• Technological Progress and Human Happiness

      Rescher, Nicholas; University of Pittsburgh (1979-01-01)
    • Testimonial Deception by Police: An Ethical Analysis

      Kleinig, John; John Jay College of Criminal Justice (1987-01-01)
    • The Academy IS Political

      Harcleroad, Fred F.; American College Testing Program (1970-01-01)
      The university is political as a matter of fact, and the people who hold the power are the people who have the money and fund the university. However, Henry Aiken is wrong about the history of General Education. It was not created for ideological purposes.
    • The Ambivalent Self

      Tormey, Judith Farr; Temple University (1983-01-01)
    • The Athletic Contest as a "Tragic" Form of Art

      Keenan, Francis; The College at Brockport (1972-01-01)
      Aristotle’s model of tragedy in his Poetics emphasizes process over outcome. This paper will apply that model to athletic contests. It will be argued that the win-lose approach is not the only viable method for judging excellence in athletics. Tragedy affords another kind of meaning for an athletic contest.
    • The Coinage of Man: King Lear and Camus’ Stranger

      Weitz, Morris; Brandeis University (1970-01-01)
      In Shakespeare’s King Lear, the universe is indifferent to human values, but human values are of the utmost importance for human life. Good and evil are not built into the fabric of nature. Rather, they rest of human prerogative. However, this does not diminish the importance of human values for human life. The plot of King Lear charts Lear’s own progress through the many stages of this realization.
    • The Computer is Not a Medium

      Binkley, Timothy; School of Visual Arts (1988-01-01)
    • The Concept of Consciousness

      Margolis, Joseph; Temple University (1980-01-01)
    • The Concept of Human Action

      Weitz, Morris; Brandeis University (1972-01-01)
      Philosophical theories of human action aim to state necessary conditions of human action. The thesis of this paper is that there are no such conditions. The concept of a human action is essentially an open concept. It is not governed by any set of necessary conditions. The paper considers and rejects several recent attempts to state necessary conditions of human action, including those of Donald Davidson and Roderick Chisholm
    • The Conventions of Film: A Response to Professor Sparshott

      Rabkin, Gerald; Rutgers University (1971-01-01)
      The difficulty with judging Professor Sparshott’s analogy between our dream experience and the experience in film lies in the extreme subjectivity of our dream experience. Perhaps an entire film seems dreamlike, but the judgment tends to be intensely subjective.
    • The Ego in Germanic Philosophy: A Reexamination

      Solomon, Robert C.; University of Texas, Austin (1987-01-01)
    • The Emergence of Consciousness

      Seager, William; University of Toronto at Scarborough (2006-01-01)
      According to the mainstream view in philosophy today, the world is a purely physical system, in which consciousness emerged as a product of increasing biological complexity, from non-conscious precursors composed of non-conscious components. The mainstream view is a beautiful, grand vision of the universe. However, it leaves no real place for consciousness. This paper explains why.
    • The Ethics of Belief

      Blanshard, Brand; Yale University (1971-01-01)
      There is an ethics of thought, as well as of practice, and that ethics is the same outside religion as within it. We may not be able to control our beliefs directly, but we can control them indirectly. So we are accountable for the ways in which we form our beliefs. Some say that beliefs are private affairs, but our beliefs affect our actions, and our actions have consequences for others. Thus we are accountable for our beliefs. Religious traditions that promote unquestioning acceptance of belief without evidence are violating the ethics of belief. William James’ defense of belief without evidence is enticing, but ultimately unsuccessful.
    • The Ethics of Eating Meat

      Sobel, David; Syracuse University (2017-10-18)
      In this paper I argue for the claim that it is morally problematic to get as many of our calories as we do from factory farmed meat. I divide up the problems into the categories of 1) Harm to Animals, 2) Harm to the Environment, and 3) Harm to Humans. I conclude with a series of common defenses of eating factory-farmed meat and offer a reply to each. I conclude that it would be morally better to cut down on the amount of factory-farmed meat one eats provided one can afford and find palatable alternatives.
    • The Good Society and the Complexity of the Structure of Morality

      Castaneda, Hector-Neri; Indiana University (1975-01-01)
    • The Human Limits of Science

      Munson, Ronald; University of Missouri - St. Louis (1986-01-01)
    • The Moral of Moral Luck

      Wolf, Susan; Johns Hopkins University (2001-01-01)
      This essay is primarily concerned with one type of moral luck – luck in how things turn out. Do acts that actually lead to harm deserve the same treatment as similar acts that, by chance, do not lead to harm? This paper argues that we must recognize the truth in two, opposing tendencies in such cases.
    • The Nature of Mass Art

      Carroll, Noel; University of Wisconsin, Madison (1992-01-01)
      The purpose of this paper is to provide a conceptual analysis of the notion of mass art. That is, my aim is to produce a philosophical theory that isolates the common structural and functional features that enable us to group assorted films, TV programs, photography, ads, songs and so on under the single rubric of mass art.
    • The Ontological Argument and Objects of Thought

      Wierenga, Edward; University of Rochester (2011-01-01)
      Is there anything new to be said about Anselm's ontological argument? Recent work by Lynne Baker and Gareth Matthews raises some interesting and important questions about the argument. First, Anselm's argument is set in the context of a prayer to God, whose existence Anselm seeks to prove. Is that peculiar or paradoxical? Does it imply that Anselm's prayer is insincere? Baker and Matthews have offered a novel interpretation of Anselm's argument, designed to solve a crucial problem with it. Does their interpretation succeed in solving that problem? This paper addresses both of these questions.