• Exploring the Factors that Influence Successful Aging in Older Adults

      O’Neill, Chelsea (2019-01-01)
      The topic of successful aging has been of reoccurring interest to researchers. Since the lifespan is increasing globally, it is essential to have an awareness of the factors that maximize older adult’s health and allow them to adapt and manage the changes that come with aging. This research moves the dialogue beyond clinical health terms to gain a more holistic view of the factor that influence older adults' perceptions of successful aging. The goal of this study is to increase knowledge regarding the health of older adults and understand what factors in their environment influence their views of successful aging.
    • Exploring the Impact of a Substitute Teacher’s Passion for Literacy and Her Literacy Beliefs

      Robb, Susan; Dunlevy, Margo P.; The College at Brockport (2014-07-11)
      This self-study examines the literacy beliefs of a substitute teacher and the role that those beliefs play in her pedagogical choices. The study also seeks to identify the participant’s passion for literacy and how that is present in her interactions with her students. Data were gathered using field notes, journal entries, and artifacts or pictures from the classrooms where this study took place. Using these data sources, a number of key themes were identified, including evidence of literacy beliefs in my teaching, teaching against my beliefs, context influencing my beliefs, and resources impacting my beliefs. Based on my findings and experiences documented in my journal entry, the overwhelming conclusion was that teachers must be flexible with implementing literacy beliefs into their pedagogical choices.
    • Exploring the Impact of Assistive Technologies in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities

      Cimbricz, Sandra; Coulon, Katie; The College at Brockport (2015-12-01)
      This analytical review explores the impact of assistive technology (AT) on academic achievement for students with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities in pre-K to 12 th -grade classrooms. Extant scholarly literature from 2010 to 2015 is examined in this analytical review. Findings indicate that when students with physical, intellectual, and developmental disabilities use AT such as iPads®, software, speech generators, electronic notebooks, and computer-assisted instruction, there was an increase in academic achievement (e.g. spelling or writing skills) and an increase in student engagement. AT may be effective for one student; however, it may not be effective for another student with the same disability. When making decisions about AT in the classroom, teachers must consider the unique, individual needs of students.
    • Exploring the Impact of Learning Targets and Self-Reflection with Three Fifth Graders Who Have Special Needs

      McCoy, Nicole Marie; The College at Brockport (2011-08-01)
      The use of learning targets is one of the assessment for learning practices that my colleagues and I are expected to incorporate within our teaching. I wanted to be become more proficient in the implementation of learning targets into my lessons, and more effective at defining learning targets that align with New York state standards. I think it is important that as a special educator I become better able to guide my students towards being active learners who take responsibility for and ownership of their learning. I want my students to be successful and realize that they can achieve their learning goals. It is this reasoning that drove me towards answering the following two research questions. Question one: What happens when students with attention deficits reflect on personalized reading comprehension goals? Question two: How does the reflection process impact self-regulation for each student?
    • Exploring the Impact of Sports Participation on Academic Achievement in a Middle School

      Gorton, Michael J.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      The writer explores the correlation of sports participation and academic achievement in a middle school. Current and dated literature on the topic is reviewed. The method in which the research was conducted is detailed, as well as the reasoning for the research. The writer examines the findings and explains their importance. Finally, the author discusses suggestions for future research, how the findings can be utilized in counseling and closes with a summary of his findings.
    • Exploring the Implementation of Words Their Way in a First Grade Classroom

      Robb, Susan; Horch, Kathryn J.; The College at Brockport (2015-10-01)
      This thesis explores the implementation of the program Words Their Way in a first grade classroom. I completed my study to explore the effects this program had on my students reading and writing. My research question is: How might the implementation of the program Words Their Way impact how students use their knowledge of phonics within their real reading and writing experiences?
    • Exploring the Issues Students with Learning Disabilities Encounter as they Transition into College

