• A Normative Plan for Administering an Audio-Visual Program in the Campus School of the State University of New York at Brockport

      Swartout, Sherwin G.; Herman F. Lybarger; Del Rosso, Joseph J.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1957)
      The ability to communicate clearly is essential for teachers to successfully teach students. Audio-visual (AV) materials and services can not only increase learning but also make it more permanent in the mind of the learner. The author seeks to examine Brockport’s Campus School to understand the school’s curriculum, objectives, teaching materials, and audio-visual equipment. Interviews and surveys of administrators, classroom teachers, and audio-visual coordinators were conducted and a catalog was made of the Audio-Visual Program’s organization and present equipment. The author explores the functions of the AV Program, the capabilities of the personnel, its budget, practices, and addresses a number of areas in need of improvement. Practical solutions are recommended with an emphasis on increasing knowledge of the AV department among the school’s teachers and increasing the department’s resources. A mixture of better planning and increased availability will allow AV materials to make a greater contribution to the students of Brockport.
    • The Formation of a Developmental Literature Program for the Intermediate Grade Level at Wheeler Avenue School, Valley Stream, New York

      Dorfman, Harvey A.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1961)
      Strong literacy skills lead to lifelong advantages. This study reviews the ideas and attitudes within the field of children’s literature, and proposes a new developmental literature program for intermediate grades at Wheeler Avenue School. The proposed program differs from the existing programs in its focus on developing students’ literary backgrounds, vs. simply improving students’ reading skills. The author emphasizes cultivating students’ interest in reading through read-alouds and providing them with enjoyable texts, and pays special attention to the importance of literature-based activities, such as puppet shows, choral speaking, and dramatic play.
    • Evolution, The Story of Life

      Incardona, Frank Stephen; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      The prime objective of this paper is to present some of the theories concerning human development beginning with some of the earliest theories and progressing to some of a more recent nature. A general definition of the word evolution means change. There is no doubt that there are many changes occurring about us every day. The evolution with which this paper is concerned is a special kind of change called organic evolution. This subdivision of evolution deals with changes undergone by living things.
    • A Study of the Audio-Visual Program in the Greece Central School District Number 1

      Liberto, S. William F.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      School programs must be evaluated to gauge their effectiveness and provide insight for future direction. This study seeks to evaluate the Audio-Visual program in a public school in Western New York and includes a brief history of the community. The researcher uses a modified Schwartz questionnaire to survey teachers, grade K-11, where employed by the school district during the 1960-61 school year. Results showed that the schools either met or exceeded standards for sufficient equipment, and that over 70% of teachers believed that schools’ audio-visual program was adequate. The researcher suggests further analysis of the schools’ audio-visual philosophy and the development of in-service training programs to improve teacher participation in/perception of the program.
    • Handbook for student-teachers : Abraham Lincoln School : East Irondequoit Central School District #1

      Gefell, Robert H.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      This booklet is directed to you who are about to embark on a career of teaching children. It is intended to help you in your work as a student teacher at Abraham Lincoln School, East Irondequoit Central School District #1. The task of any teacher is to provide situations in which pupils can acquire maximum growth. It is the author's hope that this guide will help you to arrange such conditions early in your student teaching assignment.
    • An Annotated Bibliography on Music and Painting

      McCormick, Addie S.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      The purpose of the study is to determine how many publications, in the Rochester area libraries, consider the common characteristics of art and music, and to analyze their content for relationships of music to visual art.
    • A Study to Determine the Value and Need of a Vocational Group Guidance Unit at the Eighth Grade Level of Brighton Junior High School Brighton School District One Rochester 18, New York

