• African Cultural Retention in the African Diaspora ?

      Brown, Aaron; The College at Brockport, State University of New York? (1/1/2019)
      This research will discuss how African culture has survived throughout the diaspora. Through misinformation and myth perpetuated in part by Eurocentric media, many don’t recognize the lasting legacy of African culture. A closer look at music, language, food, religion, etc., will help dismantle false narratives pertaining to African culture and enlighten people to what has been retained. For example, Nigerian culture can clearly be found within Brazilian culture’s religious practices. My research seeks to encourage accurate and precise information in relation to the depiction of Africa and support a multicultural lens on African and Black History in our educational system.
    • Making Healthy Babies: The Role of a Mother’s Education

      Adjei, Anabel (1/1/2019)
      The purpose of this research is to synthesize information that expectant parents can use in promoting long term health benefits, both for themselves and their new born baby. To achieve this, an extensive review of the literature review was conducted to identify the most up- to date peer- reviewed information on how the mother’s attitude and lifestyle choices play a role in their health, and how these decisions could ultimately determine their newborns long-term well- being as well. This literature review identifies several important themes for expectant parents and other stakeholders. These themes include: the role of education, prenatal nutrition, behavior, immunization and exercise during pregnancy.
    • Mental Illness Perceptions & Misconceptions Within Black Communities

      Vasciannie, Brielle (1/1/2019)
      The rise of mental illness in the US is increasing at an alarming rate. Approximately one in five adults will suffer from a mental illness in any given year. Along with this shocking statistic, the rates of untreated mental illness, especially within the black community has escalated. Mental illness and mental health are topics that tend to be stigmatized within society, specifically in the black community. This results in people believing like they can not even talk about these issues, let alone receive treatment and support. The goal of this research is to discove rwhati s causing individuals to shy away from receiving help and treatment for their mental illnesses. Hopefully, In turn, we can begin to dismantle these negative ideas in order to combat the rates of untreated mental illness.
    • The Cinematic Footprint: A Deeper Analysis of Minority Representation In Entertainment

      Peart, Chanque; State University of New York College at Brockport (1/1/2019)
      The development of minority representation and racial awareness within the history of the American entertainment Industry, is on the rise, with the explosive immersion of films and television series consisting of casts and directors who are minorities. This research identify factors, similarities and data to support the visible increase.
    • The Analysis of Facial Identification and Race Leading to Faulty Eye Witness Identification ?

      Diaz, Amanda Diaz? M.; The College at Brockport (1/1/2019)
      Psychology and criminal justice are fields that constantly intertwine in the search to find justice. In recent years, hundreds of innocent people have been exonerated by DNA evidence due to the work and dedication of The Innocence Project. Out of these hundreds of exonerates, about 75% of these false convictions were due to faulty eyewitness identification. This research involves a literature review on seventeen articles on the own-race bias and how this bias affects facial identification. Own-race bias is the tendency to better recognize faces that one is most familiar with, usually one’s own race. Current research supports the conclusion that people are often flawed in their identification of races different from their own and further research can be conducted to prevent such errors. Bringing awareness to this bias to the criminal justice system can lead to policies and procedures that decrease the likelihood of these false convictions. Examining this bias can affect the way in which lineups are conducted and the way in which judges allow the admissibility of certain eyewitnesses and evidence.
    • Exploring the Factors that Influence Successful Aging in Older Adults

      O’Neill, Chelsea (1/1/2019)
      The topic of successful aging has been of reoccurring interest to researchers. Since the lifespan is increasing globally, it is essential to have an awareness of the factors that maximize older adult’s health and allow them to adapt and manage the changes that come with aging. This research moves the dialogue beyond clinical health terms to gain a more holistic view of the factor that influence older adults' perceptions of successful aging. The goal of this study is to increase knowledge regarding the health of older adults and understand what factors in their environment influence their views of successful aging.
    • The Black Body and American Wounds

      Nolley, Cinnamon Vivian; The College at Brockport (1/1/2019)
      My methodology was an interpretative approach largely using qualitative measures which consist of a close examination of materials that highlight the social and historical impact of American slavery. I have presented a holistic understanding of the effects of slavery on America through analysis of Beloved, one of the most prolific neo-slavery narratives. I specifically focused on how Morison molds the bodies of her characters to expose the chronic injury that slavery inflicted on American society. In support of my interpretation, I searched for the meaningful impact of slavery within correlating scholarly journals that investigate or are in conversation with Morrison's work.
    • The Hidden Impact of Out-of-Home Foster Care

      Green, Honesty; The College at Brockport (1/1/2019)
      In 2016, approximately 421,000 children were in out- of- home foster care. Thirty-five percent of these children experienced two or more placement changes. Recidivism (the tendency of a convicted criminal to reoffend) for youth in out-of-home placement is four times higher than children who have never been involved with the child welfare system. Since this is an at risk population, this research is important for understanding, preventing and intervening to decrease recidivism as adults.
    • Comparison of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) fatty acid signatures in the Finger Lakes

