Now showing items 1-20 of 5029

    • TEAMing up with Students and Faculty: Using Microsoft Teams to Increase Student-Librarian Interaction in Asynchronous Learning

      Rath, Logan, PhD (SUNY Brockport, Drake Memorial Library, 2022-06)
      PowerPoint Presentation on ways to enhance student-librarian interactions through creative use of MS Teams.
    • Performance Enhancing Drugs in Endurance Sport can Effect an Athlete’s Ethical Decision Making and Consequently Fair Play in Sport

      Weller, Victoria (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      The purpose of this thesis is used to identify the key significance of Performance Enhancing Drugs (PEDS) as they relate to endurance sports. To achieve this, this paper will concentrate on Lance Armstrong and the US Postal Service Cycling Team and will focus PEDS, in specifically on Erythropoietin (EPO) and blood doping in endurance sports. It is important to analyze an athlete’s ethical decision-making skills and see what factors influence an athlete to take PEDS. There is evolving technology and medicine that constantly comes out. Society needs forward thinking for what the next generation of PEDS will have to offer. What are
    • BEING A WOMAN IN THE WORKPLACE

      Vattimo, Casey (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2020-12)
      This research examines the current number of women holding CEO positions within the Fortune 500 companies. It takes a deeper look into this gender gap and fully examines the hidden barriers that women face when progressing through their careers. I examine this through an analysis of articles, studies, interviews and testimonials that have been published around this subject. The Time’s Up and Me-Too movement also play an important part in this discussion, and I discuss the current work of both these organizations and how they have inspired women. These movements shed a light on how society can move forward with fighting the gender imbalance. This topic is important to women across all industries as there remains lingering gender discrimination. Looking at these issues in such a magnified lens can prepare women for the hardships they are going to face in the workforce but can also inspire women to continue to demand change.
    • Childhood Obesity Treatment of Elementary Aged Children

      Stratton, Danielle; Thurnherr, Paige (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-04)
      Childhood obesity (ages 2-19) is at epidemic proportions in the United States (US). The current prevalence of childhood obesity is 18.5%, which is about 13.7 million children. A plan for the initiation of pediatric obesity treatment is essential. This will result in correctly diagnosing and initiating a wholistic approach to obesity treatment. The longer an individual has had obesity, the more likely they are to develop a comorbid condition, especially if onset is in childhood. Therefore, action at Elementary age (5-10 years old) is crucial. The goal of this project is to create evidence-based protocol (EBP) for the treatment of childhood obesity and comprise a well-rounded, wholistic approach to the treatment of childhood obesity. The following paper includes a developed EBP treatment plan for obese pediatric patients, educates on the many factors that contribute to the obesity epidemic and describes how patient monitoring and follow-up care will be carried out. The information found in the paper is from multiple research articles that studied childhood obesity. The use of this plan to effectively initiate pediatric obesity treatment will positively impact the health of the children in the US. Early identification and prevention of childhood obesity will create healthy habits in our youth, which they will take into adulthood, preventing future co-morbid conditions.
    • How Feasible is it for Los Angeles to host the Olympic Games in 2028 given the city’s existing transportation, lodging, and other resources?

      Stoutz, Connor (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2020-12)
      Hosting the Olympics is a monumental task that can negatively affect a host city. It is well established that hosting the Olympics is a costly venture. The aim of this paper is to determine how feasible it is for the city of Los Angeles to host the 2028 Olympic Games given the city's existing transportation, lodging, and other resources. To test the hypothesis that Los Angeles is relatively well suited to host the 2028 Olympic Games, I examined three past Olympic Games in order to determine where they succeeded and where they fell short. The studied games include London 2012, Sochi 2014, and Rio 2016. London 2012 was largely a success, while Sochi and Rio struggled. London was able to succeed by focusing on the legacy of the games, while Sochi and Rio were deterred by corruption from Game organizers and government officials. I also examined public data in Los Angeles including existing venues, budgets, infrastructure, and lodging. The results showed that showed that little construction would have to be done for sports venues. These results suggest that Los Angeles is more well suited to host the games compared to most countries due to its existing infrastructure.
    • The Celtic Identity and the Significance of Music

