• Science and Art: Heuristic and Aesthetic Dimensions of Scientific Discovery

      Wartofsky, Max W.; Baruch College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York (1994-01-01)
      A familiar thesis in the philosophy of science is that considerations of form play a heuristic role in scientific discovery, and that these formal considerations may be characterized as aesthetic. The purpose of this paper is to understand what this claim comes to, and to explore the question of why aesthetic form does indeed play such a powerful heuristic role in scientific thought.
    • Self-Trust and the Diversity of Religions

      Zagzebski, Linda; University of Oklahoma (2006-01-01)
      The diversity of religions poses two, distinct challenges for belief in a particular religion. The first challenge is based upon an epistemic egalitarianism, according to which all normal human beings are roughly equal in their ability to get knowledge. I argue that this challenge is based on some mistaken assumptions. The second challenge arises from our admiration of people of other faiths. I argue that this second challenge is very serious, since it is rooted in our trust of ourselves.
    • Semiotic Aesthetics and Aesthetic Education

      Beardsley, Monroe C.; Temple University (1973-01-01)
    • Sentence Meaning and Illocutionary Act Potential

      Alston, William P.; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1977-01-01)
      The idea that illocutionary-act-potential (IAP) is the key to linguistic meaning is still in a rather undeveloped state. Since I introduced the suggestion in the early sixties it has not received much elaboration. To be sure, it is the conception of sentence-meaning put forward in John Searle's book Speech Acts,2 but although Searle in that book has many interesting things to say on many topics, he does not measurably advance the development of an account of linguistic meaning in terms of illocutionary acts. (I also have many reservations about the details of his treatment.) I am currently engaged in writing a book in which I work out a detailed and systematic account of illocutionary acts, and show how sentence meaning (SM) can be identified with IAP. Since the meaning of morphemes, words, and phrases can be viewed as their capacity to make a distinctive contribution to the meanings of sentences in which they occur, this account of sentence meaning can serve as the basis of a general account of the nature of linguistic meaning. In this paper I will present some leading ideas of this account of sentence-meaning, and exhibit some of the relations of my account to other positions in the field. Needless to say, many details will have to be omitted.
    • Sex and Consequences: World Population Growth vs. Reproductive Rights

      Battin, Margaret Pabst (1997-01-01)
      Conflict between concern over global population growth and concern for reproductive rights is intense. In this paper I explore how developments in reproductive technology, present and future, may provide a solution to this conflict – one which promises both a significant drop in population growth and the fullest protection of reproductive rights and preferences.
    • Should We be Moved by What Motivates Expressivism?

      Cuneo, Terence; University of Vermont (2018-01-01)
      When two views differ as sharply as do realism and expressivism, it is easy for their proponents to talk past one another, failing to understand the other’s most fundamental commitments. My project in this essay is to bring these two very different views into conversation. I begin by offering a more specific characterization of both expressivism and realism, noting where some of their important differences lie. I then identify the primary rationale that expressivists offer for rejecting moral realism in favor of their view, an argument that has a long history in the expressivist tradition, which I refer to as the Motivation Argument. While the Motivation Argument has been widely discussed, I present a strategy of response to it that, to my knowledge, realists have not exploited. This strategy is concessive in character; it doesn’t charge that some premise of the Motivation Argument is false or that expressivists have failed accurately to describe the phenomenology of the moral life. Rather, it contends that the Motivation Argument suffers from a dialectical flaw that renders it unhelpful for furthering the expressivist cause. The moral I draw from the discussion is that expressivism might be true. And there might be good reasons to accept it. But the Motivation Argument is not one of them.
    • Sight, Symbol and Society: Toward a History of Visual Perception

      Wartofsky, Marx; Boston University (1981-01-01)
    • Singer on Speciesism

      Donaghy, Kevin; The College at Brockport (1974-01-01)
    • Socrates and Plato on Poetry

      Smith, Nicholas D.; Lewis and Clark College (2007-10-01)
      This paper contrasts Socrates’ attitude towards poetry in the early dialogues with the sharply critical view of poetry expressed in Plato’s Republic. The difference between these two views constitutes further evidence for a developmentalist interpretation of Plato.
    • Socratic Ignorance

      Matthews, Gareth B.; University of Massachusetts, Amherst (2003-01-01)
      In Plato’s Apology, Socrates famously claimed to know nothing. This Socratic claim to ignorance pervades all of Plato’s early dialogues, and it raises many puzzling questions. By working through these puzzles, we can come to understand the figure of Socrates much better, and we can also gain some insight into the nature and purpose of philosophy.
    • Some Essays at Objectivity

      Rudner, Richard; Washington University, St. Louis (1973-01-01)
    • Some Impressions of Martin E. Marty's Paper: "Locating Consent and Dissent in American Religion

      Clements, Tad; The College at Brockport (1972-01-01)
      Martin Marty agrees with the Supreme Court that the American people are a religions people. In order to determine whether or not this is true, it is necessary to clarify exactly what it means. However, Martin Marty has not given us any account of exactly what this means, and thus he is in no position to assert it.
    • Some Problems in Communication Between Philosopher and Scientist

      Finley, K. Thomas; The College at Brockport (1973-01-01)
    • Some Reflections on Existence

      Castaneda, Hector-Neri; Indiana University (1980-01-01)
    • Some Reflections on the Philosophy of Education

      Kiefer, Howard; The College at Brockport (1980-01-01)
    • Some Remarks About Rationality

      Black, Max; Cornell University (1977-01-01)
      This article is an abbreviated version of a talk titled "The Limitations of Rationality."
    • Some Remarks About the Unutterable

      Berenson, Frances; University of London (1984-01-01)
    • Stoic Equanimity in the Face of Torture

      Sherman, Nancy; Georgetown University (2008-10-01)
      In what ways, if any, is Stoic equanimity a plausible armor for enduring torture? I believe that we can learn something about stoic equanimity in general by examining this especially hard case. It turns out that a broadly Stoic view still leaves a torture victim vulnerable to being forced to use one’s agency against oneself. In this sense, even the best Stoic armor has its limits.
    • Stories and the Meaning of Life

      Fischer, John Martin; University of California, Riverside (2009-01-01)
      This paper argues that the value of acting freely and responsibly is a species of the value of self-expression. When I act freely, I write a sentence in the story of my life, and this gives my life the shape of a narrative, which, in turn, gives my life a unique sort of meaning and value.
    • Structuralism, Anti-Structuralism and Objectivity

      Pereboom, Derk; Cornell University (2010-12-01)
      Structuralist theories describe the entities in their domains solely in terms of relations, while also claiming to be complete theories of the entities in question. Leibniz and Kant insist that no structuralist theory can be a complete theory. Kant believes that the knowledge afforded by structuralist theories is sufficient. However, Jacques Derrida is skeptical of the sufficiency of structuralist theories for stable knowledge of any kind.