      Renner, Robert B.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1964)
      Educational systems often struggle to meet the needs of students who fall outside of the average and/or college-bound academic path. This research study examines the effectiveness of the vocational group guidance unit taught to eighth graders in the Brighton No. 1 school system. The author used the results of a pre-test given to 25 eighth graders to create a questionnaire investigating students’ and teachers’ perceptions of the unit. Of 254 eighth grade students, 236 responded to the survey. Results were split by gender and tabulated twice. Then responses were combined and tabulated to provide a check-reference for total responses. Seven teachers were surveyed. The researcher found that while the existing Guidance Unit was meeting most needs, it was not sufficient for assisting academically challenged students or introducing students to trade fields, nor did it adequately engage students regarding the “changing world of work”. As a whole, however, the unit was successful. The author recommends addressing the above issues, as well as reevaluating the oral presentations, while continuing the overall guidance unit program.
    • Mechanized Mathematics

      Wood, Britton; The College at Brockport (1/1/1964)
      The widespread availability of information requires people to know a lot more than was necessary in the past to qualify as educated citizens. Population growth, however, has made it difficult for education systems to meet their students’ learning needs. This paper examines changes in education methods, focusing on technology-based learning, or “teaching machines”. The researcher evaluated "programed learning” by juxtaposing two 9th grade algebra classes—a 30 member experimental group and a 32 member control group. The experimental group received “programed learning” instruction while the control group was taught using traditional methods. A post-test was administered at the program’s conclusion to determine each group’s mastery of the material. The researcher created booklets with the question on one side of the page and the answer on the other, allowing students to check their own work and proceed at their own pace. The booklets were then distributed to the experimental group. The researcher noted a marked improvement in the experimental group’s morale and engagement level. The experimental group completed the unit in four days, with fast learners completing the unit more quickly than average or slow learners. The control group completed the same unit in eight days, with the researcher noting lower engagement among control group participants. The post-test revealed no significant difference in student comprehension between the two instructional methods. The researcher remarks that time saved in the classroom is lost in program preparation, and notes that commercially produced programming may be the answer. He suggests further research and experimentation to determine the efficacy of program-based learning.
    • An Analytical Study of the Needs of Gates Chili Central School District's Proposed 16mm Film Library

      Paulick, Du Wayne F.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1968)
      The purpose of this study was to analyze the needs of Gates Chili Central School District’s proposed sixteen millimeter film library by (1) determining the extent to which the existing facilities, personnel, hardware and software could be utilized to establish a functional sixteen millimeter film library by September of 1968, (2) ascertaining the amount of additional facilities, personnel, hardware and software required to establish a complete, efficient and effective sixteen millimeter film library within two years, and (3) investigating the varied systems of administrating a sixteen millimeter film library in order to establish an effective and efficient system of operation whereby most, if not all, classroom teachers could be relatively assured of receiving the requested film before the use date. The hypothesis was that there is a normative plan for the establishment of a sixteen millimeter educational film library.
    • The Seasonal Fecundity of the Cladocera of McCargo Lake

      Brlan, Michael; The College at Brockport (1/1/1969)
      The fecundity of selected Cladocera was investigated from September, 1968 to August, 1969. Due to the differences in seasonal reproductivity, a sampling program of one year was followed. Data were collected from McCargo Lake, located in Orleans County in north central New York.
    • The Benthic Macroinvertebratas of Sandy Creek, with Special Reference to the Chironomidaa and Diversity Analysis

      Pask, Wayne M.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1971)
      Benthic invertebrates have long been recognized to be important to the stream ecosystem as food organisms for fish. Changes in the stream environment are often reflected in the population of benthic invertebrates. Percival and Whitehead (1929) found that insects comprise from about 60% to over 90% of the bottom fauna. They noted that the Chironomidae often made up a significant portion (40%) of mast samples. In this investigation the Chironomidae (Diptera:Nematocera) ware selected for particular attention because of their importance as fish food and their numerical abundance. Other organisms ware included in the study in an attempt to clarify the relationship of the Chironomidae to the total community. Weekly physical and chemical measurements were made throughout the study in an effort to determine some of the natural stresses these organisms must encounter. Three stations were selected to determine water chemistry changes along the length of the stream. It is possible that chemical differences may be reflected in the invertebrate communities observed. It is hoped that through such studies, eventually, a better understanding of how ecological factors are involved in the fluctuations of benthic communities will develop.
    • Seasonal Variations in the Physicochemical Parameters of McCargo Lake