      Stoddart, Tegan (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      Music is an important part of life; it is a way for individuals or groups to express themselves, and an inspiration for people to participate in cultural activities of their heritage. This helps create a sense of identity within a culture. One genre that is popular is Celtic Music; however, this warrants the question: what is Celtic Music or what makes Celtic Music “Celtic?” According to Romero, “[w]hat we know as Celtic music today is in reality [that] traditional music developed relatively recently in several western European Atlantic regions that may have been inhabited by Celtic peoples about 2,000 years ago” (Romero). It has a “feel” to it that most people can recognize; however, to understand the genre fully, the history and general theory must be explored.
    • Southern Women in the American Civil War

      Stockdale, Fiona (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      In the American Civil War, numerous Northern women had active roles and participated directly in the war effort. There are various accounts of Northern women disguising themselves and fighting in regiments as well as their emergence as nurses in the medical field. Thus, the role of Northern women was openly active in the Civil War. This is because during this time period, gender roles for women in the North were not as rigid as they were in the antebellum South. This poses the question: what about Southern women? Specifically white women?
    • Exploring Neuromarketing from a Business and Consumer Perspective

      Rudak, Stevie (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-07)
      An unfamiliar primary market research technique, called Neuromarketing, surfaces and is on the rise to being heavily used by corporations that obtain the budget to indulge in this expensive and what some call, “intrusive”, practice. Neuromarketing is the lens to what reactions first occur -inside the brain- when consumers are presented with specific marketing stimuli with the use of EEG and fMRI scanning equipment. Receiving valuable consumer information, using medical technology, is deconstructed through this literature review. In the beginning section, there’s a focus on the reasoning behind big businesses choosing to utilize this kind of strategy when conducting marketing research. Then, examples of several companies that use Neuromarketing will be presented. Lastly, the ethical and economical concerns that Neuromarketers face are laid out by showing that technology is consistently improving. This continuous improvement creates a fearful response in consumers, who feel like they’re being taken advantage of by Neuromarketers.
    • The Psychological Impact of the Juvenile Justice System on Juvenile Offenders who Reenter Society

      Richard, Kersha L. (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      Majority of juveniles within the US juvenile justice system suffer from mental health issues and labeling after incarceration which are mostly related to their recidivism (Baglivio et al., 2017; Lee et al., 2017). This paper identifies the psychological effects of the juvenile justice system on the offenders by focusing on the labeling theory. Furthermore, this paper explores the impact of labeling on juveniles’ preconceptions about themselves, and whether these preconceptions influence juveniles' recidivism rates. This paper uses meta-analysis of 20 empirical studies. Researchers suggest a reformation of juvenile justice policies, which address the issue of the length of stay and mental health outcomes of juvenile offenders who have been incarcerated (Gandelman et al., 2020; Gonzalez et al., 2017). In addition, positive appraisals, youth involvement in a community-based program, employment opportunities, and education could help reduce their recidivism by addressing juveniles' low self-esteem and low self-worth because of labeling (Abrams et al., 2011; Kroska et al., 2017; Miller et al., 2019). The results from this paper could help improve juvenile's mental health issues, combat social labeling on them, and reduce their recidivism rates.
    • Determining the Significance of the MICOS Protein Complex on the Frequency of Spontaneous Cellular Respiration Loss in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

