• Identifying Barriers to HIV Testing Among Men who have Sex with Men

      Scheidt, Douglas M.; Ferrusi, Charles; The College at Brockport (2013-05-15)
      HIV incidence rates have remained relatively stable throughout the past five years; however, among men who have sex with men (MSM), particularly young MSM, incidence has increased. According to national surveillance data, MSM accounted for 61% of HIV cases diagnosed in 2010. A low viral load reduces the risk of HIV transmission and slows the progression of HIV to AIDS. Treatment as prevention (TasP) has been identified as a major part of the solution to ending the HIV epidemic. This research focuses specifically on reasons for not taking an HIV-test among MSM. For TasP to be effective, widespread testing in order to identify HIV-positive people is needed. For the purpose of the present study, a survey was distributed at gay pride events in Rochester and Buffalo, NY during June and July 2012. Barriers to HIV testing and HIV risk were evaluated using a four-point Likert scale adapted from an instrument developed by Mikolajczak (2006). It was hypothesized that months since last HIV test would be positively correlated with barriers to testing. Months since last HIV test was positively skewed, ranging from 0 to 348 months. Therefore, Spearman rank-order correlations were used. Three items measuring barriers to testing were significantly correlated with months since last HIV test. These were perceived peer support, knowledge of HIV testing sites, and partnered relationship status. Interestingly, previous research suggested that fear of a positive result and low perceived risk were barriers to testing. These findings were not replicated in this sample. Nearly 40% of subjects had not been tested within the last year. TasP would not effectively prevent transmission among an untested group such as this. For TasP to be effective, interventions must be designed to encourage more frequent HIV testing and safer sex among those who have not been recently tested.
    • Identifying False Intuitions in Probability and Laying a Foundation for Teaching It

      Schwind, Gregory G.; The College at Brockport (2008-08-01)
      Intuition is something we rely on in our daily lives as pure, untaught truths that guide and direct us. Simple statements like “the shortest distance between two points is a straight line” are common and self-explanatory. While this simple statement can be proved mathematically, it is instinctive to easily understand this notion and accept its entrance into one's cognitive intuition. However, there are other parts of mathematics that are not intuitive and require thought and proofs to explain their existence. The question then is: how does the mind distinguish between what is intuitive and what is in need of a solid explanation? Current research studies, on the psychological effects of incorrect intuitions on learning, state that false intuitions can cause misconceptions in every mathematics classroom. In particular, these false intuitions can be a detriment to students in the beginning stages of learning the basics of probability. The purpose of this thesis project is twofold - understand and examine current literature on the different intuitions brought by students into the classroom, and develop and present a curriculum unit plan that can avoid student’s false intuitions with regard to learning about probabilities in mathematics. The literature review section discusses the different ways people perceive the subject of probability while acknowledging its complexity. Discussion highlights different faulty approaches to learning probabilities with regard to heuristic methods – outcome, representative, and personal. Through a thorough examination of both heuristics and maxim beliefs it is noted that common misconceptions and intuitions are learned before students begin their secondary education. It is further suggested that probability and statistics be taught at the elementary level to avoid this trend. The curriculum section includes a unit plan on probability that meets the New York State Standards at the Integrated Algebra level. This incorporates a pre-assessment, daily lesson plan, daily classwork activities, daily formative assessments, and a unit test.
    • Identifying Sinkholes Using a Geographic Information System (GIS)

      Richards, Paul L.; Kita, Andrew; The College at Brockport (2018-05-09)
      Sinkholes are closed depressions in soil or bedrock that form through chemical dissolution of carbonate rock in karst regions. Several studies have identified geologic and hydrologic features that promote sinkhole formation and influence their spatial distribution. This study used a GIS to analyze the relationships between sinkholes and proximity to faults, proximity to streams, and soil thickness in Genesee County, NY. It was hypothesized that a higher frequency of sinkholes (more than half of the number of sinkholes) would occur 1,000 meters or less from a fault, 150-450 meters from a stream, and in areas with one meter or less of soil thickness. Each factor was evaluated individually using previously mapped sinkholes within the study area. A Euclidean distance function with a ten-meter resolution was used to calculate the distance from each sinkhole to the nearest fault and stream. In the study area, 38% of the sinkholes were located within 1,000 meters of a fault, and 22% of the sinkholes were located within 150-450 meters of a stream. These results do not support the hypothesis. However, 50% of the sinkholes occurred less than 450 meters from a stream. Sixty-three percent of the sinkholes occurred in areas with thin (one meter or less) carbonate soils, which supports the hypothesis. The results of this study suggest that: 1) proximity to faults and streams as well as soil thickness may be useful parameters for predicting the likelihood of sinkhole formation in karst regions, and 2) mapping these factors may be a useful strategy for identifying sinkholes remotely in a GIS.
    • Identifying Sources Tutorial

