• Treatment and Rehabilitation of Femoral Acetabular Impingement

      Henry, Timothy; Bannister, Emily; The College at Brockport (2017-05-05)
      Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) is a complex disorder of the hip that involves damage to the bones of the coxofemoral joint typically as a result of repetitive movements near the end range of the hip. The etiology, pathology, and prognosis of the disorder will be discussed in addition to clinical techniques used to recognize and diagnose the injury. Treatment options will also be examined including both a conservative treatment and a surgical intervention. The rehabilitation protocol will follow a step-by-step progression which will start immediately post-operation and progress through the months that follow all the way until the individual returns to competitive athletics. This rehabilitation protocol will be highly individualized therefore it is important to focus on clinical goals and patient goals while designing the progression.
    • Treatment of Female Politicians and Impact on Voter Perception in the U.S.

      Bygall, Jenna B. (2019-08-09)
      This essay explores the treatment of female politicians in the United States government and the impact of negative treatment on potential candidates as well as voters’ perception of said candidates. Readers may obtain a better understanding of the stereotypes, double standards, and biases that are projected upon female politicians in the U.S. This work is based on a literature review of peer-reviewed journal entries, research-based books, and credible news sources.
    • Treatment of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Using the MyoKinesthetic System: A Case Serie

      Chapman, Erin; Thistle, Sara; The College at Brockport (2018-05-16)
      Objective: The purpose of this case series was twofold: to compare and identify the physiological and muscular differences between those with MTSS and those without MTSS as well as assess the MyoKinesthetic System’s (MYK) effect on medial tibial stress syndrome in a physically active population compared to ice massage and stretching the gastrocnemius/soleus complex and plantar fascia. Methods: The case series was completed in a state college athletic training facility. Six participants, all physically active, were included in the study. Two of the participants were included in the experimental groups due to complaints of MTSS pain and 4 participants with no pain or prior history of MTSS were placed in the control group. Mean age for the six participants was 20.3 (SD=1.86). Each participant answered select patient-rated outcome measures (PROM) and were analyzed via a navicular drop test and MyoKinesthetic System posture screen. The participant randomly placed in experimental group A was treated with a MYK System treatment and the participant placed in experimental group B was treated with traditional methods (i.e. ice massage, stretching of the gastrocnemius/soleus complex, rolling of the plantar fascia). Evidence of improvement in participant’s function and pain were based on the select PROMs. Results: The participant in experimental group A (MYK) presented with a “normal” navicular drop measurement, whereas the participant in experimental group B (traditional treatment) showed an “abnormal” navicular drop measurement in her right foot only. The control group had a lower average navicular drop measurement than both experimental participants. The experimental participants had greatest dysfunction at the L5 and S1 nerve root levels based on the MYK System posture screen. Similarly, the control group exhibited dysfunctions at the L5 and S1 levels. The participant who received the MYK System treatment improved in all 6 PROMs and the participant treated with the traditional treatment reported decreases in her overall function and an increase in her perceived pain based on the 6 PROMs. Conclusion: No relationship could be determined from the small, homogeneous sample size, but the trends in participant’s responses to treatment were in support of the MYK System as an effective treatment for MTSS. No obvious postural differences were not found between the experimental and control groups.
    • Trends in Mirex Concentration in Lake Ontario Salmonines and Sediments

      Richardson, Hilary L.; The College at Brockport (2004-09-01)
      Chinook (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and coho (0. tshawytscha) salmon and sediment cores collected from Lake Ontario during the summer and fall of 2003 were subsequently analyzed for mirex and photomirex. Mirex in fish tissue ranged from 0.011 mg/kg to 0.094 mg/kg (mean 0.048 mg/kg). Photomirex in fish ranged from 0.005 mg/kg to 0.045 mg/kg (mean 0.020 mg/kg). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to test for differences between mirex concentrations among all sampling years. A significant difference occurred between all sampling years (p=0.000). Temporal trends in mirex concentration were determined by testing for differences in the slope of the regression line of mirex concentration versus weight using analysis of covariance (ANCVOA). The 2003 sampling year was significantly different than all other sampling years (p=0.000) except 1999 (p=0.081). A comparison of the elevation of each regression line determined that the elevation lines for 2003 and 1999 were significantly different than all years (p=0.000). There was no significant difference between the elevations lines among the 2003 and 1999 sampling years. Mirex detected in sediment cores from Lake Ontario had a mean concentration of 134.01 µg/kg. A paired t-test indicated no significant difference in mirex concentration between correlating sample intervals of the cores.
    • Trends in Mirex Residue Levels in Lake Ontario Salmon – 1977 to 1992: Also Included Levels for Photomirex, DDT, DDD, DDE, PCB and Dieldrin

