• Ecohydrology-Why Hydrologists Should Care

      Hunt, Randall J.; Wilcox, Douglas A.; The College at Brockport; USGS (2003-05-01)
      Editorial from Groundwater
    • Ecological Equilibrium

      Esler, Daniel; The College at Brockport (2003-07-28)
      Upon completion of this lesson, students will: · Have been introduced to computer modeling. Have a better understanding of setting up and utilizing the functions of Microsoft Excel. Have a better understanding of the complexities of the ecological equilibrium time and evolution have created
    • Ecological Footprints

      Cheyne, Brian; Cerra, Brigitte; The College at Brockport (2006-01-05)
      Students were asked to evaluate: What impact do we as individual have on our environment? What impact do we as a school have on our environment? In what ways can we reduce the impact we have on our environment?
    • Ecological Health of Sediments Located in the Rochester Embayment, Lake Ontario, NY

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Arnold, Mary; Lewis, Theodore W.; Beal, Carole; Monroe County Department of Health; The College at Brockport (2001-08-01)
      The objective of this study was to provide a preliminary evaluation of benthic macroinvertebrate community health, and thus water quality, within the Rochester Embayment of Lake Ontario. The Rochester Embayment is one of 42 Great Lakes Areas of Concern . The various biological indices utilized suggest that a moderate to severely impacted benthic community exists in portions of the Rochester Embayment of Lake Ontario. Clearly, this study is not conclusive. Field sampling was limited geographically to four sites with three sites located either in or in close proximity to the Genesee River and to the dredge disposal site. Further field sampling is warranted with a sampling design that encompasses a larger, more representative area of the embayment.
    • Ecology and Management Potential for Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

      Wilcox, Douglas A.; Seeling, Martin K.; Edwards, Keith R.; Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore; The College at Brockport (1986-07-01)
      Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), an exotic wetland plant from Eurasia, has become widespread in the northeast and northcentral regions of the U.S. and Canada. When it becomes established in a wetland, it crowds out most native plant species, and can form dense stands either in standing water or on moist soil. This results in decreased plant diversity and the loss of food and cover species valuable to wildlife. Some attempted control methods, such as controlled burning and water-level manipulation have proven to be unsuccessful. Other control measures, including mechanical cutting, replacement, and cattail competition, have shown encouraging, but inconclusive, results. This study was therefore initiated to further explore the possibility of controlling purple loosestrife through competition with cattails (Typha angustifolia) in mixed stands. A competitive edge was given to Typha by cutting Lythrum and selectively fertilizing Typha. First-year results of the study showed a significant decrease in Lythrum biomass as a result of cutting treatments. Cutting did not significantly reduce resprouting Lythrum stems, as Lythrum resprouted in greater numbers than Typha, but Typha sprouts grew faster and increased in biomass more quickly than Lythrum sprouts. With carbohydrate replenishment to the roots reduced, it is expected that Lythrum biomass will be reduced in subsequent years. The stress caused by cutting, and increased shade by the Typha canopy, may help to control purple loosestrife spread.
    • Ecology of Botfly Parasitism in White-Footed Mice (Peromyscus leucopus)

      Norment, Christopher; Pilakouta, Natalie; The College at Brockport (2010-05-01)
      White-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) are an abundant species in eastern deciduous forests. The objective of this study was to examine the ecology of botfly parasitism in a white footed mouse population in the Brockport Woods, Brockport, NY. I analyzed data collected by live trapping in May and September from 1993 to 2009. Males and females exhibited similar levels of botfly infestation. When a greater percentage of mice was infected with botflies, there was a significant increase in average body mass. I also found that as fall trap success increased, the proportion of mice with botflies decreased, but the number of infected mice remained relatively constant over time. This may be due to the fluctuation of P. leucopus populations, which is characterized by rapid increases and sudden collapses, so there may not be enough botflies to take advantage of all the available hosts at high densities. Botfly infection did not have an impact on overwinter survival. Lastly, spring abundance was most affected by trap success in the previous fall and two weather variables; spring abundance increased when fall trap success and mean January temperature increased and when total January snowfall decreased. These three variables, however, did not explain all of the observed variability in abundance. Population fluctuations in P. leucopus are complex, so future studies should look at other factors that could be responsible for driving abundance of this species.
    • Ecology of Lake Ontario Brown Trout

      Nettles, David C.; The College at Brockport (1983-12-01)
      The purpose of my study was to examine seasonal movements, behavior, and habitat preferences of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Lake Ontario. During fall 1980 and spring and fall 1981, the activities of 36 radiotagged brown trout were monitored near the southern shore of Lake Ontario between Port Bay and Point Breeze (Fig. 1). Underwater radio telemetry techniques were utilized to evaluate inshore and offshore periods of occupancy, range of movements, attraction to outflow areas, depth and temperature preferences, spawning success, and homing to original stocking sites. The use of internal (surgical) and external radio-tag attachment permitted a comparison of methods. In conjunction with telemetry, vertical gill netting was used to evaluate brown trout location, depth and temperature distributions, and food preference during the summers of 1981 and 1982.
    • Economics of Nonpoint Source Pollution

