Recent Submissions

  • Joining interdisciplinary modeling and field-based methods to document riparian forests in eastern New York

    Sweeney, Lydia (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2024-06-10)
    Riparian floodplain forests persist in a small fraction of their historical extent in the United States with estimated cumulative losses as high as 95% for some regions. Many remaining occurrences are also degraded due to changes to local flood dynamics, disturbance pressure from adjacent land use, and exotic species invasions. Yet these communities are disproportionally valuable for the area they occupy as they provide vital ecosystem services such as flood mitigation, erosion control, runoff interception, and wildlife habitat. To strengthen their protection and management, we present a novel approach for identifying riparian forests in eastern New York using low-complexity flood modeling and land cover analysis. We enlisted the Height Above Nearest Drainage method to compute ten-year floodplains for rivers and streams in the Mohawk River Watershed of eastern New York. We then extracted the forested portions of these floodplains using the National Land Cover Dataset Tree Canopy Cover. This process produced approximately 21,500 acres of predicted riparian forest spread across 1,063 occurrences. Our field verification surveys took us to 17 modeled locations where we successfully captured examples of riparian forests at 76% of sites and correctly predicted overbank flood occurrence, though not necessarily extent, at 88%. Our model also outperformed several other publicly available datasets in remotely identifying floodplains illustrating that this method shows promise for identifying community occurrences unrepresented in other datasets. In the field, we documented a diverse set of riparian forests with varied ecological condition and species composition. Our cluster analysis produced three compositional groups adding weight to ongoing efforts to formally recognize distinct riparian forest types in the Northeast. As predicted, our disturbance metrics were negatively correlated with floristic quality and percent native species. Yet contrary to our hypothesis, larger model occurrences typically had lower floristic quality and higher disturbance scores though this was the result of overestimated polygon extent in heavily modified areas rather than a true phenomenon. Our results demonstrate the power of blending remote and field methods while presenting an approach for the rapid and inexpensive identification of some of our most valuable and threatened natural communities.
  • Mental Health: A Growing Concern in Collegiate Athletes

    Randise, Nicholas (SUNY Brockport, Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2024-05-15)
    Mental health is a topic that has been gaining a lot of traction in recent years. Unfortunately, this topic has not gained as much traction in the athletic community. Mental health can affect anyone at any time. Collegiate athletes are constantly faced with stigmas and barriers when it comes to mental health, and often times do not get the support they need. Analysis of previous research shows that mental health issues are just as prevalent in collegiate athletes and in some cases more prevalent than their nonathlete counterparts. Barriers that collegiate athletes face, especially the stigma that is in the athletic community in relation to mental health is a major factor when considering why collegiate athletes don’t get the help they need. Additionally, colleges and coaches can have a major contribution to the help-seeking behaviors of their athletes. Furthermore, previous research will support that strategies like resilience or resilience training, and mindfulness can have a very positive effect on a college athletes’ psyche and should be considered moving forward if colleges want to lower the prevalence of mental health issues in their athletes. The purpose of this synthesis project was to review the literature on the mental health of collegiate athletes.
  • Cancer Biology: Treatment Outcomes of Pediatric Melanoma, A Senior Honors Thesis

    Feliz, Angela Ferreras (SUNY Brockport, Biology Department, 2024-05)
    This Senior Honors Thesis discusses the incidence of melanoma in the pediatric population of the United States, the biological processes behind it, and different treatment outcomes available to pediatric patients.
  • Collegiate athletes’ coping behaviors to deal with stress and anxiety

    Pastore, Nicholas John (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2024-05)
    The purpose of this synthesis project was to review the literature on collegiate athletes’ coping behaviors to deal with stress and anxiety The research shows that there's a big need for better mental health resources that fit the specific needs of athletes. It also points out how important strong support systems are in college sports programs. Many studies found that stress and anxiety are common problems for college athletes, affecting their performance and well-being. This project aims to highlight these findings and push for better mental health support for student-athletes.
  • Assessing diets of California salmonines using fatty acid signatures and its impact on observed thiamine deficiency

