• Development of a monolithically 3D printed reciprocating pump for HPLC

      Palmowski, Megan; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      There has been much research in recent years aiming to make scientific instrumentation more accessible. An increase in accessibility has many benefits including reduced costs and expanded opportunities to learn about instrumentation. 3D printing of scientific instrumentation provides an option that is cheap and customizable. This study follows the development of a 3D-printed ball check valve to be implemented in a reciprocating pump such as one used for high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The valve was designed using OpenSCAD and printed using a Prusa i3 MK2S 3D printer. Ball check valves with both a spherical and conical design were designed, and early qualitative tests point towards the conical design being desirable. Future work includes the design of a reciprocating piston, the implementation of the piston along with two check valves to create a complete reciprocating pump, and quantifying pressures achieved by the pump.
    • Elder Abuse in Nursing Homes ?

      King, Kemara (2019-07-01)
      This research looks at the frequency of physical, verbal and sexual abuse in nursing homes that hired staff are suspected of committing. Research show that the elderly population is growing, and so is the issue of elder abuse in nursing homes. It is hoped that results from this study will help highlight the issue of elder abuse, and lead to policy solutions.
    • Evaluation of Legacy Phosphorus, Internal Loading, and Zooplankton in Loon Lake for Future Management Decisions

      Amberger, Bennett; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      A pilot study was conducted on Loon Lake, in Steuben County, NY, to identify potential factors that may be contributing to increasingly frequent algal blooms. Three littoral zone "coves" were evaluated for their candidacy to serve as future aeration sites for a planned mitigation strategy by the Loon Lake Watershed Improvement Alliance (LLWIA). Observations of high phosphorus (P) concentrations were found in the hypolimnion that correlated with strongly reducing conditions, suggesting the release of legacy phosphorus from internal loading, and zooplankton (Daphnia species) collected during sampling at depths > 6 m displayed traits indicative of adaptation to hypoxic conditions (e.g., hemoglobin). Results of investigated "coves" found 2 sites provided adequate similarity for use as experimental and reference locations for planned aerator installation and study.
    • Evolution of Advancing its Workplace Culture

      Butler, Calvin; The College at Brockport (2019-07-01)
    • Experimental Evaluation of Use of Operant Conditioning to Increase Consumption of Multiflora Rose by a Goat

      French, Molly; Desrochers, Marcie N.; Forzano, Dr. Lori-Ann; Amatangelo, Dr. Kathryn L.; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      As opposition to pesticides?increases, the agricultural community has?shown interest in using animals to control the spread of invasive weed species. Operant conditioning, which can be defined as changing behavior by changing its consequences (Skinner, 1951) may present a solution. Operant conditioning strategies may be used to teach animals to perform a desired behavior, including but not limited to consumption of an invasive species.?This study used operant conditioning?of consumption of an invasive species to train a goat for successful behavioral training in consuming invasive species. During the experimental condition, subjects were positively reinforced, which is a procedure whereby when an animal performs a desired behavior the trainer presents a positive reinforcer immediately after it, which increases the probability that the animal will perform that behavior again (Cooper et al., 2020). During the experimental condition, subjects were reinforced with a highly preferred food item each time the target invasive species was consumed. During the control condition, no operant conditioning was used, and subjects consumed vegetation at their discretion.?Comparison of results from control and experimental conditions over nine days showed that subjects who were reinforced consumed more invasive species than subjects who were not reinforced.
    • Exploratory Analysis of Parents’ Perceived Barriers to Parent Child Verbal Interaction in the Home ?

