• The Signs of Suicide (SOS) Prevention Program: A Pilot Study

      Outland, Rafael; Perri, Christopher; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among adolescents in the United States. In recent years there has been increased attention given to suicide and suicidal ideation. It is no secret that depression, self-harming behavior, and suicidal ideation can have a negative impact on social, cognitive, and academic functioning. This pilot study looks at and analyzes the implementation of the Signs of Suicide (SOS) Prevention Program in a suburban high school in Rochester, NY. The study is designed to assess if student knowledge and attitudes towards depression and suicidal ideation changed as a result of the program. The program was implemented in two sections of health class in the fall of 2015. Previous research on suicide education have found that comprehensive prevention education have increased student knowledge and attitudes. This suggests that the SOS program has the potential to have beneficial impact on students’ knowledge and attitudes about depression and suicide. In order to gain a clearer sense of the programs benefits additional research would be necessary.
    • The Student Experience of In School and Out of School Suspension

      James, Jessica M.; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      The purpose of this study is to understand the student experience of in school and/or out of school suspension. It was a qualitative phenomenological study. The researcher individually interviewed high school students who have had experience with suspension. Each interview was audio-recorded in order for transcriptions to be completed for data to be analyzed and coded. Inquiries were made to help the researcher understand what the experiences of students were, the overall impact of suspension in students’ lives, what motivated their behaviors, and the experience of the disciplinary process at the school. A number of patterns emerged within the responses. A theme that emerged across the interviews was the importance of students feeling engaged in the classroom. Some discrepancies were identified as well, including the impact that suspension has on a student’s life. Based on the student responses, recommendations were made to change the suspension program.
    • The Transition Experiences of Students Formally (i.e. Formerly) in Bilingual Education

      Hernandez, Yamalis; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Although the number of students who are English Language Learners (ELL) in the United States has steadily increased since 1965, the decision as to how to best educate these students remains controversial (Nieto, 2009). Currently, several states offer Bilingual Education programs as a mechanism to teach students, while other states utilize minimal student supports. At the present time, there is a growing body of literature which provides evidence that bilingual education programs are effective in not only increasing a students? understanding of core content material, but also in advancing a students' English language proficiency (August & Shanahan,2006; Krashen 2006). Although this growing body of research demonstrates the value of bilingual education programs, there are few studies which explore the experiences of students who exit these programs and enter into English speaking classrooms. Therefore, the following survey study examined the type of services ELL students accessed when they transitioned into English speaking classrooms, and explored the extent to which students adjusted to their classroom settings. Students who were formally enrolled in a bilingual education program, and who experienced almost an entire school year in mainstream classrooms, participated in the following survey study. The research findings suggest that students were well prepared and adjusted to their mainstream classes. While a small percentage of students tapped into the available academic and social support services, students generally indicated that these were not helpful. These findings confirm the value and need for bilingual education programs, as they support students in learning English, and contribute positively to a students' school experience. However, given that there are few studies available regarding the transition experiences of students, there is a need to further explore what this experience is like for students. Keywords: Bilingual education, transition, mainstream classroom
    • The Use of Child Centered Play Therapy in a Primary School Setting

