• Indian Philosophy's Alleged Religious Orientation

      Potter, Karl H.; University of Washington (1972-01-01)
      Until recently, it has been assumed that Indian philosophy is essentially religious. That is because it is essentially driven by the religious motivations of the Hindus and Buddhists who practice it. This paper defends this assumption against some recent revisionists who reject it.
    • Inevitability in History

      Beardsley, Monroe C.; Temple University (1971-01-01)
      Historians sometimes say that one event or set of events made another event inevitable. This paper proposes an analysis of the concept of inevitability that is employed in such claims. To say that one event E made another event F inevitable is to say that: (1) E and F occurred, and in that temporal order, and (2) After E, and because of E, no action within the power of any living person or persons who desired F not to occur would have been followed by the nonoccurrence of F. One of the corollaries of this analysis is that anyone who asserts an inevitability statement is thereby committed to a true generalization to the effect that conditions like E cause conditions like F
    • Infinity and the Double Language of Mathematics

      Benardete, Joseph A.; Syracuse University (1976-01-01)
    • Inventing Philosophy

      Cohen, Ted (1990-01-01)
      It is often suggested that Americans do not have a culture of their own, or a philosophy of their own. However, this charge assumes a European model of culture and philosophy, which Americans need not imitate. By contrast, this paper suggests an alternative, distinctly American model of philosophy. American philosophical practice is a kind of perpetual rebirth, a continuing innocence. It amounts to starting over, always, every time, and taking nothing for granted.
    • Is 'True Philosophy" Like True Art?

      Nielsen, Kai (1994-01-01)
      The question “What is philosophy?” is itself a contentious philosophical question. Some philosophers claim that other philosophers misunderstand the very point and purpose of philosophy. This paper explores several prominent conceptions of philosophy.
    • Is Chess Art?

      Lord, Catherine; Syracuse University (1984-01-01)
    • Is Patriotism Immoral?

      Arneson, Richard; University of California, San Diego (2013-07-15)
      The principle of patriotism says that we are morally required to favor our own nation and its people. But there is an opposed moral perspective: cosmopolitanism. The cosmopolitan regards herself as a citizen of the world and holds that national borders lack intrinsic, noninstrumental moral significance. The cosmopolitan view is that people are people, and our common humanity is the ground of our moral duties toward people. This paper examines some recent arguments for patriotism, and finds them all wanting. In the absence of any good argument for patriotism, perhaps we should consider cosmopolitanism.
    • Is the Feminist Critique of Reason Rational

      Martin Alcoff, Linda; Syracuse University (1996-01-01)
      Recent criticism of feminist philosophy poses a dilemma. Feminism is taken to be a substantive set of empirical claims and political commitments, whereas philosophy is taken to be a discipline of thought organized by the pursuit of truth, but uncommitted to any particular truth. This paper responds to this dilemma, and defends the project of feminist philosophy.
    • Is There A Mind-Body Problem?

      Chisholm, Roderick; Brown University (1978-01-01)
    • Justice and 'Discrimination For' in Higher Education

      Golightly, Cornelius L.; Wayne State University (1974-01-01)
    • Justice and Utility: Who Cares?

      Held, Virginia (1996-01-01)
      In recent decades, the dominant moral theories have been deontological and consequentialist. Also in the last few decades, feminist moral theory has developed. Is feminist moral theory distinctive, or is it just a version of one of these other types of theory? This paper discusses this issue.
    • Language and Religion

      Dewart, Leslie; University of Toronto (1972-01-01)
      Throughout much of the history of western philosophy, philosophers have assumed that speech is an outward sign of an inner, mental experience. However, in recent times, this assumption has been replaced by a growing realization that language plays a more active role in shaping our experience of reality. This realization opens up the possibility of a resolution of the apparent conflict between science and religion, through a transformation of the language that we use in relating to reality.
    • Lear and Nature

      Cohen, Marshall; The Rockefeller University (1970-01-01)
      Morris Weitz is mistaken in his interpretation of King Lear. The distinction between good and evil is maintained clearly and sharply throughout the play, and nature actually provides the key to the difference between the two.
    • Left-Libertarianism as a Promising Form of Liberal Egalitarianism

      Vallentyne, Peter; University of Missouri - Columbia (2009-01-01)
      Left libertarianism is a theory of justice that is committed to full self-ownership and to an egalitarian sharing of the value of natural resources. It is, I shall suggest, a promising way of capturing the liberal egalitarian values of liberty, security, equality, and prosperity.
    • Leibniz's New Essays

      Bennett, Joseph; Syracuse University (1982-01-01)
    • Life-Functional Theories of Life

      Feldman, Fred; University of Massachusetts (1992-01-01)
      Many philosophers and biologists have attempted to explain what “alive” means. According to one family of accounts, we can explain the meaning of “alive” in terms of life-functions. This paper discusses this family of views. It is argued that the life-functional analyses of life are unsuccessful.
    • Linguistic Relativity: A Response to Professor Dewart

      Smith, Jr., Henry Lee; State University of New York at Buffalo (1972-01-01)
      Language defines our experience. We receive impressions of the world through the distorting lenses of our linguistic systems, and we also project relationships that are not already there in the world. Thus, it is true that we can gain new insight into science and religion if we attend to our language. We can even hope for a future integration of the two.
    • Locating Consent and Dissent in American Religion

      Marty, Martin E.; University of Chicago (1972-01-01)
      Despite the legal separation of church and state in America, religion continues to play a vital role in American public life. This paper identifies the dual role of religion in American public life as both unifying and reforming. The unifying role has been more significant than the reforming role.
    • Locating Consent and Dissent in American Religion: A Comment

      Glock, Charles Y.; University of California at Berkeley (1972-01-01)
      I agree with Professor Marty that denominational religion has on balance contributed more to maintaining social stability than to fostering social change in American history. However, I believe that this is because religion has offered direct ideological support for the status quo. It has done this by providing compensations for those who are ill served by existing social arrangements.