Now showing items 21-40 of 2475

    • Stigmatizing Attitudes of the Helping Professions toward HIV/AIDS and the Detrimental Effects of Stigma on Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS

      Cesnales, Nicole; Johnson, Lorrie; The College at Brockport (2015-12-01)
      This paper reviews the literature on HIV stigma categorizing and conceptualizing stigma and identifying what makes it different from other forms of stigma. It discusses the effects that stigma has on the people living with HIV and the barriers it creates to care and prevention. It reviews the attitudes of students and professionals in the helping field primarily nurses and social workers. The literature discussed in this thesis suggests factors that contribute to stigma, as well as interventions that may be successful in diminishing stigmatizing attitudes among students and helping professionals; further addressing gaps in present research about HIV stigma.
    • Gifted Education Program Structures in Erie County: Lake Shore Schools

      Wilkens, Christian; Geraci, Jessica; The College at Brockport (2012-05-12)
      Research in the field of gifted and talented education has been general and focused on government policy and general practices. There has been a lack of focus on the structure of existing programs. The current research aims to determine whether parents and students receiving services through gifted education programs are satisfied with their educators, program structure, and quality of education received. Parents and students completed paper surveys and commented on facets of the ALPHA (Advanced Level Program for Heightened Achievement) program in Lake Shore Central School District. Overall, responses were very positive, though parents cited some changes they would like to see made to the program. Further research should be conducted in multiple districts to determine what parents and students expect to gain from gifted programming, and what they feel they are actually gaining.
    • Digital Literacy in the English Classroom: A Common Core Standards-Based Unit Plan

      Giblin, Thomas R.; Smith, Austin H.; The College at Brockport (2015-12-17)
      This thesis provides several lesson plans, anchored in Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World to teach digital literacy to a tenth grade English class, aligned with the Common Core Standards.
    • Effects of New Media on Youth Ministry

      Mejia, Robert; Markley, Brian; The College at Brockport (2015-12-09)
      The purpose of this study is to determine the effects that new media, including social media and the mobile internet, have had on teenagers by examining youth ministry. Research is conducted in the field of communication on the subject, but the majority of the information comes from personal interviews with youth ministry leaders. These individuals are either program leaders at a specific church or are on staff with the youth ministry organization called Young Life. James Carey’s two definitions of communication, ritual and transmission, will be used to analyze the information gathered through the interviews and the research. Technology has been affecting religion since the dawn humanity. One of the more prominent examples is the printing press, which was first used to print a bible and later played a role in the Protestant Reformation. When the United States of America was born, religious diversity was a cornerstone, and that is still true today. However, church attendance and the number of people claiming to be religious has declined drastically in recent times. At a time when religion is losing influence in America, new media have come into play. Social media and mobile internet have had a significant impact on culture, particularly on generation z, which includes anyone born after 1995. These young people have grown up in the digital age, but how has that affected them? An analysis of youth ministry, a sector that is based on social relationships between leaders and students, provides an interesting perspective on how teenagers have been affected by these new media.
    • The Verdict on the CSI Effect: A Study of the Effect in Monroe County Courtrooms

      Bunch, Ann W.; Monachino, Paige; The College at Brockport (2016-05-03)
      This senior honors thesis looks at a phenomenon known as the “CSI Effect”. The CSI Effect is a greatly debated topic with many different opinions as to its existence. The immediate objective of this study is to determine whether the CSI Effect is present in Monroe County, New York courtrooms. A survey distributed to judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and private defense attorneys, practicing in Monroe Country, New York, gives information regarding their experience with the CSI Effect, helping to come to a conclusion about the Effect’s existence. The results of this study show that the CSI Effect does exist, in some form. While the Effect exists, there are other possible “Effects” that may present similar symptoms as the CSI Effect, as earlier research has shown. Major differences among participant groups provide an explanation for the existence of the CSI Effect.
    • The Significance of the Nuclear Gene KU80 in Mitochondrial Genome Stability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

