• Rivers of Divinity: The Impact of a Classical and Medieval Tradition on Chaucer and Malory

      Cirilla, Anthony G.; The College at Brockport (2010-05-15)
      Chaucer and Malory to classical river god providence, where epic poets wrestle with the ideas of empire and fate by questioning the river god's ability to exert his autonomy. Because river god providence is finite, it is susceptible to a peculiar frustration in exerting its legitimate authority at the hands of fate. Homer, Statius and Lucan all present versions of a failed river god providence, while Virgil alone creates a successful example of the tradition. His example, however, is in turn parodied by Ovid, which highlights further the ambiguities of river god providence. Medieval chroniclers and romancers utilize a Virgilian theme of river providence, removing the local gods and putting in their place either God's will or some other supernatural force (such as ghosts or fairies). River providence may be ambiguous at times in medieval literature, but is for the most part successful; the sovereign autonomy of river providence is questioned less than the moral autonomy of the hero who encounters these divinized rivers. Chaucer, through Criseyde’s oath in Troilus and Criseyde, suggests that river providence is a failure because it cannot assist a will in moral choices due to its pagan origins. Malory, on the other hand, presents in Le Marte D 'Arthur river providence which successfully executes its authority, ultimately suggesting that pagan traditions are acceptable when used to highlight Christian virtues. River providence ultimately investigates the frustration of autonomy in general, in a world which often aggressively limits any being's ability to make moral choices.
    • Robert Bly, C.K. Williams & Michael Klein: Corporate Intimacy in Prose Poetry

      Black, Ralph W.; Fellner, Steve; Oyer, Julie M.; The College at Brockport (2015-05-15)
      This advanced project explores the genre of the prose poetry form taking specific note of its shape, sound, and structure. It considers the juxtaposition of intimacy and inclusivity within the form in the prose poetry work of three poets, Robert Bly, C.K. Williams, and Michael Klein. Reader-response theory is also addressed to theoretically ground the conversation and infuse the concept of community and connection in and through this poetic form. Drawing on the accessible and personal nature that prose poetry can invite, this project examines how each poet exemplifies the idea of “created corporate intimacy” as it is applied to all three poets’ work as a means to further discuss the relationship of the reader and writer—and what these writers allow—and that is a sense of intimacy between the speaker of their poems and the readers, and the relational connection of readers.
    • Rochester City School District Charter Schools: Decreasing the Achievement Gap?

      Wade, Carol H.; Beaumont, Kathryn M.; The College at Brockport (2015-12-18)
      The demographics and socioeconomic status of the students attending the Rochester City School District (RCSD) are significantly different than the average student in New York State. The average student in the RCSD is African American and considered economically disadvantaged. These two characteristics and Rochester being an urban location are the perfect combination for a charter school. Most educators create charter schools in urban districts to target students from low-socioeconomic families. This paper focuses on the requirements and logistics that differ a charter school from a traditional charter school to determine whether or not charter schools are decreasing the achievement gap.
    • Rochester Coughed The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Rochester, New York

      Cody, Daniel D.; The College at Brockport (2010-08-15)
      A massive war engulfed the world in 1918. Enormous armies of men laid waste to each other with appalling casualties. However, all of mankind was threatened by an invisible killer much deadlier than any war. This menace to humanity killed more people in a shorter time period than any other event recorded in history. Millions died in just a little over a year. This massive killer was influenza. As the Great War held the attention of the world, influenza circled the globe spreading infection and death everywhere. The science of man was unable to identify it and therefore unable to combat it. Comfort care and prayer were the tools that most people resorted to when influenza invaded their homes. Rochester, New York was no exception to the pandemic in 1918. The citizens of Rochester read about the influenza outbreak just outside of Boston and watched in horror as it spread like a spider web across America. Rochester knew influenza was coming. Influenza invaded Rochester, killed hundreds, and then abruptly left. For a few deadly weeks in the fall of 1918, Rochester was held captive by this invisible killer. This is the story of influenza in Rochester, New York in 1918. A human face is put on the tragedy that grasped Rochester. This is the story of the battle the people of Rochester fought against influenza. There were winners and losers. A massive volunteer effort brought the full resources of the population to bear down on influenza, people helping people regardless of class or status. This is the account of hard work, long hours, fear, perseverance, and community. This is when Rochester coughed.
    • Rochester Embayment Remedial Action Plan Stage 1

      The Rochester Embayment designation refers to a portion of Lake Ontario and a portion of the Genesee River near Rochester, New York. The Remedial Action Plan (RAP) will identify water quality problems and specific actions that need to be taken by various parties to address the problems. The Remedial Action Plan effort has been undertaken due to an international agreement to improve the water quality of the Great Lakes water system. The International Agreement, known as the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, is described in more detail in other sections of this chapter. The preparation of the RAP is being coordinated by the Monroe County Department of Planning and Development through a contract with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC).
    • Rock ' n' Roll in the 1950s: Rockin' for Civil Rights