      Dupee, Tracy E.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      This paper is divided into four Sections: 1) Introduction, 2) Methods, 3) Results, and 4) Discussion. The Introduction begins by explaining the purpose and significance of the current study as well as the research hypothesis and objective. Next, the recent growing concern about school violence and its link to childhood social skills is discussed. The social characteristics of students involved in school violence are then outlined followed by a description of various school violence prevention programs and the role of school counselors in preventing school violence. Next is a description of several specific types of social skills training groups and typical problems found with such groups. The function of play with regard to childhood development is then discussed followed by an introduction to Child Centered Play Therapy. The benefits of Child Centered Play Therapy in the school system, particularly with high-risk students who show signs of aggressive or shy and withdrawn behaviors are then summarized. Next is a discussion of the nature and benefits of group Child Centered Play Therapy as well as the potential effectiveness of combining Child Centered Play Therapy with a social skills training group for the treatment of high-risk students. The Introduction Section ends with a brief conclusion based on the literature reviewed. The Methods Section is divided into three subsections. The first identifies the characteristics and demographics of the study participants. The next subsection outlines the psychometric properties of the instrument used to measure the study outcomes. The third and final methods subsection describes the procedures utilized in the study. The Results Section includes the raw data obtained for both the experimental and control groups. The data is presented in Tables 1 and 2, which are included in the Results Section. The Discussion Section follows with four subsections. The first includes information about the results in relation to the research question and hypothesis of the current study. The second subsection links the results of the current study to previous theory and research. The third subsection discusses the limitations of the current study while the fourth includes suggestions and recommendations for practice and future research
    • The Use of the Developmental Assets Profile at a Residential Treatment Center

      Johnson, Ashlee D.; The College at Brockport (2014-10-01)
      Strengths based approaches are at the forefront of developmental frameworks in the social sciences. The Developmental Assets Framework is an evidence-based practice that focuses on youths’ internal strengths and external supports. This study uses the Developmental Assets Profile to identify which types of assets that thirty-five youth at a Residential Treatment Center are thriving in and which assets they are challenged in. The study looked at the mean overall, internal, and external developmental asset scores from the RTC sample to gain understanding of where the youth scored on a scale of Challenged, Vulnerable, Adequate, Thriving. The study also looked at mean scores for the eight categories of assets and mean scores for the five asset-building contexts. The purpose of this study is to identify strengths and needs of these adolescents and provide treatment and program recommendations for the Residential Treatment Center.
    • The Utilization of Counseling by the International Student Population on U.S. College and University Campuses.

      Tilliman, Damien G.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      International students face unique challenges in adjusting to a new culture and studying in the United States. These challenges often cause psychological concerns or emotional and interpersonal problems. Despite these challenges foreign students utilize mental health services far less than their American counterparts. A survey was developed and distributed to the international student population enrolled at a mid-sized technical university in the northeast United States. The purpose of this study is to examine the specific needs and issues of international students and to examine the possible barriers to the utilization of counseling centers on University and college campuses in the United States. The study is consistent with previous findings in that international students tended to avoid counseling and other mental health services when they do encounter difficulties.
    • Therapist’s Perceptions of Self-Care

      Catlin-Rakoski, Stephanie; The College at Brockport (2012-04-01)
      Mental health professionals experience tremendous work-related stressors due to the emotionally demanding nature of the role they play in their client’s lives. The goal of this research was to identify relationships between a therapist’s level of engagement in self-care activities, and compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress. Forty-six mental health therapists were surveyed on their reported engagement in self-care activities and their overall professional quality of life. Relationships were found regarding an increase in selfcare and a decrease in the level of burnout and secondary traumatic stress a therapist reported, as well as a positive relationship between higher levels of self-care and an increase in compassion satisfaction.
    • Today’s College Students and Their Mental Health Needs Are Requiring a Change in the Way College Campuses Address Mental Health Issues

      Neilans, Mackenzie B.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      The purpose of this research project is to determine whether or not today’s college students are seeking counseling services when they feel they are experiencing mental health issues or concerns. This paper will discuss the mental health and wellness of today’s college students, as well as the overall increase in diagnosed mental health illness among college students. A survey was created by the student researcher and will consist of questions pertaining to any mental health issues or concerns the residential life students are experiencing. The results of the survey will then be discussed and recommendations will be given. Based on my literature review and data collection, this information will be useful in determining if there is a need for providing counseling services in the Residence Halls.
    • Transitioning from High School: A Postgraduate Study