    Ludwig, Jarrod Michael (SUNY Brockport Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2024-05)
    California Central Valley (CCV) Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) hatchery fry were diagnosed with thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency complex (TDC) in 2020, launching a statewide monitoring program to evaluate egg thiamine concentrations in populations of Chinook Salmon, Coho Salmon (O. kisutch), and Steelhead Trout (O. mykiss). There have been two proposed hypotheses for the drivers of thiamine deficiency: consumption of prey with increased thiaminase activity or with a high lipid content. Limited Chinook Salmon stomach content analysis showed a dominance of Northern Anchovy, a prey species with high thiaminase activity and a high lipid content, preceding the observation of thiamine deficiency. Therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the diet of Chinook Salmon, Coho Salmon, and Steelhead Trout using fatty acid signature (FAS) analysis and link their diet to the observed TDC. From 2020-2022, eggs from female Chinook Salmon, Coho Salmon, and Steelhead Trout were collected from CCV and northern California (NC) hatcheries. Main historical salmonine forage species were also collected from the Pacific Ocean. Fatty acid signatures and thiamine concentrations were quantified from eggs and prey using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography, respectively. Chinook Salmon egg FASs differed significantly between CCV and NC populations suggesting NC Chinook Salmon were predominantly reliant on Pacific Herring, characterized by greater proportions of oleic acid (18:1n-9) and greater thiamine reserves. However, CCV Chinook Salmon populations appeared to consume mostly Northern Anchovy, characterized by high proportions of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and decreased thiamine reserves. Chinook Salmon egg FASs were also significantly different among seasonal run (fall, late fall, winter, and spring), with the winter-run and late fall-run Chinook Salmon being the most impacted by thiamine deficiency. Coho Salmon eggs from NC hatcheries had variable FASs; those indicative of Northern Anchovy consumption were thiamine deficient, while those indicative of a larger reliance on Pacific Herring had greater thiamine reserves. Steelhead Trout egg FASs presented variation among hatcheries; Trinity River Hatchery eggs were mostly rich in 18:1n-9 indicating Pacific Herring in the diet and Nimbus River Hatchery eggs were rich in 22:6n-3 which indicated consumption of Market Squid. Steelhead Trout eggs collected from Mokelumne River, Feather River, and Coleman National Fish hatcheries were generally rich in 20:5n-3 which corresponds to a diet of Northern Anchovy. Interestingly, Nimbus Steelhead Trout eggs had the greatest presence of thiamine deficiency, followed by eggs rich in 20:5n-3. Egg lipid content was not strongly correlated with decreased thiamine concentrations, but polyunsaturated fatty acid proportions were. The egg unsaturation index had a strong negative correlation with egg thiamine concentration, indicating the importance of lipid quality over quantity when considering drivers of TDC. This study highlights how FASs can be used to track the effect of changing ocean regimes on complex food webs and how diet shifts can impact salmonine health.
  • The Prevalence of Depression Disorders in Retired Adult Athletes who have been Exposed to sub–Concussive Head Impacts Throughout their Playing Careers

    Monteleone, Alexander Mario (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2024-05)
    This literature review examines the prevalence of depression disorders among retired adult athletes who have been exposed to sub-concussive head impacts throughout their playing careers. The study aims to synthesize existing research findings on the association between concussion history, repetitive head impacts, and depressive symptoms in retired athletes across various sports contexts. A systematic review of relevant literature yielded a critical mass of ten articles, which were analyzed to address the research questions. The review highlights several key themes, including the increased risk of depression associated with multiple concussions, the importance of understanding the long-term consequences of repetitive neurotrauma, and the need for further research to inform preventive measures and support strategies for athletes at all levels. Limitations of the studies reviewed, such as small sample sizes, retrospective reporting biases, and cross-sectional designs, are also discussed. Despite these limitations, the findings of the review provide valuable insights into the complex relationship between concussion history and mental health outcomes in retired athletes. The conclusions drawn from the literature review have implications for real-world applications, particularly in informing interventions aimed at improving the mental health and well-being of retired athletes. Recommendations for future research include conducting longitudinal studies with larger cohorts, validating findings in diverse populations, and exploring potential therapeutic interventions targeting mental health outcomes in this population.
  • Supporting LGBTQ+ Youth in Schools: A Literature Review