      Nevers, Emma (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2020-12)
      The Mitochondria is a double-membraned organelle found in all eukaryotic cells. It is the organelle most known for taking nutrients from the cell, breaking it down, and turning it into energy; a process known as cellular respiration. The DNA of the mitochondria (mtDNA) is circular, and differs greatly from the nuclear genome. In order to prevent mutations, there are genes that present proteins involved in DNA repair mechanisms. Response to DNA damage, lack of nutrients and other stress conditions is an essential property of living systems. The coordinate response includes DNA damage repair, activation of alternate biochemical pathways, adjustment of cellular proliferation and cell cycle progression as well as drastic measures like cellular suicide which prevents proliferation of severely damaged cells (1). One gene complex, known as the MICOS Complex, is composed of six different genes. MICOS (Mitochondrial contact site and Cristae Organizing System) is a mitochondrial inner membrane complex that extends into the intermembrane space and has a role in the maintenance of crista junctions, inner membrane architecture, and formation of contact sites to the outer membrane (2). Mic60p can be described as the core component for the maintenance of the MICOS complex, controlling protein transport, mitochondrial DNA transcription, and the connection between the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes. In the lab, a set of mutant strains, each representing one of the six genes from the MICOS complex have been developed. As one experiment, the mic60Δ mutant strain is compared to the wild type strain, MIC60, in an assay determining respiration loss, overall determining the significance of the MICOS complex on cellular respiration. Rich growth medias containing dextrose as the sole carbon source were used to determine spontaneous respiration loss in both the mic60Δ and MIC60 strains initially. The mic60Δ strain has revealed a 2.05-fold increase in loss of cellular respiration compared to that of the wild type when grown on dextrose. When these strains were grown on raffinose or fructose as the sole carbon source, the mic60Δ strain revealed a 1.46-fold increase in loss of cellular respiration compared to that of the wild-type. This data shows that Mic60p plays a vital role in the functioning mitochondria.
    • The Lurking Peril of the Pandemic: The Relationship Between COVID-19 News Consumption and Anxiety

      McCarthy, Amelia (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      This is a significant period in American history, as the COVID-19 pandemic has recently become a major part of daily life. While physical health has been the obvious focus during this time, mental health has also been severely impacted. Mental health is often given less importance in times of great physical danger such as this one. The country has also been inundated with news about the ongoing crisis. These factors led to the analysis of the relationship between the degree to which an individual follows the news surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and their anxiety levels. The sample came from Wave 64 of the Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel, published on April 1, 2020. Chi square tests of independence revealed following COVID-19 news and anxiety level were significantly associated in general (χ2 = 158.55, 1 df, p < .001), as well as specifically among those who consider the pandemic a crisis, (χ2 = 50.36, 1 df, p < .001) and those who do not, (χ2 = 3.89, 1 df, p = .048). After adjusting for crisis perception, following COVID-19 news (OR 1.35, CI 1.24-1.47, p < .001) was significantly and positively associated with the likelihood of higher anxiety, suggesting those who follow news more closely are 1.35 times more likely to have higher anxiety. These results indicate that those who follow COVID-19 more closely may have higher anxiety than those who do not, and that those who do not consider the pandemic to be a crisis seem to receive the same effect from following the news as those who do.
    • Vaping and Its Relationship to Other Risky Behaviors in College Students: A Secondary Analysis of the ACHA National College Health Assessment

      Fegley, Joshua; Mahar, Sarah E. (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      There is a high likelihood that the use of electronic cigarettes has a relationship with participation in risky behaviors in college students. The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between the use of electronic cigarettes and six risky behaviors. This was a secondary analysis using the Spring 2019 American College Health Association National College Health Assessment. In addition to an extensive literature review multiple bivariate analyses were conducted using SPSS to identify the relationship between the use of electronic cigarettes and each individual risk behavior. A total of 34 survey questions were analyzed where eight survey questions indicated a correlation when compared to electronic cigarette use. The analysis found that alcohol use and substance use are directly related to electronic cigarette use in college students. College students who use electronic cigarettes are more likely to use alcohol one or more times within a 30-day period as well as drink five or more drinks in one sitting. College students who use electronic cigarettes are more likely to use marjuana and/or cocaine one or more times within a 30-day period. From this analysis, recommendations can be made about future programs or health messages with the focus on the use of electronic cigarettes on college campuses. Future interventions should focus on the known relationship between electronic cigarette use and alcohol use and substance use. Due to the rising popularity and increased usage, the American College Health Association should include more survey measures related to electronic cigarette use among college students.
    • Mental Wellness of Athletes In-Season Compared to Off-Season

