• Academic Advisement: Age, Transfer Status & Ethnicity

      Horton-Williams, La Vonia; The College at Brockport (7/1/2018)
      This study explored the academic satisfaction of students at SUNY Brockport in regards to age, transfer status, and ethnicity. The 2017 NSSE was administered on-line to all the registered freshmen and seniors in Spring 2017. The mean advisement scores were obtained for these students and their counterparts and recorded. Independent t-tests revealed no significant difference of academic advisement satisfaction among students, regardless of age group or minority status; however, transfer students were shown by an independent t-test to have slightly lower satisfaction compared to non-transfer students. A more detailed analysis of the survey findings will be presented and discussed.
    • African Cultural Retention in the African Diaspora ?

      Brown, Aaron; The College at Brockport, State University of New York? (1/1/2019)
      This research will discuss how African culture has survived throughout the diaspora. Through misinformation and myth perpetuated in part by Eurocentric media, many don’t recognize the lasting legacy of African culture. A closer look at music, language, food, religion, etc., will help dismantle false narratives pertaining to African culture and enlighten people to what has been retained. For example, Nigerian culture can clearly be found within Brazilian culture’s religious practices. My research seeks to encourage accurate and precise information in relation to the depiction of Africa and support a multicultural lens on African and Black History in our educational system.
    • Assessing the Association Between Persons’ Abstraction Ability and Religious Behavior

      Too, Matthew; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      The relationship between abstract thinking ability and religiousness between atheists and Christians taken from the AddHealth Wave IV Database was tested. This relationship was also tested over the various races. Using one-way ANOVAs and Pearson correlation coefficients, it was found that abstract thinking ability and religiousness were not correlated with one another although it was found that atheists were shown to be more abstract than Christians were. No differences in abstract thinking behavior was observed among the various races although religious differences were noted. It was suggested that other factors not tested in this study were to account for this unusual behavior. The results of this study show that Christians do not understand God in terms of the metaphysical better than atheists do, thereby substantiating other findings that adults tend to anthropomorphize (attribute human-characteristics to) God in the Christian religions.
    • Chronic Low Back Pain

      Williams, Lascelles; The College at Brockport (7/1/2018)
      Chronic low back pain is a typical musculoskeletal disease that affects males and females of all age groups. The problem is becoming more prominent both due to aging and the increase in population size. This presentation will discuss the anatomy of the lumbar spinal region (lower back), the possible causes of the illness, and non-invasive ways to treat this condition. Information will be drawn from many different scholastic and peer-reviewed research articles about the prevalence of this disease, current treatments, and future advancement in the subject area.
    • Comparison of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) fatty acid signatures in the Finger Lakes

      Brown, Hayley; Hammers, B.; Austerman, P.; Zollweg-Horan, E.; Speziale, M.; Faust, J.; Futia, Matthew Harrison; Rinchard, Jacques; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      Fatty acid signatures (FAS) can be used to study predator-prey relationships in aquatic food-webs and provide long-term foraging patterns that can reflect the diet composition of predators based on the principle “you are what you eat”. Lake trout Salvelinus namaycush is a native species in the Great Lakes region that relies on different prey throughout the Finger Lakes and therefore we predict that they will present different FAS among lakes. Lake trout were collected from six Finger Lakes between 2016 and 2020. FAS from lake trout were quantified using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Our results indicate that lake trout FAS significantly differed among the six Finger Lakes (ANOSIM, global R = 0.709, P < 0.001) and were characterized by concentrations associated with pelagic and benthic foraging. These results will ultimately be compared with FAS of prey species to evaluate lake trout diet composition in each Finger Lake.
    • Destined to Die Prematurely: An Examination of African American Life Expectancy