      Vaillancourt, Eric; The College at Brockport (2011-01-01)
      This thesis has three parts, a historiography and original research into the impact of rock and roll on civil rights in history, original research, and ending with publishable teaching materials on Rock 'n' Roll and the Civil Rights Movement that will take seven class periods to complete. Five of these class periods are set aside for the students to complete a pod cast for the summative assessment portion of the unit. The lessons are planned for seventy-two minute block classes but can easily be adapted to any class period length .
    • Rock Bass Learn to Associate Food with a Visual Cue and Remember the Association when Food is Absent

      Wasson Halbrend, Sarah; Davidson Hile, Sarah; Haynes, James M.; Roosa, Brian R. (2006-01-01)
      We explored the foraging ability of rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris) by testing three hypotheses consistent with the predictions of optimal foraging theory: 1) fish can learn to associate food with a visual cue; 2) trained fish will go to a visual cue faster than untrained fish; and 3) over time, without the reinforcement of food, trained fish will exhibit a diminished response to a visual cue. Our results supported each hypothesis. During the first 96 h of testing, 88 to 100% of trained fish went to the visual cue first; 50% of the trained fish went to the visual cue first after 312 h. None of the untrained fish went to the visual cue first. Trained fish went to the visual cue significantly faster (11.0 cm sec-1 ) than untrained (1.6 cm sec-1 ) fish. There were no significant differences in velocity to the visual cue among the times tested for control fish (0.8 to 2.6 cm sec-1 ). However, velocities of experimental fish were significantly higher from 0 to 24 h (16.7 cm sec-1 ) than from 48 to 312 h (6.7 cm sec-1 ), suggesting that they began extinguishing their responses as the time since the last food reward associated with the cue increased. If rock bass use these abilities in their natural habitats, they likely improve their foraging efficiency and, thus, their overall fitness. (No actual Publication Date listed on Report)
    • Roller Coaster Energy Audit –Conservation of Energy

      Whitman, Steve; The College at Brockport (2005-03-01)
      Goals: To account for the mechanical energy of a ball rolling on the coaster –potential energy (gravitational) – kinetic energy –energy lost to friction
    • Romanticism and Behavior

      Peckham, Morse; University of South Carolina (1974-01-01)
    • Rooftop Garden Ratatouille: Developing Plaza/Deck Library Greenspace

      Orzech, Mary Jo; The College at Brockport (2019-01-01)
      This chapter outlines a recipe for planning and implementing library plaza and rooftop greenspace.
    • Rooted in Community: A sustainable facilities design project for a universally accessible community garden

      Demmin, Sarah; Murray, Morgan A.; The College at Brockport (2019-05-10)
      The idea of a place that is welcoming to all members in a community and creates a space where the collective mindset is elevated comes to life in a shared garden. This project is a proposal and design plan for a community garden to be implemented on The College at Brockport’s campus. The garden is rooted in the college’s values of community, engagement, excellence, and transformation. It inspires cohesion among all social groups and provides a space for quiet reflection. Carefully attention is paid attention to environmental aesthetics and how it influences both community cohesion and campus attachment. This project is the beginning of a place that includes all, excludes none, and can be shared inter-generationally. Above all, this community garden is a reflection of what The College at Brockport strives to create with its “better community statement.”
    • Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead: A Postmodern Analysis

      Meyer, Elisabeth A.; The College at Brockport (1991-06-01)
      This thesis project discusses Tom Stoppard’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead as an example of postmodern drama. It further examines the style of the authorship, often likened to Samuel Beckett and Harold Pinter, and in this examination seeks to define and discuss postmodernist theater. As part of the study, a working definition of postmodernism, its history, proposed tenets, and leading critical theories are analyzed. Meyer states, “A literary movement so new and controversial among critics and academics as postmodernism is, requires thorough investigation, definition, and exemplification.” Chapter Two establishes the definition for postmodernist theater, which is used as the basis for the discussion of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead in subsequent chapters. More specifically, Chapter Three examines the deconstruction and subversion of hierarchical orders regarding characters from Hamlet as well as the hierarchy of authorship regarding Shakespeare and Stoppard. And finally, the author discusses postmodern linguistic features in the play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, particularly the function of word games and language as postmodernism, for discussion of Stoppard's plays.
    • Rotational Preference in the Domestic Cat: Relationship to Temperament and Behaviors