      Pleasant, Tionna; The College at Brockport (2019-07-01)
      One-on-one verbal interaction and playful engagement between a parent and a child are important for a child’s language development. However, research has shown that the number of words spoken in the home varies depending on family socioeconomic status. Although the link between socioeconomic status and words spoken in the home is well established in the literature, less is known why this relationship exists. It is important to be aware of parents’ perceived barriers so interventions and programs can be put into place to break down those barriers. Doing so will benefit the child; having a home learning environment from birth will help prepare the child for future academic success.
    • Exploring the Factors that Influence Successful Aging in Older Adults

      O’Neill, Chelsea (2019-01-01)
      The topic of successful aging has been of reoccurring interest to researchers. Since the lifespan is increasing globally, it is essential to have an awareness of the factors that maximize older adult’s health and allow them to adapt and manage the changes that come with aging. This research moves the dialogue beyond clinical health terms to gain a more holistic view of the factor that influence older adults' perceptions of successful aging. The goal of this study is to increase knowledge regarding the health of older adults and understand what factors in their environment influence their views of successful aging.
    • Exploring the Issues Students with Learning Disabilities Encounter as they Transition into College

      Turner, Donald; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      The transition from the secondary learning institution to the collegiate setting is already a challenging task to navigate. It becomes a much more daunting task for a student who has a learning disability. The primary focus of this research is to gain insight into the various obstacles and issues related to improving the transitioning of incoming freshmen with learning disabilities into the collegiate setting. With knowledge gained from this research, we hope to design a step by step plan to ensure a smooth transition from the secondary learning institution to the collegiate setting.
    • Female Desistance of Crime?

      Torres, Genyssa; The College at Brockport (2019-07-01)
    • How feasible is it for LA to host the Olympics in 2028 given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively effect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources.To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include, London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016 London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues.These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • How feasible is it for LA to host the Olympics in 2028 given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor; Litto, Alyssa; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively effect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources.To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include, London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016 London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues.These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • Interventions for Informal Caregivers of Persons with Dementia: Implications for Quality of Care

      Debrah, Emmanuella; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      This research examines interventions for informal caregivers of people living with dementia, as well as the implications of such interventions for the quality of care provided. Family caregivers of people with dementia face numerous challenges in the course of caring for their loved ones. Several interventions currently in use to help caregivers cope includes: educational support, cognitive stimulation therapy, meetings, and telephone support. Studies used in this literature review utilized a randomized control trial (RCT) and systematic review methodology, with some evidence supporting improvement in family caregiver quality of life, which leads to better care for loved ones with dementia.
    • Keep Your Hands to Yourself: Parents and Special Education

      Blair, Abigail; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      My research involves parental involvement with special education programming and how it relates to their children’s behavior. To conduct this research, literature will be reviewed and interviews will be done with teachers and parents of children enrolled in special education programs. We will look into the amount of involvement suggested to parents, as well as how much they are allowed to participate through the review of programs, meetings, and other related policies. It is anticipated that we will find a correlation between children’s behavior, academic progress, and parental involvement in their respective programs.
    • Making Healthy Babies: The Role of a Mother’s Education

      Adjei, Anabel (2019-01-01)
      The purpose of this research is to synthesize information that expectant parents can use in promoting long term health benefits, both for themselves and their new born baby. To achieve this, an extensive review of the literature review was conducted to identify the most up- to date peer- reviewed information on how the mother’s attitude and lifestyle choices play a role in their health, and how these decisions could ultimately determine their newborns long-term well- being as well. This literature review identifies several important themes for expectant parents and other stakeholders. These themes include: the role of education, prenatal nutrition, behavior, immunization and exercise during pregnancy.
    • Mental Illness Perceptions & Misconceptions Within Black Communities

      Vasciannie, Brielle (2019-01-01)
      The rise of mental illness in the US is increasing at an alarming rate. Approximately one in five adults will suffer from a mental illness in any given year. Along with this shocking statistic, the rates of untreated mental illness, especially within the black community has escalated. Mental illness and mental health are topics that tend to be stigmatized within society, specifically in the black community. This results in people believing like they can not even talk about these issues, let alone receive treatment and support. The goal of this research is to discove rwhati s causing individuals to shy away from receiving help and treatment for their mental illnesses. Hopefully, In turn, we can begin to dismantle these negative ideas in order to combat the rates of untreated mental illness.
    • Mind and Body Medicine: Is Prayer an Alternative Treatment?

