• The Precious Dark: Frost's Treatment of Science

      Kress, Nancy; The College at Brockport (1/1/1979)
      A memorial award in perpetuity was established in 1976 by friends and colleagues of the late Dr. Blaine DeLancey, Professor of English at Brockport, 1934-1966. This award is given annually to an undergraduate or graduate major in the Department of English who submits the best critical essay (either original material or the result of research) on (1) a British or American author, (2) a literary genre, or (3) some combination of (1) and (2). The winning essay is determined by a committee within the Department of English. In 1979, this award was given to Nancy Kress, who later served on the faculty at The College at Brockport, and went on to become a world famous author.
    • Transgender Employment Rights, Discrimination & Litigation: Expanding Understandings and Opening Doors

      Schroeder, Tambria; The College at Brockport (1/1/2016)
      The United States’ legal history shows a record of minorities being disenfranchised simply because of who they are. Humans do not have control over certain features, such as race, nationality, sex, gender, or physical ability. However, those who fall outside the “norm” of all of these things are treated as if they do, as if they choose to inhabit a specific race, sex, or disabled body. Given that lawyers and judges are just as much social beings as everyone else, they are not immune to these prejudices. Therefore, these sentiments often linger in courtrooms and are used in arguments to deny peoples some of their most basic rights. People within the transgender community tend to fall outside of society’s neatly constructed gender binary and, like so many other groups, face marginalization in various areas of social life for being different. From education to employment and marriage to incarceration, the trans community encounters discrimination almost every step of the way. In attempts to remedy these wrongs, many transgendered individuals have begun turning to litigation in recent years. There has been, and continues to be, a particularly high volume of cases filed regarding employment discrimination. While discrimination still runs rampant throughout society, the purpose of this paper is to introduce a brief history of the transgender movement and trace the extent to which four decades of litigation have redefined sex and subsequently improved employment rights for transgendered citizens in the United States of America.
    • The LGBT Population and the Fight for Adoption Rights

      Roberts, Kristen; The College at Brockport (1/1/2016)
      This paper discusses the rights of LGBT individuals to adopt children, in light of the recent legalization of same-sex marriage, as well as the basic rights of children to a stable home, and basic social and economic justice for adults and children.
    • Biphobia: A Culture of Delegitimizing and Stigmatizing Bisexuality

      Whitehorne, Angelica; The College at Brockport (1/1/2017)
      The stigmas surrounding bisexuality for not adhering to a single gendered attraction is a form of delegitimizing the identity with negative associations. By labeling bisexuals as promiscuous, confused, or sexual experimenters it devalues the sexualities respectable and natural existence. The mental and physical repercussions of these biases prove the detrimental effects these stigmas and exclusion have on the bi community. The recent LGBT legal advances and the awareness brought to the sexuality through celebrities has helped to decrease its invisibility however there needs to be more positive awareness brought to the sexuality. With the assistance of allies and advocacy, the bi community can debunk the negative stereotypes and explain the legitimacy of their sexuality and in return receive the respect their orientation deserves.
    • Bullying as a Source of Posttraumatic Growth in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals

      Tombari, Jamie M.; The College at Brockport (1/1/2017)
      Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are at high risk for bullying. Research suggests that experiencing discrimination or a hate crime based on sexual orientation can have a severe negative impact on LGB individuals. Indeed, these experiences have been shown to lead to trauma among LGB individuals. However, recent research has explored the phenomena of posttraumatic growth—positive psychological change following a trauma (PTG)—to occur. The present research explores the potential factors that predict PTG among bullied LGB individuals. One hundred thirty-nine participants identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual who indicated that they had been bullied completed a series of questionnaires regarding bullying experiences (e.g., due to sexual orientation, severity, and frequency), outness (i.e., the degree to which various people knew of their sexual orientation), social support, and posttraumatic growth. Structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that LGB individuals who were bullied due to their sexual orientation perceived the bullying to be more severe than did those who were bullied for some other reason (e.g., weight, shyness) and subsequently experienced more PTG. Furthermore, outness predicted increased social support, which in turn, predicted PTG. The present findings show that bullying based on sexual orientation is perceived as particularly severe, but that posttraumatic growth can also emerge as a result. Furthermore, outness and social support were shown to be important predictors of PTG among bullied LGB individuals.
    • It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia: Scaring Away All the Critics, but Still Adding to ‘Our National Conversation’

      Schepler, Dianna; The College at Brockport (10/1/2014)
      The Douglas A. Feldman LGBT Paper Award was created to award undergraduate students who write an academic research paper, either original research or a review of literature, focusing on the social and cultural experiences of LBGT individuals.
    • Beyond Politics: Opposition to Marriage Equality Predicts Negative Reactions Toward LGBT Individuals

      Hutchings, Ryan; The College at Brockport (10/1/2015)
      Past research has examined various factors that predict heterosexual individuals’ attitudes toward marriage equality, including gender, age, religion/religiosity, political ideology, and sexual prejudice (Herek, 2011). To our knowledge, no studies have examined the possibility that such attitudes predict consequential behaviors directed at LGBT individuals. Thus, the current work examined the role of opposition to marriage equality in predicting negative behavioral intentions and reactions to antigay hate crimes. Given the importance of gender in sexual prejudice and opposition to marriage equality (Herek, 2000a), these relationships were examined after including gender in the model. Fifty-nine heterosexual students participated in this study. Separate hierarchical regressions revealed that opposition to marriage equality significantly predicted greater negative behavioral intentions (? = .46, p < .001), reduced recognition of a hate crime (? = -.30, p < .05), and marginally increased perpetrator justification (? = -.23, p = .09) above and beyond the influence of gender. Moreover, a two-way interaction indicated that opposition to marriage equality predicted negative behavioral intentions to a greater degree for men than women (? = -.55, p < .05). These results suggested that marriage equality attitudes are not merely political, but rather, predict influential behavioral intentions and reactions toward LGBT individuals.
    • Lifting the Ban on MSM Blood Donation

      Kilmer, Zachary; The College at Brockport (10/1/2015)
      The Douglas A. Feldman LGBT Paper Award was created to award undergraduate students who write an academic research paper, either original research or a review of literature, focusing on the social and cultural experiences of LBGT individuals. This paper was the runner-up in the award category.
    • Beyond Male and Female: A Look into Early Medieval Gender

      Leville, Megan; The College at Brockport (9/20/2018)
      This paper examines gender and gender identity in early medieval Europe based on the writing of Gregory of Tours.
    • African American MSM and HIV/AIDS – Why It’s Not Just Behavior: A Literature Review, Examining the Institutional and Structural Causes of HIV/AIDS Prevalence Among African American MSM, Situated by Social Theories

      Parker, Chris DeVaun R.; The College at Brockport (9/20/2018)
      This literature review examines existing research, through the lens of social science theories, and as an alternative to individual behavior change models, to explain how structural and institutional elements can and do influence the disparate prevalence of HIV among AA MSM. Using the framework of syndemic theory, it highlights the structural elements and the confluence of multiple epidemics that compound to affect the prospect of delimiting the burden of the virus on this specific subgroup. For the sake of clearer sociopolitical context, it also uses critical race theory to highlight how the changing demography and political climate of the US jeopardizes the welfare state that might otherwise be useful in tackling this epidemic. Finally, this manuscript also offers suggestions on how to address these multidimensional social blockades to treatment and prevention for AA MSM.