• Hrothgar and Wealhtheow: An Onomastic Approach to a Story of Good Governance

      Nelson, D. Marie; University of Florida (2019-01-22)
      No abstract.
    • HST3D; a Computer Code for Simulation of Heat and Solute Transport in Three-dimensional Ground-water Flow Systems

      Kipp, Kenneth L.; USGS (1987-01-01)
      The Heat- and Soil-Transport Program (HST3D) simulates groundwater flow and associated heat and solute transport in three dimensions. The three governing equations are coupled through the interstitial pore velocity, the dependence of the fluid density on pressure, temperature, the solute-mass fraction , and the dependence of the fluid viscosity on temperature and solute-mass fraction. The solute transport equation is for only a single, solute species with possible linear equilibrium sorption and linear decay. Finite difference techniques are used to discretize the governing equations using a point-distributed grid. The flow-, heat- and solute-transport equations are solved , in turn, after a particle Gauss-reduction scheme is used to modify them. The modified equations are more tightly coupled and have better stability for the numerical solutions. The basic source-sink term represents wells. A complex well flow model may be used to simulate specified flow rate and pressure conditions at the land surface or within the aquifer, with or without pressure and flow rate constraints. Boundary condition types offered include specified value, specified flux, leakage, heat conduction, and approximate free surface, and two types of aquifer influence functions. All boundary conditions can be functions of time. Two techniques are available for solution of the finite difference matrix equations. One technique is a direct-elimination solver, using equations reordered by alternating diagonal planes. The other technique is an iterative solver, using two-line successive over-relaxation. A restart option is available for storing intermediate results and restarting the simulation at an intermediate time with modified boundary conditions. This feature also can be used as protection against computer system failure. Data input and output may be in metric (SI) units or inch-pound units. Output may include tables of dependent variables and parameters, zoned-contour maps, and plots of the dependent variables versus time. (Lantz-PTT)
    • Human Genetic Enhancement: Is it Cheating?

      Long, Joseph; Hull, Lucas; State University of New York College at Brockport (2020-09-28)
      Genetically modifying organisms has been a very useful technology in the development of ways that we can solve many agricultural problems. This technology, which has been around since the 1990s, is starting to be used on humans in an effort to combat many genetic diseases. But does human genetic enhancement (HGE) cross a moral line? Many consider HGE to be a form of cheating since people who have been enhanced would have many advantages over those who have not been enhanced. To address this issue, I first distinguish between modifications and enhancements. Then, in light of Ken Kirkwood’s analysis of cheating, I describe four ways in which someone can be said to cheat. I conclude that, whatever other moral lines HGE might cross, HGE is not a form of cheating.
    • Human Health & Drinking Water

      How plastic pollution affects our environment and our own health.
    • Human Impact on Environment Using GIS

      Arrendell, Robert; The College at Brockport (2006-08-09)
      Objectives: Students will be able to plot specific data points regarding a human impact on the environment problem of their choice in a given geographical area near the school campus using the ArcGIS program.
    • Hume's Account of Personal Identity

      Pears, David; Oxford University (1975-01-01)
    • Hunger

      McSpadden, Lore (2015-04-01)
      All of the poems in this collection are ones written during the author’s time as a graduate student at Brockport. The thesis itself is comprised of three sections- "Shadow Stories," "Sex and Other Destructions," and "Back Roads" --each of which is located in between single poems that serve as transitional pieces from one section to the other. The first section is a collection of poems that are intentionally disorienting and often dark; these poems also, more often than not, rely more on sound and images to experience relating to human sexuality that transcends that with which many people are familiar. A subject of discussion that has frequently come up in these conversations is the challenge of conceiving of oneself as a sexual being in a way that is unflinchingly authentic, despite and because of one's experiences outside of the norm. These poems attempt to give a voice to this challenge, while neither simplifying the complexity of this process nor pretending to speak for all people who go through it. The "I" and "she" that appear in these poems encompass a broad-but by no means all-inclusive-spectrum of women who have, in a variety of ways, experienced prolonged exposure to the overlap between sex and pain. The opening poem within the second section, "Locked and Listening," contains many of the elements that were present in the first section of the collection: I wrote this with a strong emphasis on sound and image, and readers will need to rely upon their intuition to develop any concrete relationship to and interpretation of these images. As the section continues, however, the poems become increasingly more concrete, bordering on a narrative-like quality that aims to make the tension between sex and destruction-and between connection and separation-more accessible to readers. The third and final section is in many ways the most intimate. Although it does contain poems that explore subjects such as addiction, loss, and murder, it does so in a way that exhibits greater tenderness than most of the poems in the previous two sections. There is a collection of character sketches offered in poems such as "Tension," "Subtle Shift," and "Johnny Gone South"; a collection of poems that explore themes of drugs and addiction such as "Cracked," "Twelve Lies: Reader Response," "Enchanted Hills, Indiana: August 25, 2014," and (once again) "Johnny Gone South"; and many others that simply explore moments and experiences of tenderness in the midst of life's struggles. The cumulative result is a collection of poems that carries readers from an origin of disorientation, fear, and confusion; through a period of depravity, pain, and perversion; before finally landing at a place of radical acceptance of things as they are-in other words, a quality of peace that is devoid of denial. I am-and therefore my poems are- completely uninterested in blind optimism, serenity that lacks depth, or cheeriness that avoids at all costs the discomfort caused by looking into shadows: what fascinates me is the quality of equanimity that has borne witness to cruelty without losing the ability for compassion. I am interested in the gifts that suffering brings us: the beauty within violence, the resilience that grows from despair, the love that has survived unspeakable events.
    • Hunter vs. Lazeer: Which Lesson Design is Most Effective?