      Michels, Jennifer L.; The College at Brockport (2010-02-07)
      Rotational preference, an animal’s preferred turning direction as it moves about with free choice, has been assessed in humans and rodents. Studies have shown that those with a right turning preference are more susceptible to developing learned helplessness, and less likely to act according to Gray's Behavioral Approach System than those who prefer to turn to the left. In the present study, rotational preference was assessed in twenty-nine adult male cats (Felis silvestris catus). Rotational preference was compared to the results of two assessments in a within-subjects design. The first was the Feline Temperament Profile (Lee, Zeglen, Ryan, & Hines, 1983) which was administered by the experimenter. The second was a Cat Behavior Questionnaire which was completed by the cats' owners. The proportion of right turns emitted by the cats was negatively correlated with the number of approach behaviors measured in the temperament test and behavior questionnaire (r = -.591, p =.001). This finding supports studies of rotational preference and behavior with other species, as well as the hypothesized neurochemical basis of reward-seeking behavior (Abwender & Pusateri,2005).
    • Routine Determination of Mirex and Photomirex in Fish Tissue in the Presence of Polychlorinated Biphenyls

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Insalaco, Samuel E.; The College at Brockport (1979-12-01)
      A procedure for the routine determination of Mirex and Photomirex in fish tissue is described which provides rapid analysis and confirmation using conventional gas chromatographic/electron capture detection (GC/ECD) methods. Coeluting intereferences (i.e. PCB's) are nitrated al lowing for simple separation from Mirex analogs by column chromatography. In Chinook SaImon tissue (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), PCB removaI averaged 78% and Mirex and Photomirex recoveries were 91% and 86%, respectively. The method has been used successfully for trace analysis of Mirex levels as low as 100 pg.
    • RTI Implementation and Differentiation for Primary School English Language Learners

      Pelttari, Carole; Budziszewski, Shelly Sue; The College at Brockport (2012-12-20)
      This paper explores how one English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher assistant implemented RTI scripted ELA interventions at the primary (K–2) level. Using a variety of research analysis methods, the lesson plan record and detailed journal from the period in which the self-study was conducted were thoroughly analyzed. The analysis resulted in the identification of at what point I recognized a need for changes to the RTI plans for my ELL students, how specifically the RTI plans were modified to better accommodate my ELLs’ needs, and finally, what resulted from the modifications that I implemented. Through this self-study, I determined six conclusions and five implications. I concluded that ELLs require modifications when using scripted lessons and manipulatives with motivation and engagement. I concluded that school administration need to actively reevaluate and adjust RTI schedules regularly, along with encouraging strong partnership between the providers of Tier One, Two, and Three instruction. The self-study also revealed that technology was an important mode of modification used in today’s classroom for ELLs. Student learning implications were the need for RTI adjustments to better meet students’ need for motivating and engaging content and the creation of a RTI program, with the ESL population as the target audience. Implications for teachers included the requirement for modification to RTI meet the needs of ELLs, the importance of quality teacher investigation and collaboration to identify and address ELLs’ learning difficulties, and the creation of RTI with fluid movement of ELLs to other RTI instructional grade levels.
    • Rudolph Fisher : An Annotated Bibliography

      Gable, Craig; The College at Brockport (1998-01-01)
      This thesis project constitutes an exhaustive, annotated bibliography of an oft overlooked and too seldom referenced African American author of the Harlem Renaissance, Rudolph Fisher. This work is bibliographic in nature not biographic and careful note should be placed on the extensively researched source list. Prior to this project, “A Corrected Bibliography of Rudolph Fisher” by Leonard J. Deutsch in 1978 was the last attempt at correcting and updating the sources available regarding Fisher’s work. Since past attempts to gather substantiated and comprehensive bibliographic material have been rife with “errors, inaccuracies, inconsistencies, and omissions,” firsthand verification was utilized to accomplish the desired result - a bibliography that provides future researchers with an updated, accurate, and thorough listing of primary and secondary sources relating to Rudolph Fisher. The bibliography is divided into two major alphabetically arranged sections, primary and secondary sources. The primary source list includes long and short fiction, non-fiction, reviews (by Fisher), correspondence, and unpublished writings. The secondary source list includes critical articles, parts of books, unpublished criticism, reviews and notices, correspondence, biographies and death notices, and bibliographies. Annotations are designed to be as brief as possible while allowing for a user friendly aspect for future research. Of note, the researcher includes, aside from the bibliography proper, a chronology of Fisher’s publications as well as key events in his life and an outline of the bibliography itself.
    • Ruminations in Wonderland

      Hedding, Christina; The College at Brockport (2015-05-01)
    • Runic Mysticism and Names in Beowulf

      Deratzian, David L.; Temple University (2014-10-16)
    • Rural Issues: Coal Mining and Abandoned Land Reclamation

      Acid Mine Drainage: Surface Mine Treatment and In Situ Abatement Technology (p. 307) Coal Industry Perspectives on Nonpoint Source Pollution (p. 311) Trends in Post Mining Land Uses - Are We Doing Our Children Justice? (p. 313) Factors and Treatment of Abandoned Acid Mine Lands for Controlling Nonpoint Source Pollution (p. 314)