    Drew, Rachel; Voltura, Sara (SUNY Brockport Department of Counselor Education, 2024-05)
    Youth who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, or any other diverse sexual or gender identity (LGBTQ+) face many challenges in terms of their mental health and wellness. These youth spend most of their adolescent life within a school setting. This review aims to analyze the risk and protective factors of these youth to determine adequate recommendations for setting appropriate supports within schools to help LGBTQ+ youth. Furthermore, this review aims to analyze the role of a school counselor in supporting these youth. By considering state and national laws, best practice, roles, risk and protective factors, and contributing outside factors, LGBTQ+ youth can be better supported in school settings.
  • Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports: On-Task Behavior in Physical Education

    Battista, Giuseppe (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2024-05)
    Physical education teachers have similar yet different types of classroom management issues connecting to student behavior. Physical education teachers deal with the increased risk of child safety since the class is movement based while sometimes requiring equipment. What is similar is that undesired behaviors in any class take away from time on-task. Findings from previous research shows a positive correlation between the use of positive behavior interventions and supports in physical education in relation to on-task student behaviors. The purpose of this synthesis project is to review literature on the use of Positive Behavioral Supports on increasing on-task behavior in physical education.
  • Specialization in Youth Athletes and How it Affects Their Development

    Rausch, Jacob James (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2024-05)
    Youth sport specialization has been a growing concern over the last decade. While parents feel the need to specialize their kids at a young age, they may not be fully aware of the potential risk associated with sport specialization. As youth athletes age, they need proper growing and maturation throughout early, mid, and late adolescence to achieve proper development. Prior review of literature from this study proves how sport specialization can cause negative effects through overuse injuries and dysfunctions, psychological issues, and lack of sleep which may disrupt proper development. Preventative measures such as diversity of activity, neuromuscular training interventions, and specializing at the proper age may help lower the severity of risks that sport specialization present. The purpose of this synthesis study is to review literature on youth sport specialization to determine the effect that it has on overall youth athlete development.
  • The Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet Among Athletes, Ages 18 and Older

    Tracy, Derek Ryan (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2024-05)
    For many athletes, finishing at the top of their respective sport is what motivates them to push themselves beyond their limits. Countless hours are spent in the weight room and on the field trying to stay ahead of their opponents. However, it is not just how strong an athlete is, or how cerebral they might be that separates themselves from their competition. Nutrition and diets also play a key component in the athlete’s overall well-being. Does a specific diet put an athlete at any sort of competitive advantage? The purpose of this synthesis project is to review the literature on the benefits of a vegetarian diet among athletes, ages 18 and older.
  • Opioid Overdose Experience: a Thematic Study

    Gandy, Wayne (SUNY Brockport Department of Counselor Education, 2024-05)
    Qualitative research studies play a crucial role in understanding the experiences and responses of individuals who have experienced an opioid overdose. In this qualitative, thematic study, structured in-depth interviews were conducted with six adults in an Upstate New York inpatient substance use disorder (SUD) facility. Qualitative data were analyzed using an inductive thematic content analysis approach regarding participant’s reflection on what could have been done differently to avert the overdose incident(s), the impact of such experiences on their overall well-being, suggestions on enhancing public education about the risks and consequences of opioid use, and proposed specific resources, programs, and interventions that could effectively prevent overdoses and support individuals in their journey of recovery. Such an analysis informs comprehensive strategies for prevention and support. The study's outcomes offer valuable implications for developing targeted interventions and educational initiatives to address the opioid crisis and promote healthier outcomes for individuals affected by opioid use.
  • Implementing the Situation-Task-Action-Result (STAR) Model in Higher Level Mathematics