      Saunders, Adam R.; Morrisville State College (2015-04-01)
      This tutorial is designed to help you through identifying the different types of sources you will use in your research and find at the library. Each section will cover different book, article, and website types with a quiz included at the end of each to test your knowledge of the subject.
    • Identifying the Motivational Factors for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities for Participating in Sport

      Kozub, Francis M.; Williams, Alyssa; State University of New York College at Brockport (2020-09-16)
      Opportunities for physical activity participation are limited in adults with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify the motivational factors for sports participation in 25 adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study also analyzed potential gender differences in the sample (18 males and 7 females). A pictorial measure was created, featuring a statement and a corresponding illustration that was then provided to the sample. Participant responses to each statement were recorded as “like me,” “a little like me” or “not like me.” The results showed the pictorial measure had acceptable reliability estimates using a test retest procedure. Most participants responded with agreement to the questionnaire indicating “like me” for the motivational items. Further, adults with ID are motivated by feeling good, practice, playing games, spending time with friends and more. Participation in sport due to parental influence was not as prominent in the sample as a motivating factor for adults with ID. Adults with ID participate in sport due to their own intrinsic motivators, or external motivators such as winning.
    • Ideology and Utopia as Cultural Imagination

      Ricoeur, Paul; University of Nanterre, France (1976-01-01)
    • "If We Had Had Our Argentine Team Here!": Football and the 1924 Argentine Olympic Team

      Torres, Cesar R.; The College at Brockport (2003-04-01)
      Given the significance of football in the fabric of modern Argentine culture and considering the academic studies concerned with the role of the sport in twentieth-century Argentina, it is surprising how little attention many histories give to the 1924 unsuccessful attempt to field a team in Paris. Most of the scholarly references do not even raise the issue. Those that do attribute the Argentine absence to a serious rift between football's ruling bodies in the early 1920s without exploring the complex negotiations involved in the attempt to include a football team. Therefore, the current scholarship locates the causes for the football absence exclusively in the dynamics of Argentine football and the discrepancies among football officials.
    • IFRS at Rochester?Area Institutions: Are Professors Prepared to Teach?

      Ziolkowski, Michael F.; Dorman, Amy; The College at Brockport (2012-01-01)
      I studied the preparedness of accounting professors in the Rochester, New York area related to teaching International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in accounting courses at their institution through a survey of educators conducted during December 2011. I found Rochester?area college professors responded that overall college professors are not prepared to teach International Financial Reporting Standards nationwide with a total of 69.23%. Professors are more prepared by a slim margin in the Rochester?area institutions with a total of 57.69% professors responding that their own institution was prepared to teach International Financial Reporting Standards. Based on experience, professors with less experience, whether as a professional or professor, believe more so than more experienced professors that both nationwide and institutionally college professors are not prepared to teach IFRS. Male and female professors both agreed that nationwide professors are not prepared to teach IFRS. However, institutionally, 6 out of 7 males (85.71%) were more confident in their own institutions in the Rochester?area, deeming their institution prepared to teach IFRS, while 5 out of 7 females (71.43%) believed their institution was not prepared to teach IFRS. I found no differences among preparedness based on institution type (public vs. private). Overall, my study provides evidence regarding the state of local accounting professors’ readiness to prepare students for a global economy using IFRS as a standard for reporting.
    • Ignorance is Bliss

      Austin, Paige; SUNY Brockport (2020-11-01)
    • Ignorance Isn't Strength: The Need for Secondary Education to Address Fake News