      Dunning, Krystal B.; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      Individuals transitioning from college face many decisions about their future. Making these decisions is not always easy for some. The role of all individuals involved in a high school is to prepare students for life after high school. A review of past postgraduate data was explored as well as programs that have been implemented to help students transition. A postgraduate survey was given to past graduates of a local school. The results of the survey were examined. Recommendations for helping students transition were made.
    • Treating Sex Offender Denial: Measuring Client Change and Contributing Therapeutic Factors

      Hickey, Jean P.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      Denial is believed to be a serious impediment to the most effective sex offender treatment. Research in support of this contention is limited, as is research into the specific content and process components which may reduce denial. Additionally, perhaps because sex offenders are so reviled by the public, soliciting their opinions on the efficacy of treatment components is rarely done. This study utilized a pretest/posttest design to measure the effect of a twelve-week treatment group on types of denial and solicited group members’ opinions on the helpfulness of specific components. Results indicated denial was lowered and group cohesiveness contributed most significantly. An implication is that group process factors in sex offender treatment might be studied more rigorously in the future.
    • Underage Drinking: A Learning Experience

      Rosenbaum, Bradley L.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      Presented is a review of an educational program on the topic of alcohol use and abuse among teenagers. A literature review, method, results, discussion, references and appendices are presented.
    • Understanding Self-Injurious Behaviors: Treatment and Implications for School Counselors

      Harnden, Christen C.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      This review examined the implications of dealing with students who self-harm and how school counselors can effectively cope with this ever prominent issue among adolescents. The current study examined the trend of school counselors who have adopted a school or district-wide policy which dictates whether parent contact was made when a student presents with self-injury. Eighty-five different schools throughout Western New York were surveyed as to the existence of a policy or procedure. The respondents were asked specifically whether parents or guardians were contacted whenever a student presents with self-injurious behavior or if each situation was examined individually. This information was then used to promote discussions regarding the implementation of a policy or procedure at the internship site. A resource manual was also constructed for the education and use of the counseling staff. Implications for further research and limitations of this study were also discussed.
    • Urban High School Climate: Students’ Perceptions of Bullying and Homophobic Remarks in School

      Navarra, Joseph; The College at Brockport (2011-10-01)
      Implications of bullying and homophobic remarks heard in school can be harmful to students and create an unsafe school environment. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth are often targets of negative and derogatory comments (GLSEN, 2009). This paper defines homophobic bullying, specifically in school settings, and addresses key issues. Several issues researched in this paper include; the implications of harassment, absenteeism, academics, and the roles of personal characteristics of students who heard homophobic remarks in schools. The research addresses the significance of students who report victimization of negative and harmful remarks. Resiliency and risk factors of students are essential issues addressed in an effort to understand the overall effects of homophobic bullying and negative remarks heard in schools. Finally, the paper addresses the importance of continued proactive efforts to reduce and eliminate bullying and homophobia in schools.
    • Urban Students and Career Options.

      Kates, James M.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      Urban American Youth may not receive sufficient exposure to career opportunities and a lifestyle outside of their norm. The American Dream for minorities, particularly African Americans and Latinos, revolves around their loyalty to their ghettos. Securing white collar jobs are not the dreams of this community: settling for minimum wage positions in neighborhoods more familiar are realistic ideas. Families in urban communities lack secondary education and support from social agencies to increase their ratio of success, Therefore, minimum wage opportunities become attractive, despite the struggle the wages create. Single parenting as well as of lack of appropriate role models results in minors’ involvement in gangs, violence, sexual activities and like mannerism.
    • Use and Abuse of the Internet: Parental Knowledge of Cyber Bullying in Middle School

      Rowe, Na‘ Lisa; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The current literature has emphasized the impact of cyber bullying on the lives of children and adolescents. However there are gaps in the literature in terms of when and how, parents and school officials should intervene and prevent future occurrences. The purpose of this study was to provide a foundational basis for research associated with middle school children‘s use and abuse of the Internet, specifically online aggression and violence, termed as cyber bullying. Parental knowledge of student‘s Internet use and the prevalence of cyber bullying were investigated. Caregivers with students enrolled in 6th, 7th and 8th grade in a suburban school of culturally diverse and varied socioeconomic status were studied. This research identified key elements to address the possible need for prevention strategies targeting students, parents and educators. Results demonstrated that parental perceptions of children‘s Internet experience and children‘s actual Internet use are in some cases shown to be different.
    • Using a Social Skills Group to Develop and Maintain Relationships