      Howard, Jianna; Howard, Jianna; The College at Brockport (4/1/2017)
      In recent decades, scholars have noted the connections of health, socioeconomic status, and the role that individual, systemic, and institutional racism, legal and de-facto segregation, and criminalization (Wacquant, 2009) have had in producing health disparities, including unequal life expectancy rates between black Americans and other racial groups in the country. Over the past century, African American males and females have experienced shorter life expectancies than the national averages. Many rationalize this troubling disparity by citing individual “lifestyle factors” as a primary cause, thereby suggesting that health outcomes are a simple matter of individual choice. Otherwise known as healthism (Cheek, 2008), this ideology fails to acknowledge how social determinants such as where one lives, household income, and education can impact one’s ability to directly control their own health within constrained conditions. This study seeks to examine the historical underpinnings of racial disparities in health and how they ultimately impact life expectancy in addition to displaying that the healthism ideology is not basis for biological explanation.
    • Development of a monolithically 3D printed reciprocating pump for HPLC

      Palmowski, Megan; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      There has been much research in recent years aiming to make scientific instrumentation more accessible. An increase in accessibility has many benefits including reduced costs and expanded opportunities to learn about instrumentation. 3D printing of scientific instrumentation provides an option that is cheap and customizable. This study follows the development of a 3D-printed ball check valve to be implemented in a reciprocating pump such as one used for high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The valve was designed using OpenSCAD and printed using a Prusa i3 MK2S 3D printer. Ball check valves with both a spherical and conical design were designed, and early qualitative tests point towards the conical design being desirable. Future work includes the design of a reciprocating piston, the implementation of the piston along with two check valves to create a complete reciprocating pump, and quantifying pressures achieved by the pump.
    • Elder Abuse in Nursing Homes ?

      King, Kemara (7/1/2019)
      This research looks at the frequency of physical, verbal and sexual abuse in nursing homes that hired staff are suspected of committing. Research show that the elderly population is growing, and so is the issue of elder abuse in nursing homes. It is hoped that results from this study will help highlight the issue of elder abuse, and lead to policy solutions.
    • Evaluation of Legacy Phosphorus, Internal Loading, and Zooplankton in Loon Lake for Future Management Decisions

      Amberger, Bennett; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      A pilot study was conducted on Loon Lake, in Steuben County, NY, to identify potential factors that may be contributing to increasingly frequent algal blooms. Three littoral zone "coves" were evaluated for their candidacy to serve as future aeration sites for a planned mitigation strategy by the Loon Lake Watershed Improvement Alliance (LLWIA). Observations of high phosphorus (P) concentrations were found in the hypolimnion that correlated with strongly reducing conditions, suggesting the release of legacy phosphorus from internal loading, and zooplankton (Daphnia species) collected during sampling at depths > 6 m displayed traits indicative of adaptation to hypoxic conditions (e.g., hemoglobin). Results of investigated "coves" found 2 sites provided adequate similarity for use as experimental and reference locations for planned aerator installation and study.
    • Evolution of Advancing its Workplace Culture

      Butler, Calvin; The College at Brockport (7/1/2019)
    • Experimental Evaluation of Use of Operant Conditioning to Increase Consumption of Multiflora Rose by a Goat

      French, Molly; Desrochers, Marcie N.; Forzano, Dr. Lori-Ann; Amatangelo, Dr. Kathryn L.; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      As opposition to pesticides?increases, the agricultural community has?shown interest in using animals to control the spread of invasive weed species. Operant conditioning, which can be defined as changing behavior by changing its consequences (Skinner, 1951) may present a solution. Operant conditioning strategies may be used to teach animals to perform a desired behavior, including but not limited to consumption of an invasive species.?This study used operant conditioning?of consumption of an invasive species to train a goat for successful behavioral training in consuming invasive species. During the experimental condition, subjects were positively reinforced, which is a procedure whereby when an animal performs a desired behavior the trainer presents a positive reinforcer immediately after it, which increases the probability that the animal will perform that behavior again (Cooper et al., 2020). During the experimental condition, subjects were reinforced with a highly preferred food item each time the target invasive species was consumed. During the control condition, no operant conditioning was used, and subjects consumed vegetation at their discretion.?Comparison of results from control and experimental conditions over nine days showed that subjects who were reinforced consumed more invasive species than subjects who were not reinforced.
    • Exploratory Analysis of Parents’ Perceived Barriers to Parent Child Verbal Interaction in the Home ?