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Merner, Mary E.; The College at Brockport (1995-05-01)
      Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) collected from Lake Ontario during the fall of 1992 were analyzed for mirex, photomirex, DDT, DDD, DDE, PCBs and dieldrin. Mirex in fillet tissue ranged from 0.095 to 0.48 mg/kg (mean= 0.24 mg/kg). Analysis of variance (ANOV A) revealed no significant difference (P=0.285) between mean mirex residue values for fish collected in 1977, 1982, 1986 and 1992. However, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), considering the covariate weight, indicated a statistically significant difference between 1977 and 1982, 1986 and 1992 mirex levels (P=0.001). Comparison of 1982, 1986 and 1992 by ANCOVA revealed no significant decrease in mirex levels. The following chlorinated hydrocarbons were also detected in fish tissue: photomirex (mean = 0 .10 mg/kg), DDT (mean= 0.17 mg/kg), DDD (mean= 0.071 mg/kg), DDE (mean= 0.82 mg/kg) and PCB (mean= 0.85 mg/kg). Dieldrin was only detected in the egg samples.
    • Trends in the Naming of Modern Indian Children

      Som, Kanika (2014-10-15)
      Naming of children becomes an important ritual in the lives of Hindu Indians. Children are often named after epic gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines. Names are also made up to reflect desirable qualities or personal features. This paper reviews the trends in the naming of modern Indian children, which have passed through different phases since the times of Rig Veda, the Upanishads, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and the dramas of Kalidas. Such names were, by their very nature, classic, but starting with the nineteenth century, with the inception of the Indian Renaissance in Bengal, the names had initially linkages to the medieval past and then moved on to more innovative ones. However, most recently, the wheel seems to have come full circle, for one observes the phenomenon of naming children with long, classical names. A plausible reason could be the longing to maintain mooring to the past in the midst of the tension of modernism.
    • Triangles Ramps and Energy

      Cooper, Susan; Winter, Fayne; Bedgood, Larry; The College at Brockport (2004-08-12)
      Students will be able to identify the base and height in different types of triangles.
    • Tributary Loadings of Priority Pollutants to Lake Ontario: A Prototype Approach Employing Surrogate Parameters

      Richards, R. Peter; Eckhardt, David A.V.; Heidelberg College; USGS (2011-05-01)
      The objective of the project, therefore, was to develop and evaluate an annual load model for PCB transport in the Black River through the use of streamflow data, seasonality variables, and concentrations of suspended sediment (SS), total particulate nitrogen (TPN), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and particulate organic carbon (POC) concentrations as load predictors. The data and load models will provide a characterization of the occurrence of the specific PCB congeners and the factors that control dissolved and particulate PCB transport in the Black River to Lake Ontario. The organization of the project and the project schedule are described in Appendix B.
    • Trigging Deeper into the Identities; A Comprehensive Approach

      Wade, Carol; Williams, Sa'adia (SUNY Brockport, Department of Education and Human Development, 2022-05)
      These lessons on trigonometric identities were designed to maximize student understanding and minimize teacher lift in terms of planning. They were created to foster an environment of collaboration in a mathematics classroom. This thesis delves into teaching students the three Pythagorean trigonometric identities and later the trigonometric sum and difference formulas as a way of deepening students’ knowledge before they are tasked with tackling their advanced mathematics courses.
    • Trophic Interactions: the Relative Importance of Dreissena Filtration and Daphnia Grazing on Phytoplankton Abundance and Water Clarity

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Desormeaux, Eileen M. Malloy; The College at Brockport (1993-12-01)
      A series of controlled laboratory experiments were performed (n=4) to determine the effects of Dreissena filtration and Daphnia grazing on phytoplankton abundance and water clarity. Dreissena consumed significantly more phytoplankton than Daphnia at 48 and 72 hours in vessels containing a single herbivore (Daphnia or Dreissena). Dreissena reduced phytoplankton abundance by 39% overall, while Daphnia reduced 19% of the phytoplankton. However, an additive effect was not observed in vessels containing both herbivores. Phosphorus cycling by Daphnia and cycling and retention by Dreissena changed the dynamics of the vessels significantly. Ultimately, it is likely that Dreissena will increase water clarity to a greater extent than Daphnia due to the differences in phosphorus cycling exhibited by both herbivores.
    • Trophic Level Changes and Alewife Predation on Conesus Lake

