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    • Dissenting Voices Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring 2021) Complete Issue

      Gillett, Nax; Ibrahim, Hawa; Muir, Catherine; Levitsky, Naomi; Puleo, Erica; Martinez, Myah; Cunningham, Grace; Al Sharifi, Zahraa (2021-01)
      Al-Sharifi, Zahraa, - Intersecting Identities: Middle Eastern Women in Dual Cultures - Dual cultures are an experience known only to people who live in two cultures. I was inspired by my poetry and the experiences that I and my family went through as women as well as the stories of Middle Eastern women I read. They lived in dual cultures and experienced violence in their homelands alongside wars and sexism from both cultures they lived in. In the Western culture, they also experienced racism. I, as an Iraqi, tend to turn to poetry to express the variety of injustices I observed, and my people tend to do that. We are well known for our poetry that speaks about our experiences. || Gillett, Nax, - Mental Health for Incarcerated Women: How is America Treating Them? - This essay examines the effects of incarceration on the mental health of female inmates and comments on what America could be doing to help them. In this essay the topic of female incarceration is viewed through an intersectional lens in tandem with systemic racism and oppression. It begins with a personal narrative describing the life of a girl named Mar, who was wronged by the system, and moves into a discussion on the failings of our current system. This essay focuses on topics through the timeline of incarceration; entry into the system, life while incarcerated, and finally, life after incarceration. Each topic is discussed in depth and includes ways to improve standards for incarcerated women and assist them in receiving proper mental health care. || Martinez , Myah, - When I Realized I was the Gay Best Friend: Queer Media Representation and the “Coming Out” Process - This essay examines queer representation in widespread media and its impact during the coming out process. I examine three coming out stories in popular media and use my own story to shine a light on the challenges of coming out as LGBTQIA+. I hope readers who are struggling with coming out can use these examples to voice their LGBTQIA+ stories. || Levitsky, Naomi, - Looking into the Prevalence of Substance Abuse among the LGBTQIA+ Population - In this essay, I explore the prevalence of and reasons for substance abuse among the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, & Asexual, or LGBTQIA+ community and ways to lessen the stigma and provide for more adequate treatment opportunities. || Ibrahim, Hawa, - Varied Experiences of Fat Bodies - This essay argues that the varied experiences of fat bodies are not reflected in the media or public spaces of our society. In creating a world that physically has no room for fat bodies and is socially unkind and unwelcoming, the varied experiences cannot be told let alone be allowed to be understood. Voices of those who are fat need to be uplifted to create more accessible spaces for all. || Cunningham, Grace, - Disability Representations in High School English Curriculum - This essay explores the common misconceptions of disability, why disability representation is important, and provides an example of disability studies application through the novel The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini (2003). || Puleo, Erica, - Is Our Medical Community Failing Women? The PTSD Epidemic among Women in the United States - PTSD has become fairly recognized within the United States Medical Community. Experts have begun to expand PTSD research beyond the confines of PTSD due to war and have begun looking at PTSD in the civilian populations. Due to this advancement in research, we now know that certain identities, like gender, can put someone at a higher risk for developing PTSD. In this essay I argue that even though we are aware that gender, and more specifically being a woman, can increase someone’s chances of developing PTSD, we still see women being misdiagnosed and mistreated by medical professionals. I examine this perspective through an analysis of current PTSD literature regarding women and compare it to my own experience as a young woman who sought out PTSD diagnosis and treatment. || Muir, Catherine, - STOP: The Sexualization of Women & Girls - This essay argues that the current mainstream Western beauty ideal in the United States both fetishizes the prepubescent female body and infantilizes the adult female body. This intersection works together to create impossible standards for women and girls and ultimately can perpetuate sexual violence against women and girls.
    • Encouraging Guardian Involvement Among ELLs

      Wade, Carol; Bush, Megan (SUNY Brockport, Department of Education and Human Development, 2021-08-14)
      Guardian involvement is important in student’s academic achievements however that involvement is not consistent across populations. Therefore, this capstone aims to examine the overarching research question: How can teachers foster positive relationships with students that promote parent involvement in the ENL classroom? To answer this question, it is important that teachers and school administration know the struggles families face. Some of these struggles may include language and cultural barriers, education levels of guardians, and the family’s socioeconomic status. The professional development for middle school teachers and school staff will provide strategies and programs that will help increase guardian involvement. As a result of this professional development teachers will have strategies they can implement into their classrooms and in school to increase academic involvement with ELL families. In the future it is important that researchers continue to study the effects that programs such as community programs have on guardian involvement a how it impacts student academics.
    • Caring for the Social and Emotional Well- Being of ELLs