      Sia, Rey; Scott, Brooke; State University of New York College at Brockport (2020-09-10)
      Mitochondria are essential organelles in eukaryotes. They are often referred to as the powerhouse of the cell because mitochondria manufacture ATP, which is required for the successful completion of many cellular processes. Mitochondria have individual genomes, separate from the nuclear DNA, which encode proteins required for respiration. In humans, mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) result in the loss of mitochondrial function which leads to neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders. The focus of this study is to determine the role of the nuclear gene KU80 in maintaining mtDNA stability in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The product of the KU80 gene is the protein, Ku80p. Ku80p, in humans, is encoded by the XRCC4 gene. Ku80p along with Ku70p forms a heterodimeric protein complex, which binds to DNA double-strand break ends and is required for the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway of DNA repair. The goal of this research is to determine whether loss of the KU80 gene plays a role in mitochondrial genome stability. Mitochondrial genome instability can arise via spontaneous point mutations or deletion events. Assays were performed to measure the spontaneous respiration loss rate between wild type and ku80-? mutant strains. The respiration loss assay showed a 1.90-fold increase (p=0.001256) in spontaneous respiration loss compared to the wild type strain. Strains were constructed to determine the role of KU80 in spontaneous direct-repeat mediated deletion (DRMD) events within the mitochondrial genome as well as the nuclear genome. The rate of DRMD events in the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes showed a 1.94-fold decrease (p=0.08711) in spontaneous mutation rates in mitochondrial DNA and a 5.87-fold decrease (p=0.000786) in nuclear DNA compared to the wild type. These results suggests that Ku80p plays a role in maintaining the integrity of the mitochondrial genome in budding yeast.
    • A Vicious Cycle of Abuse: The Relationship between Domestic Violence and Animal Cruelty

      Bridges, Tristan; Staley, Leah; The College at Brockport (2016-05-03)
      This paper explores research on the relationship between cycles of domestic violence and animal cruelty. It not only depicts that there is an under acknowledged a relationship between the two subjects, but also considers this relationship from multiple perspectives. This paper summarizes what constitutes animal cruelty and domestic violence, what causes people to treat other people and animals in this manner, who are more likely to be perpetrators of abuse and also victims of domestic violence (DV), and the different types of mistreatment in animals and intimate partner violence (IPV). Additionally, this paper reflects on policy implications of existing research in terms of what kind of laws and services are in place to combat this issue and what more can be done. Finally, this paper presents resources for those who wish to make a difference and report any cases of cruelty towards people and animals.
    • Social Studies Instruction in Elementary Classrooms following NCLB and CCSS

      Ashton, Jennifer; Kuhar, Matty; The College at Brockport (2016-02-19)
      The purpose of this study is to take a closer look at how NCLB and the Common Core Standards have affected social studies instruction in one elementary school in Western New York.
    • The Significance of the Nuclear Gene, SGS1, in Mitochondrial Genome Stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

      Sia, Rey; Wershing, Kathryn C.; The College at Brockport (2016-04-26)
      The homologs that humans share with Saccharomyces cerevisiae render yeast an ideal model organism to investigate the potential importance of genes in humans. SGS1 is a nuclear gene for a RecQ helicase in yeast, known to play a role in homologous recombination in nuclear genome repair. The research in question is intended to evaluate if SGS1 has a similar importance in mitochondrial genome repair. These conclusions can be employed to better understand the disease phenotypes that humans present as a result from mitochondrial malfunction. A respiration loss assay showed that SGS1 knockout strains have a ~2.2 fold increase in spontaneous respiration loss frequency, indicating that SGS1 plays a role in mitochondrial genome stability. A direct-repeat mediated deletion assay proves SGS1 is involved in homologous recombination in mitochondria due to an ~1.6 fold decrease in rate of homologous recombination in SGS1 knockout strains. With a p value of 0.66, no significant difference was observed in an induced direct-repeat mediated deletion assay between wild type and sgs1? strains, implying that SGS1 does not play a fundamental role in double strand break repair. Future experimentation could include additional knockout strains testing other genes known to be involved in nuclear homologous recombination repair and double knockout strains to assess the relative order of active proteins involved in genetic repair mechanisms.
    • The Influence of the Cellular Environment on Z-DNA Formation