      New, Michelle; The College at Brockport (1998-12-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine if one particular lesson design is more-effective in teaching vocabulary words and definitions to second grade students. Eight separate paired two sample t-tests were used to investigate the research questions presented in this study: (1) Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean post-test scores of the students who were taught vocabulary words and definitions using the Hunter lesson design, and students who were taught vocabulary definitions using the multiple intelligence model, created by David Lazeer? (2) Which lesson design will produce greater student success for retention of the already learned vocabulary words? The subjects in this study were 17 second grade students in Western New York. The students were split into two heterogeneously mixed groups. During the study, both groups A and B were taught new vocabulary words and definitions in an effort to enhance pre-reading skills prior to starting a new story in the second grade reading program. Both groups A and B were taught the same vocabulary words and definitions simultaneously by one of their second grade team teachers. Group A was taught the first three lessons with the multiple intelligence model. Group B was taught the first three units of study with the Hunter lesson design. After each lesson both groups' abilities were measured by the exact same matching test, which was designed for this study. Both groups were then given a cumulative vocabulary test to measure the retention of the words. At this point, both groups switched lesson designs during the final three units of study. Group A was taught with the Hunter model, while group B was taught with the multiple intelligence model. Again the students were tested with the exact same matching tests, then were tested for retention of the vocabulary words and definitions from the final three units of study. The tests found no significant statistical differences in any of the research questions. Students taught with the multiple intelligence model had a higher mean score when compared to students taught with the Hunter model. Students taught with the multiple intelligence model also had a higher mean score than the Hunter model when testing for retention of the new vocabulary words and definitions. Each approach was equally effective.
    • Hunting for Harmony: The Skaneateles Community and Utopian Socialism in Upstate New York - 1825-1853

      Torre, Jose R.; Torre, Jose; Moyer, Paul; Jones, Mitchell (2020-05-13)
      The Skaneateles Community was a utopian socialist commune that existed from 1843 to 1846 in Mottville, New York. Abolitionist lecturer John Anderson Collins founded the community on the non-resistance and no-government principles of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison. Collins and his Skaneateles followers, so-called communitists, sought to live in a godless, harmonious, communist utopia, free of both chattel and wage slavery. They eschewed private property, declared the virtues of communitism and shared everything. The Panic of 1837, the first major depression of the Market Revolution made the 1840s a period of unprecedented socialist agitation and utopian practice. People sought a system that promised security and safety from the perils of speculation and market fluctuation. The Panic of 1837 aligned the material interests of the laboring class and the business class. Upstate New York became the "Volcanic District" of the socialist movement inspired by French thinker Charles Fourier. Fourierism’s doctrine of harmony between capital and labor made it attractive to both workers and businessmen affected by the depression. The Skaneateles Community found favorable conditions in Upstate New York because of their comradeship with Fourierists. Unlike the Fourierists, the Skaneateles Community advocated the abolition of all private property. Though the Fourierists thought them too radical, but they encouraged the Skaneateles communitists and wanted them to succeed.
    • Hunting Red October With Stella and Project Interactivate

      Iodice, Michael; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      The goal is to understand the effects of the variable “m” in the slope formula. The students will command a submarine in the Stella program as a simulated real life activity. It will enable the students to change the slope, or essentially the variable “m”, to move the submarine in a downward negative slope or to return to the surface with a upward, positive slope
    • Hurricane Fish