      Algier, Jaclyn Jenna (SUNY Brockport, 2021-07-30)
      This capstone project aims to explore the relationship between the social-emotional well-being and academic success of English Language Learners (ELLs). It also aims to support teachers, faculty, and administrative staff who work with ELLs. In many U.S. school districts, including Wheatland-Chili Central School District, the lack of progression in meeting the social and emotional learning (SEL) needs of ELLs and developing healthy feelings of self-efficacy has impacted the academic success of ELLs. It has also led to isolation, student withdrawal, and poor teacher-student relationships. To increase social and emotional support for ELLs and non ELLs, multiple components of the school climate and teachers’ pedagogy have been considered to provide positive reinforcement in these areas at the middle and high school level within Wheatland-Chili Central School District. Solutions to the problem include implementations of SEL strategies and tools, emotional tracker, lesson plan template with SEL focus, and monthly in-house faculty professional development meetings. Recommendations include educating and incorporating SEL strategies into teaching pedagogies of mainstream and ELL teachers. Furthermore, newly implemented SEL strategies should be reviewed and revised to support teachers and ELLs with any necessary revisions for greater improvement.
    • Performance: An Investigation of the Representation and Perception of Gender on Stage

      Kirckmire, Michael; Leary, Heather; The College at Brockport (2016-05-12)
      This honor’s thesis incorporates the author’s majors in Theatre and Women and Gender Studies to investigate how the genders are treated differently within society, how gender itself is constructed and perceived, along with the performative nature of gender. The author accomplished this through the inversion of gender roles in seven iconic plays, spanning in time from the 1600s to the 2000s, and followed each performance with a talkback session, where the audience and actors were able to offer insights both into the process and the perception of the audience. A final perspective was from the director’s point of view, through a discussion of the role of gender, both the actors and the characters’, and how they are perceived in a certain way, and the challenge to overcome those natural inclinations.
    • Physical Activity Guidelines for Children During and After Cancer Treatment

      Starkoff, Brooke; Astruc, Ellie; The College at Brockport (2016-05-13)
      The purpose of part one of this thesis was to synthesize previous research and information about cancer, children and cancer, exercise and cancer, and the long and short-term effects of cancer. After synthesizing previous research, the second part of this thesis was to integrate that research and create a set of safe and effective physical activity guidelines for children during and after cancer treatment. Lastly, a sample exercise prescription was created. This prescription was tailored for a fictional young child in a pediatric cancer rehabilitation program. The design of the pediatric cancer rehabilitation program was based on meeting the needs of a child, physically, emotionally, and socially.
    • The Differences of Attraction Patterns Between Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual People and Heterosexual People

      Snarr, Jeffrey; Hawes, Katherine; The College at Brockport (2016-05-01)
      Attraction patterns have been studied in the past and it is known that there are differences between the attraction patterns of straight males and the attraction patterns of straight females. However, the attraction patterns of gay/lesbian and bisexual individuals have not been thoroughly examined. The present study explores the differences of attraction patterns between gay/lesbian individuals and straight individuals. It asks the question whether a person’s attraction patterns are due to the gender that someone is or the gender to which someone is attracted. It was hypothesized that attraction patterns are more due to the gender that someone is rather than the gender to which someone is attracted.
    • The Role of the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor in Tumor Growth and Chemoresistance