      Economics: Nonpoint Source Pollution Impacts (p. 229) Economics of Nonpoint Source Pollution Control: Lake Tahoe, California/Nevada (p. 232) Controlling Agricultural Runoff: Government's Perspective (p. 234) Soil Erosion as a Nonpoint Source - A Farmer's Perspective (p. 237)
    • Ecosystem Services: Developing Sustainable Management Paradigms Based on Wetland Functions and Processes

      Euliss, Ned H.; Brinson, Mark M.; Mushet, David M.; Smith, Loren M.; Connor, William H.; Burkett, Virginia R.; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Hester, Mark W.; Zheng, Haochi; The College at Brockport (2013-01-01)
      In the late nineteenth century and twentieth century, there was considerable interest and activity to develop the United States for agricultural, mining, and many other purposes to improve the quality of human life standards and prosperity. Most of the work to support this development was focused along disciplinary lines with little attention focused on ecosystem service trade-offs or synergisms, especially those that transcended boundaries of scientific disciplines and specific interest groups. Concurrently, human population size has increased substantially and its use of ecosystem services has increased more than five-fold over just the past century. Consequently, the contemporary landscape has been highly modified for human use, leaving behind a fragmented landscape where basic ecosystem functions and processes have been broadly altered. Over this period, climate change also interacted with other anthropogenic effects, resulting in modern environmental problems having a complexity that is without historical precedent. The challenge before the scientific community is to develop new science paradigms that integrate relevant scientific disciplines to properly frame and evaluate modern environmental problems in a systems-type approach to better inform the decision-making process. Wetland science is a relatively new discipline that grew out of the conservation movement of the early twentieth century. In the United States, most of the conservation attention in the earlier days was on wildlife, but a growing human awareness of the importance of the environment led to the passage of the National Environmental Policy Act in 1969. Concurrently, there was a broadening interest in conservation science, and the scientific study of wetlands gradually gained acceptance as a scientific discipline. Pioneering wetland scientists became formally organized when they formed The Society of Wetland Scientists in 1980 and established a publication outlet to share wetland research findings. In comparison to older and more traditional scientific disciplines, the wetland sciences may be better equipped to tackle today’s complex problems. Since its emergence as a scientific discipline, the study of wetlands has frequently required interdisciplinary and integrated approaches. This interdisciplinary/integrated approach is largely the result of the fact that wetlands cannot be studied in isolation of upland areas that contribute surface and subsurface water, solutes, sediments, and nutrients into wetland basins. However, challenges still remain in thoroughly integrating the wetland sciences with scientific disciplines involved in upland studies, especially those involved with agriculture, development, and other land-conversion activities that influence wetland hydrology, chemistry, and sedimentation. One way to facilitate this integration is to develop an understanding of how human activities affect wetland ecosystem services, especially the trade-offs and synergisms that occur when land-use changes are made. Used in this context, an understanding of the real costs of managing for a particular ecosystem service or groups of services can be determined and quantified in terms of reduced delivery of other services and in overall sustainability of the wetland and the landscapes that support them. In this chapter, we discuss some of the more salient aspects of a few common wetland types to give the reader some background on the diversity of functions that wetlands perform and the specific ecosystem services they provide to society. Wetlands are among the most complex ecosystems on the planet, and it is often difficult to communicate to a diverse public all of the positive services wetlands provide to mankind. Our goal is to help the reader develop an understanding that management options can be approached as societal choices where decisions can be made within a spatial and temporal context to identify trade-offs, synergies, and effects on long-term sustainability of wetland ecosystems. This will be especially relevant as we move into alternate climate futures where our portfolio of management options for mitigating damage to ecosystem function or detrimental cascading effects must be diverse and effective.
    • Editing the Past: How Eisenstein and Vertov Used Montage to Create Soviet History

      Priest, Douglas Michael; The College at Brockport (2008-10-01)
      This study examines montage according to Sergei Eisenstein and Dziga Vertov and how their theories changed due to the political and social upheaval of the Cultural Revolution (1928-1931). In the case of both directors, montage also led to revisionism of Soviet History. By closely analyzing the writings of both directors regarding their film theories, and comparing them with the films they subsequently created, the following discussion demonstrates that both directors made conscious choices about the structure of their films that led to historical revisionism both before and after the Cultural Revolution. Their writings and films existed within the context of Soviet authority and thus reflected its ideals, yet created historical revisionism in a distinct way, in spite of political pressure. Eisenstein's intricate development of montage gave him the ability to include it in his films both before and after the Cultural Revolution in a variety of ways. Vertov's focus on documentary film as the medium to which montage was applied allowed him to continue to assert himself well into the 1930s. As a result, both film makers retained a degree of artistic freedom throughout the repressive regime of Stalinism.
    • Editor's Note

      LeSavoy, Barbara; The College at Brockport, State University of New York (2012-08-21)
      This first volume of Dissenting Voices advances an array of topics important to the Women and Gender Studies discipline as examined by diverse student voices and as presented in shifting palates from art to poetry to traditional essay.
    • Editorial Introduction to The Seneca Falls Dialogues Journal, v. 1

      LeSavoy, Barbara; Uman, Deborah; St. John Fisher College; The College at Brockport, State University of New York (2015-10-27)
    • Editorial Introduction: We all Write: Reclaiming a Sacred Space

      Uman, Deborah; LeSavoy, Barbara; St. John Fisher College; The College at Brockport, State University of New York (2019-11-20)
      The project of the Seneca Falls Dialogues is founded on hope in the face of continued discrimination and inequities, and the essays in this journal continue to move that agenda forward.
    • Editorial Introduction: Women Have Achieved This, I Follow: WHAT IF?