    Schifley, Hannah Marie (SUNY Brockport Department of Education and Human Development, 2024-05)
    This curriculum project was designed to incorporate an algebra problem-solving instructional strategy, called situation-task-action-result (STAR) in the unit of Rational Expressions in Algebra 2. STAR is an instructional strategy used to connect previously learned mathematical concepts with new concepts that are being learned. STAR consists of three applications to help students understand the connection between past mathematical concepts and the new concept being learned. These applications are Concrete, Semi-Concrete, and Abstract. These applications are defined and applied in each of the four sequential lessons in this curriculum project. The main focus of these lessons is to relate the new concept of rational expressions to the past concept of fractions. This curriculum project was designed using New York State (NYS) Next Generation Mathematics standards. The keys for all materials are provided in the appendix.
  • Suicide and Family Dynamics

    Wuestenfeld, Ian (SUNY Department of Counselor Education, 2024-05)
    This paper focuses on the effects of suicide on family dynamics, drawing on theory, data, and evidence from real-life practical applications. The paper defines suicide as a global public health challenge that transcends spatial borders. Its impact on people from various cultural backgrounds is profound. The essay shows how complicated grief affects survivors of suicidal individuals, leading to emotional disorders like guilt, indictment, and spiritual questioning. When families lose a loved one, they may struggle to share their difficulties and get the help they need due to the societal stigma surrounding suicide. According to Sandage (2010), suicide is not a clear-cut way to die. Its causes are complicated, multifaceted, and not fully known. This lack of clarity makes sharing duty in a social network more critical. People who have survived suicide are judged more negatively than people who have survived other types of loss. The issue of suicides is complex and not easy to resolve. Most importantly, emotional issues like hidden family history, blaming others, and feeling alone contribute to mental anguish and hinder the healing process. After the suicide, each family member becomes an independent actor, leading to the fragmentation and loss of cohesive power within the family unit. It is essential to help individuals who have experienced trauma through therapy and counselling. The article highlights the importance of a two-pronged strategy for addressing the issue of suicide among loved ones. These strategies emphasize sympathy, understanding, and community help in the face of misfortune.
  • Incorporating Discourse into the Mathematics Classroom through an Investigation of Slope

    Minor, Olivia (SUNY Brockport Department of Education and Human Development, 2024-05)
    This curriculum project was designed to increase mathematical discourse within the classroom. To support educators in this task, the lessons in this curriculum project, based on 8th grade New York State (NYS) Next Generation Standards, incorporate vocabulary rich mathematical tasks around slope. The first lesson introduces slope on a graph, along with the types of slope possible. Next, the slope formula is introduced within the second lesson, where students are given ample opportunity to become familiar with using this new formula. After this comes the slope-intercept form of a line which gives students the chance to use slope in a different way. Lastly, lesson four ties all concepts learned in the previous three days into a stations activity. Keys for all four lessons can be found in the appendix.
  • The Effects That Sport Specialization has on Youth Athletes

    Spulnick, Michael S (SUNY Brockport, Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2023-12-28)
    Youth sport specialization is becoming more popular than ever. Many athletes, parents and coaches think that sport specialization is the best way to reach elite level status in a sport. However, athletes, parents and coaches don’t know all of the positive and negative effects of specialization in a sport. Whereas, sport specialization may help you gain skill development, it is also correlated with higher chances of overuse injuries, psychological stress, and burnout. The purpose of this study is to review the literature and investigate the effects of sport specialization on youth athletes. It was determined that specializing in a sport can allow an athlete to attain a higher level of performance. It was also determined that overuse injuries are the biggest disadvantage when specializing in a sport. Finally, it was determined that younger athletes are at more psychological and physical risk than older athletes.
  • The Effects That Sport Specialization has on Youth Athletes

