• Management Approaches for the Control of Aquatic Plants

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Beckstrand, Daina; Bosch, Isidro; SUNY Geneseo; The College at Brockport (1999-09-01)
      This guide is designed to provide information on the ecological values and problems associated with aquatic macrophytes, to present methods used to control the troublesome species, and to provide suggestions on how to implement a lake management plan that would deal with macrophytes as legally and as safely as possible.
    • Management Strategy for Oneida Lake

      Many people throughout the Oneida Lake watershed community have been working hard over the past several years to improve and protect Oneida Lake and its tributaries. This has involved extensive planning, creative program implementation, comprehensive data collection and analysis, and the development of professional partnerships leading to improved cost effectiveness and program effictency. The Central New York Regional Planning and Development Board (CNY RPDB) was responsible for coordinating the Oneida Lake Watershed Management Plan and worked with many watershed stakeholders to reach a diverse set of program goals. This has been an action-oriented, local level initiative involving extensive data collection and analysis, identification of priority issues, and the selection of opportunities for effective solutions. This report, A Management Strategy for Oneida Lake and Its Watershed (Strategy), contains a description of the environmental setting and cultural influences, background information on the priority water resource issues of concern, and recommendations to address these problems. The Strategy also presents a summary of the additional work (such as monitoring and education projects) that was accomplished as part of the watershed management plan over the past 3 Y2 years. Eight priority lake and watershed problem areas were initially identified through municipal surveys, stakeholder discussion groups, public comment meetings, and input from county Water Quality Coordinating Committees. Community leaders and agency representatives then met on a regular basis as "Working Groups" during 2003 and 2004 to compile background information and identify short and long-term goals for each of these issues. Recommendations were also developed for the long-term protection and enhancement of Oneida Lake and its tributaries. The findings were reviewed and endorsed by the Watershed Advisory Council and were then presented at six public meetings throughout the watershed. The findings from this effort are presented in this report. A Management Strategy for Oneida Lake and Its Watershed also provides information about the environmental and economic setting throughout the watershed. This information was taken from The Oneida Lake State of the Lake and Watershed Report (SOLWR) that was published in 2003. The SOLWR serves as a reference for local decision-makers. It is used in the identification and prioritization of goals and in the development of action plans for the protection of surface water and groundwater resources. Many watershed partners contributed to the collection of information for the SOL WR, which is now available at municipal offices, public libraries, and agencies throughout the watershed. It can also be found on the Internet at www .cnyrpdb.org/oneidalake.
    • Managing a Retirement Portfolio: Do Annuities Provide More Safety?

      Spitzer, John J.; The College at Brockport (2009-07-01)
      Even with the generally recognized “safe” withdrawal amount of 4% of the retirement portfolio starting balance, more than 5% of retirement portfolios will run out of money over a 30-year period. Bootstrap simulations were used to estimate the probability of outliving a retirement portfolio as increasing proportions of a tax-deferred account are annuitized. The impacts of Required Minimum Distributions and taxable Social Security income were incorporated into the analysis. Results indicate that annuities significantly extend the length of time the portfolio lasts, but the expected balance remaining (estate size) will decrease substantially, a trade-off of security versus a legacy. Advisors and planners may find the graphical exposition helpful when showing clients different tradeoff options.
    • Managing a Retirement Portfolio: Do Annuities Provide More Safety?

      Spitzer, John J.; The College at Brockport (2009-07-01)
      Even with the generally recognized “safe” withdrawal amount of 4% of the retirement portfolio starting balance, more than 5% of retirement portfolios will run out of money over a 30-year period. Bootstrap simulations were used to estimate the probability of outliving a retirement portfolio as increasing proportions of a tax-deferred account are annuitized. The impacts of Required Minimum Distributions and taxable Social Security income were incorporated into the analysis. Results indicate that annuities significantly extend the length of time the portfolio lasts, but the expected balance remaining (estate size) will decrease substantially, a trade-off of security versus a legacy. Advisors and planners may find the graphical exposition helpful when showing clients different tradeoff options.
    • Managing Stress in 8th Grade: CBT and Relaxation Techniques in Small Group Therapy

      Outland, Rafael; Levermore, Amy; The College at Brockport (2016-04-01)
      Stress and anxiety are rampant in school-aged youth and a majority of stress is being experienced beginning as early as middle school. Although anxiety is prevalent in a school setting, there is little to no intervention in place that decreases stress and anxiety as well as minimizes how much class time students are losing. This is especially important in high academic performing school where is it difficult to implement efficient anxiety-reducing interventions without taking students away from academic time. This paper aims to look at the combination of two different forms of therapy: CBT and Relaxation techniques in a small group of 8th grade students over the course of 5 weeks and the effectiveness in which the intervention decreases stress and anxiety in these students over a short amount of time.
    • Managing Tuckahoe: Transitioning to a Village Administrator

