• Assessment of Growth of Moral Development in Children Through Literature

      Kretzer, Hilary; The College at Brockport (1997-06-01)
      The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of children’s literature on moral growth in 3rd grade students. Twenty-eight 3rd graders from a suburban western New York school were examined, including 11 boys and 17 girls ages 8-9. The researcher uses a student survey to gauge initial student opinions/attitudes about honesty and respect. Students then undergo an 11 day classroom program in which they focus on those values through children’s literature. Results were mixed, with some students expressing confusion over survey questions, however, 31% of subjects showed an increase in their moral development, versus 8% who showed a decrease. Fifty-four percent of children showed both increases and decreases, leading the researcher to conclude that their moral development did not change, while 8% of children showed no increases or decreases. Implications for future research include studying a larger population, conducting the study over a longer-period of time, and the correlation between moral development and the specific value taught.
    • Assessment of the Stratigraphic Controls on Deltaic Subsidence in the Mississippi River Delta

      Autin, Whitney J.; DeRose, Nicole; The College at Brockport (2015-05-08)
      Louisiana’s coastlines are being lost due to a rise in sea level and land subsidence. This study isolates one aspect of land subsidence, called autocompaction, to access its contributions to overall subsidence. Autocompaction is the process where a growing sequence of sediments collapses due to an increasing overburden load. A total of 36 sediment cores from the Sale-Cypremort deltaic lobe were analyzed. Each core was divided into facies units of natural levee, marsh, poorly drained backswamp, and bay mud. A soil analysis was conducted along with the sediment cores. Each soil was identified as a facies type. By identifying facies, geotechnical parameters based on facies type were applied in an equation that solved for consolidation settlement, also called autocompaction (Sm). Autocompaction measures the decrease in layer thickness by vertical compression. The autocompaction values were compared to depth of facies, thickness of facies layers, as well as depth to Pleistocene. Results show that as thickness of facies layers increases, compaction increased. As depth to Pleistocene increased, compaction had a slight increasing trend. Natural levee facies can be considered firm and nearly incompressible, while marsh, poorly drained backswamp, and bay mud facies are soft and compressible.
    • Associations between Family Factors and Pre-adolescent Children’s Fitness

      Scheidt, Douglas M.; Bellnier, Kim Lizabeth; The College at Brockport (1996-05-01)
      This study examined the associations between family factors including: parental support/involvement, parental exercise behavior, parental rewards, children's perceptions of parental exercise behavior and children's fitness. The data were collected via a questionnaire for parents and a questionnaire for the fifth grade children from The Village Elementary School in Hilton, New York. The PACER test for cardiorespiratory endurance from the FITNESSGRAM test battery was also administered to the fifth grade students. Only paternal behaviors were significantly related to children's fitness. Therefore, a post hoc analysis was conducted to examine possible gender differences. For the variables of parental involvement/support, and parental exercise behavior there was a statistically significant relationship found between paternal involvement, paternal exercise habits and girls' fitness. In addition, there was a significant association found between girls' perceptions of father's exercise behavior and girls' fitness. There was no relationship found between parental rewards and children's fitness. Children's activity was significantly associated with their own fitness and children's perceptions of their parent's exercise behavior was correlated with their parent's self-report of personal exercise behavior. Implications of this study include the importance of father's modeling of exercise and its relationship with daughter's fitness.
    • Atheism: Young Hegelian Style

      Levine, Andrew; University of Maryland (2009-01-01)
      In the decade after the death of Hegel in 1833, a group of young philosophers sought to extend some of Hegel’s ideas to criticize contemporary thought and society. These were the so-called “Young Hegelians,” which included the young Karl Marx. With interest in Marx and Marxism on the wane, interest in the Young Hegelians has also subsided. That is unfortunate, since the Young Hegelians have much to teach us. This paper recounts the Young Hegelians’ critique of religion, beginning with that of Ludwig Feuerbach in his seminal work, The Essence of Christianity.
    • Attendance Works: The Effects of Truancy on High School Students Success

      Outland, Rafael; Bruce, Mark; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      Chronic absenteeism effects 5 to 7.5 million students in the United States. Students who are chronically absent are developmentally behind, suffer academically, and have increased negative behaviors in school. This results in students receiving lower academic marks affecting their GPA, receiving more referrals, and being retained. Chronic absenteeism is defined as students who are absent from school 20 or more days, 10 percent of the year, or 3 days in a month both excused and unexcused. The purpose of the study was to review chronic absenteeism at Brockport High School and determine the correlation between students GPA, the referrals they received, and retention rate. Brockport High School reported having 140 students (e.g. 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th graders) chronically absent from school during the 2014-2015 school year. The findings in the results displayed that there was a correlation between chronic absenteeism and the three variables (GPA, Referrals, and Retention). The results are further discussed as well as those limitations and implications of the research. Recommendations for further studies are explored as well.
    • Attitudes and Beliefs amongst Parents and Students in Mathematics