      Sia, Rey; Lindsay, Elizabeth L.; The College at Brockport (2016-05-08)
      The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) has been shown to play a role in cancer initiation and progression in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), and other cancers. The AHR is activated by environmental toxins, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are commonly found in cigarette smoke. It is hypothesized that activation of the AHR by these environmental toxins can contribute to the growth and chemoresistance of OSCCs. Nude mice tongues were injected with a human OSCCs cell line, SCC2s, and treated with an AHR antagonist at 25mg/kg daily via oral gavage. Primary tumor growth was measured via calipers and IVIS imaging. RT-qPCR analysis of the harvested tongue tumors and livers was used to examine the activity of the AHR by quantifying the expression levels of Cyp1b1 and Cyp1a1. Based on the results of the in vivo experiments, continued testing was conducted to examine the role of AHR inhibition in chemoresistance. Using MTT cell viability assays coupled with dosing of commonly used chemotherapeutics, the effects of the AHR on the chemo-resistance of SCC2s was tested. Three commonly used chemotherapeutics were tested at various dose ranges: Cisplatin (0-10uM), doxorubicin (0-1uM), and 5-Fluorouracil (0-10uM). In addition, cells were co-treated with an AHR antagonist (5uM CH223191) and the chemotherapeutic to determine if decreasing AHR activity increased chemotherapeutic efficiency. ANOVAs were used to evaluate the significance of AHR activity on the effectiveness of the chemotherapeutics. It was determined that AHR antagonism with CB7993113 significantly affected OSCC primary tumor growth in vivo. Additionally, it was found that both Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 expression decreased after treatment with CB7993113 when compared to vehicle alone in the tongue. In the liver, it was found that both Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 expression also decreased after treatment with CB7993113 when compared to vehicle alone. Interestingly, we also found that decreasing AHR activity with an AHR antagonist CH223191 in addition to treatment with a chemotherapeutic lead to a significant increase in cell death when compared to treatment with the chemotherapeutic alone. This phenomenon was observed in three different frontline OSCC therapeutics. These novel findings implicate the AHR in OSCC initiation and growth, also supporting the development of AHR modulators as potential chemotherapeutics. Overall, these findings support the hypothesis that the activation of the AHR is linked to tumor growth of oral squamous cell carcinomas as well as contributing to the potential chemoresistance of these cells.
    • Global Project Management: The Availability and Applicability of International Project Frameworks When Traversing Geography and Culture

      Wilkerson-Barker, Donna; Hyman, Arielle; The College at Brockport (2016-05-13)
      The purpose of this research is to analyze multiple variables involved in Global Project Management to determine the efficacy and suitability of international frameworks for projects involving multinational teams. Specifically, this presentation will explore how companies successfully manage multinational teams that must solve a common problem within constraints established by an organizational entity. A contrastive analysis of several project frameworks used at an international level illustrates the true suitability of these methods in contexts where different cultures, geographic locations, and languages converge.
    • Twice is Nice: An Exploration of Ambiguity in Playwriting and Performance in Theatre

      Kuhn, Frank; Kaminska, Cody; The College at Brockport (2016-05-04)
      The author shares her experiences directing and producing two short plays using two different sets of actors, and varying character development, lighting, set designs and costumes. She examines what worked well, and what did not and the effect the actors had on the individual productions.
    • Eating Disorders and their Affect on Interpersonal Difficulties

      Forzano, Lori-Ann B.; LaPorta, Katheryn; The College at Brockport (2012-05-01)
      With an estimated eight million Americans suffering from an eating disorder, understanding these disorders is of significant importance to help them. One aspect of eating disorders that needs to be more understood is how eating disorders affect a diagnosed person’s interpersonal relationships. To examine this relationship, research on eating disorders and interpersonal difficulties was gathered and analyzed. Two important models that were found and are examined are the four factor maintenance model for Anorexia Nervosa and the “vicious cycle” for Bulimia Nervosa. Based on research gathered, the more eating disorder behaviors or traits a person has the more interpersonal difficulties there are. Based on these findings it can be shown that the use of interpersonal psychotherapy in rehabilitation of eating disorders can decrease binging behavior in those diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa and decrease relapses in those diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa.
    • Math in Motion: How Integrating Dance and into a Math Classroom Affects a Student’s Ability to Learn

      Van Wormer, Vanessa; Buranich, Rebecca; The College at Brockport (2016-05-13)
      This research explores how placing dance and whole body movements into the math classroom at an elementary level help children better understand and develop a greater appreciation of basic mathematical concepts. More specifically, it looks at what effect the muscle memory that is developed while moving has on retaining information in a scholastic setting. Due to decreased funding in schools, programs in the arts are disappearing. I look at the positive effects of the arts in schools and how the integration and implementation of them with a core subject can be essential to a child’s learning experience. With the help of research from Karl Schaffer and Erik Stern, specialists in the field of math and dance for over thirty years, connections are made between the studies of mathematics and dance. Lesson plans focus on dance concepts with pattern recognition, symmetry, and basic geometry at an elementary level to improve mathematical thinking in children through the methods of the Multiple Intelligences Theory and Arts Integration.
    • Sedentary Behavior in Honors College Freshmen

