• Commercialism and the Moral Standing of the National Collegiate Athletic Association

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2014-07-16)
      Presentation at the Fifth International Conference on Sport and Society titled: Commercialism and the Moral Standing of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, it offers insights generated from utilitarian moral analysis that provide National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) leadership with a structured foundation from which to make commercialism related choices supporting overall organizational happiness and stability. By Professor Dr. Robert C. Schneider Director, Sport Management Program, The College at Brockport.
    • Effective Leadership of Sport Organizations through Political Astuteness

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2012-07-22)
      The sport leader’s astuteness to the politics of the sport organization is a necessary component of effective sport leadership. The goal of this presentation is to provide an overview of the organizational politics literature for the purpose developing recommendations to sport leaders that will help improve their astuteness of organizational politics in the sport organization.
    • Ethics in Sport: Socio-Political Point of View

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2015-07-28)
      Sport is a natural medium for bringing together people of different backgrounds throughout the world. If grounded in ethics and if participants follow the rules and cooperate, sport can be a conduit for world harmony (Sport great for human bonding, 2010).As international relationships are developed through sport, those relationships can help support larger global endeavors in pursuit of a better world. If international sport based relationships are grounded in Mill’s utilitarianism that calls for actions resulting in the most long-term happiness for the most amount of people (Mill, 1863/1969) those relationships are well positioned to transition to the domain of governmental politics, where meaningful attempts to resolve large world issues can be addressed, under the same utilitarian premise. In pursuit of a better world, identifying common groundamong the many differences held by people throughout the world is a magnanimous challenge. Beauchamp’s (1982) practical suggestion that common sense, habits, and past experience are most helpful when attempting to select actions that will determine long-term happiness. Moving beyond sport and transferring the application of Beauchamp’s practical utilitarian approach to larger global conflicts, can help guide governments as they engage in the necessary politics, to move toward improving global problems in the interest of world harmony.
    • Sport as a Medium for Supporting Global Problem Solving

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2014-06-20)
      A Peer-Reviewed Presentation by Professor Dr. Robert C. Schneider Director, Sport Management Program The College at Brockport, State University of New York given at the Center for Global Studies; Shanghai University, China; June 19-21, 2014.
    • Sport’s Manifestation of Equity across Multiple Demographics

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2015-03-01)
      The challenges of manifesting equity across community are many. Sport, ranging from competitive to recreational is one medium that can foster and support equity across the myriad differences between people. Whether the differences are chosen or unchosen, sport can help meld those differences in the interest of the common goal of winning or joining together in the enjoyable activity referred to as sport. Sport can be considered a successful contributor to supporting healthy community if its presence improves community happiness and diminishes community unhappiness.
    • The Amateurism Façade of NCAA Major College Basketball and Morality

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2013-06-15)
      Dr. Robert C. Schneider, Professor of Sport Management, KSSPE, Power Point Presentation of his peer-reviewed paper on The amateurism facade of NCAA major college basketball and morality presented at the International Conference in Chicago.
    • The Role of Sport as a Mediator in International Relations

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2016-10-13)
      Sport, beginning with athletes, has historically brought persons from around the world together (Tomlinson & Young, 2011). Despite the propensity of sport to reinforce intense competitive attitudes toward opponents and anti-social behaviors (Marasescu, 2013), the opportunities for goodwill throughout and beyond sport are many. Loyalties, bonds, and friendships are established through shared international sporting experiences between competing nations (Darnell, 2010; Darnell & Black, 2011). Host nations, including citizens and governments of sporting events can accommodate visiting nations by featuring attractions unique to their cultures, e.g., food, customs, history, recreational activities, and wonders of nature. Social gatherings, complementary touristic activities, and privately arranged meetings offer convenient opportunities for fans, citizens, and even government officials, including heads of state to interact in a non-political, neutral sporting environment (Brownell, 2014). The in-person interactions resulting from sport, has long been known to help remove learned prejudices (Allport, 1954), allowing for positive dialogue between nations. Through sport, nations can consistently and persistently create accurate and favorable portrayals of nations, one athlete, coach, official, organizer, and fan at a time. With an open mind and optimism, sport, as a mediator can, in fact, enhance international relations.
    • Understanding and Managing Organizational Politics

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2016-02-18)
      The aim of this paper is to present a basis for an understanding of organizational politics and provide various approaches to decreasing its presence and generally negative effects on the organization. Self-interest is a common component of organizational politics and is represented by members’ interests to preserve one’s career (Vigoda, 2000) and to advance one’s career (Randall, Cropanzano, Borman, & Birjulin, 1999). The negative effects of organizational politics can ultimately undermine the overall goals of the organization and include: the playing of favorites (Malik, Danish, & Ghafoor, 2009); poor organizational citizenship behaviors (Chang, et al., 2009); the decline in job satisfaction and increases of job stress (Miller, Rutherford, & Kolodinsky, 2008; an indifferent employee attitude, and poor job performance (Witt, Andrews, & Kacmar, 2000); disruption of return on employee investment (Hochwarter, Kacmar, Perrewe, & Johnson, 2003); and lower morale (Chang et al., 2009). Strategies found effective in reducing organizational politics include but are not limited to: involving employees in decision making, fostering teamwork, building trust and social support, hiring politically under-skilled employees, and basing personnel and program decisions on objective criteria. Politics’ omnipresence across organizations presents a challenge for managers in that it will never be eradicated but must be consistently addressed if organizational outcomes are to be achieved and maximized.
    • Utilitarian Moral Theory: Parallels between a Sport Organization and Society

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2014-07-11)
      Paper presented at the ISSA World Congress of Sociology of Sport 2014. Beijing, China by Dr. Robert C. Schneider, Sport Management Program Director, The College at Brockport.