      Brown, Hayley; Hammers, B.; Austerman, P.; Zollweg-Horan, E.; Speziale, M.; Faust, J.; Futia, Matthew Harrison; Rinchard, Jacques; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      Fatty acid signatures (FAS) can be used to study predator-prey relationships in aquatic food-webs and provide long-term foraging patterns that can reflect the diet composition of predators based on the principle “you are what you eat”. Lake trout Salvelinus namaycush is a native species in the Great Lakes region that relies on different prey throughout the Finger Lakes and therefore we predict that they will present different FAS among lakes. Lake trout were collected from six Finger Lakes between 2016 and 2020. FAS from lake trout were quantified using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Our results indicate that lake trout FAS significantly differed among the six Finger Lakes (ANOSIM, global R = 0.709, P < 0.001) and were characterized by concentrations associated with pelagic and benthic foraging. These results will ultimately be compared with FAS of prey species to evaluate lake trout diet composition in each Finger Lake.
    • Experimental Evaluation of Use of Operant Conditioning to Increase Consumption of Multiflora Rose by a Goat

      French, Molly; Desrochers, Marcie N.; Forzano, Dr. Lori-Ann; Amatangelo, Dr. Kathryn L.; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      As opposition to pesticides?increases, the agricultural community has?shown interest in using animals to control the spread of invasive weed species. Operant conditioning, which can be defined as changing behavior by changing its consequences (Skinner, 1951) may present a solution. Operant conditioning strategies may be used to teach animals to perform a desired behavior, including but not limited to consumption of an invasive species.?This study used operant conditioning?of consumption of an invasive species to train a goat for successful behavioral training in consuming invasive species. During the experimental condition, subjects were positively reinforced, which is a procedure whereby when an animal performs a desired behavior the trainer presents a positive reinforcer immediately after it, which increases the probability that the animal will perform that behavior again (Cooper et al., 2020). During the experimental condition, subjects were reinforced with a highly preferred food item each time the target invasive species was consumed. During the control condition, no operant conditioning was used, and subjects consumed vegetation at their discretion.?Comparison of results from control and experimental conditions over nine days showed that subjects who were reinforced consumed more invasive species than subjects who were not reinforced.
    • How feasible is it for LA to host the Olympics in 2028 given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor; Litto, Alyssa; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively effect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources.To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include, London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016 London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues.These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • Assessing the Association Between Persons’ Abstraction Ability and Religious Behavior

      Too, Matthew; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      The relationship between abstract thinking ability and religiousness between atheists and Christians taken from the AddHealth Wave IV Database was tested. This relationship was also tested over the various races. Using one-way ANOVAs and Pearson correlation coefficients, it was found that abstract thinking ability and religiousness were not correlated with one another although it was found that atheists were shown to be more abstract than Christians were. No differences in abstract thinking behavior was observed among the various races although religious differences were noted. It was suggested that other factors not tested in this study were to account for this unusual behavior. The results of this study show that Christians do not understand God in terms of the metaphysical better than atheists do, thereby substantiating other findings that adults tend to anthropomorphize (attribute human-characteristics to) God in the Christian religions.
    • How feasible is it for LA to host the Olympics in 2028 given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively effect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources.To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include, London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016 London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues.These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • Molecular Interaction of Imidazolium-based Ionic Liquids with a DNA-Oligonucleotide

      Raymond, Joshua; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      A self-complimentary 14-mer (7-TA) double stranded DNA oligonucleotide and a representative set of ILs from the imidazolium family were selected to determine the degree to which the ILs intercalate within the DNA. Steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements were made using the dye 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) in buffer solutions with varying IL concentrations. DAPI was selected because it is known to bind to the minor groove of AT-rich sections of DNA. Various control experiments were made against which we compared the results from DNA/IL solutions. Steady-state excitation and emission spectral maxima shift for DAPI/DNA in the presence of the C16mim and C10mim ILs. This shows that both of these ILs bind to the minor groove of the DNA and displace the DAPI. The observed thresholds for IL concentration were ~5µM and ~40µM, respectively. The C4mim had no significant effect on the DAPI/DNA complex. Time-resolved measurements also support the conclusion that ILs displace DAPI from the minor groove, though apparently at a lower IL concentration threshold than the steady-state measurements suggest. The lifetime and anisotropy time constants suggest that the IL threshold concentrations are ~3µM and ~10 µM. Differences between the threshold concentrations will be discussed.
    • Development of a monolithically 3D printed reciprocating pump for HPLC