      Lenz, Elizabeth; Hintermeier, Laura; The College at Brockport (2016-04-29)
      Introduction: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are sitting/reclining activities requiring low energy expenditure such as watching television, reading and desk work. The average person spends eight hours sitting per weekday. Current literature suggests SB may contribute to the development of risk factors for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. The first year of college is a transition period for freshmen as it provides a new level of independence and freedom to determine how they spend their time. Therefore it is of particular interest to determine their time spent engaging in SB as their life time habits become established. Purpose: To examine the amount of time college freshmen in spend various SB. Methods: College freshmen completed The Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise Sedentary Behaviors Questionnaire (PACE-SBQ) and a demographic questionnaire. The PACE-SBQ estimated time spent in nine SB on a typical weekday (WD) and weekend day (WED). Participant data was examined by WD and WED and gender by using paired sample t-tests, and independent sample t-test. Descriptive statistics are presented means ± standard deviations. Results: There were sixty participants in the study (17 males and 43 females; 18.1±0.3 yrs; 93.3% Caucasian). Students spent the most time engaged in deskwork (WD: 2.15±1.22 hr/d, WED: 2.25±1.50 hr/d), watching TV (WD: 1.14±1.22 hr/d, WED: 2.11±1.50hr/d), and listening to music (WD: 1.29±1.30 hr/d, WED: 1.44 ± 1.40 hr/d). There was a significant difference in time spent in total SB on a WD (6.42±2.95 hr/d) compared to a WED [(7.98±3.62 hr/d), t (59) =-3.774, p < .0005] for the entire group. On a WD men spent significantly more time (0.56±0.38 hr/d) compared to women [0.16±0.40 hr/d; t(30.83)= 3.58, p=.001] playing computer/video games. Similarly on a WED, men spent significantly more time (0.97±0.81 hr/d) compared to women [0.24±5.1 hr/d; t(19.66)=3.56, p=.003] playing computer/video games. There was statistically significant difference in time spent doing artwork/crafts on a WED for males (0.00±0.00 hr/d) and females [0.11±0.28; t(41.0)=-2.51, p=.016].Conclusion: College students engaged in 6-8 hrs/d of SB with the most time spent engaged in desk works, TV viewing and listening to music. College freshmen were sedentary for approximately two hrs/d more on a WED compared to a WD. It is important to address the trends in SB in order to create interventions to prevent negative life-long habits from forming.
    • A Pathological Study from Humayma

      Rawlings, Tiffany; Deeb, Emily; The College at Brockport (2016-05-09)
      This study aims to understand and reconstruct the over-all health and treatment of domestic animals at Humayma through the results of a study of animal paleopathology. The study is a general overview of a sample of remains from the 2012 dig season of Humayma, with particular attention to which bones show pathological lesions and what pathologies are present. This study illustrates how animal paleopathology enriches our understanding of past cultures.
    • Changing the Story: Improving the Quality of Life Experienced by Children with Cancer Best Practices, Programs & Interventions

      Demmin, Sarah; Bohling, Samantha K.; State University of New York College at Brockport (2020-09-11)
      It is no secret that children get cancer. While the battle against cancer is no light matter regardless of one’s age, the impact of such a diagnosis for a child or adolescent can be incredibly devastating. The necessity for this project lies in the research that illustrates a need for increased action to be directed toward fulfilling the psychosocial needs of children as they navigate cancer treatments. Children are still in the early stages of development; they are meant to be enriching their minds, building social relationships with peers, and playing and exploring their world. Cancer threatens all of those childhood norms, in addition to a child’s psychosocial well-being and overall quality of life. This paper examines the current research on these facets of childhood cancer, while assessing the impacts of a kit that facilitates effective coping skills and a mentorship program that provides support-based social interaction. Drawing on the presented evidence, this paper serves a means to analyze and advocate for the necessity of broad implementation of psychosocial programming that improves the quality of life experienced by children battling cancer.
    • Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective for the Treatment of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

