• Coastal Wetlands

      Maynard, Laurie; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Canadian Wildlife Service; The College at Brockport (1997-10-01)
      Great Lakes coastal wetlands occupy a transitional position between aquatic and terrestrial environments. They provide important habitat for many species of plant, fish and wildlife and perform valuable ecological functions. Over the past two centuries, coastal wetlands have been increasingly degraded as a result of human activities. The size of coastal wetlands has decreased and many have disappeared. Recently, there has been growing recognition of their importance to the flora, wildlife and human society in the Great Lakes basin. At the same time, concerns are mounting over the increasing pressures on nearshore areas, and coastal wetlands in particular. In order to act wisely to manage, conserve, and restore Great Lakes coastal wetlands, all stakeholders—from landowners, user groups, and non-governmental organizations to all levels of government in Canada and the United States—must understand the role of coastal wetlands in providing a healthy ecosystem for the sustenance of human and all other life. They must also understand the pressures affecting the coastal wetlands, the extent to which they are degraded, and the gaps in our knowledge. This paper expands on the paper Aquatic Habitat and Wetlands of the Great Lakes (Dodge and Kavetsky, 1995) given at the State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conference (SOLEC) in 1994. That paper provided a general evaluation of the state of aquatic, inland, and coastal wetland habitats in the Great Lakes basin. The goal of this paper is to provide a more focused synthesis of the state of Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Specifically, it aims to answer the following questions: What are Great Lakes coastal wetlands and how in general do they work? What are the functions and values of coastal wetlands? What are the major pressures threatening them? What are the best ways to determine their health? What is the current state of health of coastal wetlands in the individual Great Lakes? What are the gaps in our information on the state of coastal wetlands and how can we best fill them? The answers to many of these questions remain incomplete. This paper will address the important role of wetland science and research in the management, conservation and restoration of Great Lakes coastal wetlands.
    • Developing a Cooperative Monitoring Strategy for Lake Ontario

      2008 INTENSIVE YEAR AND LONG-TERM SAMPLING DESIGN Collaborative planning for the 2008 U.S. – Canada Lake Ontario Intensive Monitoring Year – Addressing critical research and monitoring needs vital to the effective management and restoration of the Lake Ontario ecosystem White paper prepared for the Lake Ontario 2008 Intensive Sampling Year Workshop, Kingston, Ontario, October 23-24, 2006 Report to the International Joint Commission
    • Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative Action Agenda 2004

      Landre, Betsy; Lewandowski, Stephen; Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Terninko, John; Thorndike, Elizabeth; Center for Environmental Information; Finger Lakes–Lake Ontario Watershed Protection Alliance; Ontario County Soil and Water Conservation District; The College at Brockport (2004-01-01)
      The mission of the Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative (LOCI), encompassing all New York State North Coast stakeholders from the Niagara River to the St. Lawrence River, is to enlist and retain broad public commitment for remediation, restoration, protection, conservation and sustainable use of the coastal region. This mission will be accomplished by securing funds and resources to achieve scientific understanding, educate citizens, and implement locally supported priorities, programs and projects as identified through this Initiative.
    • Our Waters, Our Communities, Our Future: Taking Bold Action Now to Achieve Longterm Sustainability of New York’s Ocean and Great Lakes

      The New York State Legislature created the New York Ocean and Great Lakes Ecosystem Conservation Council (www.nyoglecc.org) to allow greater coordination among nine key State agencies and to lay a foundation for implementing an Ecosystem?based Management (EBM) approach for the long?term sustainability of these resources. The Council urges bold action now to ensure that our aquatic resources, and the services they provide, are available for future generations. This Report recommends an implementation strategy that accounts for the impacts of a diverse set of human activities by developing comprehensive approaches and integrated partnerships.
    • Status of the Lake Ontario Food Web in a Changing Ecosystem: the 2003 Lake Ontario Lower Aquatic Food Web Assessment (LOLA)

      Mills, Edward L.; Dermott, Ron; Munawar, Mohi; Millard, Scott; Johannsson, Ora; Rudstam, Lars G.; Cornell University; Fisheries and Oceans Canada (2003-01-01)
      Understanding stressor impacts on ecological processes in Lake Ontario over the last three decades has resulted from a commitment to long-term binational studies by environmental agencies and their dedicated scientists and support staffs in both Canada and the United States. LOLA was initiated at the request of the United States and Canada Lake Ontario Lakewide Management Plan (LaMP) and the Great Lakes Fishery Commission’s Lake Ontario Committee with the following two goals: 1) assess the status of and 2) develop recommendations for the long-term comprehensive assessment of the Lake Ontario lower aquatic food web. The 2003 LOLA project incorporated seasonal sampling at a large spatial scale, providing the most comprehensive assessment of the status of Lake Ontario’s lower food web since the Lake Ontario Trophic Transfer Program in 1995. Partners from seven government agencies and six universities and colleges participated in the LOLA project. A workshop attended by LaMP representatives, government agencies, and academics was held at Cornell University on November 16-17, 2005. Discussions based on significant findings that were presented at the workshop resulted in seven recommendations for future assessment of the Lake Ontario lower aquatic food web.