness

      Broome, William; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      This study examines the needs of urban high school students, in regards to college preparedness and readiness. Using one urban high school's junior class, students filled out an anonymous survey pertaining to their knowledge of the overall college admission process. This research is being conducted under the premise that, as educators, we want our urban minority students to pursue a form of higher education after high school. According to the research, a majority of urban students do not have the support that is needed to complete the multiple tasks of applying to college and de facto stratification by income has been occurring for over two hundred years. The findings implicate that there are areas that the students are lacking in knowledge. The areas include lack of knowledge about student aid programs and equal opportunity programs. In addition, the research shows that a majority of the students do not have sufficient time with their counselors in order to develop plans for college. Using literature and the research results, the information will not only be aiding counselors in discovering what students may already know but also providing recommendations as to how to fill in the knowledge gap. Suggestions for counselors are made, as well as areas for future research.
    • Constructing safer lives: Women who display resilience in responding to intimate-partner violence (IPV)

      Hyland, Denise L.; The College at Brockport (2014-10-01)
      Intimate-partner violence (IPV), also known as domestic violence, is a pervasive personal and public health problem in the United States. Factors affecting the risks of suffering IPV have been widely researched as have the symptoms of battered woman syndrome, a forerunner of posttraumatic stress disorder or PTSD. Much of this line of research has sought to study the problems of abused women rather than their strengths. This qualitative study looks at the phenomenology (subjective reality) of six women, ages 23 to 48, who participate in support groups at a domestic violence prevention agency in the northeastern United States. By their own definition, all six have overcome the difficulties of IPV and moved on to new lives free from abuse. Interviews with the participants revealed childhood themes that might have aided in the development of resiliency factors in adulthood. Broad themes identified were Trust, Insight, Boundaries, and Independence. Specifically, the active presence of at least one trusted adult, the ability to make meaning and solve problems, the setting of boundaries and expectations at home, and the entity of a powerful biological mother appear to be related to the participants’ development of resiliency. Overlaying this scenario is the construction of each individual’s phenomenology, which continues to develop throughout the lifespan. The participants’ responses to IPV appear to first function as coping mechanisms and then resiliency factors, transforming victims into survivors.
    • Counseling to Reduce Stress and Anxiety: A Mixed Methods Study

      Hernandez, Thomas J.; Goodspeed, Patricia; Hernandez, Thomas J.; Pakan, Jessica A. (2015-05-05)
      This mixed method study examines the relationship between general counseling and stress and anxiety in individuals seeking counseling services. A brief historical background and terms associated with stress and anxiety are presented. Specific diagnoses associated with stress and anxiety and implications for treatment of these diagnoses are addressed. Recommendations for counseling individuals with stress and anxiety are made based on research findings and evidence-based practices. Implications for counselors working with individuals who have stress and anxiety or related disorders are made. The need for continued research and limitations of this study are addressed.
    • Counselor Burnout and Self-Care Within an Outpatient Mental Health Agency

      Regan, Amanda; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of burnout and counselor self care in the lives of practicing counselors within an outpatient mental health agency in the northeast. Qualitative methods involving semi-structured interviews were utilized and involved seven participants. The findings of the study identified the following themes as imperative information to be considered: structure of the work day, reactions (including: thoughts, feelings, affect and physical), prevention, and barriers. Included is a discussion depicting the connections surrounding the affect of the identified themes and how this impacts the counselor in regards to burnout and self-care.
    • Counselors' Spirituality and Empathy: Are they Compatible?

      Halligan, Erin M.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      The current research explores the constructs of spirituality and empathy in counselors. This exploratory research will attempt to assess counselors' self-reports of spirituality and empathy through the use of two separate instruments, an adapted Systems of Belief Inventory and adapted Interpersonal Reactivity Index. The purpose of this research is to assess if spirituality and empathy correspond with one another in a sample of 40 community counselors. Results indicate a relationship does not exists between counselors' spirituality and degree of empathy, r(38) = .026 p < .05. A post hoc test was conducted to uncover significant inter-item correlations. Of 91 possible correlations, 7 significant correlations were indicated and ranged from r(38) = .388, p > .05 to r(38) = .483, p > .01.
    • Counselor’s Personal Experience with Counseling