      Micchia, Ronald L.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1971)
      Limnologists studying the biota of inland bodies of water must consider the physical and chemical nature of the waters and its seasonal variations in order to obtain a complete understanding of the aquatic ecosystem. In many well studied bodies of water, such as Linsley Pond, information is available on some physical and chemical parameters, but this is not so for McCargo Lake. Here, the amount of basic limnological data is very small with much of the older records inconsistent and fragmentary. A satisfactory understanding of McCargo Lake necessitates a knowledge of the physical and chemical variations which occur and directly or indirectly affect the ecosystem. A suitable method of obtaining this information is by accurate analysis of the physical and chemical data throughout the entire year. Rawson (1939) indicates that the inter-relationships of climate, physical and chemical factors affecting lakes are extremely complex and require a high degree of investigation. In fact, Fruh and Lee (1966) pointed out that a body of water is a "dynamic ecosystem" and to study it effectively an investigator must sample frequently and analyze closely its physical and chemical constituents. In this presentation the physical and chemical data are evaluated and related to seasonal changes. This was performed to make as complete a study as possible and to discover in what quantity the various elements exist in McCargo Lake throughout the year. It is anticipated that data collected as a result of this investigation will form a foundation to stimulate further research of McCargo Lake. This study, although it began as a limnological investigation, has as a result of an aeration experiment become involved in the problems of eutrophication. The "enrichment of water", be it intentional or unintentional , incorporates any and all physical , chemical and nutritive substances therein (Hasler, 1947). Through a comparison of data from both the open lake waters and the aerated.waters leads to an understanding of the direction and extent of eutrophication in McCargo Lake. Variations in the physical and chemical properties can be observed by a comprehensive limnological investigation of a body of water (Ruttner, 1953). It is to this end that this research on McCargo Lake has been conducted.
    • Effects of Aeration on Periphytic Organisms in McCargo Lake, Fancher, New York

      Fortuna Klik, Marian J.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1971)
      The experimental objective was to explore what effects aeration might have on periphytic growth and development. Previous investigators devised aerated and nonaerated experimental chambers capable of withstanding both summer storms and the rigors of winter weather. In this study it was proposed to develop a periphytic sampler that would allow both visual observation and gravimetric measurement of the growth of aquatic microorganisms that grow commonly attached to submerged objects. These organisms are referred to usually as periphyton. The periphytic sampler was suspended in each of the chambers and in an open water situation as a control. Details of the project and description of the lake are discussed under Methods and Procedures.
    • Aeration and its Effects on Zooplankton

      Bannister, Robert D.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1971)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of aeration primarily on zooplankton.
    • Sexing Study of Interphase Duodenum and Liver Nuclei in the Sixteen-Day Chick Embryo

      Morrell, Edward; The College at Brockport (1/1/1971)
      A study was made to confirm the existence of sex chromatin or some other sexual dimorphism in the interphase nuclei of the 16-day chick embryo. A Feulgen staining procedure was performed on sectioned epithelial tissues of the intestinal villi as well as sections and squashes of liver tissues. All chromatin masses, not just those suspected to represent sex chromatin, were recorded using a blind technique. The size, location and stain intensity of these chromatin masses were recorded, and seven different studies were made comparing male and female nuclei for sexual dimorphisms. No sex chromatin was found that resembled either that of mammalian nuclei or that described by previous authors working with chick material. The chromatin bodies, regardless of sex, varied greatly in size and number from one nucleus to another within a tissue. A sexual dimorphism, however, was observed. Statistical evidence showed that male nuclei have a greater number of large chromatin bodies, and a lesser number of small chromatin bodies than female nuclei.
    • The Ecology of the Zooplankton Community of a Small Quarry Pond with Special Reference to the Rotifers

