• Analyst Optimism in the Automotive Industry: A Post-Bailout Boost and Methodological Insights

      Hettler, Barry; Sorokina, Nonna; Tanai, Yertai; Booth, David; The College at Brockport; Wake Forest University (2015-07-01)
      This paper empirically investigates the impact of the government bailout on analysts’ forecast optimism regarding firms in the automotive industry. We compare the results from M- and MM-robust methodologies to the results from OLS regression in an event study context and find that inferences change. When M- and MM-robust estimation methods are used to estimate the same model, the results for key control variables fall directly in line with those of similar previous studies. Furthermore, an analysis of residuals indicates that the application of M- and MMestimation methods pulls the main prediction equation towards the main sample data, suggesting a more rigorous fit. Based on robust methods, we observe changes in analyst optimism during the announcement period of the bailout, as evidenced by the significantly positive variable of interest. We support our empirical results with simulations and confirm significant improvements in estimation accuracy when robust regression methods are applied to the samples contaminated by outliers.
    • Analyst Optimism in the Automotive Industry: A Post-Bailout Boost and Methodological Insights

      Hettler, Barry; Sorokina, Nonna; Tanai, Yertai; Booth, David; The College at Brockport; Wake Forest University (2015-07-01)
      This paper empirically investigates the impact of the government bailout on analysts’ forecast optimism regarding firms in the automotive industry. We compare the results from M- and MM-robust methodologies to the results from OLS regression in an event study context and find that inferences change. When M- and MM-robust estimation methods are used to estimate the same model, the results for key control variables fall directly in line with those of similar previous studies. Furthermore, an analysis of residuals indicates that the application of M- and MMestimation methods pulls the main prediction equation towards the main sample data, suggesting a more rigorous fit. Based on robust methods, we observe changes in analyst optimism during the announcement period of the bailout, as evidenced by the significantly positive variable of interest. We support our empirical results with simulations and confirm significant improvements in estimation accuracy when robust regression methods are applied to the samples contaminated by outliers.