      Lurz, Meaghan (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2020-05)
      Collegiate athletes face many stressors throughout their college careers that can impact them in a multitude of ways. One question that remains largely unknown regarding collegiate athletes and stress is whether stress is higher when an athlete is in-season or out of season. To conduct this study, 91 student-athletes at SUNY Brockport were surveyed about their mental status and wellbeing. Student-athletes were asked demographic questions 27 questions adapted from the Beck Depression Scale (Beck, 1961). Athletes in-season and out of season were surveyed in the Fall of 2019 to compare and contrast the results from both seasons. An independent two sample t-test analysis revealed the mental well-being of athletes was impacted more when they are in-season, compared to out of season. The results can help create new policies and recommendations for athletic departments to implement in order to ensure that student-athletes are taking care of themselves both physically and mentally given the demands placed upon student-athletes. Introduction
    • Alteration of the N-Terminus to analyze Enhancer of Rudimentary Homolog, ERH function

      Light, Kennedy (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      The enhancer of rudimentary gene, e(r), is the gene that encodes the Enhancer of Rudimentary Homolog protein (ERH). The amino acid structure of this protein, especially the first five amino acids which make up the N-terminus and the beginning of the first β-strand in the β-sheet of the protein’s secondary structure, have been found to be highly conserved among a wide variety of organisms, including vertebrates, insects, and protists. This suggests that these amino acids may play a key role in the activity of ERH, and that ERH may have a conserved function across organisms. Mutations in amino acids 2 through 5 were constructed and the mutant e(r) alleles were inserted into the third chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. The activity of the resulting mutant ERH proteins was assessed by their ability to rescue two mutant phenotypes of e(r) deletions – low viability of the single mutant and the synthetic lethality as a double mutant with a low-activity Notch mutation. Phenotypic observations of eye color show whether any of the mutations give rise to wild-type ratios of females versus males. The results indicate that the N-terminus of ERH is indeed necessary for its proper function, and that this function may be evolutionarily conserved.
    • Assessing the Effectiveness of Palliative Care Interventions for Advanced Critically Ill Patients at The End of Life

      Lavaud, Deborah A. K. (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-04)
      Palliative care (PC) is a broad philosophy of care that includes services focused on centering and optimizing the emotional, spiritual, and practical health care concerns of individuals battling severe illnesses. It is essential to relieving suffering brought on by these severe or life-threatening illnesses. This type of care offers a window of opportunity for both patients and families to improve their quality of life (QOL). This process can help patients live as actively as possible or comfortably until death. Palliative care does not aim to hasten or postpone death. This type of care can be received regardless of the patient’s disease course. Palliative care can be supplied with curative and life-prolonging therapy. It can also be provided when a patient’s condition is uncertain to improve and terminal.
    • Incarceration of Women with Mental Health Needs in the Netherlands as Compared to the United States: A Comparative Analysis of Trauma Responsiveness

      Lauinger, Shannon (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      This honors thesis highlights the lack of efficient mental health services within United States women’s county jails. Addressing mental health concerns among incarcerated women is crucial for the individuals overall health and the improvement of the criminal justice system as a collective. This thesis will include a comparison between the United States and the Netherlands mental health services in women’s jails, in order to explore where our country is lacking in these services. Comparing and contrasting the current mental health services in the United States with those provided in the Netherlands, including their responsiveness to trauma, will allow for an assessment of alignment with positive outcomes between a rehabilitative approach and a punitive approach for mental health concerns. A comparative analysis as well as a gap analysis are methods to identify recommendations for the United States to replicate the policies, practices, and systems utilized by the Netherlands including comprehensive social-emotional services, support services, trauma responsive services, and intervention services for women either currently incarcerated or those transitioning out of incarceration. Overall, by analyzing a country that has more efficient mental health approaches within their jails, I will conclude with services that the United States could implement to efficiently address mental health challenges among women who are incarcerated.
    • Dance Lineage: The Formation of Movement Copyright and Individual Artistic Identities