      Palmowski, Megan; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      There has been much research in recent years aiming to make scientific instrumentation more accessible. An increase in accessibility has many benefits including reduced costs and expanded opportunities to learn about instrumentation. 3D printing of scientific instrumentation provides an option that is cheap and customizable. This study follows the development of a 3D-printed ball check valve to be implemented in a reciprocating pump such as one used for high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The valve was designed using OpenSCAD and printed using a Prusa i3 MK2S 3D printer. Ball check valves with both a spherical and conical design were designed, and early qualitative tests point towards the conical design being desirable. Future work includes the design of a reciprocating piston, the implementation of the piston along with two check valves to create a complete reciprocating pump, and quantifying pressures achieved by the pump.
    • Evaluation of Legacy Phosphorus, Internal Loading, and Zooplankton in Loon Lake for Future Management Decisions

      Amberger, Bennett; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      A pilot study was conducted on Loon Lake, in Steuben County, NY, to identify potential factors that may be contributing to increasingly frequent algal blooms. Three littoral zone "coves" were evaluated for their candidacy to serve as future aeration sites for a planned mitigation strategy by the Loon Lake Watershed Improvement Alliance (LLWIA). Observations of high phosphorus (P) concentrations were found in the hypolimnion that correlated with strongly reducing conditions, suggesting the release of legacy phosphorus from internal loading, and zooplankton (Daphnia species) collected during sampling at depths > 6 m displayed traits indicative of adaptation to hypoxic conditions (e.g., hemoglobin). Results of investigated "coves" found 2 sites provided adequate similarity for use as experimental and reference locations for planned aerator installation and study.
    • Molecular Solvation Dynamics in Phosphonium Ionic Liquids

      Riga, Rachel; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2020)
      The goal of this research is to determine the solvation dynamics in four environmentally-friendly, “green”, phosphonium ionic liquids (PILs) + cosolvent binary mixtures. Rose Bengal is a prototypical fluorescent molecule known for its spectral sensitivity and is used to probe the IL mixtures. Neat ILs and methanol (MeOH) solvents were used to form an array of IL mixtures in which rose Bengal was dissolved. Solvation of rose Bengal was determined using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The solute emission intensity is quenched most effectively at a mole fraction of ~0.1 PIL suggesting that the solvent-solute interactions are most unique in this range of mole fraction. Similarly, the lifetime data shows a minimum value at ~0.1 mol fraction PIL, also implying quenching of the probe at this solution composition. Rose Bengal is better solvated, more relaxed, at MeOH-rich mole fractions. Solvation of rose Bengal occurs at a faster rate in solutions of lower mole fraction PIL.
    • Stained with Blood: Idealism and Reality in Whitman’s Drum Taps

      Oyer, Julie M.; The College at Brockport (2/1/2015)
    • Reverend Thomas James and the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

      Sampson, Cheryl; The College at Brockport (4/1/2017)
      Rochester’s African Methodist Episcopal Church Zion An empty church building stands on Favor Street in Rochester, New York. A for-sale sign stands in the yard. The grass is overgrown. A tall fence surrounds the property to fend off any would-be trespassers. This building was the third edifice of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion church, originally built on this same location in 1830. The city wanted to build an expressway in the 1970s so the church membership moved to a different location less than a mile away. There is nothing spectacular about the building’s architecture. Its significance lies in the people who spoke there. Rev. Thomas James, Frederick Douglass, Susan B. Anthony, Harriet Tubman, and Hester Jeffrey all spoke in its pulpit for abolition or women’s suffrage in the nineteenth century. Its significance also lies in the activities that occurred within its walls. Douglass published the first few issues of The North Star in its basement. James published The Rights of Man there. African American men, women, and children learned to read and survive as free people in its hallowed walls. The noteworthy people turn an ordinary building into one of great import in the City of Rochester.
    • Destined to Die Prematurely: An Examination of African American Life Expectancy

      Howard, Jianna; Howard, Jianna; The College at Brockport (4/1/2017)
      In recent decades, scholars have noted the connections of health, socioeconomic status, and the role that individual, systemic, and institutional racism, legal and de-facto segregation, and criminalization (Wacquant, 2009) have had in producing health disparities, including unequal life expectancy rates between black Americans and other racial groups in the country. Over the past century, African American males and females have experienced shorter life expectancies than the national averages. Many rationalize this troubling disparity by citing individual “lifestyle factors” as a primary cause, thereby suggesting that health outcomes are a simple matter of individual choice. Otherwise known as healthism (Cheek, 2008), this ideology fails to acknowledge how social determinants such as where one lives, household income, and education can impact one’s ability to directly control their own health within constrained conditions. This study seeks to examine the historical underpinnings of racial disparities in health and how they ultimately impact life expectancy in addition to displaying that the healthism ideology is not basis for biological explanation.