      Potter, Meena (2018-01-01)
    • Hurricane Katrina: New Orleans

      Johnson, Erika; The College at Brockport (2017-04-01)
      This poster uses historic photographs and maps to provide a visual representation of the flooding that occurred from Hurricane Katrina during the time period of 8/29/2005-9/1/2005. Also included is a diagram showing how a hurricane is formed.
    • Hurricane Relief using Stella and TI Calculator

      Fox, Helen; Walter, Sara; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      FREDERICK DOUGLASS - FRANKLIN FINANCE HURRICANE RELIEF PROJECT 2OO5 Our schools have joined together to raise money to give to the Red Cross for hurricane relief. We have implemented five different fundraisers to accomplish our goal. We performed these activities in October and November. Car washes Bottle and can drive Homebase race Candy sales Interest pledges (monthly) We have developed a model in Stella to show income, expenses, and profit for the car washes and candy sales. We have direct donations from the Homebase race and bottle and can drive. We also tied in an interest income element from soliciting teachers to pledge an interest percentage per month on October and November revenues. We used a SMARTBoard to draft much of our work in Word (for candy flyers) and Excel (pie charts to show our Homebase race) and as we put our PowerPoint presentation together. Students used a digital camera to photograph our activities and downloaded pictures to incorporate on our posters and into our PowerPoint presentation. We used a TI-84 to add up our monies. Students spent a lot of time rolling coins so we did not have to pay a store a percentage of our earnings. While working on our project, students earned a sense of pride and individual responsibility by performing community service as they learned to use new technologies. The car washes were our kick-off and became a rewarding source of fundraising. The students were inspired by the generosity of our community both on campus and off. Our project has allowed students to learn and use technology, but has also provided them the experience of giving of their time to make the world a better place!
    • Hydrogeologic Appraisal of a Stratified-drift Aquifer Near Smyrna, Chenango County, New York

      Reynolds, Richard J.; Brown, G. A.; USGS (1984-01-01)
      A broad, Y-shaped valley near Smyrna, New York, contains extensive water-table and confined aquifers that are largely hydraulically separated from the nearby Chenango River to the east. Accordingly, ground-water withdrawals from this valley would not appreciably decrease streamflow in the Chenango River by induced infiltration and could be used for specialized needs. The aquifers in the valley are capable of sustaining a long-term total withdrawal of about 12.7 million gallons per day during prolonged drought conditions. Larger withdrawals could be made on a short-term basis or during periods of normal or above-normal precipitation. Saturated thickness of undifferentiated stratified-drift deposits in the valley ranges from 20 feet in the northwestern part of the valley to more than 300 feet at its southern end. Direct areal recharge accounts for about 56 percent of the total recharge to the valley aquifer infiltration from streams accounts for 24 percent, and runoff from the adjacent till-mantled hillsides accounts for 20 percent. The water-table and confined aquifers within the valley hold at least 19.6 billion gallons of usable ground water in storage. (USGS)
    • Hydrogeology and Leachate Movement Near Two Chemical-waste Sites in Oswego County, New York

      Anderson, Henry R.; Miller, Todd S.; USGS (1986-01-01)
      Forty-five observation wells and test holes were installed at two chemical waste disposal sites in Oswego County, New York, to evaluate the hydrogeologic conditions and the rate and direction of leachate migration. At the site near Oswego groundwater moves northward at an average velocity of 0.4 ft/day through unconsolidated glacial deposits and discharges into White Creek and Wine Creek, which border the site and discharge to Lake Ontario. Leaking barrels by chemical wastes have contaminated the groundwater within the site, as evidenced by detection of 10 ' priority pollutant ' organic compounds, and elevated values of specific conductance, chloride, arsenic, lead, and mercury. At the site near Fulton, where 8,000 barrels of chemical wastes are buried, groundwater in the sandy surficial aquifer bordering the landfill on the south and east moves southward and eastward at an average velocity of 2.8 ft/day and discharges to Bell Creek, which discharges to the Oswego River, or moves beneath the landfill. Leachate is migrating eastward, southeastward, and southwestward, as evidenced by elevated values of specific conductance, temperature, and concentrations of several trace metals at wells east, southeast, and southwest of the site. (USGS)
    • Hydrogeomorphic Classification for Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands

      Albert, Dennis A.; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Ingram, Joel; Thompson, Todd A.; Canadian Wildlife Service; Indiana University - Bloomington; Michigan State University Extension; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      A hydrogeomorphic classification scheme for Great Lakes coastal wetlands is presented. The classification is hierarchical and first divides the wetlands into three broad hydrogeomorphic systems, lacustrine, riverine, and barrier-protected, each with unique hydrologic flow characteristics and residence time. These systems are further subdivided into finer geomorphic types based on physical features and shoreline processes. Each hydrogeomorphic wetland type has associated plant and animal communities and specific physical attributes related to sediment type, wave energy, water quality, and hydrology.
    • Hydrogeomorphic Factors and Ecosystem Responses in Coastal Wetlands of the Great Lakes