      Wainwright, Jamie; The College at Brockport (2011-05-01)
      The purpose of this quantitative teacher action research project is to investigate the relationship between the attitudes and preconceived notions that parents have with their children's drive and performance in a high school mathematics class. Many other researchers have looked at the pure involvement of parents but I would like to go farther than that and look at the actual kind of involvement. When parents have had bad experiences with mathematics, does that correlate with their child's attitudes toward the class? Do these attitudes have a connection with the expectations parents have on the grades their children should be receiving in mathematics? Do the parents' prior experiences with math have a relationship with the level of their involvement in their students' math education? Will the implementation of a parent-involvement strategy such as family homework assignments help to improve these attitudes? It is very important that we find answers to these questions so we can improve the attitudes of society towards mathematics. If there is a correlation between parent's attitudes and their students' achievement, we can implement programs that may intervene and create a better family relationship with mathematics. The world revolves around mathematics and we need to make sure that students have all of the support needed to be successful in this subject area.
    • Attitudes of Students Toward Science Education and Innovative Teaching Strategies to Overcome Low Achievement in the Secondary Science Classroom

      Robinson, Scott D.; Baker, Patricia E.; Brazwell, Margaret Marie; The College at Brockport (2001-07-01)
      A student’s attitude can greatly impact their learning experience. This study utilizes two methods to measure the attitude of students in secondary science classrooms, direct questioning of students and teachers and surveys using Likert and Semantic Differential Scales. Surveys of teachers show that the majority feel teaching science to be a beneficial, challenging, and meaningful experience and that a positive attitude is necessary for student achievement. Students showed an underlying positive attitude toward science learning, though some found the classes to be boring or difficult. The author argues positive attitudes may stimulate the behavior necessary to become engaged in learning and allow teachers to more easily meet their students’ learning needs. To increase positive attitudes towards science, they argue for an increase use in classroom and laboratory demonstration, with students observing and engaging in the scientific process.
    • Attitudes towards Condom Usage among College-Going Women

      Banerjee, Priya; Carson, Caitlyn; The College at Brockport (2015-05-10)
      This thesis looks at differences in attitudes toward condom usage across ethnicities and age for college women. A 25 question MCAS Multidimensional Condom Attitudes Scale, along with three questions to measure cultural influence written by the researcher and a demographic survey was given to 100 female students on the campus of The College at Brockport. The survey sought to answer the primary research question: Is there a difference in attitudes towards condom usage among college-going Hispanic women and women of other ethnicities? The research question was constructed with a broader goal of exploring two questions of practical application: If the researcher were to discover that the general attitude toward condom use were to be assessed at a low level across ethnicities, what could be done to improve attitudes towards condom use and frequency of condom use? Secondly, if there were to be a difference in attitudes toward condom use between ethnicities, what would be the cause of such a difference? The ANOVA test determined that there was no statistically significant difference in attitudes towards condom usage in any of the five subscales between ethnic groups. Thus eliminating the question as to whether or not attitudes are culturally informed. Additionally, tests indicated that, although attitudes towards condom usage are generally positive, this did not appear to improve condom usage.
    • Attitudes Towards Women Among Inner-City Seventh Graders

      Begy, Gerald; Avery, Laurel A.; The College at Brockport (1989-12-01)
      The purpose of this study was to explore seventh-grade students’ attitudes about women. This was completed in two phases: An adapted, Attitudes About Women survey, and through student drawings. Participants were asked to, "Draw a woman doing something." Students who participated in this study were enrolled in an inner-city, upstate New York school district. The subjects were selected at random. Two hundred and fifty-three students constituted the population sampled. Group responses, using a Likert scale of, strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree, were analyzed using a standard deviation formula. The ancillary purpose of the study was to measure the attitudes of seventh grade students towards women. The most significant piece of data acquired was, when asked to complete using a written format, student responses were very liberal. Data showed women should receive equal pay for the equivalent jobs of males and the provision of childcare should be shared equally. Pictorial responses of the students still depicted women in traditional roles, e.g., secretarial, teacher, homemaker, and others. It should be noted that women were portrayed in non-traditional roles, also. The closeness in percentage of these numbers suggests that the potential exists for elimination of women in traditional roles – that perhaps gender differences will be eliminated eventually.
    • Attitudes, Beliefs, and Perceptions of College Level Students

