Now showing items 21-40 of 684

    • Finding Salmon and Trout in Lake Ontario, 1985

      Haynes, James M. (Charter Industry Trade News, 1985-03)
      Using radiotelemetry and vertical gill nets, we studied the movements and habitat preferences of brown trout (Salmo trutta), steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), Chinook Salmon (O. tshawytscha), Coho Salmon (O. kisutch) and Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in Lake Ontario. No species were available for radio tagging in the summer, Brown Trout and Chinook and Coho Salmon were available in the fall, and Brown Trout and Steelhead were available in the spring. Steelhead responded strongly to offshore thermal breaks at the surface in the spring. Vertical gill nets in the summer captured Brown Trout just above the thermocline and Lake Trout below it, while Chinook Salmon ranged widely a above and below the thermocline. Our studies helped Lake Ontario anglers to increase their catches of stocked salmonids in the lake.
    • Environmental impact assessment: Melding classroom instruction with problem-solving experience

      Haynes, James M.; Thorburn, Gary W.; Gannon, John E. (National Science Teachers Association, 1982)
      Undergraduates were presented with realistic environmental situation (building a marina in a stream mouth/ wetland on the Lake Ontario shoreline). After learning about state and federal laws and procedures for environmental impact analysis, they sampled and identified terrestrial and aquatic organisms that might be affected by marina construction, operation and dredging (and researched literature about those topics) then in teams of 3-5 students wrote separate Environmental Impact Statements for the proposed project. Students gained real world experience that would help them with future employment opportunities.
    • Zebra Mussels and Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities of Southwestern Lake Ontario and Selected Tributaries: Unexpected Results?

      Haynes, James M. (Great Lakes Research Review, 1997-04)
      Since the zebra mussel (Dreissna polymorpha) colonized the Great Lakes Ecosystem, ecologists and managers have expressed concern about potential impacts it would have on native benthic macroinvertebrate communities in lakes and streams. We compared post-Dreissena invasion data (1991-1992) with pre-invasion data (1983) from the same sites in Lake Ontario. Dreissena was the overwhelmingly dominant taxon in 1991-1992. Nevertheless, the overall abundance of other benthic macroinvertebrates, and the number of taxa collected, were greater following establishment of Dreissena. Our study failed to provide evidence that Dreissena had induced a population in any non-bivalve taxon that was present in 1983. The invasion of Dreissena and other recent environmental changes appear to have created conditions that are more favorable for most benthic macroinvertebrate taxa in the nearshore region of Lake Ontario. We also asked why zebra mussels have not colonized many creeks in Western New York, some with apparently ideal habitat, that are fed partially by water from the Erie Canal which is a source of Dreissena larvae. Counts of Dreissena larvae and counts of chlorophyll a were much higher in the canal than in out study creek, yet water quality, current velocity and particulate organic carbon concentrations in the creak and the canal were very similar. Four factors appear to limit colonization of creeks by the zebra mussel: 1) Retention of larvae by wetlands through which discharges from the canal often flow, 2) Filtering of phytoplankton and larvae by dense beds of adult zebra mussels often found at the beginning of channels connecting the canal to creeks, 3) Inappropriate food quality (e.g., lack of small0diameter phytoplankton with important fatty-acid constituents) reaching creeks from the canal, or 4) Muddy substrates inappropriate for attachment and filter-feeding by Dreissena.
    • Stressed Stream Analysis--Addressing Environmental Problems in Local Communities

      Haynes, James M. (Journal of College Science teaching, 1998-09)
      Science education is routinely accomplished within relatively narrow disciplines, but by its nature, environmental science must involve many disciplines to be effective.
    • Influence of Little Goose Dam on Upstream Movements of Adult Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

      Haynes, James M.; Gray, Robert H. (Fishery Bulletin, 1980)
      A major environmental and economic concern in the Pacific Northwest is the continuing decline in the numbers of Columbia and Snake River salmonids. The author used radiotelemetry to evaluate effect of Little Goose Dam on the movements of chinook salmon in the lower Snake River, and compared the results with those of previous studies at other dams.
    • Spawning Migration of Adult Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) Carrying External and Internal Radio Transmitters

      Gray, Robert J.; Haynes, James M. (Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 1979-04-30)
      Upstream movements of radio-tagged and control adult chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were monitored during the spring and fall 1976 and spring 1977 in the lower Snake River, southeastern Washington. Travel time from point of fish release and percent return to upstream tracking facilities were compared for experimental and control fish. Experimental fish carried anchor tags, and either internal or external radio transmitters. Control fish carried anchor tags only. Chinook salmon that lost external transmitters moved upriver more slowly than control fish although percent returns to upriver trapping facilities were similar. Travel times and percent returns of chinook salmon that retained external transmitters did not differ significantly from control fish. Although some salmon tagged with internal transmitters moved upriver, all failed to cross Little Goose Dam 6.5 km from the release site. Most internally tagged salmon eventually travelled downstream.
    • Methods for Sampling Reef Fishes, with Emphasis on the Red Snapper (Lutjanus campechanus), in the Gulf of Mexico: Is Stock Assessment Feasible?

