• Values in Science and Science Education

      Michalos, Alex C.; University of Guelph (1973-01-01)
    • Virtue and Flourishing in Our Interpersonal Relationships

      Besser-Jones, Lorraine; Middlebury College (2011-01-01)
      The eudaimonistic thesis claims that being virtuous is a necessary aspect of the development of some important kind of happiness. To be true, it must be the case that virtue is associated with a kind of happiness that is clearly recognizable as something that we want, that we can appreciate as a good state for us to be in, that we can identify as a state of our own well-being. So here is the empirical question: in our ordinary experiences, is it the case that virtue is necessary to developing this kind of state? This is a very large, and very important, question. In this paper, I chip away at one piece of this question by exploring virtue’s role in mediating our relationships with others. Caring about others and treating them well is clearly part of being virtuous (no matter how we construe the virtues) and I think it is also one aspect of being virtuous that we can see to be an important part of our happiness—at least, in our non-skeptical moments.
    • Virtue Ethics

      Baier, Kurt; University of Pittsburgh (1982-01-01)
    • Vision and Dream in the Cinema

      Sparshott, F. E.; Victoria College, University of Toronto (1971-01-01)
      There are many ways in which filmgoing is like dreaming. The space and time of the film experience are distorted and illusory. For instance, one has the sense of being spatially present on the filmed scene. However, if we really accepted a change in the camera viewpoint as a change in our own position, rapid intercutting between different viewpoints would be intolerable. This suggests that in film our sense of space is somehow bracketed or held in suspense. Likewise, we take what we see in the film to be happening in the present, yet we tolerate jumps backward and forward in time. On reflection, these peculiarities of the film experience are extremely odd. Our ability to enjoy them testifies to the mind’s tendency to smooth things over, interpreting whatever confronts it in terms of the simplest pattern.
    • Weitz on the Coinage of Man

      Sparshott, F. E.; Victoria College, University of Toronto (1970-01-01)
      The events in Shakespeare’s King Lear are not represented as typical, nor are the judgments made in the play represented as wise or reliable. This complicates any attempt to interpret the play as making the sorts of claims that Professor Weitz attributes to it.
    • Well-Being at a Time

      Bradley, Ben; Syracuse University (2016-08-23)
    • What Has Ethics To Learn From Medical Ethics?

      MacIntyre, Alasdair; Boston University (1978-01-01)
    • What is Authority?

      Nowell-Smith, Patrick; York University (1976-01-01)
    • What Men Want to Know About the Ethics of Women

      Blizek, William L.; University of Nebraska, Omaha (1987-01-01)
    • When Doctors Kill Patients: Vital Organ Transplants

      Warfield, Ted A.; The University of Notre Dame (2002-01-01)
      This paper attempts to discern exactly what is happening in some medical situations involving patients who are, in different ways, near death. In order to arrive at a correct moral evaluation of these practices, it is necessary to begin with a careful analysis of exactly what is happening, and then proceed to moral evaluation. This paper argues that declarations of death in many vital organ transplants are unjustified. Thus, probably there are killings occurring in these cases. However, there is no reason to think that these killings are morally unacceptable.
    • Where is the Woman in Feminist Theory? The Case of Aesthetics

      Hein, Hilde (1990-01-01)
      This paper argues that feminism, as a theory, is a pattern of thinking that is not fundamentally about women, although it begins with a gendered perspective. It is, rather, an alternative way of theorizing about a host of topics that include but are not limited to women.
    • Whose Patient Am I, Anyway? How New Economic Threats to Continuity of Care Can Undermine the Doctor / Patient Relationship

      Gorovitz, Samuel (1994-01-01)
      New structures for the financing and delivery of health care and serious efforts to control costs all create tensions in the relationship between doctors and patients and heighten the need for clarification of that relationship. We all want to maintain the traditional sense of a personal, caring, trusting relationship between doctor and patient. However, economic incursions into that relationship threaten to make it a thing of the past. This paper explores these issues.
    • Who’s Afraid of Postmodernism?

      Blackburn, Simon; The University of Cambridge (2001-01-01)
      Postmodernism is a celebration of relativism. It is a movement that has actively embraced the collapse of standards that it takes this to imply. This paper examines the debate between postmodernists and their opponents, approaching it through the debate over Alan Sokal’s famous hoax.
    • Why Care about Liberty?

      Narveson, Jan; University of Waterloo (2008-12-01)
      This is the age of the welfare state. The general assumption is that something is amiss if governments do not provide benefits to its people. Since these benefits are funded by coercive taxation, this implies that those who are taxed are morally required to pay for benefits for others. This paper argues that this assumption is mistaken. Like the founders of the American republic, I argue that government should protect individual liberty, not provide benefits to the needy.
    • Why Obey the Laws of Logic?

      Fogelin, Robert J.; Dartmouth College (2002-01-01)
      The status of the law of noncontradiction is the ultimate battleground on which the traditional forces of rationalism and anti-rationalism have met. This conflict is the topic of this essay. People who reject the law of noncontradiction obliterate any significant difference between speech acts of asserting and denying. In doing so, they deprive themselves of the significant use of their own speech acts. Thus they are self-silencers. This is Aristotle’s “negative demonstration” of the law of noncontradiction, and I find it entirely persuasive.
    • William James as Moral and Social Philosopher

      Aiken, Henry D.; Brandeis University (1981-01-01)
    • Wittgenstein's Radical Alternative

      Garver, Newton; University at Buffalo, SUNY (2008-11-01)
      Wittgenstein’s achievement in the history of philosophy consists in turning philosophy away from logical analysis toward contextual explication, and even more in undermining the dominance of epistemology in mainstream philosophy. However, since a majority of academic philosophers continue to work in ways that Wittgenstein disdained, it is unclear how much he affected the discipline.
    • Women, Welfare, and a Public Ethic of Care

      Kittay, Eva Feder (1997-01-01)
      Welfare is not only a poverty issue, it is a woman’s issue. We need to formulate a foundation of the political will to shape and support a welfare policy that can serve women raising families without stigmatizing them in the process. The paper attempts to formulate such a foundation.