      Uman, Deborah; LeSavoy, Barbara; St. John Fisher College; The College at Brockport, State University of New York (2017-12-06)
      In turning to questions of gender, economics and entrepreneurship, the 2016 Seneca Falls Dialogues asked participants to explore how various forms of labor and compensation affect individual lives, societal movements, and institutions. One of the sub-themes for the conference was “Arts and Activism,” which led to our choice of keynote speaker Brenda Ann Kenneally and inspired Eastman professor of music education, Philip Silvey, to propose a performance of the University of Rochester’s women’s chorus at the Dialogues. With the full support of the Department of Music at University of Rochester, chaired by Professor Honey Meconi, and the full enthusiasm of the organizing committee, this proposal became a reality and the performance was a highlight of the Dialogues, dramatizing the importance of place and the contributions of women throughout time and cultures.
    • Eduardo's Mercedes

      Cleveland, Cleveland (2022)
      Eduardo's Mercedes took 3rd place in Prose for the Sokol High School Literary Awards 2022. The author is Audrey Cleveland, a 10th grader who is homeschooled.
    • Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students with Emotional Disabilities

      Cimbricz, Sandra; Davis, Emily R.; The College at Brockport (2015-12-18)
      Within the last five years, the Department of Education Archives (n.d.) indicates the number of students classified with emotional disabilities ED enrolled in public schools has increased by ten percent. These increased numbers require that teachers need to be prepared to successfully support students with ED. This analytic review explores ways to meet the students’ needs both academically and emotionally. Discussion of placement, academic and social interventions, and the nature of special education proved focal. My analysis suggests that there needs to be a blend of academic supports and behavior modifications in place for students with ED for them to be successful. The most successful placement is found to be a self-contained classroom within a mainstream building. This placement allows students to move fluidly between mainstream and self-contained classroom. As a result, they are academically challenged while also having the emotional support of an educator who specializes in that work.
    • Educating English Language Learners in the Elementary Classroom

      Rossi, Frank; Wallace, Elizabeth R.; The College at Brockport (2014-05-01)
    • Educating Parents Effectively to Prepare Them for Their Role in the Special Education Process

      Harnischfeger, Dawn; The College at Brockport (2008-08-01)
      Students with a labelled learning disability comprise approximately 5% of the population in American public schools. This research project seeks to identify appropriate ways to both prepare and inform parent/caregivers to enable them to advocate for their children through the Committee on Preschool Special Education/Committee on Special Education (CPSE/CSE) processes. It determines that the children are best served through a collaboration between the educators’ experience and the parents’ intimate knowledge of both student and home environment. Additional questions considered in this research project are: parent/guardian emotional response to their child’s suspected learning disability, identification of effective programs to assist parents as educated advocates of the special education process, parental involvement and engagement in this process, parental awareness of services available to them. Participants in the parent workshop included appropriate school personnel and a parent group comprised of the researcher’s class as well as additional families from an urban Head Start program. The study affirms the usefulness of both parent questionnaires and an informative workshop for parents to strengthen their collaboration with educators and special education consultants.
    • Education and Training of Future Wetland Scientists and Managers

      Wilcox, Douglas A.; The College at Brockport (2008-09-01)
      Wetland science emerged as a distinct discipline in the 1980s. In response, courses addressing various aspects of wetland science and management were developed by universities, government agencies, and private firms. Professional certification of wetland scientists began in the mid-1990s to provide confirmation of the quality of education and experience of persons involved in regulatory, management, restoration/construction, and research involving wetland resources. The education requirements for certification and the need for persons with specific wetland training to fill an increasing number of wetland-related positions identified a critical need to develop curriculum guidelines for an undergraduate wetland science and management major for potential accreditation by the Society of Wetland Scientists. That proposed major contains options directed toward either wetland science or management. Both options include required basic courses to meet the general education requirements of many universities, required upper-level specialized courses that address critical aspects of physical and biological sciences applicable to wetlands, and a minimum of four additional upper-level specialized courses that can be used to tailor a degree to students’ interests. The program would be administered by an independent review board that would develop guidelines and evaluate university applications for accreditation. Students that complete the required coursework will fulfill the education requirements for professional wetland scientist certification and possess qualifications that make them attractive candidates for graduate school or entry level positions in wetland science or management. Universities that offer this degree program could gain an advantage in recruiting highly qualified students with an interest in natural resources. Alternative means of educating established wetland scientists are likewise important, especially to provide specialized knowledge and experience or updates related to new management discoveries, policies, and regulations.