    Spulnick, Michael S (SUNY Brockport, Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2023-12-28)
    Youth sport specialization is becoming more popular than ever. Many athletes, parents and coaches think that sport specialization is the best way to reach elite level status in a sport. However, athletes, parents and coaches don’t know all of the positive and negative effects of specialization in a sport. Whereas, sport specialization may help you gain skill development, it is also correlated with higher chances of overuse injuries, psychological stress, and burnout. The purpose of this study is to review the literature and investigate the effects of sport specialization on youth athletes. It was determined that specializing in a sport can allow an athlete to attain a higher level of performance. It was also determined that overuse injuries are the biggest disadvantage when specializing in a sport. Finally, it was determined that younger athletes are at more psychological and physical risk than older athletes.
  • The Effects That Sport Specialization has on Youth Athletes

    Spulnick, Michael S (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2023-12-28)
    Youth sport specialization is becoming more popular than ever. Many athletes, parents and coaches think that sport specialization is the best way to reach elite level status in a sport. However, athletes, parents and coaches don’t know all of the positive and negative effects of specialization in a sport. Whereas, sport specialization may help you gain skill development, it is also correlated with higher chances of overuse injuries, psychological stress, and burnout. The purpose of this study is to review the literature and investigate the effects of sport specialization on youth athletes. It was determined that specializing in a sport can allow an athlete to attain a higher level of performance. It was also determined that overuse injuries are the biggest disadvantage when specializing in a sport. Finally, it was determined that younger athletes are at more psychological and physical risk than older athletes.
  • The Global Experiences of Physical Education Teachers with Remote Instruction During the Covid-19 Pandemic

    Ferrante, Lorin (SUNY Brockport Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2023-12-23)
    In the spring of 2020, countries around the world were forced to go into lockdown due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Schools were forced to close their doors and quickly shift from face to face to online instruction at all levels of education. Physical education teachers had to immediately transition from in-person classroom instruction to remote teaching without time for adequate planning and with little or no training. The purpose of this synthesis is to review the literature on the global experiences of physical education teachers with remote instruction during the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • The Role of Movement in the Classroom

    Michalak, Katherine L (SUNY Brockport, Department of Education and Human Development, 2024-01-11)
    The modern education system has formatted learning in a way that removes movement from a children’s day. Students go to school for 7 hours a day where they sit in desks and receive instruction. There are limited opportunities to move and use their bodies. This limited movement puts both children’s physical health and cognitive development at risk. Research has shown links between chronic exercise, cognition, and mental and physical health in children and adolescents (Graham et al, 2021). Studies have shown that the ages of 0 years old to 5 years old are a critical time for cognitive and behavioral development in humans (Mavilidi et al, 2021). During this time there is a large amount of brain growth and development. The basis for a healthy life style is, in part, built during this influential period in a child’s life. Additionally, physical activity can increase cognition and psychosocial health in children. The recommended duration of physical activity for children ages 3 – 5 is 180 minutes per day. This lack of exercise is not limited to the under 5 age bracket. Research shows that adolescents are also, on average, not getting enough daily exercise (James et al, 2017). The recommended exercise requirement for this age group is at least 60 minutes of physical activity each day (Damian et al, 2018). However, many children and adolescents also do not meet the daily suggested amount of physical activity. Therefore, integrating physical activity into the school day could have significant benefits to children’s and adolescent’s cognitive, mental, and physical health. It has been found that exercise, in short bouts, can help to improve overall health. Physical movement is integral to the development of all children. As children interact with their environment they gain motor, social, emotional, and cognitive skills (Lee et al, 2021). Often times, students need movement-based experiences in order to learn new information. Movement experiences give context and meaning to new information.
  • The Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies in High School Science Classrooms

    Morales, Elizabeth Jasmin (SUNY Brockport Department of Education and Human Development, 2023-12-22)
    This capstone project explores various strategies that can be used in the science classroom to improve student’s vocabulary acquisition. As teachers will encounter students of varying reading levels, it’s important to find ways to best support these students in acquiring science content. Science teachers may not always think about the importance of teaching vocabulary and providing plentiful opportunities for students to practice with the vocabulary. One of the greatest difficulties that students encounter in science classes is the amount of Tier 3 vocabulary words they must learn, understand, and apply. It is recommended that science teachers explore various methods of explicit vocabulary instruction and the creation of activities that further support their students in gaining vocabulary knowledge.

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