• Molecular Interaction of Imidazolium-based Ionic Liquids with a DNA-Oligonucleotide

      Raymond, Joshua; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      A self-complimentary 14-mer (7-TA) double stranded DNA oligonucleotide and a representative set of ILs from the imidazolium family were selected to determine the degree to which the ILs intercalate within the DNA. Steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements were made using the dye 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) in buffer solutions with varying IL concentrations. DAPI was selected because it is known to bind to the minor groove of AT-rich sections of DNA. Various control experiments were made against which we compared the results from DNA/IL solutions. Steady-state excitation and emission spectral maxima shift for DAPI/DNA in the presence of the C16mim and C10mim ILs. This shows that both of these ILs bind to the minor groove of the DNA and displace the DAPI. The observed thresholds for IL concentration were ~5µM and ~40µM, respectively. The C4mim had no significant effect on the DAPI/DNA complex. Time-resolved measurements also support the conclusion that ILs displace DAPI from the minor groove, though apparently at a lower IL concentration threshold than the steady-state measurements suggest. The lifetime and anisotropy time constants suggest that the IL threshold concentrations are ~3µM and ~10 µM. Differences between the threshold concentrations will be discussed.
    • Molecular Solvation Dynamics in Phosphonium Ionic Liquids

      Riga, Rachel; SUNY Brockport (2020-01-01)
      The goal of this research is to determine the solvation dynamics in four environmentally-friendly, “green”, phosphonium ionic liquids (PILs) + cosolvent binary mixtures. Rose Bengal is a prototypical fluorescent molecule known for its spectral sensitivity and is used to probe the IL mixtures. Neat ILs and methanol (MeOH) solvents were used to form an array of IL mixtures in which rose Bengal was dissolved. Solvation of rose Bengal was determined using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The solute emission intensity is quenched most effectively at a mole fraction of ~0.1 PIL suggesting that the solvent-solute interactions are most unique in this range of mole fraction. Similarly, the lifetime data shows a minimum value at ~0.1 mol fraction PIL, also implying quenching of the probe at this solution composition. Rose Bengal is better solvated, more relaxed, at MeOH-rich mole fractions. Solvation of rose Bengal occurs at a faster rate in solutions of lower mole fraction PIL.
    • Mutagenesis at Amino Acid Phosphorylation sites of the Human ERH protein

      Grant, Markaylia; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      The goal of this project is to successfully create plasmids containing mutant human enhancer rudimentary, e(r) genes. The e(r) gene encodes for the protein, enhancer rudimentary homolog (ERH), which has been shown to promote the progression and survival of certain human cancers. These plasmids containing the mutant human genes will be inserted into the genome of Drosophila melanogaster, the common fruit fly, to study the effects of the mutations on the activity of the protein.
    • Parent-Child Sexual Health Communication: A Literary Analysis of Interventions Within the Past Ten Years ?

      Wade, Marcus J. (2019-07-01)
      Adolescent African American and Latino children are increasingly engaging in risky sexual behaviors, resulting in higher rates of teenage pregnancy and STI diagnoses. An analysis of 14 current interventions have found that effective communication between caregivers and their adolescent children can successfully increase health communication amongst family members, thus decreasing sexually risky behaviors. Research has, however, found parent reluctance toward initiation of communication and unwillingness to have prolonged conversations about sexuality and sustained contraception use. Prospectively, there is a requisite for theory-based intervention that focuses on creating open communication on sexuality, to lower rates of risky behavior among adolescences.
    • Reducing Adverse Drug Events through Leadership

      Harrigan, Sheniqua; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      This research involves finding ways through communication and collaboration to reduce adverse drug events/medication errors in healthcare. Through implementing leadership amongst healthcare professionals, medication safety would increase. This is a literature review of various articles and books about leadership, communication in healthcare, and adverse drug events. Adverse drug events can be reduced if health professionals in various healthcare facilities are routinely allowed to attend training workshops focused on communication, collaboration, and leadership development.
    • Reverend Thomas James and the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