      Robey, Lisa; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      Approximately 20 to 30 volunteer and paid community counselors were surveyed in this exploratory study by the author about their experiences with personal therapy and whether they believe they are more effective counselors as a result of their own therapy. The participants in the study were given two surveys. The first survey consisted of five multiple choice questions to measure the counselors own experience with therapy. The second survey consisted of eight short answer questions to measure the counselor’s beliefs about how their own personal therapy has affected their current work as a therapist. The participants in the study ranged from graduate student interns to professional counselors in the fields of counseling, social work, and marriage and family therapists. The author summarizes the prevalence of therapists receiving their own personal counseling, the benefits of counselor’s receiving personal therapy, and the overall affects it has on their effectiveness as a counselor. It should be noted that for this paper the words therapist, counselor, and psychotherapist are used interchangeably.
    • Creating Effective Mentoring Relationships with Urban Youth

      Abbott, Renee; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      This project is an initial investigation into student perceptions of the “Family of Five” mentoring program in this school The Family of Five program in this school is designed to reengage disenfranchised youth in the educational system. All staff members at this school are asked to mentor a family of five students. Staff members are asked to meet with each of the five students on a weekly basis, monitor their academic progress, develop a relationship with the students family and provide an opportunity for the student to develop a supportive relationship with adults in this school. Many of this school’s students have a significant history of poor academic performance, disciplinary issues, and truancy. This project will explore the students’ perceptions of their educational experience as part of the Family of Five program. The information gathered from this project will be used to develop future programming to support the students at this school. This project is conducted under the premises that students who feel supported by the adults in their lives will increase their ability to be academically successful.
    • Cultural Competency of the Helping Professional: A Self Reflection

      Outland, Rafael; Furness, Courtney; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      The purpose of this study is to begin a dialogue among helping professionals about the lack of diversity training in the Mental Health Counseling and Social Work fields. The researcher's goal was to evaluate helping professionals’ level of cultural competency by the time they completed formal diversity training in their master's program. The literature review reflects the main topic areas of diversity training that should be addressed before a master's student enters the professional world. The research study consisted of eight helping professionals working at the Catholic Family Center in Rochester, New York. The participants completed qualitative surveys, created by the researcher, to gather narratives of their experiences with diversity training. The study concluded that the participants felt culturally competent beginning professional jobs; following graduation of their masters programs. However, the narratives reflected that the diversity training was happening as informal training; outside the classroom and in the real lives of the participants. Based on the limitations of this study future research could include a bigger/ more diverse sample size, and a different method of data collection like interviews with participants.
    • Cyber-Bullying: Bullying in the 21st Century

      Rumfola, Mark T.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The effectiveness of a Cyberbullying presentation is being evaluated among junior high students. Six junior high students in a rural, Western New York setting were participants in the presentation. A pre and post-test questionnaire was given to assess the effectiveness of a Cyberbullying PowerPoint presentation. The findings indicate that participants were better able to identify types of cyberbullying and how to keep themselves safe. This information is relevant for counselors as cyberbullying appears to be a current trend affecting a multitude of students nationwide.
    • Dance Your Way to Communication: Dance Movement Therapy to Increase Self-Esteem, Poor Body Image, and Communication Skills in High School Females

      Corteville, Mary K.; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      A study with the use of dance movement therapy as a counseling approach in a suburban high school setting was presented. The objective of this study was to determine if Dance Movement Therapy (DMT) with females struggling with relational issues with their paternal figure contributed to improved self esteem, body image, and communication skills. The literature review describes dance movement therapy, aspects of self-esteem, body image, dance movement therapy used with specific populations, fundamentals of group work, and movement therapy techniques used with adolescents. Methods of the study were presented with the use of eight movement therapy interventions. The instrument and participants were also described. The results were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively through pre and post test results and observations. Results indicated that DMT was an effective therapeutic technique in a school setting. The discussion also describes areas for additional research and implications for future research.
    • Data Collection is Key in Clarification of School Counselor's Role

      Kells, Michelle D.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      The school counselor's role in the 21st century has expanded and the demand of school counselors has increased as well as the number of students they are responsible for. School counselors today are encouraged to prove their accountability through the documentation of data. This review focuses on the significance of accountability and the lack of it in school counseling. The school counselors and the secretary at the middle school collected data on the issues that students had appointments for. This data was analyzed and explained. A review of recommendations and limitations were discussed as well as the beliefs/opinions of the school counselors who documented the data for this review.
    • Determining the Impact of a Psychoeducational Group on Student-Athlete Identity