      Pleasant, Tionna; The College at Brockport (7/1/2019)
      One-on-one verbal interaction and playful engagement between a parent and a child are important for a child’s language development. However, research has shown that the number of words spoken in the home varies depending on family socioeconomic status. Although the link between socioeconomic status and words spoken in the home is well established in the literature, less is known why this relationship exists. It is important to be aware of parents’ perceived barriers so interventions and programs can be put into place to break down those barriers. Doing so will benefit the child; having a home learning environment from birth will help prepare the child for future academic success.
    • Exploring the Factors that Influence Successful Aging in Older Adults

      O’Neill, Chelsea (1/1/2019)
      The topic of successful aging has been of reoccurring interest to researchers. Since the lifespan is increasing globally, it is essential to have an awareness of the factors that maximize older adult’s health and allow them to adapt and manage the changes that come with aging. This research moves the dialogue beyond clinical health terms to gain a more holistic view of the factor that influence older adults' perceptions of successful aging. The goal of this study is to increase knowledge regarding the health of older adults and understand what factors in their environment influence their views of successful aging.
    • Exploring the Issues Students with Learning Disabilities Encounter as they Transition into College

      Turner, Donald; The College at Brockport (7/1/2018)
      The transition from the secondary learning institution to the collegiate setting is already a challenging task to navigate. It becomes a much more daunting task for a student who has a learning disability. The primary focus of this research is to gain insight into the various obstacles and issues related to improving the transitioning of incoming freshmen with learning disabilities into the collegiate setting. With knowledge gained from this research, we hope to design a step by step plan to ensure a smooth transition from the secondary learning institution to the collegiate setting.
    • Female Desistance of Crime?

      Torres, Genyssa; The College at Brockport (7/1/2019)
    • How feasible is it for LA to host the Olympics in 2028 given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor; Litto, Alyssa; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively effect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources.To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include, London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016 London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues.These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • How feasible is it for LA to host the Olympics in 2028 given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively effect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources.To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include, London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016 London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues.These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • Interventions for Informal Caregivers of Persons with Dementia: Implications for Quality of Care

      Debrah, Emmanuella; The College at Brockport (7/1/2018)
      This research examines interventions for informal caregivers of people living with dementia, as well as the implications of such interventions for the quality of care provided. Family caregivers of people with dementia face numerous challenges in the course of caring for their loved ones. Several interventions currently in use to help caregivers cope includes: educational support, cognitive stimulation therapy, meetings, and telephone support. Studies used in this literature review utilized a randomized control trial (RCT) and systematic review methodology, with some evidence supporting improvement in family caregiver quality of life, which leads to better care for loved ones with dementia.
    • Keep Your Hands to Yourself: Parents and Special Education

      Blair, Abigail; The College at Brockport (7/1/2018)
      My research involves parental involvement with special education programming and how it relates to their children’s behavior. To conduct this research, literature will be reviewed and interviews will be done with teachers and parents of children enrolled in special education programs. We will look into the amount of involvement suggested to parents, as well as how much they are allowed to participate through the review of programs, meetings, and other related policies. It is anticipated that we will find a correlation between children’s behavior, academic progress, and parental involvement in their respective programs.
    • Making Healthy Babies: The Role of a Mother’s Education

      Adjei, Anabel (1/1/2019)
      The purpose of this research is to synthesize information that expectant parents can use in promoting long term health benefits, both for themselves and their new born baby. To achieve this, an extensive review of the literature review was conducted to identify the most up- to date peer- reviewed information on how the mother’s attitude and lifestyle choices play a role in their health, and how these decisions could ultimately determine their newborns long-term well- being as well. This literature review identifies several important themes for expectant parents and other stakeholders. These themes include: the role of education, prenatal nutrition, behavior, immunization and exercise during pregnancy.