• Scholarly Communication: From Understanding to Engagement

      Myers, Kim L.; Orzech, Mary Jo; Oyer, Julie M.; The College at Brockport (2017-05-31)
      Presentation given at the 2017 CIT conference reporting on the results of the 2016 Innovation in Instructional Technology Grant.
    • School Attendance of High School Dropouts

      Beers, Morris J.; Hazard, Amy C.; The College at Brockport (1993-07-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine if there is an identifiable pattern of absences for elementary school student who eventually drop out of high school. If so, attendance patterns could be used as an indicator for students at risk or dropping out. Using attendance data, the study investigated these absences. This study examined the elementary attendance records of 42 high school dropouts. All of these students attended school in the Fulton City School District. The study began by looking at grade levels. For each grade level, the percentage of each day of the week missed was calculated. The purpose of this was to determine if there was one particular day of the week, at each grade level, that was most likely to be missed. The next step was to determine if there was a particular day that was most commonly missed overall. The results of this analysis indicated that there is no one day that is more likely to be missed. In addition, a percentage of absences for each grade level was calculated. The purpose was to determine if there is an increase in the number of absences with increase in grade level. Results of the study did not support this idea. Finally, two students were examined more closely to determine if there was a pattern to their absences over three or more years. This analysis also failed to find any pattern that would be useful in identifying potential dropouts. While poor attendance is known to be an indicator of students at risk of dropping out, the specifics of particular days missed does not seem to be useful in identifying these students.
    • School Climate and Rituals

      DiGuardi, Paula; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      A study was conducted to asses the quality of a high school's climate. School violence, bullying, absenteeism/dropout rates and suspension rates are some of the problems that exist in schools and are affected by and affect school climate. Other factors related to school climate that were discussed included student development, student learning, and relationships within schools. This study also discussed characteristics of positive school climates and how schools can improve their climates, with a focus on the use of rituals. It assessed student perceptions of their school's climate through the use of a questionnaire. It was discovered that some aspects of this school's climate were positive, while others were areas of concern.
    • School Counseling Program

      Carter, Todd J.; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      A graduate student discussed the need for revision of a comprehensive school counseling program. With use of literature pertaining information on guidance and school counseling programs, this student reviewed a number of various models. Student developed and conducted a survey to ascertain the current status and perceptions of the student body and staff regarding the Student Services Center and its counselors. The student then presented a summary of findings and implications for future programs, curriculum, and services.
    • School Counseling Services and Student Academic Success

      Howe, Sally A.; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      The importance of research in the school counseling field as well as a brief description of school counseling services was presented with attention paid to comprehensive developmental school counseling programs and how they can affect student outcomes. A review of the research literature in individual, small group and large group/classroom guidance counseling was discussed. Data from research done in a middle school on students who received on-going counseling services during the 2007-2008 school year was presented and analyzed as well as compared to the literature found on the subject of counseling and academic achievement. Implications for the counseling profession were discussed as were possible future directions for research.
    • School Counselors Support Student Spirituality Through Developmental Assets, Character Education, and ASCA Competency Indicators.

      Dobmeier, Robert; The College at Brockport (2011-06-01)
      This article identifies the Search Institute's Developmental Assets, character education, and the ASCA National Model's Competency Indicators as education-based programs in which spirituality is accessed for children to enhance resiliency. The author presents school counselor interventions based on these three programs that mutually support spiritual with other developmental domains. He also identifies responsibilities of school counselors, professional organizations, district stakeholders, and counselor educators to address ethical and legal concerns.
    • School Counselors' Experience of the Impact of Student Suicide: A Qualitative Narrative

      Bowman, Stacy; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      This article focuses on the effects that a student loss to suicide has on school counselors. It is unfortunate that this profession places counselors at a high risk for experiencing the loss of a student to suicide as they work closely with at-risk students on a daily basis. In this study, a qualitative narrative method was used to explore the personal and professional impact resulting from the suicidal experience. Recommendations are made to help school counselors cope with such an overwhelming tragedy.
    • School Health Scoliosis Referrals: A Descriptive Study of the Diagnosis, Treatment and Follow Up Rate of Scoliosis in Relation to Age, Sex and Ethnicity of Sixth Grade Students in the Rochester City School