      Outland, Rafael; Manioci, Raymond; The College at Brockport (2016-04-01)
      This study examined the impact of a psychoeducational group on middle school student-athlete identity. Literature regarding stigmas, academic eligibility, time commitment, athletic burnout, substance usage, role conflict, and moral orientation, was reviewed to identify challenges faced by student-athletes. Supportive programs and the benefits of psychoeducational groups were discussed to provide information on combating these challenges. This study followed a quantitative, action research design, and the Academic and Athletic Identity Scale was administered as part of a pre and post-test data collection to measure a psychoeducational intervention. The data collected showed that the psychoeducational group intervention increased academic and athletic identity recognition. Limitations and implications were discussed to provide further recommendations for future research.
    • Developmental Assets in a Residential Setting

      Kramell, Nicole M.; The College at Brockport (2014-10-01)
      The Search Institute’s developmental assets serve as protective factors in adolescents’ well-being and success in life. In addition, they act as barriers to high risk behaviors such as alcohol and drug use, violence, and school dropout. Several researchers have conducted studies showing a positive correlation between both internal and external developmental assets and successful life outcomes. It is imperative that developmental assets are taught and maintained not only in the home but also in the school curriculum and in community activities.
    • Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training Core Mindfulness: Its Impact on Everyday Mindfulness, Goal-Directed, and Ineffective Behaviors

      Outland, Rafael; Smith, Nicole; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      Individuals diagnosed with certain mental illnesses often engage in automatic thought patterns, which makes them more likely to behave in ineffective and harmful ways. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), with its emphasis on mindfulness, aims to help individuals break automatic thought patterns in order to engage in more goal directed behaviors. Previous studies have explored the effectives of the DBT program in its entirety however; only preliminary results have been published on the impact of mindfulness as it is taught through DBT. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of core mindfulness as it is taught through a DBT skills training group on goal directed and ineffective behaviors. The study will be detailed through describing the participants, materials, and the procedure. Results were measured through pre, mid-way, and post-test administration of the Mindfulness Awareness Attention Survey (MAAS). The results indicate that for some participants, levels of mindfulness did increase after participating in the core mindfulness module of DBT skills training. Lastly, findings, implications, limitations, and recommendations for future research are explored.
    • Do Parents Use of DBT Skills Change After a 12 Week Parent/Adolescent DBT Skills Group?

      Powell, Danielle M.; The College at Brockport (2014-04-01)
      The following research looks at the results of a pre and post assessment of parents’ DBT skills use after completing a 12 week DBT skills group. The research design compared individual and group raw score means of the pre and post assessment data. It was hypothesized that caregivers’ post DBT-WCCL scores would indicate more use of DBT skills following the intervention. The data showed a decrease in dysfunctional coping and an increase in DBT skills on post assessments. The magnitude of decrease in dysfunctional coping was greater than the increase in use of DBT skills. Clinicians need to ensure that their DBT groups teach skills to caregivers along with their teen.
    • Domestic Violence Court Intervention Project

      Jones, Wendy R.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      This research study examines the effectiveness of two domestic violence interventions to increase shelter use among women in a court advocacy program in upstate New York. The study found a significant advantage to offering a brief counseling component during an intervention, as opposed to only handing out an agency brochure and verbalizing shelter services to participants. Through qualitative inquiry rooted in Grounded Theory, the study accesses the impact of the criminal justice setting, direct observation, and the unstructured interview in acquiring pertinent screening information from victims. The study also uses Prochaska and DiClemente=s (1982) AStages of Change@ to better gage the readiness of each victim to make substantial and lasting changes in their relationship with the abuser. The study uncovered three potential areas for future research such as expanding service options for those victims who are not ready or willing to extricate themselves from the abuser. Second, preventing domestic violence earlier by directing preventative programs at children. Third, expanding what domestic violence workers look for during the screening process to measure the feasibility of including both family systems in the treatment plan especially if children are involved.
    • Dropout: Students leaving urban high schools prior to graduation

      Mangini, Jeffrey K.; The College at Brockport (2012-04-01)
      Urban high schools in America are not generating the desired results; the low graduation rate in large cities must be addressed. Existing literature discussing the high school dropout issue is examined. Many factors contribute to school dropout, which has an impact on the individual and society. Several of the potential causes are examined and connections between multiple causes are noted. Quantitative and qualitative studies were used to create a complete view of this issue. Dropout prevention methods and programs are described, as is the role of school counselors in dropout prevention. A phenomenological study was also conducted to gain the personal perspective of individuals who dropped out of an urban school district. The specific goal of the research was to determine what factors contributed to students deciding to drop out of high school. Seven individuals participating in a General Education Diploma program shared their experience of dropping out of high school. Individual and small group interviews were conducted. The experiences reported were compared among each participant and were also related to the results of existing research. Results varied among participants, they reflected both the individual and the school community. Conclusions have been drawn and are reported as they relate to the role of a school counselor.