      Ralph, Betty; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      My research involves exploring Mind and Body alternative medicine. Through a literature analysis, I will examine the relationship between prayer and healing. Research shows that most individuals who have been hospitalized either believe or have prayed for improved health. If there is a significant relationship between prayer and healing, it is necessary to ask the following questions: When should prayer be offered? Should it be planned? Should prayer be a choice? These are questions that would need to be taken into consideration if this treatment is to be implemented.
    • Minority Caregivers of Dementia Patients: Quality of Life and Implications for Quality of Care Provided.

      Odam, Rachael; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      This literature review examines minority caregivers of patients living with dementia, issues affecting their quality of life, as well as implications for the quality of care provided to their loved ones living with dementia. There is evidence that minority caregivers face significant barriers, which may impact the quality of care provided to their loved ones. Some common characteristics observed among minority caregivers of people with dementia include a lower level of education, language barriers, and inadequate social supports. We hypothesized that caregiver quality of life affects the quality of care provided to persons living with dementia.
    • Molecular Interaction of Imidazolium-based Ionic Liquids with a DNA-Oligonucleotide

      Raymond, Joshua; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      A self-complimentary 14-mer (7-TA) double stranded DNA oligonucleotide and a representative set of ILs from the imidazolium family were selected to determine the degree to which the ILs intercalate within the DNA. Steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements were made using the dye 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) in buffer solutions with varying IL concentrations. DAPI was selected because it is known to bind to the minor groove of AT-rich sections of DNA. Various control experiments were made against which we compared the results from DNA/IL solutions. Steady-state excitation and emission spectral maxima shift for DAPI/DNA in the presence of the C16mim and C10mim ILs. This shows that both of these ILs bind to the minor groove of the DNA and displace the DAPI. The observed thresholds for IL concentration were ~5µM and ~40µM, respectively. The C4mim had no significant effect on the DAPI/DNA complex. Time-resolved measurements also support the conclusion that ILs displace DAPI from the minor groove, though apparently at a lower IL concentration threshold than the steady-state measurements suggest. The lifetime and anisotropy time constants suggest that the IL threshold concentrations are ~3µM and ~10 µM. Differences between the threshold concentrations will be discussed.
    • Molecular Solvation Dynamics in Phosphonium Ionic Liquids

      Riga, Rachel; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      The goal of this research is to determine the solvation dynamics in four environmentally-friendly, “green”, phosphonium ionic liquids (PILs) + cosolvent binary mixtures. Rose Bengal is a prototypical fluorescent molecule known for its spectral sensitivity and is used to probe the IL mixtures. Neat ILs and methanol (MeOH) solvents were used to form an array of IL mixtures in which rose Bengal was dissolved. Solvation of rose Bengal was determined using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The solute emission intensity is quenched most effectively at a mole fraction of ~0.1 PIL suggesting that the solvent-solute interactions are most unique in this range of mole fraction. Similarly, the lifetime data shows a minimum value at ~0.1 mol fraction PIL, also implying quenching of the probe at this solution composition. Rose Bengal is better solvated, more relaxed, at MeOH-rich mole fractions. Solvation of rose Bengal occurs at a faster rate in solutions of lower mole fraction PIL.
    • Mutagenesis at Amino Acid Phosphorylation sites of the Human ERH protein

      Grant, Markaylia; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      The goal of this project is to successfully create plasmids containing mutant human enhancer rudimentary, e(r) genes. The e(r) gene encodes for the protein, enhancer rudimentary homolog (ERH), which has been shown to promote the progression and survival of certain human cancers. These plasmids containing the mutant human genes will be inserted into the genome of Drosophila melanogaster, the common fruit fly, to study the effects of the mutations on the activity of the protein.