• Underage Drinking: A Learning Experience

      Rosenbaum, Bradley L.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      Presented is a review of an educational program on the topic of alcohol use and abuse among teenagers. A literature review, method, results, discussion, references and appendices are presented.
    • Understanding Self-Injurious Behaviors: Treatment and Implications for School Counselors

      Harnden, Christen C.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      This review examined the implications of dealing with students who self-harm and how school counselors can effectively cope with this ever prominent issue among adolescents. The current study examined the trend of school counselors who have adopted a school or district-wide policy which dictates whether parent contact was made when a student presents with self-injury. Eighty-five different schools throughout Western New York were surveyed as to the existence of a policy or procedure. The respondents were asked specifically whether parents or guardians were contacted whenever a student presents with self-injurious behavior or if each situation was examined individually. This information was then used to promote discussions regarding the implementation of a policy or procedure at the internship site. A resource manual was also constructed for the education and use of the counseling staff. Implications for further research and limitations of this study were also discussed.
    • Urban High School Climate: Students’ Perceptions of Bullying and Homophobic Remarks in School

      Navarra, Joseph; The College at Brockport (2011-10-01)
      Implications of bullying and homophobic remarks heard in school can be harmful to students and create an unsafe school environment. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth are often targets of negative and derogatory comments (GLSEN, 2009). This paper defines homophobic bullying, specifically in school settings, and addresses key issues. Several issues researched in this paper include; the implications of harassment, absenteeism, academics, and the roles of personal characteristics of students who heard homophobic remarks in schools. The research addresses the significance of students who report victimization of negative and harmful remarks. Resiliency and risk factors of students are essential issues addressed in an effort to understand the overall effects of homophobic bullying and negative remarks heard in schools. Finally, the paper addresses the importance of continued proactive efforts to reduce and eliminate bullying and homophobia in schools.
    • Urban Students and Career Options.

      Kates, James M.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      Urban American Youth may not receive sufficient exposure to career opportunities and a lifestyle outside of their norm. The American Dream for minorities, particularly African Americans and Latinos, revolves around their loyalty to their ghettos. Securing white collar jobs are not the dreams of this community: settling for minimum wage positions in neighborhoods more familiar are realistic ideas. Families in urban communities lack secondary education and support from social agencies to increase their ratio of success, Therefore, minimum wage opportunities become attractive, despite the struggle the wages create. Single parenting as well as of lack of appropriate role models results in minors’ involvement in gangs, violence, sexual activities and like mannerism.
    • Use and Abuse of the Internet: Parental Knowledge of Cyber Bullying in Middle School

      Rowe, Na‘ Lisa; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The current literature has emphasized the impact of cyber bullying on the lives of children and adolescents. However there are gaps in the literature in terms of when and how, parents and school officials should intervene and prevent future occurrences. The purpose of this study was to provide a foundational basis for research associated with middle school children‘s use and abuse of the Internet, specifically online aggression and violence, termed as cyber bullying. Parental knowledge of student‘s Internet use and the prevalence of cyber bullying were investigated. Caregivers with students enrolled in 6th, 7th and 8th grade in a suburban school of culturally diverse and varied socioeconomic status were studied. This research identified key elements to address the possible need for prevention strategies targeting students, parents and educators. Results demonstrated that parental perceptions of children‘s Internet experience and children‘s actual Internet use are in some cases shown to be different.
    • Using a Social Skills Group to Develop and Maintain Relationships

      Washington, Sharee L.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      This research investigated the relationship between social skills groups and the promotion of adolescent friendships in girls. All participants were identified as lacking social skills and having no friends. Each week of group focused on a different social skill and included a skill-basked activity. Each participant rated their social skills and capabilities by completing a survey developed by the researcher during the initial group session in a pre and post test. Results indicated that participant’s social skills increases by the final group session. The discussion focuses on implications for further research as well as limitations to this research.
    • Using Art Therapy to Express Your Self