      Hattery, Michael; Watt, Celia (SUNY Brockport, 2021)
      This review of change in governance and administration in the Village of Tuckahoe, New York is one in a series of communities in New York that took initiative to change the administration of their local government. These local initiatives were reviewed and summarized in 2020 by the Public Management Program (PMP), Department of Public Administration, SUNY Brockport.
    • Manipulating Raw Data into Tables and Graphs

      Winter, Fayne; The College at Brockport (2004-10-29)
      Describe and represent patterns and functional relationships, using tables, charts, graphs, algebraic expressions, rules, and verbal descriptions. Includes: Organize and analyze data resulting in function applications through use of a table of values, sentence, formula, graph and prediction.
    • Map of Restroom in Brockport using GPS

      Minchen, Brian; The College at Brockport (2006-08-09)
      Objectives: Students will create a map containing of all the publicly available restrooms in the village of Brockport.
    • Mapping Injustice Towards Feminist Activism

      Knight, Wanda B.; Keifer-Boyd, Karen T.; The Pennsylvania State University (2019-11-20)
      Strategies for crafting feminist activism begin with a conversation, invites and involves the participation of many people, involves artists and creative communicators, and generates action. The essay is a discussion with examples of how to craft feminist activism from dialogue to committed action—to stop injustice and work toward intersectional justice. We begin the dialogue with intersectional theory and then facilitate a group process of visualization using metaphors of entanglement. The concept of intersectionality considers how hegemonic structures intersect to oppress the lives of racially marginalized communities. The goal of the dialogue is to examine the potential consequences of the interaction between multiple forms of subordination. While intersectionality theory helps to reveal the impact of multiple forms of oppression, making a simple analogy to an intersection warrants a reconsideration of how each form of oppression mutually informs the other. An entangled metaphor considers a more complicated rhizomatic relationship with complexly interwoven, twisted and tangled parts of minoritized identities and intersecting inequalities. Building from visualizations of entanglement, we discuss how to craft feminist activism to raise awareness of global responsibility toward social justice and democracy.
    • Mapping: The Relationships Between Concert and Commercial Dance

      Keefe, Maura; Kaplan, Nicole; The College at Brockport (2013-05-01)
      Mapping: The Relationships Between Concert and Commercial Dance investigates the dichotomy of concert and commercial dance performance in the 21st century. Commonly set as polar opposites along a vertical hierarchy of value, I instead propose a horizontal spectrum based solely on context. I argue that context, the who, what, where, when, why, and sometimes how of dance making is what not only frames a particular work, but determines how the audience will then make meaning from what they see on stage. While both ends of the continuum have the potential to perpetuate stereotypes and accepted norms, I investigate the choreographic process itself to determine how those expectations either fulfill or challenge the work in fruition. I begin by defining concert and commercial dance as distinct forms of performance, intentionally setting them as absolutes as a way of illustrating the accepted hierarchy from high to low. I then deconstruct the notion of context by elaborating on each fundamental element as an equal contributor to the overall performance. Using examples from The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, Twyla Tharp, Mia Michaels, and Rennie Harris as support, I demonstrate how acclaimed artists today have already began exploring this continuum on both stages of concert and commercial dance alike. I conclude with a description of two projects that I have worked on as a way of exploring dance performance through the lens of context. I first discuss Mapping, the physical embodiment of the preceding research, followed by a description of Brockport Breaks the Chain, a community-based dance project.
    • Marble Motion Lab

      Chi, Ed; The College at Brockport (2003-07-28)
      In this lab you will be recording the distance a marble travels over a period of time with a TI-83 CBR and TI-83 Plus Silver. Upon completion of this lab and analysis of the data, you will be able to determine the average speed of the marble over a given time interval and the average distance the marble traveled during the time period.
    • Mass Art, High Art, and the Avant-Garde: A Response to David Novitz

      Carroll, Noel; University of Wisconsin, Madison (1992-01-01)
      David Novitz proposes several alleged counterexamples to my theory of mass art. This paper responds to these alleged counterexamples.
    • Mass Shootings and Mass Media: The Discrepancies Between Workplace and School Shootings

      Tober, Tara; Wheeler, Nicole A.; The College at Brockport (2016-04-28)
      Workplace shootings and school shootings have a variety of differences and similarities. However, each are unique to other mass shooting types. This study analyzes 42 workplace shootings and 50 school shootings that were highly publicized and occurred between 1965 and 2015. Through my analysis, I was able to uncover the similarities and differences between the two sub-types of mass shootings. 100 school articles and 72 workplace articles from The New York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times were utilized and coded to uncover the differences in adjectives used in reports. Because workplace shootings receive much less media coverage and research, I sought to explain these discrepancies.
    • Mass Sport Through Education or Elite Olympic Sport?