      Sampson, Cheryl; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      Rochester’s African Methodist Episcopal Church Zion An empty church building stands on Favor Street in Rochester, New York. A for-sale sign stands in the yard. The grass is overgrown. A tall fence surrounds the property to fend off any would-be trespassers. This building was the third edifice of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion church, originally built on this same location in 1830. The city wanted to build an expressway in the 1970s so the church membership moved to a different location less than a mile away. There is nothing spectacular about the building’s architecture. Its significance lies in the people who spoke there. Rev. Thomas James, Frederick Douglass, Susan B. Anthony, Harriet Tubman, and Hester Jeffrey all spoke in its pulpit for abolition or women’s suffrage in the nineteenth century. Its significance also lies in the activities that occurred within its walls. Douglass published the first few issues of The North Star in its basement. James published The Rights of Man there. African American men, women, and children learned to read and survive as free people in its hallowed walls. The noteworthy people turn an ordinary building into one of great import in the City of Rochester.
    • Seeing Math Education through the Lens of Different Cultures

      Manning, Anthony; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      Understanding math can be a challenge for some and a thrill to others. Math is a subject were the answers are always the same no matter where you are in the world. But what is different is how math is taught and embraced in various regions of the world. To understand how this impacts one’s relationship with math will be the focus of this research. Our primary comparisons will be between the United States and South East Asian countries. We will also discuss some best practices used by both countries and how they can possibly be incorporated into our classrooms.
    • Should Nursing Education Programs Be Stressful?

      Belnavis, Chantell; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      Our research involves identifying the main causes of stress in Nursing Students from Traditional Programs and developing interventions to limit the effect these stressors have on the educational experience of becoming a Registered Nurse. We are conducting this research through a narrative literature review, where articles are used as references in order to draw to a conclusion on how the “stress environment” within nursing curriculum could be decreased and ultimately better utilize the Nursing Care Model. The nursing core model treats the whole person to better promote well-being.
    • Should surrogacy care be included in nursing educational programs?

      Estrella, Reneth Karla; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      Surrogacy is a growing option for families unable to successfully conceive or carry a baby to term for various reasons. Despite the growth in the use of surrogate mothers both in the U.S. and globally, very few nursing education programs provide adequate education on this topic. A literature review of 12 peer-reviewed sources published within the past 12 years was conducted. Clearly, there is a critical lack of content about care of surrogate mothers in nursing programs. Nursing education should continue to evolve alongside societal changes in order to provide holistic care to our growing and diverse population.
    • Social Media: How is it Affecting College Students?

      Myrie, Rene?e (2019-07-01)
      Research shows how participation in social media creates issues with self image, instant gratification, low self-esteem, affects relationships and exasperates symptoms of anxiety and depression. Social media has participants in nearly every age group, race, class, ethnicity, culture and socioeconomic background. Social networking sites (i.e.: Facebook), microblogging apps (i.e.: Twitter) and content sharing apps (i.e.: YouTube, Snap Chat, Tumblr) have become such an ingrained part of society that people check their phones constantly throughout the day, at work, even while driving. More than 98 percent of college-aged students use social media, says consumer insight service Experian Simmons (Gerlich, 2011) . In addition, an annual nationwide survey of college students by UCLA found that 27.2 percent of college students spent more than six hours on social media a week (Kalpidou, 185).
    • Sociocultural and Socioeconomic Determinants of Organ Donation

      Gagliano, Amy; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      Recent research has indicated that community-level characteristics are predictive of donor designation in a given region. This current study extends the body of this work to consider the potential impact of regional level sociocultural and socioeconomic determinants of health on measures of Organ Procurement Organizations’ (OPOs) success at facilitating organ transplants. Using select indicators from The National County Health Rankings dataset, county-level indicators were aggregated to provide estimates of health within each of the 57 national OPOs donation areas. Significant associations were documented.
    • Stained with Blood: Idealism and Reality in Whitman’s Drum Taps

      Oyer, Julie M.; The College at Brockport (2015-02-01)
    • Summer Program at the United Nations: Why Should You Care?