      Vazquez, Sandra S.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The study conducted discusses the use of art therapy at a college counseling center as an additional approach to treating clients. The research presented explains the prevalent mental health issues that are being diagnosed on college campus and the definition and benefits to using art therapy as a way of expressing feelings and thoughts. The literature reviewed supports the use of different art medias as a means of exploring an individual’s inner self. The study defines art therapy techniques as a mode of treatment to use in conjunction with psychotherapy. The research is explored in the form of an anonymous needs assessment survey that is presented in a yes/no/not applicable question answer format. The survey is used to measure the level of need and interest in art therapy as a form of treatment, specifically on a college campus.
    • Using Group Counseling to Implement a Career Development Program with High School Students

      Giallombardo, Lisa; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      Discusses the importance of implementing career development groups at the high school level. A study was conducted to determine if group career counseling is beneficial to students’ growth in their career development. The methods used in this study were described, including the setting, participants, procedure, and evaluations. The findings were detailed along with a discussion about the implications of the results. Included in the literature review was the rational for having career development in high school, as well as the educational system and counselor’s role pertaining to career development. Using group work as a counseling technique was described, along with its effectiveness when working with adolescents. Finally, the advantages of combining group counseling with career development were introduced and explored.
    • Using Group Therapy to Improve the Well-Being of Children in Foster Care

      Maldonado, Joshua; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      There is little research on the effectiveness of group psychotherapy for children in foster care (Craven & Lee, 2006; Mellor & Storer, 1995; Williams, Fanolis, & Schamess, 2001). Youth in foster care are an at-risk population who generally are more vulnerable to various psychological issues including neglect and abandonment as well being predisposed to mental health problems from first generation biological parents (Clausen, Landsverk, Ganger, Chadwick, & Litrownik, 1998; Garwood & Close, 2001). This study evaluates the effect of attachment theory on children as it relates to psychopathology and behavior. According to Howe (2006) abused and neglected children with dysfunctional attachment relationships suffer more complex and profound impairments as they experience the worst facets of both avoidant and ambivalent custodial environments. In addition, this writer will review the history of the various social service organizations that impact children who enter the child welfare system. The primary objective of this study is to measure the effectiveness of group psychotherapy as a therapeutic intervention for children in foster care (CFC). Children in foster care are often a population whose therapeutic goals and objectives tend to focus on psychopathology and behavior management but little attention is paid to the culture and experiential component of what its like to be a child in foster care. A child from nowhere and whose identity, culture and caregiver may shift with each new environmental transition or experience.
    • Utilizing Individual Counseling in Conjunction with Disciplinary Actions

      McKnight, Brandon; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      This study was conducted in a Rochester area school. The purpose of the study was to observe the effect of individual counseling sessions on student referrals. The individual counseling frameworks utilized include person-centered and Adlerian perspectives. Person centered theory was used to establish a connection with the students in the first sessions. Thereafter Adlerian concepts of assessing and setting goals were incorporated. Upon completion of the study, students who received treatment were compared to a control group in regard to the number of disciplinary referrals.
    • Wellness: Preventative care for middle school girls

      Doll, Kimberly L.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      An eight-week psycho-educational group to improve wellness knowledge and content was examined. A pre- and post-test was given to 10 female seventh and eighth grade students in a rural, predominately Caucasian middle school in order to measure: 1) An increase in students’ knowledge of spiritual wellness and ability to identify ways to increase spiritual wellness, 2) an increase in students’ knowledge of the self-direction component of wellness and the ability to identify ways to improve self-direction, 3) an increase in students’ knowledge of work and leisure and the ability to increase this component of wellness, 4) an increase in knowledge of friendship wellness as well as ability to identify ways to increase friendships, and 5) an increase in knowledge of the love component of wellness as well as ways to increase love relationships. Findings indicated that group experience was effective for helping student’s identify and understand wellness as a whole, gain the knowledge of various components of wellness, as well as ways to improve each type of wellness. Implications for school counselors are proposed.
    • What Academically At Risk Students Need from a Summer Transition Program