      Kolacki, Eugene C.; Reddington, Ann K.; The College at Brockport (1980-01-01)
      This research was designed to assess the effectiveness of a school screening program for scoliosis among 294 sixth grade students in the Rochester City School District during the 1978-1979 school year. Data was collected regarding sex, ethnicity, age, follow up status, diagnosis, and treatment of the referred. More females (172) were referred than males (122). Whites comprised half of the study (135), with Blacks (128) next, followed by Spanish (25), and Orientals (6), respectively. Of the total number referred, only 143, or forty-eight and sixth tenths (48.6) percent, had follow up. This percentage of follow up is quite low, but other studies assessing the effectiveness of school health referrals report similar statistics. Only 52 of those seen by their health care provider actually were diagnosed as having scoliosis. The range of age was from nine to sixteen with forty-eight (48) percent, or 142 students, being 12-13 years old which is the average age of a sixth grader. The mean age was approximately the same in each follow up category and it was concluded that age was not an important variable in this study. A chi-square test was applied to the interrelationship between the sex of the referred and their follow up care to ascertain if one sex tended to seek evaluation more than the other. The hypothesis was rejected as there was a difference in the sexes, males having a greater follow up rate than females. The correlation between the follow up status of the referred and ethnicity was accepted after a chi-square analysis revealed that one ethnic group did not tend to seek follow up care more than any other group. However, percentage distributions indicated a greater no follow up rate in the Black and Puerto Rican ethnic groups. Over half of those seen by their health care provider had a normal diagnosis. The connection between the sex and diagnosis was questioned and statistically there was a relationship between sex of followed up students and diagnosis, females having scoliosis more often than males. Data collected regarding diagnosis of those followed up and their ethnicity demonstrated that ethnic groups did not tend to have one diagnosis more than the other. There was no difference in the treatment of scoliosis between males and females. A Fisher-exact test was used to test the interrelationship between these two variables and the hypothesis was accepted. The last hypothesis inquired as to the connection between ethnic groups and treatment, and when a Fisher-exact test was applied to the data, ethnicity had nothing to do with the prescribed treatment.
    • School Personnel Attitudes and Knowledge Towards LGBTQ Students

      Reiner, Summer; Mollura, Jenna; The College at Brockport (2017-12-01)
      Literature highlights areas of discord for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning/Queer (LGBTQ) students in the school setting as well as teacher, administrator, and school counselor attitudes and knowledge about LGBTQ students. Overall, most LGBTQ students will experience bullying, harassment, and/or a lack of support during their time in the K-12 education system. Educators (N=53) provided their attitudes and knowledge regarding LGBTQ student issues in a high school setting. Respondents indicated that there are a variety of attitudes towards LGBTQ student issues, policies, and identities. Additionally, results demonstrate school personnel knowledge of the subject lacks, which results in unintentional harm to their LGBTQ students. This suggests that more professional development opportunities for educators are necessary to minimize negative LGBTQ student experiences.
    • School Uniforms: Background of and Descriptive Research

      Roguski, Paula; The College at Brockport (1997-05-01)
      This study will examine the pros and cons of implementing a public school uniform policy along with the laws involved. By analyzing and comparing a few school districts which have created a uniform policy, a conclusion can be made about whether our public schools would have better environments if the students were dressed in uniform. This study includes information on both elementary and secondary schools in urban and suburban settings.
    • Science and Art: Heuristic and Aesthetic Dimensions of Scientific Discovery

      Wartofsky, Max W.; Baruch College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York (1994-01-01)
      A familiar thesis in the philosophy of science is that considerations of form play a heuristic role in scientific discovery, and that these formal considerations may be characterized as aesthetic. The purpose of this paper is to understand what this claim comes to, and to explore the question of why aesthetic form does indeed play such a powerful heuristic role in scientific thought.
    • Science Concepts Visualization and Classroom Engagement Through Technology and Simulations

      Veronesi, Peter; Santos, Kaylee (2019-10-01)
      This paper discusses different online simulations that help deepen students understanding of chemistry concepts. These simulations are suggested to coincide with NYS chemistry curriculum and will help supplement current lesson plans in the classroom.
    • Science In The Garden: A Personal Journey of National Science Foundation Grant For The Construction and Use of a Greenhouse and Related Facilities