      Blose, Joshua; Hange, Amanda; State University of New York College at Brockport (2020-09-10)
      In the cell, chemically diverse solutes known as osmolytes accumulate in response to environmental stresses. To add to the understanding of how the environment inside a cell affects nucleic acid folding and function, we investigated the influence of cosolutes on the transition from B-DNA to Z-DNA in model DNA duplexes. Distinct from the familiar right-handed BDNA helical conformation, Z-DNA is a left-handed double helical structure with its phosphodiester backbone arranged in a zig-zag pattern that is unique to Z-DNA. Moreover, due to the correlation between Z-DNA formation potential and regions of active transcription, ZDNA is believed to serve a vital role in the transcription process. Previous literature has shown that divalent metal ions such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ can promote the formation of Z-DNA in vitro and previous studies from our lab have shown that the presence of osmolytes enhances the formation of Z-DNA, significantly decreasing the in vitro [Na+] required for the transition. In our latest experiments, we examined the combination of divalent ions and osmolytes and its influence on the B-Z transition. We utilized circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy to monitor the B-Z transition in a divalent ion background in the presence and absence of a model osmolyte, PEG 200. Our results thus far suggest that PEG 200 greatly enhances the formation of Z-DNA in the presence of Mg2+ as compared with Na+ alone and significantly decreases the [Mg2+] required for folding in vitro. Our results with Ca2+ thus far suggest that its folding of Z-DNA is similarly enhanced by PEG 200 and that the effect of metal ions on Z-DNA formation can be observed in vivo.
    • The Role of RAD55 in Mitochondrial DNA Stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

      Sia, Rey; McAtee, Kyle J.; The College at Brockport (2016-04-06)
      Mitochondria are organelles present in eukaryotic cells. Through the process of cellular respiration mitochondria produce ATP; a vital molecule for the completion of many cellular processes. Mitochondria are unique in that they contain their own DNA separate from the DNA within the nucleus. Mutations in mitochondrial DNA have notable connections to several human pathologies such as various neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders. The focus of this study was to determine the role of the nuclear gene RAD55 in maintaining mitochondrial DNA in budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The gene product of RAD55 cooperates with other proteins to bring about the repair of double-stranded DNA breaks in the nucleus. Specifically, RAD55 is a member of the RAD52 epistasis group whose gene product functions as a heterodimer with Rad57p. The Rad55p/57p heterodimer promotes Rad51p filament assembly on single-stranded DNA. Once assembled, Rad51p filaments displace Replication Protein A from single-stranded DNA and its recombinase activity is initiated. To determine the effect loss of Rad55p had on the stability of mitochondrial DNA, two genetic assays were performed. The first assay measured the frequency of spontaneous respiration loss in rad55? mutants. The lab observed rad55? mutants did not show a significant increase in spontaneous respiration loss compared to that of the wild type. An additional direct repeat-mediated deletion assay was performed to determine if Rad55p played a role in stabilizing the mitochondrial genome from mutations caused by recombination events. It was discovered that the rate of direct repeat-mediated deletions for rad55? in the nuclear genome increased 5.8-fold compared to that of the wild type. Surprisingly, the lab found the rate of direct repeat-mediated deletions for rad55? in the mitochondrial genome decreased by 1.5-fold compared to that of the wild type.
    • An Analysis of U.S. and World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Coal for Energy from 1980 to 2012