      Haynes, James M. (U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Mississippi Laboratories, 1990-10)
      Reef fishes in the Gulf of Mexico, particularly snappers (Lutjanidae) and groupers (Serranidae), occupy restricted live bottom habitats that are subjected to intense commercial and recreational fishing. Reliable, fishery-dependent stock assessment methods are needed to make sound population estimates, protect important fishery resources and habitats, and to maintain viable, co-existing commercial and recreational fisheries.
    • Finding Salmon and Trout in Lake Ontario, 1983

      Haynes, James M. (Water Spectrum, 1983)
      Where do you catch salmon and trout in a 7500 square mile with an average depth of 280 feet and a bottom structure resembling a soup bowl? Millions of juvenile salmon and trout are stoked annually in Lake Ontario, yet angles frequently ask this question. With funding and support from the New York Sea Grant Institute, the Research Foundation of the State University of New York, and local anglers' groups, faculty and student researchers at the SUNY Colleges at Brockport and Fredonia are studying the movements, distribution, and habitat preferences of salmon and trout in Lake Ontario. By attaching radiotransmitters to fish and setting nets as far as 15 miles out into the lake, researchers are providing answers to both anglers' and scientists' questions about the ecology of salmon and trout stocked in Lake Ontario.
    • Movements and Behavior of Smallmouth Bass, Micopterus dolomieul, and Rock Bass, Ambloplites rupestris, in Southcentral Lake Ontario and Two Tributaries

      Gerber, Glenn P.; Haynes, James M. (Oikos Publishers, Inc., 1988-12)
      movements and behavior of 56 stream-spawning smallmouth bass and rock bass from Lake Ontario were examined in spring and summer 1985 and 1986. Fish were captured by electrofishing near spawning areas in two tributaries 60 km apart, fitted with temperature-sensing radiotransmitters and released in their "home" tributaries or or displaced to the lake 3 - 10 km from those tributaries. twenty-six percent of displaces smallmouth bass and 42% of rock bass returned to their original sites of capture in tributaries. Non-homing fish generally dispersed along the lake shore and eventually established small residence areas in the lake, often near home or other tributaries. No differences were observed in movement rates, temperatures occupied or diel activity patterns between years or tributary stocks, but differences were found between species and between lake and tributary habitats for smallmouth bass. Smallmouth bass homing to, or released in, tributaries generally established home ranges downstream from spawning areas and often occupied tributaries all summer, but rock bass did not. Both species occupied temperatures between 20-22 C in lake and tributary habitats when available. Smallmouth bass were most active in May, least active in July and generally more active in the lake than in tributaries. Rock bass activity did not appear to vary by season or habitat. Both specie were most active in Lake Ontario in mid-day; differences in tributaries were less pronounced.
    • Fish Community Characteristics in Waneta and Lamoka Lakes, October 2003–October 2009, after Herbicide Treatments of Aquatic Macrophytes in April 2003 and June 2008, Final Report

      Haynes, James M. (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2011-03)
      Located southeast of Keuka Lake in west-central New York, Lamoka and Waneta Lakes are shallow, productive and support abundant warmwater fishes (Figure 1). An approximately 0.5-mile channel connects the southern end of Waneta Lake to the northwestern end of Lamoka Lake, and likely accounts for the similarity in the lakes’ fish assemblages. An impoundment at the southern end of Lamoka Lake (on Mud Creek) produced the benthic and near-shore topography present in both lakes. Lamoka and Waneta Lakes possess large, shallow water areas providing habitat for extensive aquatic macrophyte growth. Lamoka Lake covers 826 acres (including Mill Pond at its southern end) with 11.3 miles of shoreline (Fagan Engineers 1997). Approximately 55% of the total lake surface area supports rooted aquatic plants, with 96% of this area sustaining dense growth (Madsen et al. 2001). Waneta Lake covers 781 acres with 6.8 miles of shoreline (Fagan Engineers 1997). Of the lake surface area, 34% can support rooted aquatic vegetation, with 89% of this area sustaining dense growth (Madsen et al. 2001).
    • Effects of forested buffers on benthic macroinvertebrate indicators of water quality in the Western Finger Lakes, New York

