• "Eve's Neighborhood": Fictionalized Factual Place Names in an Off-Campus Novel

      Nicolaisen, W.F.H.; University of Aberdeen (1/1/2011)
      Considers Liz Rosenberg's novel Home Repair and interpretive problems of literary naming.
    • Cratchit: The Etymology

      Adams, Michael; Indiana University (1/1/2011)
      Cratchit, the surname shared by Bob, Martha, Peter, Belinda, assorted other Cratchits, the mother and wife who is only identified as “Mrs. Cratchit,” and especially Tiny Tim, in A Christmas Carol (1843), is one of Dickens’s most thematically and stylistically significant character names, as well as arguably the best loved. Nevertheless, the name’s etymology has given rise to relatively little commentary and is as yet undetermined. The exception is Michael Patrick Hearn’s The Annotated Christmas Carol (Dickens and Hearn 119) which correctly identifies the predominant etymon, without any attempt to “determine” it. Here I examine various etymological claims and argue for a particular mixed etymology, one that makes linguistic (morphological, semantic, pragmatic) and literary (thematic, characterological, stylistic) sense. The etymology leads to the name’s fictive value: the etymology is essential to understanding, not only thesignificance of the name, but the significance of the novel, as well as something about the aesthetic assumptions or inclinations underlying both, of which we are aware at their point of intersection.
    • Spenser, Wolfram, and the Reformation of Despair

      Monta, Susannah; Oliver, Lisi; Louisiana State University; University of Notre Dame (1/1/2011)
      To date, no consensus has emerged concerning the derivation of Spenser’s names Trevisan and Terwin, the only two characters in Book I’s “Legend of Holiness” whose names are not obviously labels. This essay proposes that Wolfram’s Parzival offers a strong analogue that may also point to a possible origin for the names of Spenser’s Trevisan and Terwin. Further, and most significantly, the comparison between Wolfram’s poem and Spenser’s gives the more important of those two figures, the fearful knight Trevisan, a complex role to play as Spenser probes Protestant theological treatments of despair.
    • British Places and Rauf de Boun's Bruit

      Breeze, Andrew; Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (1/1/2011)
      Considers place names in Le Petit Bruit, a short prose chronicle of the early fourteenth century.
    • The Name and Battle of Arfderydd, near Carlisle

      Breeze, Andrew; Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (1/1/2012)
      The battle of Arfderydd, fought near Carlisle in 573 (or perhaps 575), appears in many accounts of North Britain. Yet more can perhaps be said on its location and the meaning of its name. This paper thus has two functions: it reviews what has been written on the conflict between 1860 to 2009, and then sets out a new etymology for Arfderydd, with implications for where the action took place.
    • The “Saracens” of King Horn: Two Unnoticed Analogues

      Jurasinski, Stefan; SUNY Brockport (1/1/2012)
      Sheds new light on the tendency of some Middle English narrative texts to describe Vikings and earlier Germanic peoples as "Saracens."
    • A Pragmalinguistic Study of Yoruba Personal Names

      Ogunwale, Joshua Abiodun; Obafemi Awolowo University (1/1/2012)
      By virtue of their morphology and pragmatic effects, name-forms are lexical. However, proverbs are usually copious linguistic expressions that transcend mere lexical units. This study gives a description and analysis of the forms and contents of certain proverbial expressions whose linguistic forms and discursive roles have permitted their usage as Yorùbá personal names. Two major tasks are crucial in the following analysis: a characterization of the process involved in the change, and the explication of the interface between the pragmatics and semantic contents of this class of names. Essentially, therefore, the paper pursues answers to the following questions: how are the sentential features of Yorùbá proverbs reduced to the morphological/lexical status of names and why are some proverbs usable as names and a wide range of others not attested? And, arising from those two questions, what is the status and what are utilitarian effects of this class of names in pre-literate Yorùbá society? It is hoped that the provision of answers to the above questions would suggest reasons why certain rules; i.e. construction of certain types, occur in certain communication situations and thus highlight the interface between construction types and their uses.
    • “Dese Funny Folks. Glad I Ain’t None of Them”: An Onomastic Inquiry into Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury

      McAdams, James; Lehigh University (1/1/2012)
      The discipline of onomastics investigates such topics as “What is a name? Who names? What is named? Why does a person, place, or thing receive a name?” (Nuessel 1). Although there are numerous academic approaches subsumed under the broad term onomastics, the one most relevant to this paper is “anthroponyms,” which directly concerns the practice of character naming. In addition to surveying this perspective, I will analyze the innovative way in which character names in The Sound and the Fury function by locating the numerous places in the novel in which names change, repeat, layer, multiply, becoming ambiguous and displaced. Ultimately, I will consider how these linguistic “slippages” relate to the famous Faulknerian theme of the decline of the South. At the same time, I will identify those places in the novel–most often, in the case of the Gibsons–where names function effectively, and consider what this might connote about the future of the South, which the novel famously “redeems” on Easter Sunday, 1928. I will focus on three character names and one linguistic-ethnographic set: Benjy, Quentin, Candace, and the Gibson family.
    • Place-Names and Politics in The Awntyrs off Arthure

      Breeze, Andrew; Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (1/22/2019)
      No abstract.
    • Permanent Functions of Characters’ Proper Names in Harry Potter

      Gibka, Martyna; Koszalin University of Technology (1/22/2019)
      No abstract.
    • Hrothgar and Wealhtheow: An Onomastic Approach to a Story of Good Governance

      Nelson, D. Marie; University of Florida (1/22/2019)
      No abstract.
    • The Arthurian Battle of Badon and Braydon Forest, Wiltshire

      Breeze, Andrew; Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (11/3/2015)
      No abstract.
    • A concise theory of meaningfulness in literary naming within the framework of The Pragmatic Theory of Properhood

      Coates, Richard; University of the West of England, Bristol (11/3/2015)
      No abstract.
    • The xxuiii ciuitates brittanni? of the Historia Brittonum: Antiquarian Speculation in Early Medieval Wales

      Fitzpatrick-Matthews, Keith J.; North Hertfordshire Museum (11/3/2015)
      A reassessment of the list of civitates in Chapter 66a of the Historia Brittonum is attempted through the establishment of a reliable text as it is preserved in a number of versions. Analysis of each name is attempted by working back to its hypothetical Brittonic original. Some names attested in Classical and early medieval sources are readily identifiable and can be identified with Roman or Romano-British sites; some names have survived into more recent times and can also be identified with known sites, although some remain difficult. Of particular interest is a group named after real or legendary characters known from other literature. The list proved influential and its history can be traced to the notorious forgery De Sitû Brittaniæ ascribed to Richard of Cirencester; its importance lies in its hints at the nature of antiquarian speculation in early medieval Wales.
    • The Power of Place: Colonization of the Anglo-Saxon Landscape by Royal and Religious Ideologies

      Leggett, Samantha; University of Cambridge (5/2/2017)
      No abstract.
    • Genre Construction: The Creation of the Dinnshenchas

      Murray, Kevin; University College, Cork (5/2/2017)
      No abstract.
    • Unique Onomastic Information in the Lebor na hUidre Táin

      Holmberg, Matthew; Harvard University (5/2/2017)
      No abstract.