      Puckett, Norma L.; The College at Brockport (1989-05-01)
      Conesus Lake has gone through a series of changes within its trophic levels. Walleye have been declining in numbers since the early 1970's. The introduction of an obligate planktivore, the alewife, in the late 1970's resulted in a rapidly expanding planktivore population and poorer water quality. Attempts at biomanipulation were begun in 1985 with yearly stockings of 65,000 3-5 cm walleye fingerlings. While these fingerling plantings were not successful, nevertheless alewife in Conesus Lake declined by 41% from 1985 to 1988. A likely cause for this decline is a decrease in the alewife's forage base. In 1988, this study was initiated to evaluate the effect of biomanipulation on water quality and zooplankton community structure. The expected shift to a larger zooplankton community was not observed. The weighted mean length of zooplankton declined from a value of 0.60 mm in 1972-73 to 0.23 mm in 1985 down to 0.18 mm by 1988. Ninety-eight percent of the 1988 zooplankton were less than 0.35 mm in size and ninety-three percent of the crustacean zooplankton were less than 0.35 mm. Zooplankton biomass in 1988 decreased to one-half the biomass of 1985. The zooplankton community changed from a Rotifera-Eucopepoda (calanoids and cyclopoids) -Cladcocera community in 1985 to a Rotifera-Cladocera Eucopepoda (cyclopoids) assemblage by 1988. The disappearance of Diaptomus and appearance of Eucyclops agilis and Macrocyclops albidus in the pelagic waters of Conesus Lake were unexpected. Water quality did not improve as expected. Turbidity, chlorophyll a, pH and soluble reactive phosphorous increased significantly (P < 0.022) within the epilimnion in 1988 compared to 1985.
    • Trophic Status of Conesus Lake 2014: Long-term Trends in Lake Chemistry and the Plankton Community

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (2014-12-01)
      Conesus Lake, considered a eutrophic lake in the late 1960s (Mills, 1975) and one of the smaller of the Finger Lakes of western New York, is used for recreation and fishing and is a source of municipal water for several local communities. The shoreline area is densely populated with residences, primarily year-round homes. The upstream area is a mixture of agricultural land and mixed deciduous hardwood forests encompassing an area of 16,714 ha. In 1999 about half of the entire land use within the Conesus Lake watershed was and continues to be in agriculture. Much of the agriculture (~70%) is concentrated in the western subwatersheds of the lake (SOCL, 2002). In general, the watershed is characterized by slight slopes at the northern outlet and southern inlet areas and steeper slopes along the flanks and southern portion of the lake. There are numerous tributaries and rivulets that enter the lake (Forest et al., 1978) and account for large amounts of erosion and sediment that enter the lake system. For example, in August 2005, Stantec Consulting Services (2005) indicated that most of the 12 stream reaches visited were in an unstable state due to the heavy sediment supplies of the past and the related geomorphic adjustment. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) listed Conesus Lake on its Priority Waterbody List (303d)(NYSDEC, 2013) due to elevated phosphorus levels and high oxygen demand. The DEC identified the lake as impaired for boating and bathing purposes, stressed relative to fishing and aesthetics, and threatened as a water supply. The Livingston County Planning Department reported the following problems as being critical to the degraded health of Conesus Lake: 1) weed growth and invasive species, 2) increased algae from phosphorus loading, 3) pathogens from animal waste, 4) pesticides from residential and agricultural sources, 5) increasing salts from deicing chemicals on impervious surfaces, and 6) erosion from various landuse practices and developments (SOCL, 2002). Since then, monitoring and management plans for land use have been recommended and/or updated (Makarewicz et al., 2008, 2012a,b; Makarewicz and Lewis 2009; CLWC, 2011) A major achievement 7 of long-term monitoring on Conesus Lake is the creation of a database that can be used as a tool to assess the trophic health of the lake over time. Measuring selected chemicals, such as phosphorus, and the transparency of water and determining the amount of algae (chlorophyll measured) in the water allow us to answer whether management practices have had any effect on the lake. The goal of this project was to update information on the water chemistry of Conesus Lake to determine if any progress has been made in improving water quality.
    • Tropical Wind Stress from Time-Averaged Winds