      Olagunju, Deborah; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      The Summer Program at the United Nations was an enticing and inspirational experience. We met daily with Directors of different sectors in the United Nations. They taught us about their area of specialty and the importance of their role. We sat in on multiple Security Council sessions where we observed how all the countries who were present interacted with one another and voted on global issues that would better the lives and overall status of the member countries. Through firsthand experience, we analyzed the function of the United Nations versus the failed League of Nations.
    • Tax Incentives for Entrepreneurship

      Brown, Mikal; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      The need for funds is a crucial aspect of entrepreneurial work, and one that the United State government has decided to provide aid to entrepreneurs. This aid has resulted in subsidies, tax breaks, and tax reductions. This study will involve quantitative as well as qualitative research looking at Census Reports, Literary Works, as well as, the overall economic changes that have occurred since these credits have been introduced to try and deduce if any correlation between the two. This will allow for an in-depth understanding of the impact of tax credits on entrepreneurs and the surrounding community.
    • The Analysis of Facial Identification and Race Leading to Faulty Eye Witness Identification ?

      Diaz, Amanda Diaz? M.; The College at Brockport (2019-01-01)
      Psychology and criminal justice are fields that constantly intertwine in the search to find justice. In recent years, hundreds of innocent people have been exonerated by DNA evidence due to the work and dedication of The Innocence Project. Out of these hundreds of exonerates, about 75% of these false convictions were due to faulty eyewitness identification. This research involves a literature review on seventeen articles on the own-race bias and how this bias affects facial identification. Own-race bias is the tendency to better recognize faces that one is most familiar with, usually one’s own race. Current research supports the conclusion that people are often flawed in their identification of races different from their own and further research can be conducted to prevent such errors. Bringing awareness to this bias to the criminal justice system can lead to policies and procedures that decrease the likelihood of these false convictions. Examining this bias can affect the way in which lineups are conducted and the way in which judges allow the admissibility of certain eyewitnesses and evidence.
    • The Barriers African Americans Face in Becoming Registered Nurses

      Wall, Aishia; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      This project discusses the shortage of African American registered nurses in the United States. The US has a population of over 300 million Americans. There are about two million registered nurses, of which only 9.9 percent are African American. Our research will review the barriers Blacks/African Americans experience on their paths to becoming registered nurses. We will also be looking into why there are disparities within the nursing population compared to other ethnicities. The information presented on the topic will cover current materials from literature review and census data.
    • The Black Body and American Wounds

      Nolley, Cinnamon Vivian; The College at Brockport (2019-01-01)
      My methodology was an interpretative approach largely using qualitative measures which consist of a close examination of materials that highlight the social and historical impact of American slavery. I have presented a holistic understanding of the effects of slavery on America through analysis of Beloved, one of the most prolific neo-slavery narratives. I specifically focused on how Morison molds the bodies of her characters to expose the chronic injury that slavery inflicted on American society. In support of my interpretation, I searched for the meaningful impact of slavery within correlating scholarly journals that investigate or are in conversation with Morrison's work.
    • The Cinematic Footprint: A Deeper Analysis of Minority Representation In Entertainment

      Peart, Chanque; State University of New York College at Brockport (2019-01-01)
      The development of minority representation and racial awareness within the history of the American entertainment Industry, is on the rise, with the explosive immersion of films and television series consisting of casts and directors who are minorities. This research identify factors, similarities and data to support the visible increase.

      Reyes, Jerami ? (2019-07-01)
      More than 200,000 people a year suffer from Ulcerative Colitis in the United States alone. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a chronic, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affects the large intestine or colon causing irritation and swelling (inflammation). Eventually this can lead to sores in the lining of the intestines and significantly compromised health. Studies show that an increase in magnesium intake can lead to less severe symptoms of UC. This research seeks to determine how the use of magnesium may help in the treatment of hypomagnesemia (low levels of magnesium) and in lowering colonic bacteria to healthier levels.
    • The Hidden Impact of Out-of-Home Foster Care

      Green, Honesty; The College at Brockport (2019-01-01)
      In 2016, approximately 421,000 children were in out- of- home foster care. Thirty-five percent of these children experienced two or more placement changes. Recidivism (the tendency of a convicted criminal to reoffend) for youth in out-of-home placement is four times higher than children who have never been involved with the child welfare system. Since this is an at risk population, this research is important for understanding, preventing and intervening to decrease recidivism as adults.