      Turner, Donald; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      The transition from the secondary learning institution to the collegiate setting is already a challenging task to navigate. It becomes a much more daunting task for a student who has a learning disability. The primary focus of this research is to gain insight into the various obstacles and issues related to improving the transitioning of incoming freshmen with learning disabilities into the collegiate setting. With knowledge gained from this research, we hope to design a step by step plan to ensure a smooth transition from the secondary learning institution to the collegiate setting.
    • Exploring the Links Between Coaching Burnout and Work Addiction in Athletics

      Horn, Kristopher; The College at Brockport (2018-04-01)
      Many factors can affect coaching tendencies and career longevity in the profession of coaching athletics. Work addiction and burnout are two areas that have been individually studied in various professional work settings; however, information linking the two is scarce. With the pressures of winning at all costs seemingly taking over the American sports culture, coaches now find themselves in highly stressful work environments that require immediate attention around the clock. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on coaching burnout and work addiction in athletics. Both individual factors and situational factors are explored as they pertain to coaching burnout. The sub-themes of commitment, coaching efficacy, perfectionism and emotional exhaustion are each developed and discussed as individual factors that are linked to having sufficient impact on coaching burnout. Work addiction research is limited in the athletics coaching field. The topic is found to be relevant thus subtle connections are made between the limited research providing on coaching and research provided from other professional realms. Lastly, the topic of youth specialization in athletics is introduced as possible links are explored between this area and those previously mentioned. Thus far, previous research has shown while either area could be individual causes to coaches leaving the profession of coaching athletics, there is not enough sufficient evidence supporting a direct link between work addiction and coaching burnout within athletics. Further studies utilizing the proper participants and longitudinal methods are necessary to provide critical information that could prevent an increasing problem among athletic coaches at all levels of sport.
    • Exploring the Literacy Development of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities

      Gross, Shannon; The College at Brockport (2012-08-01)
      With the integration of an increased literacy and math based curriculum for young children, it is important to keep students engaged while maintaining efficient and effective instruction. As a proven practice, play-based education allows a focused classroom that effectively educates children in literacy. This thesis project examines the effects of theme-based play centers on classroom literacy as well as suggested methods in lesson planning, engagement, and success. The literature review considers previous research regarding integrated theme-based play centers which suggests improved emotional, social, linguistic, and cognitive abilities in students. The research project used observation and qualitative research to focus on interactions of children with adults and peers through reflection on the different themes each week. The results conclude that a consistent weekly theme allows students to focus and recall previously learned information and attributes the success to the use of props and fiction, nonfiction and poetry books integrated within the theme, and the implementation of interactive read-alouds, which allowed for interaction among peers and literacy improvements. Recommendations for further research include: further exploration of theme-based curriculum, investigation of dramatic play center practices to foster interaction among children, and implementation of this instructional technique to create learning and development within this new curriculum style.
    • Exploring the Literacy Lives of Elementary Male Readers

      Olmstead, Kathleen; Muszak, Kelly N.; The College at Brockport (2016-05-19)
      The purpose of this qualitative research study is to explore the literacy habits and reading preferences of a small group of successful first grade male readers. Stereotypes embedded in current literacy research tend to categorize male readers as low performing or unmotivated. There is limited research that focuses on young male readers with a positive outlook on reading. The intent of this research project is provide a lens into the literacy lives of these successful readers, transferring their preferences and attitudes into conclusions to help all male readers succeed. This research examines the reading preferences and attitudes of young male readers through surveys, interviews and observations.
    • Exploring the Perception of Personal Loss Resulting from Mental Illness

      Atwood, Janelle L.; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      This paper looks at the experience and meaning given to loss as a direct result of living with a severe and persistent mentally illness. This is addressed through an examination of the research literature along with a quantitative survey and a qualitative interview involving individuals who carry this mental health label with an adult onset of their mental illness who were a part of an urban continuing day treatment program. Recommendations are given as to possible interventions that could be made in the form of group or individual therapy in the continuing day treatment program which might directly address some of these issues.
    • Exploring the Stratospheric Ozone

      Zuroski, Kathyrn; The College at Brockport (2006-08-02)
      Objectives: • Understand what different concentrations of atmospheric ozone mean for life on Earth • Relate stratification to atmospheric ozone concentration • Validation of satellite data
    • Exploring the Use of Interactive Read Alouds to Support the Literacy Development of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services