      Owens, Mitchell C.; Williams, Clayton J.; Haynes, James M. (Inland Waters, 2021-01-18)
      Forested riparian buffers are implemented by watershed managers to reduce pollutant runoff into waterbodies. They have been shown to accomplish this task in rivers and streams, but few studies have investigated their efficacy around lakes. Hemlock and Canadice are oligo-mesotrophic lakes with reforested watersheds, including a shoreline buffer strip. Immediately to the west and east of Hemlock and Canadice, Conesus and Honeoye lakes are unprotected, meso-eutrophic systems with mostly mixed, forested, agricultural, and developed land uses. This study explored whether having a shoreline forest buffer strip supports a macroinvertebrate community indicative of good water quality in lakes. In addition, this study examined relationships between individual subwatershed land use and biotic indicators of water quality, as determined by benthic macroinvertebrates. Macroinvertebrate community composition showed some dissimilarity between lakes (R = 0.09, p = 0.04), with the largest dissimilarity between Conesus and Honeoye. Comparisons did not follow expected patterns based on land use, management protections, and presence of a shoreline forest buffer strip. No difference was found in a biotic index of water quality between the lakes. The benthic community of each lake was rated as moderately impacted by humans. Subwatershed land use generally did not correlate with biotic indices of water quality within lakes. This finding suggests that near-shore forest buffers had no measurable effect on benthic macroinvertebrate communities and their biotic indicators of water quality. Macroinvertebrate communities in these lakes are likely driven by within-lake habitat conditions and legacy effects of agricultural land.
    • Indicators of Change in Water Quality and Environmental Health in the Irondequoit Creek Wetland Complex, 1996-2003

      Haynes, James M. (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2004-10)
      In late 1996, Monroe County built a partial water detention structure across the Irondequoit Creek narrows in the middle of the Irondequoit Creek wetland complex (Figure 1). The purpose of the structure is to disperse widely during storm events the flow of creek water through the up-per wetland to utilize more fully the physical and biological potential of the wetland to trap plant nutrients, sediments, and pollutants. The remediation is intended to reduce loading of nutrients and pollutants into Irondequoit Bay which, as a formerly hypereutrophic body of water, has been the long-term object of water quality improvement efforts in Monroe County and is a major focus of current remedial action planning (Rochester Embayment RAP 1993, 1997). The purpose of this study was to compare water quality in the Irondequoit Creek wetland complex, as indicated by the health of benthic macroinvertebrate communities, before and after installation of the partial water detention structure.
    • Building global relationships: OER partners and practice

      Orzech, M.J.; Zhang, J.; Pearlman, A.; Greenfield, V.; Kegler, J. (SUNY Brockport, Drake Memorial Library, 2023-05-25)
      Using open educational resources (OER) as part of collaborative international exchange learning courses (COIL) provide students and faculty the opportunity to share content, enhance knowledge, and develop intercultural competence across geographical boundaries. The presenters will share their journey of co-planning, implementing, and revising the assignments, highlighting OER instructional materials. The presentation focuses on the faculty-librarian-instructional designer collaboration throughout the project.
    • Population and Habitat Characteristics of the Pugnose Shiner, Notropis anogenus, in Four Bays of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River, New York

      Haynes, James M.; . Maharan, Jeffrey J.; Barrett1, Katherine L. (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2019-07-19)
      The goal of our project was to better understand taxa (fish, submerged aquatic vegetationSAV) and physicochemical factors (PCF) associated with the pugnose shiner Notropis anogenus in three bays of Lake Ontario (Sodus) and the St. Lawrence River (Chippewa, Goose) and, using this information, to assess the suitability of an unoccupied bay (Chaumont, Lake Ontario) for establishing a new population by stocking. Our specific objectives were to 1) collect data on the fish communities, SAV, substrate composition and PCF in the four bays, 2) determine population and habitat characteristics of extant N. anogenus in Chippewa, Goose and Sodus Bays, and 3) determine fish, SAV and PCF characteristics in Chaumont Bay then compare them to actual N. anogenus habitat in Chippewa, Goose and Sodus Bays.
    • RAP Progress in the Rochester Embayment of Lake Ontario: Population Monitoring, Trophic Relationships, and Levels of Bioaccumulative Chemicals of Concern in Mink, a Sentinel Species