      Torres, Cesar R.; The College at Brockport (1998-01-01)
    • Maternal Anxiety and Child Behavioral Problems: Mediating and Moderating Processes

      Harper, Shannon L.; The College at Brockport (2011-07-01)
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the complex relationship between maternal anxiety, harsh parenting, and childhood behavioral problems in a sample of at-risk parents. The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, which provided longitudinal data from a large and diverse population of families and their newborn children, was utilized to examine the intervening variables that might affect the relations between anxiety and child behavior problems. The results of this study indicated that harsh parenting served as a partial mediator of the relations between anxiety and subsequent behavior problems. Maternal family mental health history, presence or absence of the child's birth father, and child gender on the pattern of relations were examined as moderators of the relation between maternal anxiety and child behavioral outcomes but the analyses failed to support the proposed moderating relations. The implications for considering the effects of maternal anxiety on child behavior problems within a stress-processing model are discussed.
    • Maternal Mortality in Haiti

      Coyle, Amanda; Streeter, Brianna Mary; The College at Brockport (2017-05-09)
      The rates of maternal mortality in the country of Haiti are astoundingly higher than any other nation in the western hemisphere. In a country that faces socioeconomic and government instability, there is little protection for those who cannot support themselves financially and with regards to health. A mother plays a key role in the safety and well-being of a child and her lack of presence in the first months of an infant’s life can be detrimental and even fatal to the child. In 2015, maternal mortality rates in Haiti reached 359 deaths per 100,000 live births, a significantly higher rate than the global statistic among developing nations. This number notably exceeded that of Haiti’s neighboring country the Dominican Republic, which in the same year rates were recorded at 92 deaths per 100,000 live births (World Bank Group, 2016). The question is, what is causing such high rates of maternal mortality throughout the country? Contributing factors range from lack of skilled professionals at the bedside to various diseases. It is crucial to identify all of these risk factors and causative agents to the astonishingly high statistics so that measures can be made to prevent such tragedies from occurring.
    • Math Anxiety Interventions

      Klips, Mary Jane; The College at Brockport (2007-12-01)
      Understanding and mastering mathematics is necessary for students to graduate from high school, pursue higher education, and is also critical in securing and retaining employment in the field of their choice. Driven by personal experience, difficulty with material, past performance, teacher behaviors and expectations, and language barriers, among several other noted causes, math anxiety affects more and more students each year. This thesis project examines current research and interventions in order to lessen or remove math anxiety, support academic success, and rebuild student confidence in an effort to assist learners in achieving mastery in mathematics. The study group was comprised of five, fifth-grade students from a rural school in Western New York. They were identified through state assessments, past performance and teacher observation, as well as their responses on a student survey, as being in need of intervention for math anxiety and extra instruction in mathematics. (A second group of five was used as a control group for the study.) Study data supports the positive effect of interventions to lessen student’s math anxiety and improve academic performance. Recommendations include incorporating computer games and programs to reinforce math skills and the use of AIS time to improve student’s basic math skills beginning in third grade.
    • Math in Motion: How Integrating Dance and into a Math Classroom Affects a Student’s Ability to Learn

      Van Wormer, Vanessa; Buranich, Rebecca; The College at Brockport (2016-05-13)
      This research explores how placing dance and whole body movements into the math classroom at an elementary level help children better understand and develop a greater appreciation of basic mathematical concepts. More specifically, it looks at what effect the muscle memory that is developed while moving has on retaining information in a scholastic setting. Due to decreased funding in schools, programs in the arts are disappearing. I look at the positive effects of the arts in schools and how the integration and implementation of them with a core subject can be essential to a child’s learning experience. With the help of research from Karl Schaffer and Erik Stern, specialists in the field of math and dance for over thirty years, connections are made between the studies of mathematics and dance. Lesson plans focus on dance concepts with pattern recognition, symmetry, and basic geometry at an elementary level to improve mathematical thinking in children through the methods of the Multiple Intelligences Theory and Arts Integration.
    • Mathematical Learning Centers and their Impact on Students’ Mathematical Learning and Understanding

      Lantzer, Erin Miner; The College at Brockport (2008-05-01)
      Students often struggle with mathematical word problems because they often cannot decide what steps they need to take to solve the problem. In this study, the author explores how learning centers impact the learning needs and problem-solving skills of diverse students, as well as how they might create opportunities for student collaboration. The researcher performed a case study focusing on three fourth grade students within her classroom—one higher achieving, one average, and one lower achieving. Learning centers were set up within the classroom for approximately eight weeks, during which the researcher observed students’ behavior. The researcher found that two of the three students lacked confidence in their problem solving skills, all three had difficulty identifying and discriminating between relevant and irrelevant information within the problem, and that students did not consistently apply problem solving strategies when at the centers. The researcher also found that the learning centers had the negative effect of making students implicitly aware of each other’s strengths and weaknesses, increasing their self-consciousness and sensitivity to differentiated instruction. Ultimately, the researcher found that the learning center provided a flexible, individualized learning environment that increased students’ problem solving skills and confidence in using mathematical language.