      Boyst, Abbey L.; The College at Brockport (2012-08-01)
      Students identified as requiring Academic Intervention Services (AIS), either through testing or teacher recommendation, often struggle with fluency, reading comprehension, or a combination of both. This thesis project examines the effects of interactive read-alouds in reading instruction in an AIS class as a means to foster growth in comprehension and literacy skills. The central question, what happens when read-aloud activities include explicit instruction of reading comprehension and is incorporated into the instruction of students receiving AIS, was explored. The literature review section discusses previous research observations on the use of a designed read-aloud curriculum for teaching comprehension of narrative texts in elementary level classrooms. The research study was conducted in a small rural school district in western New York, with three AIS students identified as such by their scores on the New York State English Language Arts exam. It assessed the use of designed curriculum – using read-aloud practices such as thinking aloud, creating opportunities for text based discussion, and modeling good reading behaviors - in order to help students develop a range of comprehension strategies that would enable them to make meaning while significantly interacting with a text. Research data included the students' performance on benchmark assessments, continuous progress monitoring, and work samples as well as the students' abilities with both a fluency passage and MAZE, to chart growth, if any, that students made in their reading comprehension, higher level thinking, or reading fluency. Conclusions from the study support the use of a designed read aloud curriculum to increase reading comprehension for AIS students.
    • Exploring Trigonometric Functions on the TI calculator

      Burgos, Wilson; The College at Brockport (2006-07-25)
      Students will: graph sine and cosine functions; observe what happens as they change the value of a (amplitude) and b (frequency); learn how to calculate the period of a sine or cosine function. recognize, use, and represent algebraically patterns, relations, and functions; build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving; make and investigate mathematical conjectures
    • Exploring Trigonometry with TI-Calculator

      Bonacci, Megan; The College at Brockport (2006-08-08)
      Students will demonstrate their knowledge of trigonometry concepts. Students will use the TI- 84 graphing calculator to correctly identify lengths of the missing side of a triangle using trigonometry concepts. Students will work cooperatively during group instruction.
    • Exploring Urban Student Perspectives on Literacy Achievement

      Olmstead, Kathleen; Accorso, Cara; State University of New York College at Brockport (2016-05-13)
      This qualitative study explores urban adolescent students’ perspectives on their literacy achievement. It discusses the factors students feel impact their achievement in literacy, as well as what challenges they face in reaching academic achievement. This study also explores the reasons for students’ academic challenges and successes, how students feel about statistics about themselves, and what teachers can do to help students become the best literacy learners they can be. A vast amount of research in the field discusses external factors that influence a student’s literacy achievement, generally focusing on a deficit perspective. Previous research has also been done on student perspectives, focusing on the importance of student interest, choice, and identity. Six urban seventh grade students were interviewed one-on-one with their math teacher, given a Reading Attitude Survey, and a Writing Attitude Survey throughout the course of five weeks to explore the student perspective on what influences their literacy achievement.
    • Exploring Utopia: The Utopias of Blithedale Romance and Feed

      Palmeroni, Dominic M.; The College at Brockport (2011-01-20)
      Since the earliest recorded settlements, there has been the desire to build a functioning world where everyone is happy and there is eternal peace and harmony. By the nineteenth century, many people had tried to create the perfect society and all failed in their attempts. As with many modes of life utopia and its' darker sibling dystopia were woven into the fabric of literature. Here the duality could thrive with examples of successful utopias but at the same time there are stories that about utopias that fail, one being The Blithedale Romance written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The latter becomes a focal point of the paper in its view of utopia and the inability for one to exist, either because of the people who construct it, or perhaps even the idea itself. The failure of the fictitious Blithedale and its real-world counterparts lead into a possible future given life by M.T. Anderson in his futuristic dystopia of Feed. Feed describes a world where people are physically connected to the internet through an implanted computer. Even though the people living in this world see it as a perfect utopia, the elements of dystopia are only thinly veiled. The conclusion comes to this in regards to utopia and its viability, the fact that all utopian experiments have failed cannot be solely blamed on the idea of utopia. The reason for of the failures are the people themselves. The failure of utopia is that the people who live in the ''utopia" are not first utopians themselves, rather they expect the constructed utopian space to make them utopians afterwards. In this way The Blithedale Romance and Feed work in concert to show the faulty logic in how utopia has been viewed in the past and to give hope for the resurrection of the belief that utopia can exist.
    • Exponential and Logistic Growth Curves Model