      Giblin, Thomas R.; Larkin, Joseph P.; State University of New York College at Brockport (2017-12-16)
      The way people, and notably young people, are receiving information about the world has changed. Gone are the days of reading trusted print newspapers and in are the days of immediate accesses to information from a variety of sources shared virally through social media profiles and platforms. Students are living in a time period where the term “fake news” is continually mentioned throughout politics and mass media, yet their education rarely addresses these realistic concerns about how people are discovering and sharing information. Research has suggested the ways in which we believe students know how to use the internet due to their frequent usage of it is blatantly false. We need to provide opportunities to students to learn about and detect the ways in which information they come across on the internet can be false in order to ensure we are teaching appropriate 21st century life skills and to keep safe the role of democracy in society.
    • Illustration and its Influence on Book Selection

      Smith, Arthur; McGrath, Linda S.; The College at Brockport (1990-12-01)
      The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the influence that illustration has on book selection. The subjects were students from a first, third and fifth grade setting in a suburban school district in Western New York State. The children responded verbally as well as in writing to express the characteristics of illustration which influence the process of book selection. This was done through the use of Caldecott award and honor books as well as books with inferior illustration. This research shows a descriptive analysis categorizing related concepts, similarities and patterns in illustration, through subject response at the various levels. The research results also indicate that subjects more readily choose books with quality illustration over those with inferior illustration.
    • Imag(in)ing the Holy Places: A Comparison between the Diagrams in Adomnán’s and Bede’s De locis sanctis

      O'Neill, Patrick P.; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (2017-05-02)
      No abstract.
    • Imagination and Literacy Instruction: A Content Analysis of Literature within Literacy-Related Publications

      Pelttari, Carole; The College at Brockport (2016-01-01)
      Through content analysis of research conducted during the last 25 years, this paper identifies five vital uses of imagination within literacy instruction. First, readers use imagination to comprehend text. Second, readers use imagination to engage in the world depicted through the text. Third, readers use imagination to make sense of both narrative and expository texts. Fourth, readers use imagination to learn about self and others. Finally, readers benefit from instruction regarding the use of imagination to enhance reading. A compilation of instructional methods is presented. This analysis establishes the need for classroom instruction connecting imagination and literacy.
    • Immigration in American History

      Spencer, William G.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Americans often cite their country as a nation of immigrants. To this end, the topic of American immigration has garnered significant attention by historians and sociologists, as well as policy makers. This historiography will review the body of research and analysis which has contributed to our current understanding and perspectives on American immigration. To gain a firmer grasp of American immigration as it has evolved over time, this paper will examine how immigration has been researched through nine themes and events. These themes are: the general study of American immigration; early American immigration; nativism; the Chinese Exclusion Act; Immigration from Mexico; immigration's effect on American culture; American opinion on immigration; immigration in education; and immigration policy formation. Reviewing the research performed in each of these themes or events lends perspective to the overall landscape of immigration in American history. The researcher has established two key objectives which drove this study. The first objective was to analyze how six influential immigrant groups have been characterized in popular film. The second objective of this research was to examine how the six immigrant groups' respective demographic images in films compare to actual recent demographic statistics per the 2000 United States Census. In order for students to connect to immigration in American history, teachers need to find ways to make the material appealing and relevant to them. The original research in this paper focuses on how film accurately or inaccurately portrays immigrant groups in society. Given that students are a vital part of American society affected by immigration, and that high school students generally have an interest in movies, teachers can use the research presented herein to provide instruction using film. With the knowledge and perspective gained from a film-based lesson, students will be prepared to perform their own research on immigration in their community.
    • Impact of Co-occurring Treatment Program on Participant Perceived Quality of Life

      Barrell, Randi Greenberg; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      The purpose of this treatment program evaluation study was to determine the impact of client perception of quality of life before and after participating in a co-occurring disorders (COD) program at a chemical dependency clinic in the northeastern United States. Quality of life was measured using the Quality of Life Survey (QOLS), a 16-question assessment, in a pre-test and post-test format. Participants in the COD program participated in both individual and group therapy utilizing Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Seeking Safety modalities. While the size of the convenience was small, improvement in perceived quality of life was shown in all QOLS domains and the overall scoring revealed a marked increase in client perception of their quality of life. The findings of this study confirm that treating co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders in a single setting is beneficial to clients, not only helping them in their attempts to remain substance free, but improving their quality of life.
    • Impact of EURO 2012 on People’s Attitudes Towards Travelling to Ukraine