      Wade, Carol H.; Weise, Lindsay C.; The College at Brockport (2012-12-01)
      The purpose of this research is to examine the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of college level students enrolled in an algebra course at the community college level. A survey was given to measure mathematical attitudes, beliefs, and math anxiety. Significant findings were found when looking at the difference in prior mathematics courses, repeating college algebra, enrollment status, gender, and age. By identifying the preconceived notions and beliefs that students have about mathematics and their academic ability, a teacher can use this knowledge to better meet the needs of students.
    • Audience Emotion & Experience as a Source for the Development of New Marketing Strategies for Concert Dance

      Maloney, Mariah; Fraga, Maurice A.; The College at Brockport (2016-08-06)
      Traditional concert dance marketing strategies tend to rely exclusively on the use of abstracted body language to transmit meaning from digital and stage presentations to the eyes of viewers. These images can be highly attractive to dance audience and fellow artists who follow and relate to this genre of performance, but are typically beyond the reach and interest of most non-dance spectators. This research investigates how the study of sports and music marketing strategies, in relation to how they connect to their respective audiences, may give new insights and directions in how concert dance advertising plans can incorporate more emotional and relatable content to non-dance spectators who do not have the same sensibility and history with abstract physical language. By embracing more well-rounded and balanced approaches to promotion such as those currently being put forth by the sport and music sectors, the concert dance industry can help infuse their dance marketing efforts with a fresh jolt of personal engagement, encouraging the general public to see concert dance as a viable form of entertainment and art that can have relevance and value to their lives.
    • Augmented Reality Technology Used To Enhance Informal Science Learning

      Veronesi, Peter; Reidy, Erin; State University of New York College at Brockport (2018-05-11)
      With science advancements ever-changing and an increased use of multimedia to display information to the public, science literacy and critical thinking skills are important for the public to keep up to date. Students will need to know how to interpret science information they are faced with throughout their lives to make decisions and critique scientific arguments (Squire & Mingfong, 2007). Science education reform is becoming more focused on incorporating science practices with the use of tools and processes to enhance learning. An authentic learning experience can be described as experiencing real problems and consequences in context (Rosenbaum et al., 2007). Augmented reality technology can be used to create authentic learning experiences as it allows for many unique affordances in the field such as place based learning context, personal embodiment of a role, and solving a problem modeling real life science research.This paper will examine augmented reality technology in science education and the pedagogical support behind this technique. The project is comprised of a literature review discussing the benefits and support for augmented reality games used in science education followed by the descriptions of six different augmented reality science games that were created using the online platform “Taleblazer”.
    • Authentic Topics as Organizers for Instruction

      Hoppe, Katherine; Moulton, Cassandra M.; The College at Brockport (2012-12-14)
      Context based approaches including STS, STSE, and SSI instruction have the potential to promote student content knowledge, deepen student understanding of the nature of science tenants, strengthen student argumentation skills, and promote student motivation and interest in science. This capstone project is a compilation of forty meaningful, curriculum generated science topics, which can be used as a foundation for designing lessons that incorporate strategies to promote written or verbal argumentation in living environment courses. The topics were selected such that their implementation would not significantly disrupt the existing organization of science content within a district curriculum. The project demonstrates the potential for context based approaches including STS, STSE, and SSI to be used in courses where science content to be taught is dictated by state standards and a major reorganization of the curriculum is not possible.
    • Autism Spectrum Disorder: Comparing the use of Behavior Therapy to Medication Therapy

      Chesebro, Jennifer M.; Biondolillo, Sarah; The College at Brockport (2017-05-01)
      Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopmental lifelong disorder that significantly affects everyday functioning. The most abundant issues associated with autism include social and language dysfunction. With sharply increasing rates treatment options need to be recognized and studied in order to provide the community with the necessary information. Evidence-based practice needs to be identified through individual studies as well as studies comparing treatment types to classify the best and most current treatment options. Currently there are two main types of treatment available for individuals with autism: behavioral and pharmacological. There is limited research comparing different options in each treatment type, therefore I would like to focus my project on a comprehensive comparison of all types of behavioral and pharmacological treatments available for children with autism.
    • Autobiography of Alfred Matthew Runion

      Runion, Eric N.; The College at Brockport (2003-11-10)
      The introduction of this thesis project discusses the autobiography as a genre that combines the writing conventions of both literature and history while not purely representing either. It examines the role and perspective of the narrator and writer as they compose and, to some extent, assume the role of re-arranger of personal details and historical timeline that presumes a theocratic view of the life presented in the autobiographical form. At the same time, a public, simultaneous history emerges as it is affected by the narrator’s lens. This revisionist aspect, caused by the autobiographic writing of unlettered individuals, is examined as it has ability to alter perceived understanding of historical events. Manuscript and writing drafts are also explored in the discussion of autobiography and narrative composition. Writing conventions are examined as strengths or weaknesses of the autobiography contained in the later section of the project. The remaining section of the project is the autobiography of Alfred M. Runion.
    • Autonomy, Education, Virtue