      Haynes, James M.; Wellman, Sara T.; Pagano, James J. (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2007-08-01)
      In the 1980s the binational (Canada, U.S.) International Joint Commission (IJC) began the process of creating and implementing remedial action plans (RAPs) in 43 contaminated areas of concern (AOCs) throughout the Great Lakes Basin. The IJC established 14 “use impairments” that could cause a local area to be “listed” as an AOC, including “degradation of fish and wildlife populations” and “bird or animal deformities or reproductive problems.” In 1988, Foley et al. reported that fish in Lake Ontario and the Genesee River had PCB concentrations within the range shown to cause reproductive failure in captive mink. This evidence, coupled with the perceived absence of mink within 2 miles of the lake, led to the inclusion of these two use impairments in the RAP (1993, 1997). This study (Haynes et al. 2002) was designed to determine if populations of mink on the shore of the Rochester Embayment of Lake Ontario (RELO) are negatively impacted by bioaccumulative chemicals of concern (BCCs) and, if so, whether the BCCs are originating in the Embayment watershed or elsewhere. The AOC includes the Embayment, a 35 square mile portion of Lake Ontario south of a line between Bogus Point in the town of Parma and Nine Mile Point in the town of Webster (both in Monroe County, New York); adjacent wetlands and bays; and the six mile reach of the Genesee River, from the Lower Falls to the mouth at Lake Ontario (Figure 1). The RAP also includes the sub-watersheds of Salmon Creek (western sub-basin), the Genesee River, and Irondequoit Creek (central sub-basin).
    • Community Ecology of the Niagara County Artificial Reef and Nearby Natural Areas of Lake Ontario

      Haynes, James M. (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 1995-12-21)
      This report concludes a cooperative project among SUNY Brockport, Niagara County, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Lower Great Lakes Fishery Resources Office. The Objective of this project was to compare biological communities associated with an artificial reef and natural cobble substrates in Southwestern Lake Ontario. Sampling was conducted from October 15, 1994 through November 18, 1995. Further refinement of data on fishes, benthic macroinvertebrates and benthic algae await preparation in 1996 of an M.S. thesis.
    • Pirate Perch records from New York’s Great Lakes watersheds, historical to 2022

      Carlson, Douglas M.; Haynes, James M. (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2022-08-15)
      The Pirate Perch (Aphredoderus sayanus) has two subspecies based on morphology. A. s. sayanus is found in Atlantic drainages from Long Island, NY to the Satilla River, GA, and A. s. gibbosus is found in Gulf of Mexico and Great Lakes drainages (Burr and Warren 2020). It is of interest to this assessment because it is recommended to be classified as Threatened in NY ( It is an unusual and well-studied species in the southern and midwestern parts of its range where it lives in small sluggish streams and lowland marshes with soft bottoms where woody debris is available for cover and daytime shelter; spawning is known in streams with undercut banks and root wads (Burr and Warren 2020). It is a rare relict in northern New York at the eastern end of its Great Lakes range (Smith 1985). It was never abundant in its historic waters of northern New York, and it seems to have a last refuge exclusive to bays of Lake Ontario in the eastern half of its former self.
    • Status of the Longear Sunfish, Lepomis megalotis, in Western New York, USA

      Wells, Scott M.; Haynes, James M. (Bureau of Wildlife New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, 2007-05)
      Widespread throughout the southern and eastern portions of the Mississippi River and Great Lakes drainages, the longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis) is at the eastern edge of its range in western New York and eastern Quebec. Historically, longear sunfish occurred in three watersheds (Map 1a), Oneida Lake’s outlet to the Oswego River, tributaries and bays of southwestern Lake Ontario (Johnson Creek, Jeddo Creek, Oak Orchard Creek, Marsh Creek, Braddock Bay and West Creek), and a tributary of the Niagara River, Tonawanda Creek. Intensive sampling since 1999 in historical waters shows that longear sunfish now have a sustained population in only one area, a 2.3 mi section of Tonawanda Creek just upstream from its junction with the Erie Canal; therefore, it is threatened in New York State.
    • Illustrated Guide to Hudson River Fishes

      Frisch, Norman J.; Haynes, James M. (SUNY College at Brockport, 1993-03)
      Guide to the fishes most commonly encountered in the Hudson River, with illustrations.
    • The Impact Outdoor Recreation Activities on Individuals with Physical Disabilities

      Morse, Phoebe (SUNY Brockport, Department of Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education, 2023-05)
      The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the impact of outdoor recreation activities on individuals with physical disabilities. Participation in outdoor recreational activities should be accessible to everyone. Participation in outdoor recreation improves an individual’s physical, mental, and social well-being. However, people with physical disabilities cannot participate due to access limitations. Specifically, they face barriers and constraints that may limit them from participating. Through the review of literature, it was determined that individuals with physical disabilities participating in outdoor recreation experienced benefits and constraints. In addition, some facilitators motivate them to participate. Lastly, the studies provided ways to help make communities more accessible for individuals with physical disabilities.