• Language and Religion

      Dewart, Leslie; University of Toronto (1972-01-01)
      Throughout much of the history of western philosophy, philosophers have assumed that speech is an outward sign of an inner, mental experience. However, in recent times, this assumption has been replaced by a growing realization that language plays a more active role in shaping our experience of reality. This realization opens up the possibility of a resolution of the apparent conflict between science and religion, through a transformation of the language that we use in relating to reality.
    • Lear and Nature

      Cohen, Marshall; The Rockefeller University (1970-01-01)
      Morris Weitz is mistaken in his interpretation of King Lear. The distinction between good and evil is maintained clearly and sharply throughout the play, and nature actually provides the key to the difference between the two.
    • Left-Libertarianism as a Promising Form of Liberal Egalitarianism

      Vallentyne, Peter; University of Missouri - Columbia (2009-01-01)
      Left libertarianism is a theory of justice that is committed to full self-ownership and to an egalitarian sharing of the value of natural resources. It is, I shall suggest, a promising way of capturing the liberal egalitarian values of liberty, security, equality, and prosperity.
    • Leibniz's New Essays

      Bennett, Joseph; Syracuse University (1982-01-01)
    • Life-Functional Theories of Life

      Feldman, Fred; University of Massachusetts (1992-01-01)
      Many philosophers and biologists have attempted to explain what “alive” means. According to one family of accounts, we can explain the meaning of “alive” in terms of life-functions. This paper discusses this family of views. It is argued that the life-functional analyses of life are unsuccessful.
    • Linguistic Relativity: A Response to Professor Dewart

      Smith, Jr., Henry Lee; State University of New York at Buffalo (1972-01-01)
      Language defines our experience. We receive impressions of the world through the distorting lenses of our linguistic systems, and we also project relationships that are not already there in the world. Thus, it is true that we can gain new insight into science and religion if we attend to our language. We can even hope for a future integration of the two.
    • Locating Consent and Dissent in American Religion

      Marty, Martin E.; University of Chicago (1972-01-01)
      Despite the legal separation of church and state in America, religion continues to play a vital role in American public life. This paper identifies the dual role of religion in American public life as both unifying and reforming. The unifying role has been more significant than the reforming role.
    • Locating Consent and Dissent in American Religion: A Comment

      Glock, Charles Y.; University of California at Berkeley (1972-01-01)
      I agree with Professor Marty that denominational religion has on balance contributed more to maintaining social stability than to fostering social change in American history. However, I believe that this is because religion has offered direct ideological support for the status quo. It has done this by providing compensations for those who are ill served by existing social arrangements.
    • Love and Duty

      Driver, Julia; Washington University, St. Louis (2014-01-01)
      The thesis of this paper is that there is an important asymmetry between a duty to love and a duty to not love: there is no duty to love as a fitting response to someone’s very good qualities, but there is a duty to not love as a fitting response to someone’s very bad qualities. The source of the asymmetry that I discuss is the two-part understanding of love: the emotional part and the evaluative commitment part. One cannot directly, or “at will,” control an emotional response, but one can undermine any commitment one would normally have under the circumstances. Thus, the feeling of love is not a duty, though being disposed to act a certain way with respect to the person one has the feelings for is controllable.
    • Love as Intimate Identification

      Helm, Bennett; Franklin and Marshall College (2010-11-01)
      It is widely acknowledged that love is a distinctively intimate form of concern in which we in some sense identify with our beloveds; it is common, moreover, to construe such identification in terms of the lover’s taking on the interests of the beloved. From this starting point, Harry Frankfurt argues that the paradigm form of love is that between parents and infants or young children. I think this is mistaken: the kind of loving attitude or relationship we can have towards or with young children is distinct in kind from that which we can have towards adult persons, as is revealed by reflection on the depth of love and its phenomenology. My aim is to present an alternative conception of the sort of distinctively intimate identification at issue in love, arguing that this account makes better sense of love and our experience of love.
    • Luck and the Enigmas of Fate

      Rescher, Nicholas (1994-01-01)
      Luck is a formidable and ubiquitous factor in human life as we know it. It is a rogue force that prevents human life from being fully domesticated to rational management. This paper explores the nature of luck and its role in human life.
    • Make-Believe and Its Role in Pictorial Representation and the Acquisition of Knowledge

      Walton, Kendall L.; University of Michigan (1992-01-01)
      Pictures are not merely imitations of visual forms, nor are they merely signs that signify or stand for things of the kind they represent. Pictures, like hobby horses, are props in games of make-believe in which people participate visually, and also psychologically.
    • Making Connections: An Essay on Creativity in Science and Poetry

      Tilghman, B. R.; Kansas State University (1986-01-01)
    • Mass Art, High Art, and the Avant-Garde: A Response to David Novitz

      Carroll, Noel; University of Wisconsin, Madison (1992-01-01)
      David Novitz proposes several alleged counterexamples to my theory of mass art. This paper responds to these alleged counterexamples.
    • Meaning in Life without Free Will

      Pereboom, Derk; University of Vermont (2003-01-01)
      Even if determinism precludes responsibility and accountability, it does not eliminate everything that we deem valuable. This paper argues that life can be meaningful even if we do not have free will.
    • Mind and Brain in the 17th Century

      Bennett, Jonathan (1994-01-01)
      The 17th century saw an enormous amount of energy dedicated to the question of whether matter can think. This paper follows certain strands of this debate in Descartes, Locke, Leibniz and Spinoza. These strands of the debate are still relevant today.
    • Moral Issues in Medical Experiementation on Humans

      Cohen, Carl; University of Michigan (1979-01-01)
    • Moral Responsibility and the Corporation

      De George, Richard T.; University of Kansas (1981-01-01)
    • Morse Peckham's "Romanticism and Behavior": A Reply

      Abrams, M. H.; Cornell University (1974-01-01)
    • Mrs. Foot on the Sufficiency of Hypothetical Imperatives

      Beck, Lewis White; University of Rochester (1971-01-01)
      The issue between Mrs. Foot and Immanuel Kant is this: does the reason why one ought to do something always lie in expected, desired consequences, so that the command to do it is hypothetical? Mrs. Foot argues that the answer is “yes,” and that any alternative use of “ought” is unintelligible. I think that her argument for this claim is stronger when it is directed at the intuitionists than when it is directed at Kant. An analogy with logic, which is full of categorical imperatives, supports Kant’s position against Mrs. Foot.