      Clarkin, Seamus (2018-12-18)
      The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT might imply we ought to facilitate their flourishing for their own sake, rather than for the sake of some measurement-based outcome. Rather than view autonomy supportive pedagogy as an instrumental means to an end, educators may benefit from considering autonomy supportive pedagogy as a form of pedagogical virtue which can be cultivated through practice.
    • Autonomy, Education, Virtue

      Giblin, Thomas R.; Jones, Dawn; Clarkin, Seamus (2018-12-18)
      The ways in which educators have tried to implement autonomy support have typically been constrained by their pedagogical interests and demands from above for certain threshold levels of performance. In our current educational system, this treats autonomy as a means to the end of measurement-based outcomes. The research on autonomy such as self-determination theory (SDT) often acknowledges the significance as a matter of background, but the actual ways teachers bring it into class is typically much more superficial than what might be possible with authentic cognitive autonomy support. Further, the innate status of the three needs put forth by SDT might imply we ought to facilitate their flourishing for their own sake, rather than for the sake of some measurement-based outcome. Rather than view autonomy supportive pedagogy as an instrumental means to an end, educators may benefit from considering autonomy supportive pedagogy as a form of pedagogical virtue which can be cultivated through practice.
    • Avian Flu: An AgentSheets Project

      Evans, Cleveland; Rodriguez, Caroline; Sheffer, Christopher; The College at Brockport (2006-01-05)
      To use Agent Sheets software to tract the spread of the Avian Flu given certain factors.
    • Avoiding Death Like the Plague: Wound Care in the Roman Army

      Dougherty, Gwendolyn E.; Nazareth College of Rochester (2018-06-01)
      At its peak, Roman Empire controlled over two million square miles of territory. To conquer and control that much land, Rome produced a highly skilled army. Casualties and deaths were to be expected, but ancient medical sources about caring for the wounded in the Roman army point to treatments considered advanced for the time period. Galen of Pergamum was an important contributor to this field. The use of food products and natural resources helped combat infections, healing the wounded soldiers and returning them to their military units. This paper identifies and analyzes what those specific products for wound care were and how they worked as effective medical treatments.
    • Award Books vs. Children’s Choices: Middle Ground on the Playground?

      Blake, Robert W.; Gursslin, Carol Cox; The College at Brockport (1984-12-01)
      Past research has indicated that Award books like the Newbery and Caldecott Award books are not always favorites of children. Instead, picture books chosen by youngsters for their peers are often more readily received and enjoyed by this elementary age group. The purpose of this study was to test the judgments of 20 first-grade students and three educators where 24 picture books were concerned. Ten of the books were Caldecott Award books chosen by a librarian, and fourteen of the books were selected by a six-year-old boy. Several considerations were studied. Interrater agreement among the children was determined as well as the accuracy of prediction of the educators in their attempt to pinpoint which books they believed the children would like most and least. Also, the educators rated the overall quality of the books, looking specifically at content, illustrations and theme/moral. The intent was to determine whether or not these teachers would rate the Award books the highest as had panels of judges and critics from years past. The 24 book covers were hidden so the children and adults would not see any of the Caldecott medals. Results showed that, while they have minds of their own and think on the same lines, the children were well understood by the educators where book preferences were concerned. That is, the Award books were found to be liked equally as well as the nonawardwinners by the children. The percentage of agreement among the children for each book was generally high: two-thirds of the class agreed on 16 of the 24 books or 67% of the choices given them. Yet the teachers had an almost perfect agreement with the children (r_s= .99) when they judged which books they believed the children would like most and least. Finally, the three educators proved to be very fine judges of quality picture books, assuming that the Caldecott Award books were truly deserving of the medals. The mean ratings showed that seven of the ten Award books were ranked in the top fiftieth percent with the remaining three placing 13th, 14th and 15th. The nine lowest-rated books were all nonawardwinners. It was noted, however, that the adults recognized a few of the books as Award books based on their past usage of them with students or their own children. Nonetheless, each adult remained as objective as possible during the ratings. The investigator concluded that first-grade students will agree quite often on books they prefer. They show no significant preference for Award books over books without the honors given by critics. The educators in the study had an excellent vision of which books the children would prefer, and they were quite adept in their selection of quality picture books worthy of Awards. Teachers should consider the choices of children where literature is concerned, continue to understand children's interests and search for a balance between the generations when choices must be made in the classroom and library.