      Jessup, Stephen; Goz, Kadir; The College at Brockport (2015-05-08)
      The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from U.S. coal consumption for energy on total global anthropogenic CO2 emissions from coal from 1980 to 2012. This study investigated whether the U.S. to world proportion of CO2 emissions from coal have been greater than expected when compared to global CO2 emissions on a per person basis over this time period. Data was obtained from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (U.S. E.I.A.), U.S. Census Bureau, IHS Global Insight, Inc., and Population Reference Bureau for U.S. and global coal consumption, CO2 emissions from coal, and population. This data was used to create percentages for each year of the study, which were then graphed and analyzed. The results of the study found that the U.S. has emitted more CO2 than expected for a country of its population and that U.S. CO2 emissions from coal have been decreasing with no influence on the recent increasing trend of global CO2 emissions. The driving force behind the recent increases was China. A secondary study involved analyzing the negative correlation between CO2 emissions from U.S. coal and natural gas consumption from 1980 to 2012. Data from the U.S. E.I.A. for coal and natural gas consumption was tested using graphical analysis and Pearson’s correlation coefficient tests. The results were that there was no significant negative correlation of CO2 emissions between coal and natural gas consumption. The findings of the study confirmed the first research question of the U.S. having a disproportionate influence on global CO2 emissions from coal, while rejecting the secondary question of the negative relationship between CO2 emissions from coal and natural gas consumption in the U.S.
    • Mindfulness in Schools: Promoting Social and Emotional Learning in the Classroom

      Veronesi, Peter; Ordiway, Kaitlin A.; The College at Brockport (2016-04-05)
      Currently in schools there is a gap in social and emotional learning, even with an increased emphasis on character development in K-12 schools. There is a growing consensus that students should be taught more than just content in the classroom. Schools should develop well-rounded students capable of handling anything life throws at them. But as mental health issues, conduct problems and increased stress levels are on the rise, schools are currently missing the mark when it comes to their students. Mindfulness, the conscious awareness of the present moment and how you and the world around you fit into that moment, is the key to bridging this gap. Mindfulness has several applications in the medical and clinical fields and is now making its way into the educational field. Implementation of a mindfulness program will teach students how to control their emotions, and attention while building an identity and resilience. This thesis will review sources about mindfulness and its applications and use this research to argue that mindfulness should be added to the K-12 curriculum and will improve students overall wellness and ability to function in school and in life.
    • The Role of Marketing Activities in Commercializing Technological Innovation

      He, Lerong; Jackson, Jacob; The College at Brockport (2016-04-28)
      The purpose of this thesis is explore, analyze, deconstruct, and explain the marketing activities of digital marketing, and the 4P’s and positioning using real-world technological examples to gain a full understanding of the roles they each hold within the commercialization of technological innovation.
    • Nuclear Encoded Proteins Important in Mitochondrial Genome Stability

      Sia, Rey; Krembs, Luke; The College at Brockport (2012-05-04)
      The mitochondrion is widely known to be the site of cellular respiration and the factory of cellular energy. Similar to the nucleus, mitochondria house genetic material (mtDNA), which is responsible for the production of proteins essential to mechanisms required for cellular respiration. Furthermore, if there is a mutation or deletion in the mtDNA there can be ramifications in terms of energy production, which will hinder cell viability. Additionally, mutations in the mtDNA are associated with certain neuromuscular diseases as well as contributing to the aging process. The focus of this research is to identify genes that contribute to the maintenance of the mtDNA. Our data from genetic assays indicate that loss of the Clu1p protein exhibits an increase respiration loss as well as increase spontaneous point mutations. In addition, loss of Clu1p alters mitochondrial morphology.
    • Financial Elder Abuse: New York State Prevalence, Interventions, & Future Directions

      Dauenhauer, Jason; Danielak, Danen; The College at Brockport (2016-04-23)
      Millions of older adults living in the United States are victims of elder abuse and financial exploitation is the most common form of abuse. Additionally, the adult population age 65 and older is projected to more than double by 2060 (Colby & Ortman, 2015) which will increase the likelihood of elder abuse. New York State has a substantial older adult population, was the focus of largest and most comprehensive elder abuse prevalence study, and utilizes multiple forms of financial abuse interventions including the widely supported use of multidisciplinary teams. Thus, the purpose of this thesis is to describe the prevalence and current interventions pertaining to the issue of financial elder abuse in New York State.
    • An Ecological Exploration of the Impact of Residence Hall Living on Fitness and Nutritional Behaviors