      Betancourt, Juan; The College at Brockport (2006-08-08)
      Students will compare logistic and exponential growth and contrast on their similarities and differences.
    • Exposure to Perchlorate Induces the Formation of Macrophage Aggregates in the Trunk Kidney of Zebrafish and Mosquitofish

      Capps, Tim; Mukhi, Sandeep; Rinchard, Jacques; Theodorakis, Chris W.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Patiño, Reynaldo; Texas Tech University; The College at Brockport; U.S. Geological Survey (2004-01-01)
      Environmental contamination of ground and surface waters by perchlorate, derived from ammonium perchlorate (AP) and other perchlorate salts, is of increasing concern. Exposure to perchlorate can impair the thyroid endocrine system, which is thought to modulate renal and immune function in vertebrates. This study with zebrafish Danio rerio and eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki examined the histological effects of perchlorate on the trunk kidney, which in teleosts serves excretory and hemopoietic functions and therefore may be a target of perchlorate effects. Adult zebrafish of both sexes were exposed in the laboratory to waterborne, AP-derived perchlorate at measured concentrations of 18 mg/L for 8 weeks. Adult male mosquitofish were exposed to waterborne sodium perchlorate at measured perchlorate concentrations of 1–92 mg/L for 8 weeks. Control fish were kept in untreated water. The region of the body cavity containing the trunk kidney was processed from each fish for histological analysis. Macrophage aggregates (MAs), possible markers of contaminant exposure or immunotoxic effect, were present in the hemopoietic region of the kidney in both species exposed to perchlorate. The estimated percent area of kidney sections occupied by MAs was greater in zebrafish exposed to perchlorate at 18 mg/L (P , 0.05) than in controls. In male mosquitofish, the incidence of renal MAs increased proportionally with sodium perchlorate concentration and was significantly different from that of controls at 92 mg/L (P , 0.05). These observations confirm that in fish the kidney is affected by exposure to perchlorate. The concentrations of perchlorate at which the effects were noted are relatively high but within the range reported in some contaminated habitats.
    • Expression and Comparative Genomics of Two Serum Response Factor Genes in Zebrafish

      Davis, Jody L.; Long, Xiaochun; Georger, Mary A.; Scott, Ian C.; Rich, Adam; Miano, Joseph A.; The College at Brockport; The Hospital for Sick Children; University of Rochester (2008-02-01)
      Serum response factor (SRF) is a single copy, highly conserved transcription factor that governs the expression of hundreds of genes involved with actin cytoskeletal organization, cellular growth and signaling, neuronal circuitry and muscle differentiation. Zebrafish have emerged as a facile and inexpensive vertebrate model to delineate gene expression, regulation, and function, and yet the study of SRF in this animal has been virtually unexplored. Here, we report the existence of two srf genes in zebrafish, with partially overlapping patterns of expression in 3 and 7 day old developing animals. The mammalian ortholog (srf1) encodes for a 520 amino acid protein expressed in adult vascular and visceral smooth muscle cells, cardiac and skeletal muscle, as well as neuronal cells. The second zebrafish srf gene (srf2), encoding for a presumptive protein of only 314 amino acids, is transcribed at lower levels and appears to be less widely expressed across adult tissues. Both srf genes are induced by the SRF coactivator myocardin and attenuated with a short hairpin RNA to mammalian SRF. Promoter studies with srf1 reveal conserved CArG boxes that are the targets of SRF-myocardin in embryonic zebrafish cells. These results reveal that SRF was duplicated in the zebrafish genome and that its protein expression in all three muscle cell types is highly conserved across vertebrate animals suggesting an ancient code for transcriptional regulation of genes unique to muscle cell lineages.