      Henry, Timothy; Deppa, Rachel; Underwood, Dudley; The College at Brockport (2016-05-06)
      This study was centered on low level laser therapy (LLLT) and its effects on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is an inflammatory response in muscle tissue characterized by pain, stiffness, and fatigue in the muscle post-exercise. DOMS results from bouts of eccentric exercise (the lengthening phase of muscle contraction). Symptoms usually reach their peak intensity between 24 and 72 hours post-exercise and subside within 5-7 days. LLLT is a type of therapeutic modality which is used to treat body dysfunctions by introducing light energy into the body. LLLT has been gaining popularity as a new treatment for DOMS, but little research has been done on its actual effectiveness. This study will add to the body of research on LLLT and compare the efficacy of LLLT to a traditional treatment for DOMS, consisting of ice immersion and stretching. Thirty participants were included in the study; ten in the LLLT treatment group, ten in the ice immersion and stretching group, and ten in a placebo group. DOMS was induced in the bicep muscle of each participant using a standard and accepted protocol and the first treatment immediately followed. Baseline measures of pain and active range of motion were taken and those measures were repeated every 24 hours post-treatment to monitor the development and recess of DOMS over 5 days. Those receiving cold immersion submerged their arm into a cold whirlpool up to the axilla level. The water was between 12.8? and 18.3?C and the treatment lasted twenty minutes. Once they came out they completed 3 x 30 seconds for each of three bicep stretches. LLLT treatment was delivered at different points up the bicep for a duration of twenty seconds at each spot. The placebo group seemed to receive the same treatment as the LLLT group, but no light was actually emitted from the treatment head so there were no therapeutic interventions in the muscle.
    • The Role of Stress and Self-Care in Nursing Students

      Chesebro, Jennifer M.; Hogan, Allison; The College at Brockport (2016-05-08)
      Self-care is defined as choosing good behaviors to counter physical and emotional stress. The demanding nature of nursing leads to a self-care deficit, which inhibits how effectively nurses can provide patient care. Nursing education programs focus very heavily on academic achievement and skill attainment, while education on self-care is often not provided. Plans developed to evaluate and manage stress can provide insight into and help for the problems that nurses encounter. It is very important that students are helped to realize what their stressors are and appropriate ways in which to cope with them. By teaching students to recognize stress and develop effective coping mechanisms, we can help them potentially for the rest of their careers.
    • Heritage or Hate?: An Examination of Americans’ Popular Memory of the Confederate States of America and Its Icons

      Daly, John P.; Falter, Benjamin; The College at Brockport (2016-05-09)
      During the American Civil War, the southern states declared themselves an independent nation called the Confederate States of America. After the Civil War ended, the Confederacy was reabsorbed into the United States. However, its memory and icons continued to be perceived separately. The current debate over whether Confederate icons, such as the so-called "Confederate Flag," Robert E. Lee, and Nathan Bedford Forrest, should be considered symbols of heritage or of hate reflects the controversial nature of Confederate Memory. However, the true history of these Confederate icons is lost in the modern debate, especially among those espousing the heritage position. If one examines the history behind these icons, one will find that they are truly symbols of racism hiding under a thin veneer of "heritage."
    • The Dark Side of the American Dream: Individual Agency, Hard Work, and Public Mass Shootings

      Daly, John P.; Greene, Nicholas; The College at Brockport (2016-04-30)
      This project traces the origins and continuing existence of the American Dream. The American Dream refers to the belief that hard work will result in success and upward mobility for future generations. In other words, American culture views each individual as the master of their own destiny, provided they work hard. Though America’s culture has changed drastically over the course of its history, and differs greatly between various groups, the American Dream is a concept which runs deep in the minds of Americans to this day. This project starts the American Dream’s timeline during the Protestant Reformation, then continues on to the Puritans of New England and the First Great Awakening, the start of the American public educational system, and the development of fame-obsession and celebrity culture. Importantly, this project will also show the manifestations and effects of the American Dream, including Public Mass Shootings.
    • The Role of Impartial Consequentialism in the United States Government

      Long, Joseph; Sands, Nichole; The College at Brockport (2016-05-12)
      When forming a government one must consider how the laws of the state will align with moral principles. One such possible moral principle is called ‘impartial consequentialism’. That is the thesis according to which an action is morally right if and only if it maximizes the aggregate good. This honors thesis will discuss three issues. The first issue is whether and to what extent impartial consequentialism has influenced the formation of the United States government. The second issue is the apparent conflict between the Bill of Rights and the concept of impartial consequentialism. The third issue involves a potential objection that one might raise to the role of impartial consequentialism in the United States government.