      Perry, Holly; Shpakovych, Yevgen; The College at Brockport (2012-05-08)
      This study uses the case of EURO 2012 European Soccer Cup in Ukraine to examine the importance of sporting mega-events to host countries. The paper explores the economic, political, and psychological impacts of mega-event hosting. The study's main objective is to avoid the inefficiencies of a traditional supply-oriented approach to measuring the impacts of sporting mega-events. Instead of a traditional economic analysis, interviews were conducted with potential travelers. Interviewees with and without prior knowledge of EURO 2012 were asked about their attitudes towards traveling to the Ukraine. They were then read a few brief facts about Ukraine hosting EURO 2012, and interviewees were again questioned about their likelihood of traveling to the Ukraine. This study provides a new method for estimating the impact of hosting a mega-event on people's intentions to visit the host country.
    • Impact of Group Counseling on Transfer Student’s Grade Point Average and Attendance

      Overstrom, Jodie M.; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine if group counseling would have an impact on transfer students’ grade point average and attendance rates. A literature review is presented, which discusses the reasons for student mobility and the challenges mobile students face. Various types of transition programs, along with their strengths and weaknesses, and the role of the school counselor are defined. For this study, 4 students volunteered to participate in a 4 week group counseling program, all of whom transferred into the high school during the 2012-2013 school year. Each participant’s GPA and number of absences were collected before the start of the group and again at the conclusion of the third quarter to measure any changes. Results are discussed, as well as the implications this study may have on future school counselors and future studies related to transition programs
    • Impact of Physical Activity and Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption on Arterial Stiffness

      Snopkowski, Randi; The College at Brockport (2017-05-07)
      Purpose: Previous research has indicated that physical inactivity (PI) is linked to arterial stiffness. Similarly, a significant link between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and poor cardiovascular health has been identified. The majority of previous research relating to arterial stiffness has involved studying older populations. However, few studies have examined college students. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of PI and SSB consumption on arterial stiffness in college students. Methods: 10 male college students (age 22.0±1.8 yrs, height 175.7±6.3 cm, weight 75.0±12.1kg) and 7 female college students (age 20.7±3.1 yrs, height 160.6±4.4 cm, weight 64.9±9.7 kg) voluntarily participated in this study. Participants completed an International Physical Activity Questionnaire- short form (IPAQ-S), wore an accelerometer for 10 days, and participated in an SSB consumption interview. Arterial stiffness was measured via pulse wave velocity using the Sphygmocor Xcel non-invasive system. Results: No statistically significant results were found from this study (p>0.05) when examining the relationship between PWV and age, height, weight, waist-hip ratio, body fat percentage, sugarsweetened beverage consumption, and physical activity minutes. Conclusion: Previous research has indicated that there is a relationship between SSB consumption, physical inactivity, and arterial stiffness. Significant relationships may not have been found because the majority of the participants in this study were students in the Exercise Science major, so they may be more physically active than the general student population. College students also tend to walk as their main source of transportation to and from classes, potentially negating the impact of SSB on arterial stiffness. Further research should be conducted on this population with a larger sample size and more diverse subjects. !
    • Impact of the Impressions Program and Whole Language on Third Graders in the Hilton Central School District

      Maier, Virginia W.; The College at Brockport (1987-08-01)
      The purpose of this thesis is to determine if there is any statistically significant advantage manifested as a result of the use of the Impressions program. This will be determined by an analysis of test scores achieved by the third grade students on the PEP test administered to all third graders during May, 1987. Data was collected for each group to establish equivalence by comparing SAT test scores from the end of second grade, administered in May of 1986. These scores will then be compared to test scores from the PEP test administered at the end of third grade in order to determine if there is any statistically significant improvement as a result of one year of instruction with the Impressions program.
    • Implementing a Flipped Classroom in a Unit on Slope

      Wade, Carol H.; Tuggle-Haskins, Ryan (2020-05-22)
      As instructional technology increases, educators seek ways to incorporate it into their curriculum. One effective method teachers use is the flipped classroom. It can be challenging to incorporate a flipped classroom; thus, this curriculum project was designed to support its implementation. The curriculum project presents an exemplar on using remote instruction with the Algebra topic of slope. During the Spring 2020 global pandemic that resulted in the shutdown of public schools, many teachers looked to the flipped classroom for best practices in remote instruction. This project was designed to highlight instructional technology to support remote instruction as well as presenting the best practices for the flipped classroom.