      Washington, Sharee L.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      This research investigated the relationship between social skills groups and the promotion of adolescent friendships in girls. All participants were identified as lacking social skills and having no friends. Each week of group focused on a different social skill and included a skill-basked activity. Each participant rated their social skills and capabilities by completing a survey developed by the researcher during the initial group session in a pre and post test. Results indicated that participant’s social skills increases by the final group session. The discussion focuses on implications for further research as well as limitations to this research.
    • Using Art Therapy to Express Your Self

      Vazquez, Sandra S.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The study conducted discusses the use of art therapy at a college counseling center as an additional approach to treating clients. The research presented explains the prevalent mental health issues that are being diagnosed on college campus and the definition and benefits to using art therapy as a way of expressing feelings and thoughts. The literature reviewed supports the use of different art medias as a means of exploring an individual’s inner self. The study defines art therapy techniques as a mode of treatment to use in conjunction with psychotherapy. The research is explored in the form of an anonymous needs assessment survey that is presented in a yes/no/not applicable question answer format. The survey is used to measure the level of need and interest in art therapy as a form of treatment, specifically on a college campus.
    • Using Group Counseling to Implement a Career Development Program with High School Students

      Giallombardo, Lisa; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      Discusses the importance of implementing career development groups at the high school level. A study was conducted to determine if group career counseling is beneficial to students’ growth in their career development. The methods used in this study were described, including the setting, participants, procedure, and evaluations. The findings were detailed along with a discussion about the implications of the results. Included in the literature review was the rational for having career development in high school, as well as the educational system and counselor’s role pertaining to career development. Using group work as a counseling technique was described, along with its effectiveness when working with adolescents. Finally, the advantages of combining group counseling with career development were introduced and explored.
    • Using Group Therapy to Improve the Well-Being of Children in Foster Care

      Maldonado, Joshua; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      There is little research on the effectiveness of group psychotherapy for children in foster care (Craven & Lee, 2006; Mellor & Storer, 1995; Williams, Fanolis, & Schamess, 2001). Youth in foster care are an at-risk population who generally are more vulnerable to various psychological issues including neglect and abandonment as well being predisposed to mental health problems from first generation biological parents (Clausen, Landsverk, Ganger, Chadwick, & Litrownik, 1998; Garwood & Close, 2001). This study evaluates the effect of attachment theory on children as it relates to psychopathology and behavior. According to Howe (2006) abused and neglected children with dysfunctional attachment relationships suffer more complex and profound impairments as they experience the worst facets of both avoidant and ambivalent custodial environments. In addition, this writer will review the history of the various social service organizations that impact children who enter the child welfare system. The primary objective of this study is to measure the effectiveness of group psychotherapy as a therapeutic intervention for children in foster care (CFC). Children in foster care are often a population whose therapeutic goals and objectives tend to focus on psychopathology and behavior management but little attention is paid to the culture and experiential component of what its like to be a child in foster care. A child from nowhere and whose identity, culture and caregiver may shift with each new environmental transition or experience.
    • Utilizing Individual Counseling in Conjunction with Disciplinary Actions

      McKnight, Brandon; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      This study was conducted in a Rochester area school. The purpose of the study was to observe the effect of individual counseling sessions on student referrals. The individual counseling frameworks utilized include person-centered and Adlerian perspectives. Person centered theory was used to establish a connection with the students in the first sessions. Thereafter Adlerian concepts of assessing and setting goals were incorporated. Upon completion of the study, students who received treatment were compared to a control group in regard to the number of disciplinary referrals.