      Lander, Mark; Sadler, James C.; Maliekal, Jose; Hori, Arnold; The College at Brockport; University of Hawaii, Honolulu (1989-09-01)
      Oceanwide direct measurement of the surface wind stress is impracticable; instead, the wind stress must be parameterized in terms of individual shipboard wind reports. The number of ship observations, however, are insufficient over the tropical oceans for an adequate analysis of the wind stress. A method is developed to take advantage of the monthly mean wind field which can be determined by meshing several sources of data with the ship observations. It is shown that a single empirical correction factor can be used to estimate the surface pseudostress from monthly mean winds for all months throughout the oceanic tropics.
    • Trust as Robustly Moral

      Carse, Alisa; Georgetown University (2010-10-01)
      Trust is more than mere reliance on another person. To trust someone is to rely on her goodwill for the care of something valuable. It is to have a confident expectation that the other person will take care of the valuable thing because she recognizes its value to you. It is to expect her to take care of it because she recognizes that she should take care of it. Therefore trust is a robustly moral attitude.
    • Truth and Convention in Morality

      Taylor, Richard; University of Rochester (1977-01-01)
      The author considers the question of whether there is one true or valid set of moral principles, or whether all ethics are the distillation of our inherited codes and prohibitions.
    • Truth in Fiction

      Baker, Timothy R.; The College at Brockport (2011-04-16)
      According to literary tradition and genre classification, fiction has often been regarded as writing that lacks a foundation of truth. However, this does not necessarily mean that fiction contains no elements of truth. In this thesis, Timothy Baker argues that fiction contains traces of truth - truths that may not be fundamentally based on facts, yet can still be recognized as embodying the deep-seated essence of truth. These “essential truths”, though largely shunned from the nonfiction genre, can be utilized to establish the groundwork of fiction - making the genre a reflection of reality itself - instead of a captured moment of reality. Fiction that contains essential truths, though not based on actual events, can still be recognized as realistic and existentially valuable. This thesis includes three short works of creative writing by Timothy Baker: “Letters from Llea" a creative essay, "Perfection," a short story, and "Desperate Desires," also a short story all of which, he argues in the introduction, contain essential truths.
    • Twelvemile Creek Niagara County, New York

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Nowak, Matthew J.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      The east branch of Twelvemile Creek (69 mi2) flows through northern Niagara County to its mouth at Lake Ontario 12 miles east of the Niagara River, near the village of Wilson, New York. From fall through spring, good runs of steelhead and brown trout with the occasional Chinook and Coho salmon occur into the creek. Agriculture, especially row crop farming, is predominant within the watershed, though natural protected land is also plentiful. The Wilson-Tuscarora State Park provides a buffer between the creek and agriculture immediately around the mouth of the creek, while upstream farms directly line the creek. Nuisance algae, bacterial abundance, and algal mat development along the southern shoreline of Lake Ontario are major causes of beach closings, fouling the nearshore waters and limiting water recreation. This short report provides a synopsis of data collected monthly from May through September (2003 to 2009) on the water quality of Twelvemile Creek and the lakeside (swimmable depth) of Lake Ontario near the mouth of the creek.
    • Twentieth-Century Transformations: Sexualities Defined and Sexual Expression Expanded

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2014-06-01)
      Alison Parker reviews the following books: Margot Canaday. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in TwentiethCentury America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009. xiv + 277 pp. Illustrations, notes, and index. $19.95 (paper). Leigh Ann Wheeler. How Sex. Became a Civil Liberty. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. xiv + 327 pp. Notes, bibliography, and index. $34.95.
    • Twice is Nice: An Exploration of Ambiguity in Playwriting and Performance in Theatre

      Kuhn, Frank; Kaminska, Cody; The College at Brockport (2016-05-04)
      The author shares her experiences directing and producing two short plays using two different sets of actors, and varying character development, lighting, set designs and costumes. She examines what worked well, and what did not and the effect the actors had on the individual productions.
    • Twin Koi

      Franek, Sabrina; The College at Brockport (2015-05-01)