      Fegley, Joshua; May, Sarah A.; The College at Brockport (2015-12-17)
      Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the United States. Obesity places at risk for developing heart disease, hypertension and cancer. Obesity is increasingly more prevalent among college students due to personal, interpersonal and environmental facilitators. College is a time when students are beginning to develop habits that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. In order to combat this epidemic, college health professionals must examine strategies to increase the physical activity and the availability of healthy nutritional choices among students. Few studies have looked at the impact of residence hall living among students when attempting to make healthy choices. This study will use the Social Ecological Model to determine the intrapersonal interpersonal, and environmental barriers and facilitators that college students face as well as provide potential interventions.
    • Mass Shootings and Mass Media: The Discrepancies Between Workplace and School Shootings

      Tober, Tara; Wheeler, Nicole A.; The College at Brockport (2016-04-28)
      Workplace shootings and school shootings have a variety of differences and similarities. However, each are unique to other mass shooting types. This study analyzes 42 workplace shootings and 50 school shootings that were highly publicized and occurred between 1965 and 2015. Through my analysis, I was able to uncover the similarities and differences between the two sub-types of mass shootings. 100 school articles and 72 workplace articles from The New York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times were utilized and coded to uncover the differences in adjectives used in reports. Because workplace shootings receive much less media coverage and research, I sought to explain these discrepancies.
    • Feminismo en la poesía de Claribel Alegría

      Parada, Andrea; Quinn, Devan; The College at Brockport (2014-05-22)
      Claribel Alegría is an important Central American essayist, novelist, poet, and feminist. She was born in Nicaragua, and then raised in El Salvador because of the exile of her parents by the dictator, Anastasio Somoza Debayle. During her childhood she was influenced by the deaths and disappearances of many Nicaraguans during the Somoza dictatorship as well as the aftermath of the massacre of over 30,000 peasants in El Salvador. These violent and turbulent events inspired her writing. Many scholars have analyzed and celebrated her most famous novels for their political and social commentaries; however few have investigated her poetry. My research gives a more complete picture of the works of Claribel Alegría through the analysis of five books of her poetry. This investigation revealed that Claribel Alegría not only deals with themes of social and political justice, but also themes of feminism. In her poetry she questions the official history, and instead demonstrates events through a woman’s lens, criticizes traditional gender roles in both the public and private spheres, and changes images of women in famous literary works to empower them and treat them as literary subjects, instead of literary objects.
    • Mood and Delay Discounting for Food

      Forzano, Lori-Ann B.; Albano, Madeleine; The College at Brockport (2015-12-06)
      Self-control has been defined as choosing a larger, more delayed reinforcer over a smaller, less delayed reinforcer (Rachlin & Green, 1972). Impulsiveness is defined as the opposite. The delay discounting task (Mazur, 1987), is one of several ways used to measure impulsiveness. Much of the research with delay discounting uses monetary reinforcers, however some recent research has begun to investigate impulsivity with regard to food. Several studies have demonstrated that there is a relationship between food intake and impulsivity (Guerreri et al., 2007; Guerreri, Nederkoorn, & Jansen, 2007; Herman & Polivy, 1980). In the current experiment, it was hypothesized that positive and negative mood, or emotional arousal, would increase impulsive behavior when making hypothetical food choices. To test this prediction, female undergraduate psychology students at the College at Brockport were asked to participate in a mood manipulation procedure. Pieces of classical music whose effects are supported by previous research (Bouhuys et al., 1995; Clark et al., 2001; Clark & Teasdale, 1985; Heatherton et al., 1998; Stober, 1997; Willner at al., 1998; Wood et al., 1990) were used to temporarily influence mood. Once they were in the desired mood state, participants were asked to choose between varying amounts and delays of hypothetical food rewards in a computerized delay discounting task (Mitchell, 1999). In addition, impulsivity and mood were measured using questionnaire measures. It was predicted that positive and negative mood, as opposed to neutral mood, would increase impulsivity with respect to hypothetical food reinforcers. The results showed no significant relationships.