      Veronesi, Peter; Edick, Buffie; Fowler, Mikayla (2020-12-11)
      While the vast majority of the work involved in this capstone project was actually writing and submitting a national science foundation grant, the project that follows is a description of this process. The genesis of the work began as an idea a coworker of mine had. As a district, Franklin is highly limited in the resources available. Our science classrooms are out of date with technology and there is a disparaging need for more hands-on activities. Throughout our discussions, we dreamed that we could build an outdoor science lab and greenhouse; Somewhere where we would be able to give our students the best opportunities to learn about scientific concepts. When continuing this discussion, it was discovered that the greenhouse could be outfitted with all of the modern-day technology used in agriculture, which is what our community is known for. Quickly, other faculty members and staff discovered that the science department was planning on writing a greenhouse grant, and ideas started to flow about additions that could be made. Together, Franklin CSD came up with a list of needs and wants for a greenhouse, and each of these were implemented in the design. The project includes sections and products required by the National Science Foundation (NSF) such as a bibliographical sketch and budget plans. Each of these sections has a set of directions, and need to be followed with extreme accuracy with penalty of disqualification if not followed. Each figure throughout this project is captioned with a brief description of what the figure is asking the grant writer to do.
    • Science Literacy: Collection of Earth Science Lessons Emphasizing Writing in Science

      Younkyeong, Nam; Klein, Amanda; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      The purpose of this project is to create lessons and projects for high school Earth Science classes encompassing science literacy, specifically focused on writing. With the recent release of the Next Generation Science Standards, science literacy has gained importance in science education. This being said, teachers need the pedagogical skills to implement and teach science literacy. For this project, a literature review of science literacy was conducted which lead to a focus on writing in science. Past research of writing in science classrooms revealed that more than half of high school science teachers claim that they do not feel prepared to teach writing in science nor have the time to do so. The literature review of this thesis highlights the theoretical framework of learning through writing, the four writing strategies and difficulties faced by the teacher and students. The last section of the literature review brings ideas together in a discussion concerning the implementation of writing in a science classroom. The final section of this thesis contains a series of lesson plans and projects developed for a high school Earth Science classroom. To develop the lesson plans four particular writing strategies were utilized. These include RAFT, SWH (science writing heuristic), Cornell notetaking and the Interactive Notebook. The lessons developed incorporate different approaches for writing assignments, including several opportunities for student choice. Writing in science is possible at the high school level. The students’ ability to learn science through writing will be significantly enhanced when they are encouraged and guided by a knowledgeable and dedicated teacher.
    • Science Vocabulary Achievement for English Language Learners

      Miglorie, Krista; The College at Brockport (2009-12-01)
      A growing trend in American education suggests a rising population of students who do not speak English as their native language. Vocabulary development for these students is a necessary building block for future academic achievement. Since literacy depends on language acquisition, this research was undertaken with a focus on students within the English Learner Language population. School districts, pressured by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, are exploring ways to lessen the achievement gap. The purpose of this specific study, then, was to research potential instructional strategies for pre-kindergarten students who are English Language Learners (ELLS). The central question addresses how implementing aspects of the inquiry method in a meaningful socio-cultural context, combined with utilizing science journals, impacts retention of science vocabulary for ELLs. Students were encouraged to discuss themes, concepts, and vocabulary as they worked through their lessons. This aligns with Vgotsky’s theories regarding proximal development which asserts that more competent peers promote cognitive growth. The study was conducted in a suburban school district through a small sample study of ten pre-kindergarten students over a three week period. The research used two instructional strategies concurrently - science journals and integrating inquiry method with socio-cultural context. Results were gathered using pre and post-testing, and classroom observation. Although a small sample group was utilized for this research project, conclusions drawn support and suggest a direct correlation between the use of science journals and inquiry instruction methods and increased science vocabulary and content understanding.
    • Screaming in Silence

      Reisig, Kristen; The College at Brockport (2003-12-09)
      This thesis project examines the fourth writing genre, creative non-fiction; memoir specifically. The introductory chapter considers the structural components, or lack thereof, in this type of creative non-fiction essay. Point of view and its various merits in memoir writing are discussed as well as the clarifying question of “subjective truth” from the writer’s perspective. The remaining chapters are original, creative non-fiction essays; memoir crafted from the author’s life that explore childhood, family dynamics, and coming-of-age.
    • Scuttlebutt: Stories