      Kotsch, Stephanie (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      Copyright in the dance world is often reserved for certain dance styles and companies of the larger scale. I am unpacking the many components of the 1976 Copyright Law and the other possible ways to illustrate movement background when making choreographic work. I accomplish this with a literature review of the Copyright law and how companies have used official means to protect their work. I also delve into different approaches of how artists can conserve their work, including movement citation and the lineage of dance forms. Using verbal cues in the class setting is an example of indicating the dance history and citing the original artist. The communication from teacher/choreographer to student/dancer keeps long-standing dance styles and movements alive between generations of artists. For the creative component of the research, I have choreographed a solo work that will be presented in the form of an in-progress video along with my written work. I have discovered more about my own artistic identity and how I realize the roots of my choreographic tendencies.
    • Attitudes Towards Unwanted Sexual Situations

      Jannsen, Cassandra (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      Undergraduate, female students are at a higher risk for unwanted sexual experiences. In 2014 White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault estimated that 1 in 5 women on college campuses have experienced sexual assault while in college (Muehlenhard et al., 2017). Prior research on stigma has focused on other identities such as members of the LGBTQ+ community, those living with HIV/AIDS and those with mental health challenges. While the adverse health outcomes associated with sexual assault are similar to those other stigmatized, concealable identities there has not been any research specifically focused on how stigma impacts sexual assault survivors. Minimal research has been conducted regarding their willingness to seek help after their experience. The present study aims to examine how self-stigma, perceived stigma, and attitudes towards unwanted sexual experiences impacts help-seeking behaviors in hypothetical scenarios. It also examines whether help-seeking behavior in hypothetical scenarios of sexual assault vary based on the source and gender of support. To answer these questions, 131 self-identified females enrolled in Principles of Psychology at SUNY Brockport completed an online survey via Qualtrics. Existing measures of perceived stigma and self-stigma of individuals with concealable identities were adapted for sexual assault.
    • Significant Social Others Influence on NSSI in the LGBTQIA+ Community: An Exploratory Analysis

      Gillett, Rachel M. (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      This qualitative study explored the effects of significant social others of those within the LGBTQIA+ community on their decision to self-harm. Five individuals participated in multiple interviews ranging from 35 minutes to an hour tapping into their life experiences and the perceived impact of the people with whom they interacted in their day-to-day lives. Data was collected via clinical interviews utilizing a conversational-style interview guide paired with a demographic survey. Data was analyzed using a grounded theory methodology, with a theoretical framework rooted in Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model. The themes that emerged were isolation, fear of judgement/rejection, lack of acceptance from parents, and secrecy. Exploring the link between significant social others and self-harm is of importance since those within the queer community exist with higher rates of mental illness, suicide, and self-harm. The current study will shed light on the true impact that significant social others have on these individuals and how important their support and care are for those within the queer community.
    • The Effect of Nitrate Supplementation by Beetroot Juice on Anaerobic Performance of Gymnasts Literature Review and Research Plan

      Eck, Amy (SUNY Brockport, Honors College, 2021-05)
      Research has been conducted to investigate dietary nitrate supplementation on improvements in athletic performance. Nitrate is a polyatomic ion obtained from diet that aids in vasodilation, vessel tone, and maintaining proper endothelial function. The first purpose of this thesis is to review the literature conducted on nitrate supplementation with a focus on anaerobic exercise performance. Nitrate supplementation has been shown to improve aspects of both aerobic and anaerobic performance due to the increased cardiovascular and metabolic demands of exercise, but results in anaerobic performance have been less consistent. The second purpose of this thesis is to propose a research design developed to investigate the use of beetroot juice on anaerobic performance of collegiate gymnasts. A randomized crossover design would have been used, including six days of supplementation with either beetroot juice or low-nitrate placebo, a gymnastics-specific anaerobic performance test, and a Wingate cycle ergometer test. Blood lactate levels would have been monitored during recovery after these tests to determine how nitrate supplementation impacts post-exercise blood lactate levels. This study was canceled due to COVID-19 research restrictions, but the literature review and experimental research design may provide insights to possible physiological benefits and mechanisms of nitrate supplementation.