      Costa, Robert R.; Curro, Leo J.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1972)
      This study examines the effect of ecological factors within a small limestone quarry pond environment on the relevant biota. The author collected plankton samples over a period of six months in order to track the vertical distribution patterns within various species of zooplankton, while gathering quantitative data on seasonal physical/chemical changes of the pond. Specimens were collected using a net towed for a distance of 18-27m at depths of 0m, 0.5m, and 1.5 m. On completion, the net was removed from the water and organisms were concentrated into a 30ml vial. The sample was then poured into a different bottle and combined with 20ml of filtered pond water. Samples were transported immediately to the laboratory where all rotifers were live-counted using an A O Spencer binocular microscope. After completing the live count, the researcher preserved the sample and performed a second count using Congo Red stain at a later date. Crustaceans were immediately preserved and counted at a later date. The researcher observed a positive relationship between water temperature and the abundance of zooplankton, and a negative relationship between dissolved oxygen concentrations and planktonic organisms. Crustaceans did not seem to be affected by low concentrations of dissolved O_2. The researcher observed that pond depth affected the composition of the zooplankton populations. The researcher concludes that a combination of abiotic and biotic factors appear to play an important role in influencing and regulating zooplankton populations, lessening competition in the relatively shallow quarry pond.
    • Nihilism in Melville’s Moby Dick

      Barnum, John E.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1972)
      This thesis project positions itself as a close examination of Herman Melville's novel, Moby Dick, as a fictional statement of the author's nihilistic view of man and his world. The paper argues that Melville's nihilism derives primarily from his belief that man's perception of himself and the world is relativistic. Definitions of nihilism and the era in which Melville authored the novel, a time when traditional values and belief systems were being questioned and discarded, are explored. The project labels Melville as a “philosophical” novelist in his treatment of the character of Ahab, in particular, as the nihilistic aspects of the character are revealed in this classic work of literature. In addition, the project also examines the contrasting "healthy" nihilism as exhibited in the novel by Ishmael.
    • The Biomagnetic Effects on Pupation of Diapausing European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubn)

      Frierson, James L.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1972)
      Diapausing larvae of the European corn borer were exposed to a magnetic field for varying lengths of time. In three sets of experiments the time required for pupation to occur was lengthened in the treated groups indicating an inhibition of development. In a fourth group, time to pupation was reduced indicating a stimulation to development. It is believed that the type and magnitude of magnetic effects depends largely on the physiological and metabolic state of the organism.
    • Development of Resistance in Drosophila Melanogaster by Selective Pressure with Malathion (Organophosphate Insecticide)

      Chamberlain, William G.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1972)
      Two strains o f resistant Drosophila melanogaster were cultured by selective pressure with malathion. One group was exposed to a sublethal concentration for its entire life cycle while the other group was exposed to an LC_65 for twenty- four hours. The data obtained indicates that both strains developed equal degrees of resistance representing a four- fold increase in the LC_50. This appears to be the upper limit of resistance for these flies with respect to their genetic limitations. It is possible, however, that this represents a plateau of resistance and further selection might have caused an increase. Upon obtaining resistance in both strains, population studies were conducted to determine the characteristics of the resistance. Lt was found that a cessation of treatment for five generations did not significantly reduce resistance. The cross breeding of wild flies with resistant flies resulted in offspring that had a mortality curve closely matching the projected mortality curve of flies assumed to have resistance caused by a single dominant gene. There was no indication of resistance being sex linked. Finally, it was found that resistant flies are more susceptible t o malathion when they are reared at a higher temperature (30° C. instead of 25 ° C.).
    • Sperm Passage in the Female European Corn Borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner)

      Stutzman, Richard W.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1972)
      Mated and unmated female European corn borers raised in the laboratory were sacrificed and arbitrarily placed into two groups. The abdomens from one group were dissected and observed in saline. The abdomens from the second group were fixed, embedded in paraffin, and sectioned on a microtome. Through the use of serial section slides and serial morphology the path taken by sperm through the various ducts in the female reproductive tract was delineated. A possible time sequence is established for sperm passage between termination of copulation and arrival of sperm in the spermatheca.