• A Five Year Summary of Kendig Creek Watershed Monitoring

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; Lampman, Gregory G.; The College at Brockport (1996-05-01)
      Land use in the Kendig Creek watershed is mostly for agriculture purposes. Kendig Creek has relatively high concentrations of nitrate, total kjeldahl nitrogen and total suspended solids when compared to other watersheds in central New York State. Kendig Creek is also an event responsive watershed, i.e. a majority of the discharge, nutrient and solids lost from the watershed to the stream ecosystem occurs during precipitation or melting events. Stressed stream analysis has identified several agricultural sites that are contributing nutrients and soil to the stream ecosystem. Linking these three facts together suggest that agricultural practices allowing nutrients and soil to runoff into the creek are having a major impact on the loadings from Kendig Creek. The high loss of phosphorus from the watershed into Kendig Creek also indicate that the Creek is fairly polluted, when compared to other streams in western and central New York State. A remedial action plan and best management plan are suggested as the next logical step in developing a water quality program for this watershed.
    • Causes of Foaming and Surfactant Source Identification in Sandy Creek Orleans and Monroe County, New York

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Cady, Bruce L.; The College at Brockport (1994-03-01)
      This study concludes that the Albion Wastewater Treatment Plant increases the anionic surfactant (MBAS) concentrations in Sandy Creek as it passes the plant discharge pipe. This increase ranges from less than 10% to more than 100% of background levels. However, for all samples collected in our investigation, the total concentration (background plus plant effluent) never reached 100 µg/L, the upper level for natural waters.
    • Chemical Analysis and Nutrient Loading of Streams Entering Conesus Lake, N.Y with sections on I. Status of Conesus Lake I I. Crayfish as Control Agents of Macrophytes

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; Dilcher, Ronald C.; Letson, Michael; Puckett, Norma L.; The College at Brockport (1991-04-01)
      A program of research was developed at the State University of New York at Brockport's Department of Biological Sciences to investigate the causes of decreasing water transparency and increased salt levels in some streams draining into Conesus Lake and to identify watersheds and sources of. fertilizers that may be polluting the lake and causing increased abundance of "weeds". It has been supported by New York State, Livingston County, the Villages of Avon and Geneseo and the Town of Livonia and many private citizens. The thrust of the research has been to gather and synthesize information necessary to determine the physical capabilities of Conesus Lake to maintain its aesthetic character, its use as a water supply, and its ability to continue to serve as the symbol of the region. Phase 1 started in 1985 with the goal to identify the causes of the decrease in water "clearness" or the increase in turbidity of the Lake water. The higher turbidity was of concern to the New York State Department of Health because turbidity for the first time was exceeding the New York State's Guidelines on Drinking Water. The high turbidity may eventually require the construction of new water treatment plants. Results from this work suggest that the high turbidity was correlated with the accidental introduction of a new fish, the alewife or sawbelly, into the Lake. Detailed information was also gathered concerning the water quality of Conesus Lake to ascertain its status and fragility.
    • Long-term Trends and the Trophic Status of Conesus Lake 2012: A report to the Livingston County Planning Department Geneseo, NY

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; LaFountain, Joshua M.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (2012-10-01)
      Conesus Lake monitoring conducted by personnel from The College at Brockport during the summer of 2012 determined the current trophic status of the lake and if any improvements or further degradation of water quality had occurred. To accomplish this goal, lake chemistry was monitored from 22 May to 14 August 2012 and the following were completed: a trophic state assessment of the lake and an evaluation of long-term trends in lake chemistry. Recommendations 1. The monitoring of Conesus Lake should continue. Current results suggest a slow improvement in it’s surface water. The status of the lake’s water quality has been an issue for many years. If it is indeed improving as suggested, this success story needs to be communicated to the general public. 2. The importance of managing nutrients and soil loss from the watershed is now even more important to prevent a relapse or return to less desirable conditions. Continuing efforts to reduce nutrient losses from sources in agriculture, from septic systems above the ring sewer, and from lawn fertilizers should be emphasized.
    • Nutrient and Sediment Loss from the Watersheds of Orleans County: Johnson, Oak Orchard and Sandy Creek Watersheds. June 1997- June 1998

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (1998-10-01)
      Three Orleans County tributaries were intensely monitored for one year (5 June 1997 to 4 June 1998) with automated gaging and samnpling stations installed on Oak Orchard, Johnson and Sandy Creeks. This sampling regime allows an accurate measurement of discharge, nutrient and sediment loss from the watersheds during both event and nonevent conditions. Discharge and concentrations of nitrate, total phosphorus, sodium, total suspended solids, and total kjeldahl nitrogen were measured and converted into the amount of material lost from each watershed.
    • Nutrient Loading of Streams Entering Lake Neatahwanta Oswego County, NY: A Summary of the Lake Neatahwanta Tributary Monitoring

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (1994-06-01)
      This study suggests that the highly eutrophic condition of Lake Neatahwanta is in large part due to the very high loadings of nutrients from the surrounding watershed. Specifically, Sheldon Creek was identified as a major contributor of phosphorus and total suspended solids to the lake. The amount of nutrients entering the lake from Sheldon Creek were in excess of those observed in creeks of New York receiving point source loadings from small sewage treatment plants. Improvement of the water quality of Lake Neatahwanta will depend upon the identification and remediation of the major sources of nutrients in the watershed and in the Sheldon Creek watershed in particular.
    • Small Intermittent Rivulets versus Major Tributaries: The Loss of Soil and Nutrients from Selected Small Subwatersheds Compared to the Major Subwatersheds of Canandaigua Lake

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (2002-04-01)
      The rivulets that drain small subwatersheds of Canandaigua Lake contributed significant amounts of total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrate, soil and phosphorus to Canandaigua Lake. The large amount of material being lost from these small subwatersheds was surprising when compared to larger nearby watersheds despite the fact that only two events were sampled. This pilot study shows the potential importance that small intermittent streams may have on the health of Canandaigua Lake. We recommend that the watersheds studied be further interrogated as to potential land-use practices that could be the cause for the high losses observed. A further, more intensive study, looking at a larger number of rivulets for an annual cycle is warranted. A study of this nature will more accurately determine the full impact these numerous subwatersheds are having on the “ecologic health” of Canandaigua Lake.
    • The Loss of Nutrients and Materials from Watersheds Draining Into Lake Neatahwanta Oswego County, NY

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (1998-01-01)
      Here we report on the status of Lake Neatahwanta and losses of materials and nutrients from the various watersheds draining into the lake. Since 1994, Oswego Soil and Water Conservation District has begun several projects, Best Management Practices, to remediate and reduce loss of nutrients in the watershed. These include installation of rock rip-rap below the gaging station and the confluence of the Summerville and Sheldon Creeks, the installation of rock rip-rap in the drainage path near the gaging station on Sheldon Creek and the installation of fencing preventing cows from entering Sheldon Creek upstream from the gaging station at the Jeff Richards Farm. All of these management practices serve to reduce nutrient and material loss from the watershed to Lake Neatahwanta. This report updates the current status of the Lake Neatahwanta watershed, especially the Sheldon Creek watershed.