      Shamblin, Terry L.; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      This thesis project discusses writing creatively as it leverages rhetorical and compositional strategies as part of the creative process. The paper also argues that the use of varied disciplinary theories and knowledge from such diverse areas as psychology, sociolinguistics, grammar, mathematics and statistics, all assist in writing fiction. It discusses the study of ethos, pathos, and logos, as it has bearing on the writing of short fiction, and its use to foster a more effective writing process. The remainder of the project includes ten original, short fiction pieces.
    • Sea Turtle Survival

      Linder, Grace; Thresh, Lauren; State University of New York College at Brockport (2016-06-20)
      This model is intended to demonstrate the heavy predation and low survival rate of hatchling sea turtles
    • Seasonal and Vertical Distribution, Food Web Dynamics and Contaminant Biomagnification of Cercopagis pengoi in Lake Ontario

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Damaske, Elizabeth; Laxson, Corey; MacIsaac, Hugh J.; Grigorovich, Ivan A.; The College at Brockport; University of Windsor (2004-01-01)
      During the early growth season of 1999 to 2001, Cercopagis abundance in offshore waters of Lake Ontario remained low (less than 30 individuals/m3). From late July, its abundance increased rapidly until it peaked during August. After first appearing in 1998, maximum offshore abundance in Lake Ontario decreased each year since 1999 (1999:1759/m3; 2000: 679/m3; 2001: 355/m3). Cercopagis appears not to migrate below the thermocline and is restricted to the epilimnion. A comparison of pre- and post-invasion average abundance of Daphnia retrocurva, Bosmina longirostris and Diacyclops thomasi suggests that Cercopagis is having a major effect on zooplankton composition and abundance in Lake Ontario. Abundance of all three species has decreased significantly in the offshore waters since the invasion of Cercopagis. Preliminary results also suggest that insertion of Cercopagis pengoi into the Lake Ontario food web will not elevate levels of hydrophobic organic compounds in salmonids through biomagnification.
    • Seasonal habitat use and survival of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Oatka Creek, Monroe County, New York

      Scheidt, Douglas M.; Haynes, James M.; Rinchard, Jacques; Corser, Kevin E. (2019-03-27)
      Heavy predation by common mergansers during the severe winters of 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 resulted in dramatic brown trout reductions throughout the spring-fed reaches of Oatka Creek in western New York. Management agencies are considering habitat manipulation to reduce the severity of overwinter merganser predation on the wild brown trout population in Oatka Creek Park (OCP; Monroe County) but currently lack data to make an informed decision. My study sought to 1) quantify the availability of trout cover and habitat in OCP, 2) estimate the population abundance, density, seasonal survival rate, and year-class distribution of brown trout in OCP, and 3) identify habitat features used by brown trout and evaluate the seasonal importance of each feature. Data were recorded for 100 brown trout (101-512 mm total length; TL) during spring 2016, autumn 2016, winter 2017, and spring 2017. Trout density in OCP was estimated at 10.6-11.4 trout per km2. Despite the absence of mergansers, brown trout population metrics decreased as the study continued; however, variable sampling conditions, especially discharge, were likely responsible. Relatively normal year-class distributions suggest that the population is recovering. The relative abundance of large trout (400+ mm TL) was greater than expected, which may be a result of low trout densities (i.e., reduced competition and increased resource availability may have enhanced growth and survival rates). Velocity refuges and structural cover were the primary factors determining habitat use throughout the study. Large woody debris was the most favored cover type; however, boulders were also important, especially during low streamflow, as they provide cover in deeper midstream channels. Large trout (300+ mm TL) showed a strong preference for slow, deep pools with high densities of woody debris and large boulders, while age-0 trout (TL < 125 mm) preferred slow, shallow-water habitats with course substrates (i.e., cobble and boulders) and high densities of complex cover (i.e., boulders, LWD, and turbulence). Quality trout habitat and instream cover is abundant throughout OCP, but the availability of complex overwinter habitats capable of providing protection from piscivorous birds may be limited. Adding structural cover to areas favored by small trout (TL < 200 mm) would increase habitat complexity and likely reduce the severity of overwinter predation.