      Keough, Janet R.; Thompson, Todd A.; Guntenspergen, Glenn R.; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Indiana University - Bloomington; The College at Brockport; U.S. Geological Survey (1999-12-01)
      Gauging the impact of manipulative activities, such as rehabilitation or management, on wetlands requires having a notion of the unmanipulated condition as a reference. An understanding of the reference condition requires knowledge of dominant factors influencing ecosystem processes and biological communities. In this paper, we focus on natural physical factors (conditions and processes) that drive coastal wetland ecosystems of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Great Lakes coastal wetlands develop under conditions of largelake hydrology and disturbance imposed at a hierarchy of spatial and temporal scales and contain biotic communities adapted to unstable and unpredictable conditions. Coastal wetlands are configured along a continuum of hydrogeomorphic types: open coastal wetlands, drowned river mouth and Hooded delta wetlands, and protected wetlands, each developing distinct ecosystem properties and biotic communities. Hydrogeomorphic factors associated with the lake and watershed operate at a hierarchy of scales: a) local and short-term (seiches and ice action), b) watershed /lakewide /annual (seasonal water- level change), and c) larger or year-to-year and longer (regional and/or greater than one-year). Other physical factors include the unique water quality features of each lake. The aim of this paper is to provide scientists and managers with a framework for considering regional and site-specific geomorphometry and a hierarchy of physical processes in planning management and conservation projects.
    • Hydrologic Analysis of Two Headwater Lake Basins of Differing Lake pH in the West-central Adirondack Mountains of New York

      Murdoch, Peter S.; Peters, Norman E.; Newton, Robert M.; USGS (1987-01-01)
      Hydrologic analysis of two headwater lake basins in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, during 1980-81 indicates that the degree of neutralization of acid precipitation is controlled by the groundwater contribution to the lake. According to flow-duration analyses, daily mean outflow/unit area from the neutral lake (Panther Lake, pH 5-7) was more sustained and contained a higher percentage of groundwater than that of the acidic lake (Woods Lake, pH 4-5). Outflow recession rates and maximum base-flow rates, derived from individual recession curves, were 3.9 times and 1.5 times greater, respectively, in the neutral-lake basin than in the acidic-lake basin. Groundwater contribution to lake outflow was also calculated from a lake-water budget; the groundwater contribution to the neutral lake was about 10 times greater than that to the acidic lake. Thick sandy till forms the groundwater reservoir and the major recharge area in both basins but covers 8.5 times more area in the neutral-lake basin than in the acidic-lake basin. More groundwater storage within the neutral basin provides longer contact time with neutralizing minerals and more groundwater discharge. As a result, the neutral lake has relatively high pH and alkalinity, and more net cation transport. (USGS)
    • Hydrologic Connectivity and Wetlands

      Wilcox, Douglas A.; The College at Brockport (2011-03-01)
      Any list of major objectives for wetland conservation should include restoring hydrologic connectivity and revising operational strategies used by wetland managers and engineers to avoid future losses of connectivity. Recognition of the problem is first required.
    • Hydrologic Evidence of Climate Change in Monroe County, New York

      Coon, William F.; U.S. Geological Survey (2008-08-01)
      The long-term annual mean air-temperature record from the National Weather Service station at the Rochester, N.Y., airport indicates an apparent increase over the past 4 decades; however, this increase does not differ substantially from the historical range of temperatures during the last century. Annual precipitation totals are increasing, and this increase is reflected in the peak flows of streams in urbanized basins and in the base flows and 7-day low flows of two rural, unregulated streams— Oatka and Black Creeks—in Monroe County, N.Y. The magnitudes of recent peak flows, since about 1997, appear to be comparable to those of earlier peaks, but the frequency of peak flows appears to be increasing, at least in the urbanized basins. Base flows and 7-day low flows are increasing as expected from the increasing amounts of precipitation, yet 7-day high flows show no discernible trends. In contrast, streamflow in the urbanized Allen Creek Basin, the hydrology of which is affected by its large amount of impervious area, shows downward trends in base flow and in 7-day low flows, and an upward trend in 7-day high flows. These differences between the urban and rural streams persist even when coincident periods of record are used in the analysis. Flow conditions in the Genesee River are unique because the regulation of outflow from Mount Morris Lake has decreased the number and magnitude of damaging floods downstream in the Rochester area and also has diminished the 7-day low and high flows in that reach.