      Kaiser, Tiffany N.; The College at Brockport (2008-01-01)
      The topic of school transitions and school transition programs were examined and reported on. At risk students transitioning from 8th to 9th grade were identified and completed a self reporting survey of 14 questions regarding what they have as academic, social/emotional, and programmatic needs. Eighth grade teachers were also surveyed regarding what they saw as the student's academic, social/emotional and programmatic needs. Survey results concluded that that the identified students lack social and academic support and reported that the students' would like more support from teachers. Students and teachers alike identified topics that would be helpful in a summer transition program, including how much homework to expect in high school, what classes to take, and the layout of the building.
    • “What Do I Want to Do When I Grow Up?” – A Look at the Impact of Career Curriculum in the Fifth Grade

      Outland, Rafael; Kusse, Elyse; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      Current research suggests that early exposure to career-related curriculum may give students more academic buy-in resulting in higher graduation rates. The ASCA model suggests that career development should be a K-12 program providing students with the skills to “investigate the world of work in relation to knowledge of self” (ASCA, 2005). Though research regarding career interventions at the elementary level is sparse, the literature suggests that beginning to introduce career curriculum at such a developmentally fundamental time could have significant impact on student success and ultimately career choice. This study examines the impact career curriculum taught by the School Counselor has on the knowledge fifth grade students have regarding their post-secondary options. These findings are applied to the school setting in order to develop a more well-rounded comprehensive plan.
    • Where do we go from here? A workshop about career and college choices.

      Briggs, Jessica M.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      A graduate students final thesis project was presented. The inspirations of this researcher to create a workshop that would help parents and students work together to make decisions about their future and help to increase their awareness of career and college choices was explored and defined. The focus on Junior's in high school and their parents was explained and presented through topics such as the effects of career choice, career stages, transition periods in high school and beyond, support systems and the decision making process. The sample size for this research was n= 3 for the parents and n=4 for the students. The thesis presented was gathered through journals, books and individual research.
    • Who is My Brothers’ Keeper? Stressors that African American Males Encounter during Their College Experience

      Outland, Rafael; Linzy, Charlene; The College at Brockport (2016-04-01)
      The purpose of this study is to address the stressors that African American males encounter during their college experiences, specifically at Predominantly White Colleges and Universities (PWCUs). At minimum, African American males carry the burden of two negative social identities as they move through society; one as a member of the African American race (i.e., anti-Black racism) and the other as a Black male (i.e., Black misandry and oppression). African American male collegians constantly confront negative stereotypes about their intellect and must excel academically despite racially biased course content and racially insensitive instructors. I created a 51 item questionnaire according to stressors (minority stress, racism-related stress, group based discrimination, and upbringing and socioeconomic stress) discussed in the literature. Findings from the study showed that African American male students did experience these stressors but the variance was scattered. Moreover, further research is needed to properly address the impact of stress on the academic success of African American males.
    • Whose Responsibility Is It? Assessing the needs of Pregnant and Parenting Teens

      Johnson, Tanishia A.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      This study encompasses research that suggests the need for more supportive services within the national school system for pregnant and parenting teens. This report further details the effectiveness of supportive services within an urban high school, located in western New York which provides on site supportive services for pregnant and parenting teens. The author has included a literature review which details current information on this topic. This report further includes the author’s assessment of the teen parent program coordinated within the school by the YWCA and the results of a survey completed by program participants.
    • Women and Economic Self-Sufficiency: An Analysis of a Program in a Community-Based Organization

      Rachow, Lindsay A.; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      The objective of this project is to conduct an archival qualitative and quantitative study on a current program, Women On The Move (WOTM), and assess the effectiveness of this program. WOTM engaged approximately ten women deemed low income heads of household, for eighteen months, in efforts necessary to move each woman and her household to sustainable economic self-sufficiency as measured by the Self Sufficiency Standard (SSS) and the women's personal self sufficiency goals. The methods used to conduct this research include an archival analysis of existing data from 2008. These data were compiled when the program was initially evaluated in 2008. The purpose of this study is to answer the question, how effective is a nine-month group teaching women how to build self-efficacy and economic self-sufficiency?